CHANGING VENEZUELA BY TAKING POWER

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Changing Venezuela By Taking Power

Author : Gregory Wilpert
ISBN : UVA:X030276051
Genre : History
File Size : 41.45 MB
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Venezuela under Hugo Chavez could be a model for peaceful revolutionor, as this definitive history shows, it could all be undone by the spectres of the past. Since coming to power in 1998, the Chavez government has inspired both fierce internal debate and horror amongst Western governments accustomed to counting on an obeisant regime in the oil-rich state. Is Venezuela going through a peaceful, democratic "Bolivarian revolution," with the country's poor becoming politically engaged and beginning to share its oil wealth? Or is Chavez leading his country towards Latin American caudillismo at best, or Castro-style communism at worst? In this rich and resourceful study, Greg Wilpert exposes the self-serving logic behind much middle-class opposition to Venezuela's elected leader, and explains the real reason for their alarm. He argues that the Chavez government has instituted one of the world's most progressive constitutions, but warns that they have yet to overcome the dangerous spectres of the country's past: its culture of patronage and clientelism, its corruption, and its support for personality cultsall of them fuelled by the attention and interference of a succession of US administrations.
Category: History

Dragon In The Tropics

Author : Javier Corrales
ISBN : 0815705026
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 88.91 MB
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Since he was first elected in 1999, Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez Frías has reshaped a frail but nonetheless pluralistic democracy into a semi-authoritarian regime—an outcome achieved with spectacularly high oil income and widespread electoral support. This eye-opening book illuminates one of the most sweeping and unexpected political transformations in contemporary Latin America. Based on more than fifteen years' experience in researching and writing about Venezuela, Javier Corrales and Michael Penfold have crafted a comprehensive account of how the Chávez regime has revamped the nation, with a particular focus on its political transformation. Throughout, they take issue with conventional explanations. First, they argue persuasively that liberal democracy as an institution was not to blame for the rise of chavismo. Second, they assert that the nation's economic ailments were not caused by neoliberalism. Instead they blame other factors, including a dependence on oil, which caused macroeconomic volatility; political party fragmentation, which triggered infighting; government mismanagement of the banking crisis, which led to more centralization of power; and the Asian crisis of 1997, which devastated Venezuela's economy at the same time that Chávez ran for president. It is perhaps on the role of oil that the authors take greatest issue with prevailing opinion. They do not dispute that dependence on oil can generate political and economic distortions—the "resource curse" or "paradox of plenty" arguments—but they counter that oil alone fails to explain Chávez's rise. Instead they single out a weak framework of checks and balances that allowed the executive branch to extract oil rents and distribute them to the populace. The real culprit behind Chávez's success, they write, was the asymmetry of political power.
Category: Political Science

Changing Lives Gustavo Dudamel El Sistema And The Transformative Power Of Music

Author : Tricia Tunstall
ISBN : 9780393078961
Genre : Music
File Size : 20.93 MB
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Reveals the effect that education can have on positive social change by examining the life of a conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic and the unique program that nurtured his talent back home in Venezuela and its current availability in the U.S. 15,000 first printing.
Category: Music

Export Agriculture And The Crisis In Central America

Author : Robert G. Williams
ISBN : 9781469615882
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86.44 MB
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Before social unrest shook the region in the 1970s, Central America experienced more than a decade of rapid export growth by adding cotton and beef to the traditional coffee and bananas. Williams shows how the rapid growth contributed to the present social and political crisis, examines the causes of the export boom and who benefited from it, and shows the impact of the boom on land use, the ecology, and the conditions of life in the rural areas.
Category: Political Science

The Revolution In Venezuela

Author : Thomas Ponniah
ISBN : 0674061381
Genre : History
File Size : 72.4 MB
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Is Venezuela’s Bolivarian revolution under Hugo Chávez truly revolutionary? Most books and articles tend to view the Chávez government in an either-or fashion. Some see the president as the shining knight of twenty-first-century socialism, while others see him as an avenging Stalinist strongman. Despite passion on both sides, the Chávez government does not fall easily into a seamless fable of emancipatory or authoritarian history, as these essays make clear. A range of distinguished authors consider the nature of social change in contemporary Venezuela and explore a number of themes that help elucidate the sources of the nation’s political polarization. The chapters range from Fernando Coronil’s “Bolivarian Revolution,” which examines the relationship between the state’s social body (its population) and its natural body (its oil reserves), to an insightful look at women’s rights by Cathy A. Rakowski and Gioconda Espina. This volume shows that, while the future of the national process is unclear, the principles elaborated by the Chávez government are helping articulate a new Latin American left.
Category: History

