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Cave Explorations In Missouri Indiana Illinois Kentucky Tennessee And Alabama

Author : Gerard Fowke
ISBN : 1940777062
Genre : Caves
File Size : 88.67 MB
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In "Cave Explorations in Missouri, Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama," Gerard Fowke, the famed American archaeologist and geologist, gives detailed accounts of the archaeological and geological histories of more than 180 caves throughout the American Midwest and South. Through in-depth descriptions and over 90 illustrations, Fowke provides readers with a look into the formation of these caves and the early people who inhabited them. This book is an excellent companion to "Caves of Missouri" by J. Harlen Bretz.
Category: Caves

The Mound Builders

Author : Henry Shetrone
ISBN : 9780817350864
Genre : History
File Size : 45.24 MB
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A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication A classic resource on early knowledge of prehistoric mounds and the peoples who constructed them in the eastern United States. With this accessible volume, Henry Clyde Shetrone made available to general readers the archaeological research data and conclusions concerning the ancient mounds and earthworks that dot the landscape of eastern North America. Dismissing popularly held theories of mysterious giants who built these structures, he explained that their purposes were defensive and ceremonial, that they had been used for habitation, burial, and worship. Their builders were antecedents of the native peoples of present-day America and had been skilled artisans and engineers with successful agricultural practices and structured leadership. Twenty chapters discuss aspects of mound-builder cultures: quarrying of flint and obsidian for knapping into points; mining of copper and iron and its fashioning into tools and ceremonial objects; spinning and weaving materials and methods; smoking customs; carving of calumets and their use in ceremony; freshwater pearls and other items for body ornamentation; and the use of stone burial vaults, cremation basins, and concepts of an afterlife. Data is presented from excavations ranging broadly from Massachusetts to Florida and from Texas to North Dakota. As Bradley Lepper points out in his new introduction, "The Mound-Builders is a testament to Shetrone's success at working towards 'correlation and systematization' of data, as well as public education. . . . Shetrone was no armchair popularizer. His work was based on years of excavation and first-hand familiarity with much of the data. His popularizations [still] echo with the ring of the shovel and trowel in gravelly soil."
Category: History

The Mound Builders

Author : H. C. Shetrone
ISBN : UVA:X000233723
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41.47 MB
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Category: Social Science

Sacred Darkness

Author : Holley Moyes
ISBN : 9781607321781
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41.64 MB
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Caves have been used in various ways across human society, but despite the persistence within popular culture of the iconic caveman, deep caves were never used primarily as habitation sites for early humans. Rather, in both ancient and contemporary contexts, caves have served primarily as ritual spaces. In Sacred Darkness, contributors use archaeological evidence as well as ethnographic studies of modern ritual practices to envision the cave as place of spiritual and ideological power that emerges as a potent venue for ritual practice. Covering the ritual use of caves in Europe, Asia, Australia, Africa, Mesoamerica, and the US Southwest and Eastern woodlands, this book brings together case studies by prominent scholars whose research spans from the Paleolithic period to the present day. These contributions demonstrate that cave sites are as fruitful as surface contexts in promoting the understanding of both ancient and modern religious beliefs and practices. This state-of-the-art survey of ritual cave use will be one of the most valuable resources for understanding the role of caves in studies of religion, sacred landscape, or cosmology and a must-read for any archaeologist interested in caves.
Category: Social Science

The Tennessee Green And Lower Ohio Rivers Expeditions Of Clarence Bloomfield Moore

Author : Clarence Bloomfield Moore
ISBN : 9780817310189
Genre : History
File Size : 77.21 MB
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This oversized reprint volume presents original materials from Moore's northernmost expeditions conducted in the early 1900s as he surveyed areas of potential archaeological interest in the southeastern United States. Some of the sites he found were later targeted for major excavations during the days of the WPA/CCC. Many National Register Historic Sites are today located along the rivers he explored in this work. In many cases, however, Moore's report documents sites since destroyed by river action or by lake impoundments behind hydroelectric dams or by looters. As with all of Moore's other in.
Category: History

Biology Of Subterranean Fishes

Author : Eleonora Trajano
ISBN : 9781439840481
Genre : Science
File Size : 73.50 MB
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In most habitats, adaptations are the single most obvious aspects of an organism’s phenotype. However, the most obvious feature of many subterranean animals are losses, not adaptations. Even Darwin saw subterranean animals as degenerates: examples of eyelessness and loss of structure in general. For him, the explanation was a straightforward Lamarckian one, and one that did not involve adaptation and the struggle of existence. This volume is a comprehensive account of all known species of subterranean fishes. It includes an extensive introduction, history of investigations, consideration of non-stygobitic fishes in caves, and detailed analysis of the conservation status of these very rare animals.
Category: Science

Archeological Investigations

Author : Gerard Fowke
ISBN : 1523908548
Genre :
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The geological structure of that portion of southern Missouri which lies to the westward of the Archean rocks near the Mississippi River is peculiarly suitable for the development of caverns. The Ozark uplift produced far-reaching undulations, and there seem to have been no violent disturbances which would result in extensive faults, considerable displacements, or a pronounced inclination of the strata. Jointing and pressure cleavage, however, gave rise to innumerable crevices in the limestone, through which percolating surface water found its way into all parts of the formations.

Living With Karst

Author : George Veni
ISBN : UOM:39015053022326
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.67 MB
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Category: Science