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Care In The Past

Author : Lindsay Powell
ISBN : 9781785703386
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39.4 MB
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Care-giving is an activity that has been practiced by all human societies. From the earliest societies through to the present, all humans have faced choices regarding how people in positions of dependency are to be treated. As such, care-giving, and the form it takes, is a central experience of being a human and one that is culturally mediated. Archaeology has tended to marginalise the study of care, and debates surrounding our ability to recognise it within the archaeological record have often remained implicit rather than a focus of discussion. These 12 papers examine the topic of care in past societies and specifically how we might recognise the provision of care in archaeological contexts and to open up an inter-disciplinary conversation, including historical, bioarchaeological, faunal and philosophical perspectives. The topic of ‘care’ is examined through three different strands: the provision of care throughout the life course, namely that provided to the youngest and oldest members of a society; care-giving and attitudes towards impairment and disability in prehistoric and historic contexts, and the role of animals as both recipients of care and as tools for its provision.
Category: Social Science

Children Death And Burial

Author : Eileen Murphy
ISBN : 9781785707155
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59.82 MB
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Children, Death and Burials assembles a panorama of studies with a focus on juvenile burials; the 16 papers have a wide geographic and temporal breadth and represent a range of methodological approaches. All have a similar objective in mind, however, namely to understand how children were treated in death by different cultures in the past; to gain insights concerning the roles of children of different ages in their respective societies and to find evidence of the nature of past adult–child relationships and interactions across the life course. The contextualisation and integration of the data collected, both in the field and in the laboratory, enables more nuanced understandings to be gained in relation to the experiences of the young in the past. A broad range of issues are addressed within the volume, including the inclusion/exclusion of children in particular burial environments and the impact of age in relation to the place of children in society. Child burials clearly embody identity and ‘the domestic child’, ‘the vulnerable child’, ‘the high status child’, ‘the cherished child’, ‘the potential child’, ‘the ritual child’ and the ‘political child’, and combinations thereof, are evident throughout the narratives. Investigation of the burial practices afforded to children is pivotal to enlightenment in relation to key facets of past life, including the emotional responses shown towards children during life and in death, as well as an understanding of their place within the social strata and ritual activities of their societies. An important new collection of papers by leading researchers in funerary archaeology, examining the particular treatment of juvenile burials in the past. In particular focuses on the expression of varying status and identity of children in the funerary archaeological record as a key to understanding the place of children in different societies.
Category: Social Science


Author : Cecília Tomori
ISBN : 9781351383608
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40.30 MB
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Breastfeeding: New Anthropological Approaches unites sociocultural, biological, and archaeological anthropological scholarship to spark new conversations and research about breastfeeding. While breastfeeding has become the subject of intense debate in many settings, anthropological perspectives have played a limited role in these conversations. The present volume seeks to broaden discussions around breastfeeding by showcasing fresh insights gleaned from an array of theoretical and methodological approaches, which are grounded in the close study of people across the globe. Drawing on case studies and analyses of key issues in the field, the book highlights the power of anthropological research to illuminate the evolutionary, historical, biological, and sociocultural context of the complex, lived experience of breastfeeding. By bringing together researchers across three anthropological subfields, the volume seeks to produce transformative knowledge about human lactation, breastfeeding, and human milk. This book is a key resource for scholars of medical and biological anthropology, evolutionary biology, bioarchaeology, sociocultural anthropology, and human development. Lactation professionals and peer supporters, midwives, and others who support infant feeding will find the book an essential read.
Category: Social Science

The Science Of Roman History

Author : Walter Scheidel
ISBN : 9781400889730
Genre : History
File Size : 47.53 MB
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How the latest cutting-edge science offers a fuller picture of life in Rome and antiquity This groundbreaking book provides the first comprehensive look at how the latest advances in the sciences are transforming our understanding of ancient Roman history. Walter Scheidel brings together leading historians, anthropologists, and geneticists at the cutting edge of their fields, who explore novel types of evidence that enable us to reconstruct the realities of life in the Roman world. Contributors discuss climate change and its impact on Roman history, and then cover botanical and animal remains, which cast new light on agricultural and dietary practices. They exploit the rich record of human skeletal material--both bones and teeth—which forms a bio-archive that has preserved vital information about health, nutritional status, diet, disease, working conditions, and migration. Complementing this discussion is an in-depth analysis of trends in human body height, a marker of general well-being. This book also assesses the contribution of genetics to our understanding of the past, demonstrating how ancient DNA is used to track infectious diseases, migration, and the spread of livestock and crops, while the DNA of modern populations helps us reconstruct ancient migrations, especially colonization. Opening a path toward a genuine biohistory of Rome and the wider ancient world, The Science of RomanHistory offers an accessible introduction to the scientific methods being used in this exciting new area of research, as well as an up-to-date survey of recent findings and a tantalizing glimpse of what the future holds.
Category: History

