CHITIN CHITOSAN OLIGOSACCHARIDES AND THEIR DERIVATIVES

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Chitin Chitosan Oligosaccharides And Their Derivatives

Author : Se-Kwon Kim
ISBN : 9781439816042
Genre : Medical
File Size : 50.49 MB
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Biopolymers found in marine animals and plants offer tremendous, largely untapped pharmaceutical potential. Research shows that these biopolymers can be used to combat various infectious as well as inflammatory, oxidative, and carcinogenic factors. Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives: Biological Activities and Applications covers the key aspects of these therapeutically valuable biopolymers and their derivatives, namely, their properties, sources, production, and applications in food science and technology as well as biological, biomedical, industrial, and agricultural fields. Contains more than 100 Tables & Figures and more than 800 References Written by 40 international contributors who are leading experts in the field of natural biomaterials, this book provides an overview of the sources and production of chitin and chitosan derivatives. It also covers their: Physical and chemical aspects Structural modifications for biomedical applications Biological activities, in particular, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antihypertensive, anticancer, and antidiabetic activities Biomedical applications, including their possible implications as drug, vaccine, and gene carriers Industrial and agricultural applications With their wide range of applications, the world is looking to biopolymers to serve as the basis for functional food- and drug development. This book is an important resource for those leading this effort.
Category: Medical

Biomaterials

Author : Rafael Luque
ISBN : 9783110342420
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73.29 MB
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In times of declining fossil stocks, science and industry have to find alternative resources for the production of fuels and chemicals. This book presents techniques for the utilization of biomass and waste as raw materials for the production of platform molecules, biopolymers, bioplastics, and bioethanol. Latest research results as well as industrial application thereof are discussed.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Chitosan

Author : Shakeel Ahmed
ISBN : 9781119364801
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36.78 MB
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This book delves deeply in to the preparation, characterization and multiple applications of chitin and chitosan. The 17 chapters written by leading experts is an excellent reference source and state-of-the-art review for researchers and scientists using chitosan or biopolymers in their respective areas. This book is divided into following sections: • Production and derivatives of chitosan • Chitosan in the textile and food industries • Chitosan in biomedical applications • Chitosan in agriculture and water treatment The book is practical as readers will be able to see descriptions of chitosan production methods as well as techniques that can be used to estimate and modify their physical and chemical properties. It provides a full description not only of the traditional and recent developments in the applications of chitosan in the fields of biotechnology, environmental studies, food, medicine, water treatments, drug delivery, but it includes all of the therapeutically usages as well.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Chitin Chitosan And Related Enzymes

Author : John Zikakis
ISBN : 9780323149976
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.65 MB
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Chitin, Chitosan, and Related Enzymes documents the proceedings of a four-day joint United States-Japan seminar held at the University of Delaware. The said seminar is aimed to explore the potential of the application of chitin, chitosan, and related products in different scientific fields. The book is divided into six parts. Part I covers the application of chitin and chitosan to pharmaceutical preparations. Part II discusses the applications of chitin and its derivatives. Part III features chitin and chitosan in relation to enzymology and genetic engineering. Respectively covered in Parts IV, V, and VI are the chemical and physical structure of chitin and chitosan; biochemical and physiological properties of chitin and its derivatives; the effects of phosphate on chitin production; and the development of chitin as a suture as well as for orthopedic uses. The text is recommended for biochemists who would like to know more or make further studies about the different applications of chitin, chitosan, and related enzymes.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Diet Nutrition And The Skin

Author : Victor R. Preedy
ISBN : 9789086867295
Genre : HEALTH & FITNESS
File Size : 30.90 MB
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Introduction -- 1. The skin: an introduction -- General aspects of skin, nutrition and diet -- 2. Gut bacteria and skin health -- 3. The fatty acids and the skin: a focus on the n-6 family of unsaturated fatty acids -- 4. Role of vitamin B6 in skin health and diseases -- 5. Antioxidants and skin: an overview -- Micronutrients -- 6. The skin and vitamin D -- 7. Vitamin C, gene expression and skin health -- 8. Strategies for vitamin E transdermal delivery -- 9. Vitamin E chemistry, biological activity and benefits on the skin -- 10. Dietary tocotrienol and UVB-induced skin damage -- 11. Zinc and skin health: an overview -- 12. Iron and skin health: iron stimulates skin function -- Nutraceuticals and skin -- 13. Skin photoprotection and nutraceuticals: an overview -- 14. Effect of flaxseed- and borage oil ingestion on skin conditions -- 15. Dietary red ginseng and skin protection -- 16. Dietary grape seed proanthocyanidins and skin cancer -- 17. Olive oil as a skin protector -- 18. Protec ...
Category: HEALTH & FITNESS

