COMPLEX ANALYSIS CONFORMAL INEQUALITIES AND THE BIEBERBACH CONJECTURE MONOGRAPHS AND RESEARCH NOTES IN MATHEMATICS

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Author : Prem K. Kythe
ISBN : 9781498718998
Genre : Mathematics
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Complex Analysis: Conformal Inequalities and the Bieberbach Conjecture discusses the mathematical analysis created around the Bieberbach conjecture, which is responsible for the development of many beautiful aspects of complex analysis, especially in the geometric-function theory of univalent functions. Assuming basic knowledge of complex analysis and differential equations, the book is suitable for graduate students engaged in analytical research on the topics and researchers working on related areas of complex analysis in one or more complex variables. The author first reviews the theory of analytic functions, univalent functions, and conformal mapping before covering various theorems related to the area principle and discussing Löwner theory. He then presents Schiffer’s variation method, the bounds for the fourth and higher-order coefficients, various subclasses of univalent functions, generalized convexity and the class of α-convex functions, and numerical estimates of the coefficient problem. The book goes on to summarize orthogonal polynomials, explore the de Branges theorem, and address current and emerging developments since the de Branges theorem.

Author : Marco A. P. Bullones
ISBN : 9781498725354
Genre : Mathematics
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Introduction to Abelian Model Structures and Gorenstein Homological Dimensions provides a starting point to study the relationship between homological and homotopical algebra, a very active branch of mathematics. The book shows how to obtain new model structures in homological algebra by constructing a pair of compatible complete cotorsion pairs related to a specific homological dimension and then applying the Hovey Correspondence to generate an abelian model structure. The first part of the book introduces the definitions and notations of the universal constructions most often used in category theory. The next part presents a proof of the Eklof and Trlifaj theorem in Grothedieck categories and covers M. Hovey’s work that connects the theories of cotorsion pairs and model categories. The final two parts study the relationship between model structures and classical and Gorenstein homological dimensions and explore special types of Grothendieck categories known as Gorenstein categories. As self-contained as possible, this book presents new results in relative homological algebra and model category theory. The author also re-proves some established results using different arguments or from a pedagogical point of view. In addition, he proves folklore results that are difficult to locate in the literature.

Author : Irina V. Melnikova
ISBN : 9781482210514
Genre : Mathematics
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Stochastic Cauchy Problems in Infinite Dimensions: Generalized and Regularized Solutions presents stochastic differential equations for random processes with values in Hilbert spaces. Accessible to non-specialists, the book explores how modern semi-group and distribution methods relate to the methods of infinite-dimensional stochastic analysis. It also shows how the idea of regularization in a broad sense pervades all these methods and is useful for numerical realization and applications of the theory. The book presents generalized solutions to the Cauchy problem in its initial form with white noise processes in spaces of distributions. It also covers the "classical" approach to stochastic problems involving the solution of corresponding integral equations. The first part of the text gives a self-contained introduction to modern semi-group and abstract distribution methods for solving the homogeneous (deterministic) Cauchy problem. In the second part, the author solves stochastic problems using semi-group and distribution methods as well as the methods of infinite-dimensional stochastic analysis.

Author : Albert Baernstein
ISBN : 9780821815212
Genre : Mathematics
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For over 70 years, the Bieberbach conjecture has intrigued the mathematical world. Many students of mathematics, who have had a first course in function theory, have tried their hand at a proof. But many have invested fruitless years of carefully manipulating inequalities in an attempt to establish the correct bound. In 1977, Louis de Branges of Purdue University took up the challenge of this famous unsolved problem, but in his case the outcome was different. He will be recognized as the mathematician who proved Bieberbach's conjecture. And more importantly, his method came from totally unexpected sources: operator theory and special functions.This book, based on the Symposium on the Occasion of the Proof, tells the story behind this fascinating proof and offers insight into the nature of the conjecture, its history and its proof. A special and unusual feature of the book is the enlightened personal accounts of the people involved in the exciting events surrounding the proof. Especially attractive are the photographs of mathematicians who have made significant contributions to univalent functions, the area of complex analysis which provides the setting for the Bieberbach conjecture.Research mathematicians, especially analysts, are sure to enjoy the articles in this volume. Most articles require only a basic knowledge of real and complex analysis. The survey articles are accessible to non-specialists, and the personal accounts of all who have played a part in this important discovery will fascinate any reader. 'The remarks by de Branges himself about the discovery of his proof should be read by all young mathematicians. He describes the difficulty he had in convincing the experts in the field that a mathematician, whose work was considered to lie in an entirely different area, had actually proved a problem of such long standing. When a mathematician is sure that he has the solution of a problem, he must persist until he convinces others or is actually proved wrong' - Prepublication comments by James A. Hummel, The University of Maryland, College Park.