Telling Children About The Past

Author : Nena Galanidou
ISBN : UOM:39015077611039
Genre : Education
File Size : 40.28 MB
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The past is 'a foreign place' that contemporary societies can only reach by means of historical and archaeological inferences. When we report our findings and communicate such inferences to members of the public, it is important that we should recognize that children are a special case. Their cognitive abilities are different from those of adults: they must go through a period of apprenticeship in order to become capable of processing critically the information that is presented to them. Children are shown images of the past and told stories about it in various contexts that range from the formal and educational to the informal (for example, the genre of popular books, films and video games about antiquity). These images and stories, whether their source be a professional archaeologist, a teacher or simply an individual with a personal interest in the subject, all share a common factor: they must be fairly simple and easily available to the understanding of the age group at which they are aimed. Representations of this sort tend to ignore recent archaeological debate, continuing to purvey images of the past that are immediately recognizable from a modern perspective and may even actively reinforce that perspective. They are thus intimately connected with contemporary power strategies. This book brings together archeologists, historians, psychologists, and educators from different countries and academic traditions to address the many ways that we tell children about the (distant) past. The concern with this issue is founded on the principle that knowing the past is fundamentally important for human societies, as well as for individual development. The subject is introduced through a consideration of the cognitive and psychological processes that enable children to conceptualize a past at all. Then the many informal and formal contexts of telling are reviewed: digital and printed media, museums and cultural heritage sites, and schools and special classrooms. Benefits and disadvantages of various contexts and approaches are discussed, all seen through the eyes of professionals within these fields. Throughout this discussion, the authors expose many of unquestioned assumptions and preformed images that are routinely presented to contemporary children in narratives of the past. The contributors both examine the ways in which children come to grips with the past at the beginning of the 21st century and critically assess the many ways in which contemporary societies and an increasing number of commercial agents construct and use the past. Considering the widening gap between contemporary theoretical advances in archaeology and what is disseminated to the young, the question is raised about which past we want our children to inherit.
Category: Education

Tepe Hissar

Author : Paul Yule
ISBN : UOM:39015035344574
Genre : Hissar Hill Site (Iran)
File Size : 90.53 MB
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Category: Hissar Hill Site (Iran)

Ein Klang Zwei Welten

Author : Michael Rauhut
ISBN : 9783839433874
Genre : Music
File Size : 23.71 MB
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Der Blues wird gern auf eine Handvoll Klischees und zwölf Takte reduziert. Doch tatsächlich verbergen sich hinter der scheinbar standardisierten Klangoberfläche mannigfaltige Formen des kulturellen Gebrauchs. Mittels umfangreicher Archivrecherchen illustriert Michael Rauhuts Vergleich der Entwicklung des Blues in Ost- und Westdeutschland, wie soziale und politische Verhältnisse den Sinn von Musik formen. Rauhut zeigt: Wenn auch die Sounds weltweit gültigen Mustern folgen und kaum Unterschiede erkennen lassen, sind doch die Bedeutungszusammenhänge, in denen sich der Blues realisiert, durchaus verschieden. Die Studie bietet nicht nur ein kultur- und musikgeschichtliches Resümee der Genese des Blues in Deutschland, sondern leistet auch einen Beitrag zur Globalisierungsdebatte.
Category: Music

Basiswissen Arch Ologie

Author : Colin Renfrew
ISBN : 3805339488
Genre : History
File Size : 45.77 MB
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Mit mehr als 150.000 verkauften Exemplaren gilt der Band Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice im englischsprachigen Raum bereits jetzt als Standardwerk im Fach Archaologie. Diese jetzt erstmals auf Deutsch vorliegende sorgfaltig uberarbeitete und zum Teil vollig neu geschriebene Fassung ist eine ausserst gut lesbare Einfuhrung fur alle, die sich fur Archaologie interessieren und eine kompakte Darstellung der Methoden und Praxis archaologischer Arbeit suchen. Beruhmte Archaologen und Ausgrabungsstatten passieren Revue. Inhaltlich ist das Buch auf der Hohe der Forschung, auch die neuesten technischen Methoden und Technologien werden behandelt. (Philipp von Zabern 2009)
Category: History

Arch Ologie An Tatorten Des 20 Jahrhunderts

Author : Claudia Theune
ISBN : UCLA:L0104431986
Genre : Archaeology and history
File Size : 32.42 MB
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Schriftquellen allein können kein umfassendes Bild einer Epoche geben. Je mehr unterschiedliche Quellen man einbezieht, desto mehr interessante und historisch wertvolle Erkenntnisse lassen sich gewinnen. Auch wenn man glaubt, bereits (fast) alles zu wissen, weil man beispielsweise Zeitzeuge ist. Und dies gilt auch für die Archäologie mit dem Zeitfenster des 20. Jahrhunderts. In dieser ersten allgemeinverständlichen Darstellung zum Thema stellen ausgewiesene Experten die neuesten archäologischen Erkenntnisse vor. Dabei stehen die Denkmäler der nationalsozialistischen Zeit, aber auch des Ersten Weltkriegs im Fokus - Schlachtfelder und abgestürzte Flugzeuge, Konzentrationslager und Kriegsgefangenlager, Relikte des Westwalls und die Berliner Mauer.
Category: Archaeology and history