Chitin And Chitosan Derivatives

Author : Se-Kwon Kim
ISBN : 9781466566286
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21.42 MB
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A natural long-chain polymer, chitin is the main component of the cell walls of fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods (including crustaceans and insects), the radulas of mollusks, and the beaks and internal shells of cephalopods. However, marine crustacean shells are the primary sources of the chitin derivative chitosan. Chitin and chitosan are useful for various biological and biomedical applications, although they have been limited by poor solubility in the past. Current research focuses on increasing their solubility and bioactivity through molecular modifications. The resulting derivatives are receiving much attention for interesting properties, such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and nontoxicity, that make them suitable for use in the biomedical field. Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives: Advances in Drug Discovery and Developments presents current research trends in the synthesis of chitin and chitosan derivatives, their biological activities, and their biomedical applications. Part I discusses basic information about the synthesis and characterization of a variety of derivatives, including the preparation of chitin nanofibers. Part II covers chitin and chitosan modifications as the basis for biological applications. It describes antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antiviral, anticoagulant, and antimicrobial activities. Part III addresses chemically modified and composite materials of chitin and chitosan derivatives for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering, nanomedicine, drug delivery, and wound dressing. A must-have reference for novices and experts in biotechnology, natural products, materials science, nutraceuticals, and biomedical engineering, this book presents a wide range of biological and biomedical applications of chitin and chitosan derivatives for drug discovery and development.
Category: Medical

Marine Pharmacognosy

Author : Se-Kwon Kim
ISBN : 9781439892305
Genre : Medical
File Size : 48.54 MB
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Diverse and abundant, marine-derived bioactive compounds offer a plethora of pharmacologically active agents with the potential to produce valuable therapeutic entities. Marine-derived organisms, including some macroalgae, microalgae, blue-green algae, invertebrates, and vertebrates—valued in traditional Chinese medicine since ancient times—are now recognized as rich sources of pharmaceutically active compounds. These factors, coupled with the growing need for novel bioactives for the treatment of severe human diseases such as cancer, diabetes, microbial infections, and inflammatory processes, has brought marine pharmaceuticals to the forefront of pharmacology. Marine Pharmacognosy: Trends and Applications provides a comprehensive account of marine-derived bioactive pharmaceuticals and their potential health benefits, including antioxidant, anticancer, antiviral, anticoagulant, antidiabetic, antiallergy, anti-inflammatory, antihypertensive, antibacterial, and radioprotective activities. Moreover, it discusses the sources, isolation and purification, chemistry, functionality interactions, applications, and industrial features of a variety of marine-derived pharmaceuticals. Marine pharmacognosy is a dynamic field that has been systematically investigated over the last 50 years, and the number of publications and patents are increasing every year. Bringing together a global team of experts, Marine Pharmacognosy: Trends and Applications reviews current research on marine-derived bioactive compounds and provides insight into future research on their potential as pharmacologically active agents.
Category: Medical

Biotechnology And Bioactive Polymers

Author : C.G. Gebelein
ISBN : 0306446294
Genre : Medical
File Size : 71.5 MB
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Some have predicted that the coming several decades will be the decades of "biotechnology," wherein cancer, birth defects, life span increases, cosmetics, biodegradation, oil spills and exploration, solid waste disposal, and almost every aspect of our material life will be affected by this new area of science. There will also be an extension of emphasis on giant molecules: DNA, enzymes, polysaccharides, lignins, proteins, hemoglobin, and many others. Biotechnology has been defined in various ways. In one sense, this field is older than human history and references to the human use of biotechnology-derived materials can be found in the oldest human writings, such as the Bible. In this book, biotechnology refers to the direct usage of naturally occurring materials or their uses as a feedstock, including the associated biological activities and applications of these materials. Bioactive polymers, on the other hand, are polymers which exert some type of activity on living organisms. These polymers are used in agriculture, controlled release systems, medicine and many other areas. The papers in this book describe polymers which essentially combine features of biotechnology and bioactivity.
Category: Medical