CHILDHOOD CLASS AND KIN IN THE ROMAN WORLD

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Childhood Class And Kin In The Roman World

Author : Suzanne Dixon
ISBN : 9781134563180
Genre : History
File Size : 26.68 MB
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It can be difficult to hear the voices of Roman children, women and slaves, given that most surviving texts of the period are by elite adult men. This volume redresses the balance. An international collection of expert contributors go beyond the usual canon of literary texts, and assess a vast range of evidence - inscriptions, burial data, domestic architecture, sculpture and the law, as well as Christian and dream-interpretation literature. Topics covered include: * child exposure and abandonment * children in imperial propaganda * reconstructing lower-class families * gender, burial and status * epitaphs and funerary monuments * adoption and late parenthood. The result is an up-to-date survey of some of the most exciting avenues currently being explored in Roman social history.
Category: History

M Dchen Im Altertum Girls In Antiquity

Author : Susanne Moraw
ISBN : 9783830981015
Genre : History
File Size : 38.55 MB
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Mädchen - weibliche Individuen vor dem sozial, juristisch, biologisch etc. definierten Übergang zur 'Frau' - wurden in der altertumswissenschaftlichen Forschung bisher eher selten thematisiert. Diese Lücke schließt der vorliegende Band. Mit 26 Beiträgen in englischer und deutscher Sprache bietet er einen Überblick über den internationalen Forschungsstand: Von theoretischen Überlegungen zu den Nachweismöglichkeiten von 'Mädchen' in der prähistorischen Forschung über zusammenfassende Darstellungen des gegenwärtigen Wissensstandes zu Mädchen im Alten Orient, in Ägypten und in der Ägäischen Bronzezeit zu Spezialstudien über bestimmte Aspekte des Mädchen-Seins in Griechenland und Rom, bis hin zur christlichen Spätantike und den frühmittelalterlichen Gesellschaften. 'Mädchen im Altertum / Girls in Antiquity' ist die um einige Beiträge erweiterte Publikation einer internationalen Tagung gleichen Titels, die 2010 in Berlin von 'FemArc - Netzwerk archäologisch arbeitender Frauen' in Kooperation mit dem Deutschen Archäologischen Institut veranstaltet worden war. Mit Beiträgen von Claudia-Maria Behling, Katrin Bernhardt, Olympia Bobou, Susanne Brather-Walter, Stephanie L. Budin, Eve D'Ambra, Peter Emberger, Susanna E. Fischer, Caitlin C. Gillespie, Jochen Griesbach, Ute Günkel-Maschek, Doris Gutsmiedl-Schümann, Kerstin P. Hofmann, Kathrin Kleibl, Julia K. Koch, Claudia Merthen, Marion Meyer, Cecilia Nobili, Viktoria Räuchle, Kathrin Schade, Günther Schörner, Michaela Stark, Wolf-Rüdiger Teegen, Helga Vogel, Manuella Wangert, Anne Weis.
Category: History

Infancy And Earliest Childhood In The Roman World

Author : Maureen Carroll
ISBN : 9780192524331
Genre : History
File Size : 63.77 MB
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Despite the developing emphasis in current scholarship on children in Roman culture, there has been relatively little research to date on the role and significance of the youngest children within the family and in society. This volume singles out this youngest age group, the under one-year-olds, in the first comprehensive study of infancy and earliest childhood to encompass the Roman Empire as a whole: integrating social and cultural history with archaeological evidence, funerary remains, material culture, and the iconography of infancy, it explores how the very particular historical circumstances into which Roman children were born affected their lives as well as prevailing attitudes towards them. Examination of these varied strands of evidence, drawn from throughout the Roman world from the fourth century BC to the third century AD, allows the rhetoric about earliest childhood in Roman texts to be more broadly contextualized and reveals the socio-cultural developments that took place in parent-child relationships over this period. Presenting a fresh perspective on archaeological and historical debates, the volume refutes the notion that high infant mortality conditioned Roman parents not to engage in the early life of their children or to view them, or their deaths, with indifference, and concludes that even within the first weeks and months of life Roman children were invested with social and gendered identities and were perceived as having both personhood and value within society.
Category: History