From The Streets To The State

Author : Paul Christopher Gray
ISBN : 9781438470306
Genre : POLITICAL SCIENCE
File Size : 22.96 MB
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Blends academic and activist perspectives to explore recent emancipatory struggles to win and transform state power. For decades, emancipatory struggles have been deeply influenced by the slogan “Change the world without taking power.” Amid growing social inequalities and the return of right-wing authoritarianism, however, many now recognize the limits of disengaging from government and the state. From the Streets to the Statechronicles many diverse and exciting projects to not only take state power but to fundamentally change it. A blend of scholars and activists explore issues like the nonsectarian relationships between new radical left parties, egalitarian social movements, and labor movements in Greece, Germany, Spain, Portugal, and Turkey. Contributors discuss municipal campaigns based in popular assemblies, solidarity economies, and independent political organizations fighting for racial, gender, and economic justice in cities such as Jackson, Vancouver, and Newcastle. This volume also studies the lessons learned from the Pink Tide in Latin America as well as the social movements of racialized and gendered workers transforming human rights across the United States. Finally, the book offers case studies from around the world surveying the role of state workers and public sector unions in radically democratizing public administration through coalitions between the providers and users of public services.
Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Latin America S Turbulent Transitions

Author : Roger Burbach
ISBN : 9781780324968
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 47.32 MB
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Over the past few years, something remarkable has occurred in Latin America. For the first time since the Sandinista Revolution in Nicaragua in the 1980s, people within the region have turned toward radical left governments - specifically in Venezuela, Bolivia, and Ecuador. Why has this profound shift taken place and how does this new, so-called Twenty-First-Century Socialism actually manifest itself? What are we to make of the often fraught relationship between the social movements and governments in these countries and do, in fact, the latter even qualify as 'socialist' in reality? These are the bold and critical questions that Latin America's Turbulent Transitions explores. The authors provocatively argue that although US hegemony in the region is on the wane, the traditional socialist project is also declining and something new is emerging. Going beyond simple conceptions of 'the left', the book reveals the true underpinnings of this powerful, transformative, and yet also complicated and contradictory process.
Category: Political Science

Venezuela Speaks

Author : Carlos Martínez
ISBN : 9781604861082
Genre : History
File Size : 23.67 MB
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For the last decade, Venezuela's Bolivarian Revolution has captured international attention. Poverty, inequality and unemployment have all dropped, whilst health, education and living standards have seen a commensurate rise. VENEZUELA SPEAKS! is a collection of interviews with activists and participants from across the spectrum of the country's social movements. From community media to land reform, cooperatives to communal councils, the labour movement to the Afro-Venezuelan network, this essential document of contemporary Venezuela sheds light on the count
Category: History

The Chavez Code

Author : Eva Golinger
ISBN : 0745326277
Genre : United States
File Size : 78.99 MB
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-- Exposes the CIA's attempts to bring down Latin America's most popular leader --'Eva Golinger's book is the antidote to [the Bush adminstration's] poisonous propaganda [about Hugo Chavez]. ... Well written, with solid evidence, this is the political survival guide to the land of the next oil war.' Greg Palast, author of The Best Democracy Money Can BuyWhen in 2005 the Christian fundamentalist Pat Robertson called for Chavez's assassination, public outcry forced some questions: Was that a CIA goal? Did the US have plans to invade Venezuela? And exactly what was the extent of US involvement in the April 2002 coup against Chavez?Venezuelan-American attorney Eva Golinger uses documents obtained under the US Freedom of Information Act to lay out irrefutable evidence that the US knew about the plot to overthrow Chavez before it happened. The extent of US funding of opposition movements in Venezuela, the history of US interventions across Latin America, the suspicious blacked-out lines and pages of these documents, and the ongoing investigation suggest even deeper US involvement.
Category: United States

Venezuela

Author : Miguel Tinker Salas
ISBN : 9780199930036
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46.12 MB
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Among the top ten oil exporters in the world and a founding member of OPEC, Venezuela currently supplies 11 percent of U.S. crude oil imports. But when the country elected the fiery populist politician Hugo Chavez in 1998, tensions rose with this key trading partner and relations have been strained ever since. In this concise, accessible addition to Oxford's What Everyone Needs to Know? series, Miguel Tinker Salas -- a native of Venezuela who has written extensively about the country -- takes a broadly chronological approach that focuses especially on oil and its effects on Venezuela's politics, economy, culture, and international relations. After an introductory section that discusses the legacy of Spanish colonialism, Tinker Salas explores the "The Era of the Gusher," a period which began with the discovery of oil in the early twentieth century, encompassed the mid-century development and nationalization of the industry, and ended with a change of government in 1989 in response to widespread protests. The third section provides a detailed discussion of Hugo Chavez-his rise to power, his domestic political and economic policies, and his high-profile forays into international relations-as well as surveying the current landscape of Venezuela in the wake of Chavez's death in March 2013. Arranged in a question-and-answer format that allows readers to search topics of particular interest, the book covers questions such as, who is Sim?n Bol?var and why is he called the George Washington of Latin America? How did the discovery of oil change Venezuela's relationship to the U.S.? What forces where behind the coups of 1992? And how does Venezuela interact with China, Russia, and Iran? Informative, engaging, and written by a leading expert on the country, Venezuela: What Everyone Needs to Know? offers an authoritative guide to an increasingly important player on the world stage. What Everyone Needs to Know? is a registered trademark of Oxford University Press.
Category: Political Science