CHARITY CROSSING BORDERS THE FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS INFLUENCE ON CHARITY AND DONOR TAXATION IN EUROPE EUCOTAX SERIES ON EUROPEAN TAXATION

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Charity Crossing Borders

Author : Sabine Heidenbauer
ISBN : 9789041138132
Genre : Law
File Size : 20.70 MB
Format : PDF
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Throughout the European Union, national income tax systems support charitable activities by way of preferential treatment. However, a number of Member States operate relief regimes which appear to trigger the question of compatibility with Union law with respect to the fundamental freedoms. In this first study to examine charity and donor taxation regimes across a wide range of Member States, the author focuses on compatibility with EU non-discrimination law. She examines twenty national regimes, both comparatively and from the perspective of overarching EU law. The countries covered are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Although charity and donor taxation falls within the competence of the Member States, they must nonetheless observe primary Union law and grant non-discriminatory treatment where a fact pattern falls within the ambit of the fundamental freedoms. In the course of defining this framework, the study addresses such issues as the following: types of relief schemes maintained for charities and donors; administrative requirements; international aspects (both inbound and outbound); privileged donations and capital gains treatment of in-kind donations; eligible donees; whether and to what extent charitable entities and donors can actually rely on the fundamental freedoms; specific applicability of each of the relevant fundamental freedoms; the issue of comparability; justifications for restrictive measures in Member State practice; and the issue of proportionality.
Category: Law

Droit Fiscal De L Union Europ Enne

Author : Alexandre Maitrot de la Motte
ISBN : 9782802756842
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82.33 MB
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État des lieux du droit fiscal au sein de l'Union européenne L’achèvement du marché intérieur et, au-delà, du projet européen, nécessite l’élimination de tous les obstacles fiscaux qui résultent de l’exercice de leurs souverainetés fiscales par les États membres. L’action ferme et résolue qui doit alors être menée par les autorités européennes comme par ces États s’inscrit dans un cadre dont les contours, longtemps incertains, ont été progressivement précisés : le droit fiscal de l’Union européenne. Le droit fiscal de l’Union européenne prévoit deux modalités d’intégration des fiscalités nationales : l’intégration négative, qui suppose l’interdiction des restrictions fiscales à la libre circulation des marchandises, la prohibition des restrictions fiscales à la libre circulation des personnes, des services et des capitaux, et l’encadrement des aides d’État sous forme fiscale ; et l’intégration positive, qui passe par l’harmonisation des droits fiscaux nationaux, l’élimination des doubles impositions, et la coopération administrative et politique en matière fiscale. À terme, la question de la création d’un impôt européen devra bien entendu être posée. Cette question montre à quel point le droit fiscal de l’Union européenne est une matière essentielle, passionnante et hautement symbolique. Présentée avec une grande simplicité par l’un de ses meilleurs connaisseurs, la construction de l’Europe fiscale reste une question complexe qui témoigne de la forte intégration des droits et des économies nationales, mais aussi des importants progrès qui doivent encore être accomplis. Un ouvrage de référence qui énumère les acquis du projet européen en matière de droit fiscal mais soulève aussi la question d'un impôt commun. À PROPOS DE L'ÉDITEUR Larcier Group, composé des marques d’édition juridique prestigieuses que sont Larcier, Bruylant, Promoculture-Larcier, propose des solutions documentaires adaptées aux besoins spécifiques de tous les professionnels du droit belge, luxembourgeois et français (avocats, magistrats, notaires, juristes d’entreprise,...). Fournisseur historique et privilégié de toutes les sources du droit, son offre éditoriale est composée, notamment, de la base de données juridique la plus complète de Belgique (Strada lex), de plus de 300 nouvelles monographies par an, plus de 70 revues juridiques, plusieurs collections de Codes, de logiciels de calculs et d’un riche catalogue de formations. Larcier Group est l’éditeur numéro 1 dans le segment juridique en Belgique. À côté de ce segment juridique, Larcier Group s’adresse également aux professions économiques et aux professions RH en Belgique avec sa marque Larcier Business et son offre éditoriale principalement numérique. Avec Indicator, Larcier Group fait partie, depuis juin 2016, du Groupe Éditions Lefebvre- Sarrut, à présent leader en Belgique sur tous les segments de l’édition juridique et fiscale.
Category: Business & Economics