Kindesaussetzung In Der R Mischen Antike

Author : Thomas Oliver Schindler
ISBN : 9783638473033
Genre : History
File Size : 24.96 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2006 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Frühgeschichte, Antike, Note: 1, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (Institut für alte Geschichte), Veranstaltung: Kindheit und Jugend in der Antike, 25 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „It is beyond question that abandonment was a familiar part of Roman life, affecting every class of person and every type of extant source, from inscriptions to novels, from laws to plays, from moral advice to imperial chronicles. Romans regarded it as remarkable that others did not expose children.” (John Boswell) Wie dieses einleitende Zitat von Boswell zeigt, kann die Kindesaussetzung als ein tief in die römische Kultur verstrickter, alle Schichten und Regionen betreffender Bestandteil des antiken Alltagslebens betrachtet werden, gleichwohl es in der Forschung dazu Gegenmeinungen gibt . Diese Arbeit soll das Phänomen der Kindesaussetzung in der römischen Gesellschaft mit seinen rechtlichen, sozialen , ökonomischen und politischen Hintergründen und Entwicklungen der Zeit beleuchten. Mit einem in bestimmte Merkmale aufgefächerten Überblick wird versucht werden, das Phänomen zusammenzufassen und in einem Interpretationsteil aus heutiger Sicht menschlich zu begreifen, da sich bisher wohl kaum ein Forscher der Neuzeit ohne eine gewisse menschliche Abscheu diesem Thema widmete. Hauptziel der Arbeit wird die Klärung folgender Fragestellung sein: Wie ist es möglich, dass sich eine Kultur auf die Basis eines so grausamen Phänomens stützt? Wie das Boswell-Zitat gut zusammenfasst sind aufgrund der Alltäglichkeit in jeder erdenklichen Quellenart Hinweise und Auskünfte über Kindesaussetzung und seine Begleiterscheinungen meist zufällig und nebenbei anzutreffen. Es werden also verschiedenste prominente Autoren der Antike als hinweisgebende Instanzen erscheinen, aber auch unterstützender Weise vereinzelt archäologische Funde und Inschriften von unbekannten Urhebern. Es ist außerdem anzumerken, dass bei den unterschiedlichen Quellenarten selbst nochmals mit differenzierter Vorsicht zu arbeiten ist: ein fiktives Schriftwerk lässt prinzipiell weniger Realitätsbezug erwarten als eine Gesetzesschrift, darf aber auch nicht als unrealistisch gelten . Darüber hinaus spiegelt auch ein Rechtstext nicht unbedingt die tatsächliche gesellschaftliche Praxis wider: so kann etwas durchaus legal möglich sein, wird aber aus anderen Gründen nicht praktiziert. Generell ergibt also nur die Synthese der ganzen Palette an Quellentypen ein detailliertes und realistisches Bild der Vergangenheit. Dies soll in der vorliegenden Arbeit berücksichtigt werden.
Category: History

A Companion To Families In The Greek And Roman Worlds

Author : Beryl Rawson
ISBN : 1444390759
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 68.5 MB
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A Companion to Families in the Greek and Roman Worlds draws from both established and current scholarship to offer a broad overview of the field, engage in contemporary debates, and pose stimulating questions about future development in the study of families. Provides up-to-date research on family structure from archaeology, art, social, cultural, and economic history Includes contributions from established and rising international scholars Features illustrations of families, children, slaves, and ritual life, along with maps and diagrams of sites and dwellings Honorable Mention for 2011 Single Volume Reference/Humanities & Social Sciences PROSE award granted by the Association of American Publishers
Category: Literary Criticism

God Gender And The Bible

Author : Deborah Sawyer
ISBN : 9781134686384
Genre : History
File Size : 41.75 MB
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Deborah Sawyer discusses this crucial yet unresolved question in the context of contemporary and postmodern ideas about gender and power, based on fresh examination of a number of texts from Hebrew and Christian scripture. Such texts offer striking parallels to contemporary gender theories (particularly those of Luce Irigaray and Judith Butler), which have unravelled given notions of power and constructed identity. Through the study of gender in terms of its application by biblical writers as a theological strategy, we can observe how these writers use female characters to undermine human masculinity, through their 'higher' intention to elevate the biblical God. God Gender and the Bible demonstrates that both maleness and femaleness are constructed in the light of divine omnipotence. Unlike many approaches to the Bible that offer hegemonist interpretations, such as those that are explicitly Christian or Jewish, or liberationist or feminist, this enlightening and readable study sustains and works with the inconsistencies evident in biblical literature.
Category: History

Let The Little Children Come To Me

Author : Cornelia B. Horn
ISBN : 9780813216744
Genre : Religion
File Size : 22.46 MB
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Focuses on how Christianity changed the lives of children in the ancient world. This book explores the hidden lives of children at the origins of Christianity. It draws on insights gained from comparisons of children's experiences in ancient Judaism and the Graeco-Roman world.
Category: Religion

Marriage And Family In The Biblical World

Author : Ken M. Campbell
ISBN : 0830827374
Genre : Religion
File Size : 24.72 MB
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Ken M. Campbell presents the work of six scholars who map varying understandings of marriage and family in six cultural settings: Victor H. Matthews on the ancient Near East, Daniel I. Block on ancient Israel, S. M. Baugh on Greek society, Susan M. Treggiari on Roman society, David W. Chapman on Second Temple Judaism and Andreas Kstenberger on the New Testament era.
Category: Religion

The Ethics Of Everyday Life

Author : Michael Banner
ISBN : 9780191030772
Genre : Religion
File Size : 36.37 MB
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The moments in Christ's human life noted in the creeds (his conception, birth, suffering, death, and burial) are events which would likely appear in a syllabus for a course in social anthropology, for they are of special interest and concern in human life, and also sites of contention and controversy, where what it is to be human is discovered, constructed, and contested. In other words, these are the occasions for profound and continuing questioning regarding the meaning of human life, as controversies to do with IVF, abortion, euthanasia, and the use of bodies or body parts post mortem plainly indicate. Thus the following questions arise, how do the instances in Christ's life represent human life, and how do these representations relate to present day cultural norms, expectations, and newly emerging modes of relationship, themselves shaping and framing human life? How does the Christian imagination of human life, which dwells on and draws from the life of Christ, not only articulate its own, but also come into conversation with and engage other moral imaginaries of the human? Michael Banner argues that consideration of these questions requires study of moral theology, therefore, he reconceives its nature and tasks, and in particular, its engagement with social anthropology. Drawing from social anthropology and Christian thought and practice from many periods, and influenced especially by his engagement in public policy matters including as a member of the UK's Human Tissue Authority, Banner aims to develop the outlines of an everyday ethics, stretching from before the cradle to after the grave.
Category: Religion