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Charlie Wilson S War

Author : George Crile
ISBN : 0802143415
Genre : History
File Size : 23.43 MB
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Describes how, after the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, maverick Texas congressman Charlie Wilson persuaded his colleagues to fund the CIA's efforts to arm the mujahideen and recounts the repercussions of that covert operation.
Category: History

Nuclear Strategy In The Modern Era

Author : Vipin Narang
ISBN : 9781400850402
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 70.59 MB
Format : PDF
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The world is in a second nuclear age in which regional powers play an increasingly prominent role. These states have small nuclear arsenals, often face multiple active conflicts, and sometimes have weak institutions. How do these nuclear states—and potential future ones—manage their nuclear forces and influence international conflict? Examining the reasoning and deterrence consequences of regional power nuclear strategies, this book demonstrates that these strategies matter greatly to international stability and it provides new insights into conflict dynamics across important areas of the world such as the Middle East, East Asia, and South Asia. Vipin Narang identifies the diversity of regional power nuclear strategies and describes in detail the posture each regional power has adopted over time. Developing a theory for the sources of regional power nuclear strategies, he offers the first systematic explanation of why states choose the postures they do and under what conditions they might shift strategies. Narang then analyzes the effects of these choices on a state's ability to deter conflict. Using both quantitative and qualitative analysis, he shows that, contrary to a bedrock article of faith in the canon of nuclear deterrence, the acquisition of nuclear weapons does not produce a uniform deterrent effect against opponents. Rather, some postures deter conflict more successfully than others. Nuclear Strategy in the Modern Era considers the range of nuclear choices made by regional powers and the critical challenges they pose to modern international security.
Category: Political Science

International Intervention In Local Conflicts

Author : Uzi Rabi
ISBN : 9780857719027
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 78.10 MB
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The changes in the international system that emerged following the Cold War have had far-reaching implications for the conduct, management and resolution of local conflicts and have necessitated a fresh examination of the rules and norms of international crisis management and conflict resolution. It examines the impact of international actors in the resolution of local conflicts since the Cold War, as well the roles of regional and local actors in determining the course of the conflicts, focusing particularly on the world's most turbulent region - the Middle East. The book provides a theoretical framework for understanding the implications of the post-Cold War balance of power for crisis management, conflict mediation and conflict resolution. This theoretical discussion then applied to a broad selection of case studies including: the UN's intervention in Cambodia and Somalia; the efforts of international institutions to prevent the break-up of Yugoslavia; the European Union's management of ethnic conflicts in the Western Balkans; and the roles of the British and Irish governments in the peace process in Northern Ireland. The recent history of American and European involvement in Middle East conflicts is considered in detail, with close attention paid to the interaction between the international arena, bureaucratic rivalries and internal dynamics within each outside actor, which can affect the conduct of conflict resolution. The book also considers the complex ways in which domestic political considerations and regional factors have influenced international efforts to resolve and mediate conflicts in the Middle East. Taken together-the intervention of the Western powers, the influence of state and non-state actors, and the constraints on local decision makers arising out of domestic conditions-coalesce into a 'tangled web' of regional conflict in the Middle East. 'International Intervention in Local Conflicts' is an invaluable guide for students and scholars of international relations and conflict resolution and provides a detailed analysis of conflicts and their resolution in the era since the end of the Cold War.
Category: Political Science

Essentials Of Strategic Intelligence

Author : Loch K. Johnson
ISBN : 9781440832284
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 20.43 MB
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A highly valuable resource for students of intelligence studies, strategy and security, and foreign policy, this volume provides readers with an accessible and comprehensive exploration of U.S. espionage activities that addresses both the practical and ethical implications that attend the art and science of spying. • Provides a comprehensive, up-to-date examination of all aspects of intelligence by experts in the field, from collection-and-analysis and counterintelligence to covert action and accountability • Probes into how the United States' intelligence agencies attempt to protect the nation from cyberattacks by foreign nations and terrorist groups—and documents the successes and failures • Documents the involvement of the National Security Agency (NSA) in bulk "metadata" collection of information on the telephone records and social media communications of American citizens • Examines the effects that have resulted from major leaks in the U.S. government, from Wikileaks to the NSA Snowden leaks
Category: Political Science