Double Non Taxation And Eu Law

Author : Christoph Marchgraber
ISBN : 904119410X
Genre : Law
File Size : 38.9 MB
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Double (Non-)Taxation and EU Law provides a comprehensive analysis of EU law's impact on double taxation and double non-taxation. Everywhere new tax rules are under development to engage with the ever-increasing complexity and sophistication of aggressive tax planning and to reverse the tax base erosion it leads to. The most prominent initiative in this context is the Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) project of the OECD. Although the European Commission and the OECD's BEPS project have been a hot topic for some time, and double non-taxation being among the main issues the BEPS project intends to address, there has been little discussion of the effect of EU law on their implementation. This book aims to remedy that omission by addressing this crucial subject and its practical impact. What's in this book: Among the issues dealt with in the course of the analysis are the following: locating the gaps and inconsistencies among domestic tax systems exploited by taxpayers; hybrid mismatch arrangements as a prime example of double non-taxation; political efforts undertaken within the EU in order to address double taxation and double non-taxation; double non-taxation in the European VAT system; the convergence of the fundamental freedoms and the State aid rules; the ECJ's dilemma concerning juridical double taxation; the deviating approach with regard to economic double taxation; the potential impact of the ECJ's case law on the EU law compatibility of double non-taxation. The tax jurisprudence of the ECJ is referred to and comprehensively analysed throughout the book. The final chapter provides an outlook on possible developments in the future. How this will help you: Focusing on the fundamental freedoms and the State aid rules of the EU, this book thoroughly explains the nature of double non-taxation from an EU law perspective, its relation to double taxation, and the impact of EU law on these phenomena. Thus, this book serves as a navigator in light of the ongoing implementation of BEPS measures. As a giant step towards greater legal certainty in this challenging area of tax law, this book is a practical handbook for tax authorities, scholars, and tax practitioners across Europe and even beyond.
Category: Law

Limitation On Benefits Clauses In Double Taxation Conventions

Author : Félix Alberto Vega Borrego
ISBN : 9789041123701
Genre : Law
File Size : 23.60 MB
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In accordance with Article 22 of its 1996 Model Treaty, most double taxation conventions entered into by the United States contain a number of rules called limitation on benefits clauses, the purpose of which is to prevent the application of the benefits of the treaties to treaty shopping structures. Following the changes in the Commentaries on Article 1 of the OECD Model Tax Convention in 2003, a number of clauses similar to those provided in the United States Model Treaty have been included. In this study, the legal framework and application of these rules is analysed in depth, and particularly, taking into account those rules included in the double taxation conventions concluded between the United States and European Union member states. In this respect, the compatibility of these rules with European Community Law is also analysed in the last chapter. This study is based on the authors doctoral thesis, which was awarded the prize for the best doctoral thesis on financial and tax law by the Spanish Instituto de Estudios Fiscales (Ministerio de Economia y Hacienda) in 2002.
Category: Law

Fiscal Sovereignty Of The Member States In An Internal Market

Author : Jacobus Johannes Maria Jansen
ISBN : 9789041134035
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 27.33 MB
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Although EU Member States have retained national sovereignty in tax matters, a consistent line of decisions by the European Court of Justice requires them to exercise these powers consistent with superseding Community law. In other words, the Member States are not wholly autonomous. This in turn creates serious tensions. This timely resource covers a variety of critical issues, including the current and possible future effects of the internal market on the fiscal sovereignty of Member States; the limits that European law imposes on Member States' policy sovereignty in matters of international tax law; the effect of European law on taxes levied by local authorities; and the consequences the Treaty of Lisbon may have for Member States' fiscal sovereignty.
Category: Business & Economics

