Conservation Refugees

Author : Mark Dowie
ISBN : 9780262260626
Genre : Nature
File Size : 53.98 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 390
Read : 705

Since 1900, more than 108,000 officially protected conservation areas have been established worldwide, largely at the urging of five international conservation organizations. About half of these areas were occupied or regularly used by indigenous peoples. Millions who had been living sustainably on their land for generations were displaced in the interests of conservation. In Conservation Refugees, Mark Dowie tells this story. This is a "good guy vs. good guy" story, Dowie writes; the indigenous peoples' movement and conservation organizations have a vital common goal--to protect biological diversity--and could work effectively and powerfully together to protect the planet and preserve biological diversity. Yet for more than a hundred years, these two forces have been at odds. The result: thousands of unmanageable protected areas and native peoples reduced to poaching and trespassing on their ancestral lands or "assimilated" but permanently indentured on the lowest rungs of the money economy. Dowie begins with the story of Yosemite National Park, which by the turn of the twentieth century established a template for bitter encounters between native peoples and conservation. He then describes the experiences of other groups, ranging from the Ogiek and Maasai of eastern Africa and the Pygmies of Central Africa to the Karen of Thailand and the Adevasis of India. He also discusses such issues as differing definitions of "nature" and "wilderness," the influence of the "BINGOs" (Big International NGOs, including the Worldwide Fund for Nature, Conservation International, and The Nature Conservancy), the need for Western scientists to respect and honor traditional lifeways, and the need for native peoples to blend their traditional knowledge with the knowledge of modern ecology. When conservationists and native peoples acknowledge the interdependence of biodiversity conservation and cultural survival, Dowie writes, they can together create a new and much more effective paradigm for conservation.
Category: Nature

Transnationale Nachhaltigkeitsforschung

Author : Marie Mualem Sultan
ISBN : 9783593504858
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65.53 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 775
Read : 502

Obwohl die Fachwelt transnationale Nachhaltigkeitsforschung sehr ernst nimmt, um die lösungsorientierte Auseinandersetzung mit globalen Umweltproblemen zu unterstützen, erschöpft sich die wissenschaftliche Kritik an diesem Forschungszweig oft in Zweifeln an ihrem wissenschaftlichen Gehalt und Anspruch. Auf Basis einer empirischen Untersuchung der Forschungskontroversen über Umweltflüchtlinge veranschaulicht Marie Mualem Sultan die Konsequenzen dieses Widerspruchs, der jeden wissenschaftlichen Erkenntnisfortschritt im Keim erstickt. Sie entwickelt ein transdisziplinäres Orientierungsmodell, das der wissenschaftlichen Analyse der theoretischen und praktischen Inhalte von transnationaler Nachhaltigkeitsforschung dient.
Category: Political Science

The Cost Of Globalization

Author : Julian E. Kunnie
ISBN : 9781476619774
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83.80 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 900
Read : 335

"This book can easily be adopted in numerous courses in the social sciences and humanities and should be required reading for all interested in understanding the complex dynamics of globalization."--Celestino Fernández, University of Arizona. "In this brilliant work, Professor Julian Kunnie has explored and established the underlying connections between globalization and the multiple threats to nature and life at the lower half of the pyramid. Such deep seated humane writings will serve the cause of climate justice to a great extent."--Soumya Dutta, Beyond Copenhagen Collective. Over the past 25 years, numerous books have been written on the advantages and disadvantages of globalization. But the issues arising from rapid global integration have generally been treated in isolation by most academic works. This volume examines the many pitfalls of globalization from the perspective of impoverished and indigenous peoples, including the widening wealth gap, the struggle for restoration of dispossessed lands and cultural rights, global warming and ecological annihilation, and the experiences of women in underdeveloped regions who receive little benefit from their labor and are subject to violence. The United States' growing prison industrial complex is discussed as an outgrowth of globalization practices that restrict economic mobility. The author concludes with a call for reassessing current ways of living and proposes recreating cultures of conservation and sustainable economies in harmony with the Earth.
Category: Political Science

Capitalism And Conservation

Author : Dan Brockington
ISBN : 9781444391459
Genre : Science
File Size : 32.61 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 646
Read : 1219

Through a series of case studies from around the world, Capitalism and Conservation presents a critique of conservation’s role as a central driver of global capitalism. Features innovative new research on case studies on the connections between capitalism and conservation drawn from all over the world Examines some of our most popular leisure pursuits and consumption habits to uncover the ways they drive and deepen global capitalism Reveals the increase in intensity and variety of forms of capitalist conservation throughout the world
Category: Science

Nature Crime

Author : Rosaleen Duffy
ISBN : 9780300154351
Genre : Ecotourism
File Size : 37.78 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 341
Read : 277

"The perilous state of endangered species such as tigers and rhinos, and the worldwide illegal trade in ivory, diamonds, bushmeat and many other rare and valuable commodities, are familiar issues in the West. The heroes in these narratives are those who work to create protected areas for wildlife; the villains the shadowy poachers and smugglers who destroy endangered animals and their habitats for the sake of profit. In this groundbreaking book, Rosaleen Duffy argues that the story is much more complex than this. She analyses the workings of the black-market wildlife industry, pointing out that illegal trading is often the direct result of Western consumer desires, from coltan for mobile phones to caviar for the global elite. She looks at how tourists contribute, often unwittingly, to the destruction of natural environments. Most strikingly, she argues that the imperatives of Western-style conservation often result in serious injustice to local people, who are at risk of losing not only heir land but sometimes even their lives. The result of many years of first-hand research, this book is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand the complex realities of nature conservation."--Jacket.
Category: Ecotourism

Development Induced Displacement And Resettlement

Author : Bogumil Terminski
ISBN : 9783838267234
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64.22 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 554
Read : 219

This book explores the issue of development-induced resettlement, with a particular emphasis on the humanitarian, legal, and social aspects of this problem. Today, so-called 'development-induced displacement and resettlement' (DIDR) is one of the dominant causes of internal spatial mobility worldwide. Each year over 15 million people are forced to abandon their homes to make space for economic development infrastructure. The construction of dams and irrigation projects, the expansion of communication networks, urbanization and re-urbanization, the extraction and transportation of mineral resources, forced evictions in urban areas, and population redistribution schemes count among the many possible causes.Terminski aims to present the issue of development-caused displacement as a highly diverse, global social problem occurring in all regions of the world. As a human rights issue it poses a challenge to public international law and to institutions providing humanitarian assistance. A significant part of this book is devoted to the current dynamics of development-caused resettlement in Europe, which has been neglected in the academic literature so far.
Category: Political Science

The Oxford Handbook Of Environmental History

Author : Andrew C. Isenberg
ISBN : 9780199394470
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.98 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 450
Read : 1257

The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.
Category: Science

World Heritage Sites And Indigenous Peoples Rights

Author : Stefan Disko
ISBN : UCSD:31822041245713
Genre : Law
File Size : 33.86 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 832
Read : 199

This book includes twenty case studies of World Heritage sites from around the world that explore, from a human rights perspective, indigenous peoples' experiences with World Heritage sites and with the processes of the World Heritage Convention. The book will serve as a resource for indigenous peoples, World Heritage site managers, and UNESCO, as well as academics, and it will contribute to discussions about what changes or actions are needed to ensure that World Heritage sites can play a consistently positive role for indigenous peoples, in line with the spirit of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
Category: Law