A Patriot S History Of The United States

Author : Larry Schweikart
ISBN : 9780698173637
Genre : History
File Size : 33.26 MB
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For the past three decades, many history professors have allowed their biases to distort the way America’s past is taught. These intellectuals have searched for instances of racism, sexism, and bigotry in our history while downplaying the greatness of America’s patriots and the achievements of “dead white men.” As a result, more emphasis is placed on Harriet Tubman than on George Washington; more about the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II than about D-Day or Iwo Jima; more on the dangers we faced from Joseph McCarthy than those we faced from Josef Stalin. A Patriot’s History of the United States corrects those doctrinaire biases. In this groundbreaking book, America’s discovery, founding, and development are reexamined with an appreciation for the elements of public virtue, personal liberty, and private property that make this nation uniquely successful. This book offers a long-overdue acknowledgment of America’s true and proud history.
Category: History

World War D

Author : Jeffrey Dhywood
ISBN : 9780984690404
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 23.8 MB
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"World War-D" revolves around the simple but fundamental question: "Can organized societies do a better job than organized crime of managing and controlling psychoactive substances?" Jeffrey Dhywood obviously thinks they can, and explains why and how."World War-D" clearly demonstrates that prohibition is the worst possible form of control. The so-called "controlled substances" are effectively controlled by the underworld at a staggering and ever-growing human, social, economic, and geopolitical cost to the world."World War-D" lays out a concrete, pragmatic, and realistic roadmap to global re-legalization under a multi-tiered "legalize, tax, control, prevent, treat, and educate" regime with practical and efficient mechanisms to manage and minimize societal costs.
Category: Self-Help

Schools For Conflict Or For Peace In Afghanistan

Author : Dana Burde
ISBN : 9780231537513
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38.12 MB
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Foreign-backed funding for education does not always stabilize a country and enhance its statebuilding efforts. Dana Burde shows how aid to education in Afghanistan bolstered conflict both deliberately in the 1980s through violence-infused, anti-Soviet curricula and inadvertently in the 2000s through misguided stabilization programs. She also reveals how dominant humanitarian models that determine what counts as appropriate aid have limited attention and resources toward education, in some cases fueling programs that undermine their goals. For education to promote peace in Afghanistan, Burde argues we must expand equal access to quality community-based education and support programs that increase girls' and boys' attendance at school. Referring to a recent U.S. effort that has produced strong results in these areas, Burde commends the program's efficient administration and good quality, and its neutral curriculum, which can reduce conflict and build peace in lasting ways. Drawing on up-to-date research on humanitarian education work amid conflict zones around the world and incorporating insights gleaned from extensive fieldwork in Afghanistan and Pakistan, Burde recalculates and improves a popular formula for peace.
Category: Political Science

The Missing Martyrs

Author : Charles Kurzman
ISBN : 9780199831722
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 85.5 MB
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Why are there so few Muslim terrorists? With more than a billion Muslims in the world--many of whom supposedly hate the West and ardently desire martyrdom--why don't we see terrorist attacks every day? Where are the missing martyrs? In this startlingly counterintuitive book, a leading authority on Islamic movements demonstrates that terrorist groups are thoroughly marginal in the Muslim world. Charles Kurzman draws on government sources, public opinion surveys, election results, and in-depth interviews with Muslims in the Middle East and around the world. He finds that young Muslims are indeed angry with what they see as imperialism--and especially at Western support for local dictatorships. But revolutionary Islamists have failed to reach them, as can be seen from the terrorists' own websites and publications, which constantly bemoan the dearth of willing recruits. Kurzman notes that it takes only a small cadre of committed killers to wreak unspeakable havoc. But that very fact underscores his point. As easy as terrorism is to commit, few Muslims turn to violence. Out of 140,000 murders in the United States since 9/11, Islamist terrorists have killed at most three dozen people. Of the 150,000 people who die each day, worldwide, Islamist militants account for fewer than fifty fatalities--and only ten per day outside of the hotspots of Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan. The real bulwark against Islamist violence, Kurzman finds, is Muslims themselves, who reject both the goals of the terrorists and their bloody means. With each bombing, the terrorists lose support among Muslims. Incisive and authoritative, The Missing Martyrs provides much-needed corrective to deep-seated and destructive misconceptions about Muslims and the Islamic world. The threat of Islamist terrorism is real, Kurzman shows, but its dimensions are, so far, tightly confined.
Category: Political Science

Naval War College Review

Author :
ISBN : OSU:32435077146900
Genre : International relations
File Size : 81.97 MB
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Category: International relations


Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105134462436
Genre : National security
File Size : 51.82 MB
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Category: National security