Transfer Pricing In The Us

Author : Felix I. Lessambo
ISBN : 9041191968
Genre : Law
File Size : 58.93 MB
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This concise, practical guide to the latest issues in the rapidly evolving legal regime on transfer pricing in the US context fills the need to gain a firm grasp of transfer pricing rules and practice for corporate counsel and practitioners worldwide, enabling them to prepare compliant solutions and strategies and avoid pitfalls. The book begins with a general introduction to transfer pricing and then discusses the current OECD's Transfer Pricing Guidelines, which form the basis for most transfer pricing rules around the world. The book describes in detail the approved methods for tangible and intangible property, cost sharing, services and the best method rule. Then the book discusses functional analysis for the various methods, including the necessary documentation and penalty rules. This book is an indispensable resource for practitioners and academics, and it will be very useful to state tax authorities.
Category: Law

Sharing The Pie Taxing Multinationals In A Global Market

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:950064460
Genre :
File Size : 20.9 MB
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The current international corporate tax regime for taxing the business proceeds of firms operates arbitrarily. The aggregates of the nation states' international corporate tax systems seem to distort a global efficient allocation of resources. The current model of corporate taxation finds its origins in the 1920s. It well suited the economic realities of the early days of international trade and commerce; the times when international business primarily revolved around bulk trade and bricks-and-mortar industries. But those days are long gone. Globalization, European integration, the rise of multinational enterprises, e-commerce, and intangible assets have changed the world considerably. These developments have caused the model to operate inconsistently with the economic reality of today. Corporate taxation and economic reality are no longer aligned. The model is ill-suited to current market realities. As a result multinational business decisions are distorted by tax considerations. The arbitrage may work to the benefit or detriment of nationally and internationally active firms. It also seems to put pressure on nation state corporate tax revenue levels. This may lead to spill-over effects and welfare losses at the end of the day. Matters seem to worsen in today's increasingly globalizing economy. The question arises as to whether a proper alternative for taxing multinationals can be modeled. How should business proceeds of multinationals be taxed? Can we create something that suits the nature of a global marketplace somewhat better? What would such an alternative tax system look like? How would it operate? This study seeks to set forth an alternative to the corporate taxation framework currently found in international taxation. The aim is to develop some building blocks for an optimal approach towards taxing the business proceeds of multinationals, i.e., a 'corporate tax 2.0'. As a starting point the authority of currently applicable national, international, and European tax law are not necessarily accepted. Accordingly, applicable tax law serves illustrative rather than argumentative purposes in this research.
Category:

Europe China Tax Treaties

Author : Dr. Michael Lang
ISBN : 9789041132161
Genre : Law
File Size : 39.20 MB
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This network aims at initiating and coordinating both comparative education in taxation, through the organisation of activities such as winter courses and guest lectures, and comparative research in the field, by means of joint research projects, international conferences and exchange of researchers between various countries. --
Category: Law

From Marks Spencer To X Holding

Author : Dennis Manolito Weber
ISBN : 9789041133991
Genre : Law
File Size : 35.65 MB
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Group taxation - special schemes according to which a group of companies meeting certain requirements may be assimilated for tax purposes to a single company - exists in several European Member States and is now under consideration in an EU proposal conce
Category: Law

Wto And Direct Taxation

Author : Michael Lang
ISBN : 9789041123718
Genre : Law
File Size : 85.68 MB
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WTO Law and Direct Taxation are linked in numerous ways. The WTO Agreements, thereof especially the GATT and GATS Agreements, contain several explicit provisions on the subject of direct taxes or even on its delimitation from Tax Treaty Law. To some extent, the scope of application of WTO Law has been broadened by case law to comprise also direct taxes. This entails overlappings particularly with regard to the law of subsidies, prohibitions of discrimination, and most-favoured-nation obligations. This book highlights increasingly relevant interdependencies between WTO Law and Direct Taxation from the viewpoint of 21 States. Special emphasis is placed on the conformity of national taxes on profits with WTO Law as well as on specifics of interpretation in several Member States. 21 National Reports from nearly all EU countries as well as Colombia, Israel, New Zealand, Norway and the USA dealt with this topic and were compiled and published in this volume. Additionally, a General Report prepared by Servatius van Thiel summarises the results of the National Reports. Moreover, experts in this field joining the Conference among them Reuven Avi-Yonah, Michael Lennard and Raymond Luja have volunteered contributions dealing with specific problems of WTO and Direct Taxation.
Category: Law