Author : Sheng Gong
ISBN : 9780821827420
Genre : Bieberbach conjecture
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In 1919, Bieberbach posed a seemingly simple conjecture. That ``simple'' conjecture challenged mathematicians in complex analysis for the following 68 years! In that time, a huge number of papers discussing the conjecture and its related problems were inspired. Finally in 1984, de Branges completed the solution. In 1989, Professor Gong wrote and published a short book in Chinese, The Bieberbach Conjecture, outlining the history of the related problems and de Branges' proof. The present volume is the English translation of that Chinese edition with modifications by the author. In particular, he includes results related to several complex variables. Open problems and a large number of new mathematical results motivated by the Bieberbach conjecture are included. Completion of a standard one-year graduate complex analysis course will prepare the reader for understanding the book. It would make a nice supplementary text for a topics course at the advanced undergraduate or graduate level.

This book presents results about certain summability methods, such as the Abel method, the Norlund method, the Weighted mean method, the Euler method and the Natarajan method, which have not appeared in many standard books. It proves a few results on the Cauchy multiplication of certain summable series and some product theorems. It also proves a number of Steinhaus type theorems. In addition, it introduces a new definition of convergence of a double sequence and double series and proves the Silverman-Toeplitz theorem for four-dimensional infinite matrices, as well as Schur's and Steinhaus theorems for four-dimensional infinite matrices. The Norlund method, the Weighted mean method and the Natarajan method for double sequences are also discussed in the context of the new definition. Divided into six chapters, the book supplements the material already discussed in G.H.Hardy's Divergent Series. It appeals to young researchers and experienced mathematicians who wish to explore new areas in Summability Theory..

Author : Lars Valerian Ahlfors
ISBN : 9780821852705
Genre : Mathematics
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Most conformal invariants can be described in terms of extremal properties. Conformal invariants and extremal problems are therefore intimately linked and form together the central theme of this classic book which is primarily intended for students with approximately a year's background in complex variable theory. The book emphasizes the geometric approach as well as classical and semi-classical results which Lars Ahlfors felt every student of complex analysis should know before embarking on independent research. At the time of the book's original appearance, much of this material had never appeared in book form, particularly the discussion of the theory of extremal length. Schiffer's variational method also receives special attention, and a proof of $\vert a_4\vert \leq 4$ is included which was new at the time of publication. The last two chapters give an introduction to Riemann surfaces, with topological and analytical background supplied to support a proof of the uniformization theorem. Included in this new reprint is a Foreword by Peter Duren, F. W. Gehring, and Brad Osgood, as well as an extensive errata. ... encompasses a wealth of material in a mere one hundred and fifty-one pages. Its purpose is to present an exposition of selected topics in the geometric theory of functions of one complex variable, which in the author's opinion should be known by all prospective workers in complex analysis. From a methodological point of view the approach of the book is dominated by the notion of conformal invariant and concomitantly by extremal considerations. ... It is a splendid offering. --Reviewed for Math Reviews by M. H. Heins in 1975

Geometric function theory is one of the most interesting parts of complex analysis, an area that has become increasingly relevant as a key feature in the theory of SchrammLoewner Evolution. Though Riemann mapping theorem is frequently explored, there are few texts that discuss general theory of univalent maps, conformal invariants, and Loewner Evolution. This textbook provides an accessible foundation of the theory of conformal maps and their connections with geometry. It offers a unique view of the field, as it is one of the first to discuss general theory of univalent maps at a graduate level, while introducing more complex theories of conformal invariants and extremal lengths. Conformal Maps and Geometry is an ideal resource for graduate courses in Complex Analysis or as an analytic prerequisite to study the theory of SchrammLoewner Evolution.

This monograph presents recent and new ideas arising from the study of problems of planar fluid dynamics, and which are interesting from the point of view of geometric function theory and potential theory. the book is concerned with geometric problems for Hele-Shaw flows. Additionally, Hele-Shaw flows on parameter spaces are discussed, and connections with string theory are revealed. Assumes a graduate level understanding of real and complex analysis, and fluid mechanics.