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Celestial Revolutionary

Author : John Freely
ISBN : 9781780763507
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 39.64 MB
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In the spring of 1500, at the apex of the Renaissance, a papal secretary to the Borgia Pope, Alexander VI, wrote that "All the world is in Rome." Though no one knew it at the time, this included a young scholar by the name of Nicolaus Copernicus who would one day change the world. One of the greatest polymaths of his or any age - linguist, lawyer, doctor, diplomat, politician, mathematician, scientist, astronomer, artist, cleric - Copernicus gave the world arguably the most important scientific discovery of the modern era: that earth and the planets revolve around the sun and that the earth rotates on its axis once every 24 hours. His heliocentric theory and the discoveries that would follow ushered in the age of modern astronomy, often called the Copernican Age, and change the way we look at the universe forever. Here, for the first time, is a biography of Copernicus that not only describes his theories but the life of the man himself and the epic, thrilling times in which he lived.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

The Astronomical Revolution

Author : Alexandre Koyre
ISBN : 9781135028336
Genre : Reference
File Size : 87.87 MB
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Originally published in English in 1973. This volume traces the development of the revolution which so drastically altered man’s view of the universe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The "astronomical revolution" was accomplished in three stages, each linked with the work of one man. With Copernicus, the sun became the centre of the universe. With Kepler, celestial dynamics replaced the kinematics of circles and spheres used by Copernicus. With Borelli the unification of celestial and terrestrial physics was completed by abandonment of the circle in favour the straight line to infinity.
Category: Reference

The Copernican Revolution

Author : Thomas S. Kuhn
ISBN : 0674171039
Genre : Science
File Size : 66.96 MB
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The significance of the plurality of the Copernican Revolution is the main thrust of this undergraduate text
Category: Science

Histories Of Scientific Insights

Author : Igor Ushakov
ISBN : 9781430328490
Genre : History
File Size : 44.97 MB
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Histories of Scientific Insights is a walk through time, from the birth of civilization to the present, looking at key discoveries, detailing the people and the context of those discoveries. The focus is on concepts we use daily about which we wonder occasionally where they came from.
Category: History

Copernicus A Very Short Introduction

Author : Owen Gingerich
ISBN : 9780199330966
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 21.58 MB
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Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) is a pivotal figure in the birth of modern science, the astronomer who "stopped the sun and set the earth in motion." Born in Poland, educated at Cracow and then in Italy, he served all of his adult life as a church administrator. His vision of a sun-centered universe, shocking to many and unbelievable to most, turned out to be the essential blueprint for a physical understanding of celestial motions, thereby triggering what is commonly called "the Copernican revolution." A first edition of his world-changing treatise, De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium, has most recently been auctioned for more than $2 million. In this book, leading historian of science Owen Gingerich sets Copernicus in the context of a rapidly changing world, where the recent invention of printing with moveable type not only made sources more readily available to him, but also fueled Martin's Luther's transformation of the religious landscape. In an era of geographical exploration and discovery, new ideas were replacing time-honored concepts about the extent of inhabited continents. Gingerich reveals Copernicus' heliocentric revolution as an aesthetic achievement not dictated by observational "proofs," but another new way of looking at the ancient cosmos. Deftly combining astronomy and history, this Very Short Introduction offers a fascinating portray of the man who launched the modern vision of the universe. Out of Gingerich's engaging biography emerges the image of a scientist, intellectual, patriot, and reformer, who lived in an era when political as well as religious beliefs were shifting.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

On The Revolutions

Author : Nicholas Copernicus
ISBN : 9781349017768
Genre : Science
File Size : 89.32 MB
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Category: Science

The Copernican Question

Author : Robert Westman
ISBN : 9780520948167
Genre : History
File Size : 44.17 MB
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In 1543, Nicolaus Copernicus publicly defended his hypothesis that the earth is a planet and the sun a body resting near the center of a finite universe. But why did Copernicus make this bold proposal? And why did it matter? The Copernican Question reframes this pivotal moment in the history of science, centering the story on a conflict over the credibility of astrology that erupted in Italy just as Copernicus arrived in 1496. Copernicus engendered enormous resistance when he sought to protect astrology by reconstituting its astronomical foundations. Robert S. Westman shows that efforts to answer the astrological skeptics became a crucial unifying theme of the early modern scientific movement. His interpretation of this "long sixteenth century," from the 1490s to the 1610s, offers a new framework for understanding the great transformations in natural philosophy in the century that followed.
Category: History


Author : Allan Chapman
ISBN : 9780745957876
Genre : Religion
File Size : 80.68 MB
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Did Galileo suffer for challenging the Church's understanding of the heavens? Or were many of the Popes and lesser clerics just as well up on astronomy as he was? Who else was involved in mapping the heavens around the time of the Renaissance and Reformation? This book takes Galileo out of his usual category of 'victim who dared speak the truth' and explores both his achievements and the earlier influences, including that of Copernicus, on whose legacy he built. It then goes on to trace the impact of his ideas on those who followed him, in the sixty years or so that followed his death.
Category: Religion

A More Perfect Heaven

Author : Dava Sobel
ISBN : 9780802778932
Genre : History
File Size : 66.63 MB
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By 1514, the reclusive cleric Nicolaus Copernicus had written and hand-copied an initial outline of his heliocentric theory-in which he defied common sense and received wisdom to place the sun, not the earth, at the center of our universe, and set the earth spinning among the other planets. Over the next two decades, Copernicus expanded his theory through hundreds of observations, while compiling in secret a book-length manuscript that tantalized mathematicians and scientists throughout Europe. For fear of ridicule, he refused to publish. In 1539, a young German mathematician, Georg Joachim Rheticus, drawn by rumors of a revolution to rival the religious upheaval of Martin Luther's Reformation, traveled to Poland to seek out Copernicus. Two years later, the Protestant youth took leave of his aging Catholic mentor and arranged to have Copernicus's manuscript published, in 1543, as De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres)-the book that forever changed humankind's place in the universe. In her elegant, compelling style, Dava Sobel chronicles, as nobody has, the conflicting personalities and extraordinary discoveries that shaped the Copernican Revolution. At the heart of the book is her play And the Sun Stood Still, imagining Rheticus's struggle to convince Copernicus to let his manuscript see the light of day. As she achieved with her bestsellers Longitude and Galileo's Daughter, Sobel expands the bounds of narration, giving us an unforgettable portrait of scientific achievement, and of the ever-present tensions between science and faith.
Category: History