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Carbon Capture And Sequestration

Author : Millett Granger Morgan
ISBN : 9781617261015
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 64.48 MB
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The United States produces over seventy percent of all its electricity from fossil fuels and nearly fifty percent from coal alone. Worldwide, forty-one percent of all electricity is generated from coal, making it the single most important fuel source for electricity generation, followed by natural gas. This means that an essential part of any portfolio for emissions reduction will be technology to capture carbon dioxide and permanently sequester it in suitable geologic formations. While many nations have incentivized development of CCS technology, large regulatory and legal barriers exist that have yet to be addressed. This book identifies current law and regulation that applies to geologic sequestration in the U.S., the regulatory needs to ensure that geologic sequestration is carried out safely and effectively, and barriers that current law and regulation present to timely deployment of CCS. The authors find the three most significant barriers to be: an ill-defined process to access pore space in deep saline formations; a piecemeal, procedural, and static permitting system; and the lack of a clear, responsible plan to address long-term liability associated with sequestered CO2. The book provides legislative options to remove these barriers and address the regulatory needs, and makes recommendations on the best options to encourage safe, effective deployment of CCS. The authors operationalize their recommendations in legislative language, which is of particular use to policymakers faced with the challenge of addressing climate change and energy.
Category: Business & Economics

The Oxford Handbook Of Law Regulation And Technology

Author : Roger Brownsword
ISBN : 9780191502224
Genre : Law
File Size : 68.68 MB
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The variety, pace, and power of technological innovations that have emerged in the 21st Century have been breathtaking. These technological developments, which include advances in networked information and communications, biotechnology, neurotechnology, nanotechnology, robotics, and environmental engineering technology, have raised a number of vital and complex questions. Although these technologies have the potential to generate positive transformation and help address 'grand societal challenges', the novelty associated with technological innovation has also been accompanied by anxieties about their risks and destabilizing effects. Is there a potential harm to human health or the environment? What are the ethical implications? Do this innovations erode of antagonize values such as human dignity, privacy, democracy, or other norms underpinning existing bodies of law and regulation? These technological developments have therefore spawned a nascent but growing body of 'law and technology' scholarship, broadly concerned with exploring the legal, social and ethical dimensions of technological innovation. This handbook collates the many and varied strands of this scholarship, focusing broadly across a range of new and emerging technology and a vast array of social and policy sectors, through which leading scholars in the field interrogate the interfaces between law, emerging technology, and regulation. Structured in five parts, the handbook (I) establishes the collection of essays within existing scholarship concerned with law and technology as well as regulatory governance; (II) explores the relationship between technology development by focusing on core concepts and values which technological developments implicate; (III) studies the challenges for law in responding to the emergence of new technologies, examining how legal norms, doctrine and institutions have been shaped, challenged and destabilized by technology, and even how technologies have been shaped by legal regimes; (IV) provides a critical exploration of the implications of technological innovation, examining the ways in which technological innovation has generated challenges for regulators in the governance of technological development, and the implications of employing new technologies as an instrument of regulatory governance; (V) explores various interfaces between law, regulatory governance, and new technologies across a range of key social domains.
Category: Law

Carbon Capture And Storage In Developing Countries

Author : Natalya Kulichenko
ISBN : 9780821396094
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29.5 MB
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Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) technology could provide a technological bridge for achieving near to midterm GHG emission reduction goals. Integrated CCS technology is still under development and has noteworthy challenges, which would be possible to overcome through the implementation of large-scale demonstration projects. In order to assist developing countries to better understand issues related to potential technology deployment, there is a need to start analyzing various numerous challenges facing CCS within the economic and legal context of developing countries and countries in transition. This report is the first effort of the World Bank Group to contribute to a deeper understanding of (a) the integration of power generation with CCS technologies, as well as their costs; (b) regulatory barriers to the deployment of CCS; and (c) global financing requirements for CCS and applicable project finance structures involving instruments of multilateral development institutions. This report does not provide prescriptive solutions to overcome these barriers, since action must be taken on a country-by-country basis, taking account of different circumstances and national policies. Individual governments should decide their priorities on climate change mitigation and adopt appropriate measures accordingly. The analyses presented in this report may take on added relevance, depending on the future direction of international climate negotiations and domestic legal and policy measures in both developed and developing countries, and how they serve to encourage carbon sequestration. We expect that this report will provide insights for policy makers, stakeholders, private financiers, and donors in meeting the challenges of the deployment of climate change mitigation technologies and CCS in particular.
Category: Business & Economics

Greenhouse Gas Legislation Summary And Analysis Of H R 2454 As Reported By The House Committee On Energy And Commerce

Author : Mark Holt
ISBN : 9781437918786
Genre :
File Size : 27.73 MB
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A report on H.R. 2454, the Amer. Clean Energy and Security Act. The bill would amend the Clean Air Act to establish a cap-and-trade system designed to reduce U.S. greenhouse gas emissions 17% below 2005 levels by 2020 and 83% below 2005 levels by 2050. The market-based approach would establish a cap on the emissions and would allow trading of emissions permits (¿allowances¿). The bill contains energy efficiency provisions that cover grants, standards, rebates and other programs for bldgs., lighting and commercial equip., water-using equip., wood stoves, industrial equip., and healthcare facilities. It contains provisions related to vehicles and fuels, incl. incentives to produce plug-in vehicles and other advanced technology vehicles. Illustrations.

Legal Design Of Carbon Capture And Storage

Author : Martha M. Roggenkamp
ISBN : STANFORD:36105215499893
Genre : Law
File Size : 47.44 MB
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Since the 1990s, several attempts have been made to combat climate change. Governments have used traditional instruments, like the promotion of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency. Since the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol, new instruments have been introduced, like international and national emissions trading. So far, these existing abatement options are not sufficient to meet the national CO2 reduction targets. Until it is possible to use renewable resources on a larger scale without endangering security of supply, transitional instruments need to be designed. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is such a transitional instrument that allows for the use of fossil fuels without emitting CO2 in the atmosphere. The CO2 will be captured and transported to subsoil reservoirs where it is permanently stored. Because of its geological structure, The Netherlands is considered to be suitable for large-scale CO2 storage. The Groningen Centre of Energy Law (GCEL) has analyzed the legal instruments necessary to regulate CCS. This book presents a legal design of CCS. Ten chapters give an insight in the international, EU, and national framework for CCS. They analyze the regime for geological storage and transportation pipelines, the financial incentives to promote CCS, and the applicable liability regime.
Category: Law

Clean Coal Technology

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
ISBN : PSU:000061515840
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34.22 MB
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Category: Technology & Engineering

Prospects For Advanced Coal Technologies

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007). Subcommittee on Energy and Environment
ISBN : STANFORD:36105050475131
Genre : Coal-fired power plants
File Size : 27.48 MB
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Category: Coal-fired power plants