CONICS AND CUBICS A CONCRETE INTRODUCTION TO ALGEBRAIC CURVES UNDERGRADUATE TEXTS IN MATHEMATICS

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Conics And Cubics

Author : Robert Bix
ISBN : 9781475729757
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 64.70 MB
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Algebraic curves are the graphs of polynomial equations in two vari 3 ables, such as y3 + 5xy2 = x + 2xy. By focusing on curves of degree at most 3-lines, conics, and cubics-this book aims to fill the gap between the familiar subject of analytic geometry and the general study of alge braic curves. This text is designed for a one-semester class that serves both as a a geometry course for mathematics majors in general and as a sequel to college geometry for teachers of secondary school mathe matics. The only prerequisite is first-year calculus. On the one hand, this book can serve as a text for an undergraduate geometry course for all mathematics majors. Algebraic geometry unites algebra, geometry, topology, and analysis, and it is one of the most exciting areas of modem mathematics. Unfortunately, the subject is not easily accessible, and most introductory courses require a prohibitive amount of mathematical machinery. We avoid this problem by focusing on curves of degree at most 3. This keeps the results tangible and the proofs natural. It lets us emphasize the power of two fundamental ideas, homogeneous coordinates and intersection multiplicities.
Category: Mathematics

Ebene Algebraische Kurven

Author : Egbert Brieskorn
ISBN : UOM:39015049066551
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 56.92 MB
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Category: Mathematics

Mathematik Im Mittelalterlichen Islam

Author : J. L. Berggren
ISBN : 354076688X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 36.63 MB
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Die Mathematik im mittelalterlichen Islam hatte großen Einfluss auf die allgemeine Entwicklung des Faches. Der Autor beschreibt diese Periode der Geschichte der Mathematik und bezieht sich dabei auf die arabischsprachigen Quellen. Zu den behandelten Themen gehören Dezimalrechnen, Geometrie, ebene und sphärische Trigonometrie, Algebra sowie die Approximation von Wurzeln von Gleichungen. Das Buch wendet sich an Mathematikhistoriker und -studenten, aber auch an alle Interessierten mit Mathematikkenntnissen der weiterführenden Schule.
Category: Mathematics

A Concrete Introduction To Higher Algebra

Author : Lindsay N. Childs
ISBN : 9781441987020
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 57.99 MB
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An informal and readable introduction to higher algebra at the post-calculus level. The concepts of ring and field are introduced through study of the familiar examples of the integers and polynomials, with much emphasis placed on congruence classes leading the way to finite groups and finite fields. New examples and theory are integrated in a well-motivated fashion and made relevant by many applications -- to cryptography, coding, integration, history of mathematics, and especially to elementary and computational number theory. The later chapters include expositions of Rabiin's probabilistic primality test, quadratic reciprocity, and the classification of finite fields. Over 900 exercises, ranging from routine examples to extensions of theory, are scattered throughout the book, with hints and answers for many of them included in an appendix.
Category: Mathematics

Vektoranalysis

Author : Klaus Jänich
ISBN : 9783662107508
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 87.33 MB
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Die Vektoranalysis handelt, in klassischer Darstellung, von Vektorfeldern, den Operatoren Gradient, Divergenz und Rotation, von Linien-, Flächen- und Volumenintegralen und von den Integralsätzen von Gauß, Stokes und Green. In moderner Fassung ist es der Cartansche Kalkül mit dem Satz von Stokes. Das vorliegende Buch vertritt grundsätzlich die moderne Herangehensweise, geht aber auch sorgfältig auf die klassische Notation und Auffassung ein. Das Buch richtet sich an Mathematik- und Physikstudenten ab dem zweiten Studienjahr, die mit den Grundbegriffen der Differential- und Integralrechnung in einer und mehreren Variablen sowie der Topologie vertraut sind. Der sehr persönliche Stil des Autors und die aus anderen Büchern bereits bekannten Lernhilfen, wie: viele Figuren, mehr als 50 kommentierte Übungsaufgaben, über 100 Tests mit Antworten, machen auch diesen Text zum Selbststudium hervorragend geeignet.
Category: Mathematics

Undergraduate Algebra

Author : Serge Lang
ISBN : 9781475768985
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 62.71 MB
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The companion title, Linear Algebra, has sold over 8,000 copies The writing style is very accessible The material can be covered easily in a one-year or one-term course Includes Noah Snyder's proof of the Mason-Stothers polynomial abc theorem New material included on product structure for matrices including descriptions of the conjugation representation of the diagonal group
Category: Mathematics

Analysis By Its History

Author : Ernst Hairer
ISBN : 9780387770314
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 45.79 MB
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This book presents first-year calculus roughly in the order in which it was first discovered. The first two chapters show how the ancient calculations of practical problems led to infinite series, differential and integral calculus and to differential equations. The establishment of mathematical rigour for these subjects in the 19th century for one and several variables is treated in chapters III and IV. Many quotations are included to give the flavor of the history. The text is complemented by a large number of examples, calculations and mathematical pictures and will provide stimulating and enjoyable reading for students, teachers, as well as researchers.
Category: Mathematics

Calculus Of Several Variables

Author : Serge Lang
ISBN : 9781461210689
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 28.1 MB
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This new, revised edition covers all of the basic topics in calculus of several variables, including vectors, curves, functions of several variables, gradient, tangent plane, maxima and minima, potential functions, curve integrals, Green’s theorem, multiple integrals, surface integrals, Stokes’ theorem, and the inverse mapping theorem and its consequences. It includes many completely worked-out problems.
Category: Mathematics

Computing The Continuous Discretely

Author : Matthias Beck
ISBN : 9780387461120
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 45.26 MB
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This textbook illuminates the field of discrete mathematics with examples, theory, and applications of the discrete volume of a polytope. The authors have weaved a unifying thread through basic yet deep ideas in discrete geometry, combinatorics, and number theory. We encounter here a friendly invitation to the field of "counting integer points in polytopes", and its various connections to elementary finite Fourier analysis, generating functions, the Frobenius coin-exchange problem, solid angles, magic squares, Dedekind sums, computational geometry, and more. With 250 exercises and open problems, the reader feels like an active participant.
Category: Mathematics

Ebene Algebraische Kurven

Author : Gerd Fischer
ISBN : 9783322803115
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 25.55 MB
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Neben den elementaren Dingen, wie Tangenten, Singularitäten und Wendepunkten werden auch schwierigere Begriffe wie lokale Zweige und Geschlecht behandelt. Höhepunkte sind die klassischen Formeln von Plücker und Clebsch, die Beziehungen zwischen verschiedenen globalen und lokalen Invarianten einer Kurve beschreiben.
Category: Mathematics