CANNIBALISM IN THE LINEAR POTTERY CULTURE THE HUMAN REMAINS FROM HERXHEIM

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Cannibalism In The Linear Pottery Culture

Author : Bruno Boulestin
ISBN : 1784912131
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The Herxheim enclosure, located in the German region of Palatinate, is one of the major discoveries of the last two decades regarding the Linear Pottery Culture, and probably one of the most significant in advancing understanding of how this culture ended. The spectacular deposits, mostly composed of human remains, recovered on the occasion of the two excavation campaigns carried out on the site, grabbed people's attention and at the same time raised several questions regarding their interpretation, which had so far mostly hesitated between peculiar funerary practices, war and cannibalism. The authors provide here the first extensive study of the human remains found at Herxheim, focusing mainly on those recovered during the 2005-2010 excavation campaign. They first examine the field data in order to reconstruct at best the modalities of deposition of these remains. Next, from the quantitative analyses and those of the bone modifications, they describe the treatments of the dead, showing that they actually were the victims of cannibalistic practices. The nature of this cannibalism is then discussed on the basis of biological, palaeodemographic and isotopic studies, and concludes that an exocannibalism existed linked to armed violence. Finally, the human remains are placed in both their local and chronocultural contexts, and a general interpretation is proposed of the events that unfolded in Herxheim and of the reasons for the social crisis at the end of the Linear Pottery culture in which they took place.
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Sticks Stones And Broken Bones

Author : Rick J. Schulting
ISBN : 9780199573066
Genre : History
File Size : 24.86 MB
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Violence has long been recognised as a factor in Neolithic society; what is far less clear is how significant it was. Focusing on evidence of violent injuries in human skeletons, this study draws together together archaeologists from across Europe to present the latest findings in their regional contexts. The case studies examine such evidence for violence in the context of total populations to give an idea of scale. As well as examining regional variation, the contributions offer perspectives on the relationship between violent death and mortuary practice, on variations in violent injuries across age and sex, on chronological developments and on the nature of and incidence of recovery from, injuries.
Category: History

Population Dynamics In Prehistory And Early History

Author : Elke Kaiser
ISBN : 9783110266306
Genre : History
File Size : 53.83 MB
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The state of migration research has undergone rapid change since methods of analysis involving stable and radiogen isotopes and molecular genetics have started to be applied. At a conference held in Berlin in March 2010, groups whose research looks at population dynamics in pre and early, or in more recent history presented their insights about methodological approaches, research results and perspectives. The aim of this volume is to conduct a dialogue between archaeologists, geneticists and archaeometrists for the purpose of a reconstruction of (pre)historic population history.
Category: History

Ember Of Ashes

Author : Tom Watson
ISBN : 9781387210299
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 64.11 MB
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Ember and Brig'dha prepare for a journey to the ancient city of Yarehk (Jericho) to deliver a prized copper knife. Far to the East on the shores of the Indus River, a river priestess hides her young daughter and flees persecution from her own people who blame her for the drought which afflicts them. She is relentlessly pursued by four hunters sent to capture her for sacrifice! Set in the early Neolithic period, 5496 BCE, Ember of Ashes follows the continuing adventures of Ember and her wife Brig'dha as they journey across the known world. They will visit the prehistoric Middle East, cross the Arabian desert, befriend cannibals, see the famous city of Catalhoyuk and even visit the mighty Indus River as they fight to save the life of a young girl from the fate of the gods.
Category: Fiction

Sticks Stones And Broken Bones

Author : Rick J. Schulting
ISBN : 9780199573066
Genre : History
File Size : 67.47 MB
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Violence has long been recognised as a factor in Neolithic society; what is far less clear is how significant it was. Focusing on evidence of violent injuries in human skeletons, this study draws together together archaeologists from across Europe to present the latest findings in their regional contexts. The case studies examine such evidence for violence in the context of total populations to give an idea of scale. As well as examining regional variation, the contributions offer perspectives on the relationship between violent death and mortuary practice, on variations in violent injuries across age and sex, on chronological developments and on the nature of and incidence of recovery from, injuries.
Category: History

Warfare In Neolithic Europe

Author : Julian Maxwell Heath
ISBN : 9781473879874
Genre : History
File Size : 72.29 MB
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The Neolithic ('New Stone Age') marks the time when the prehistoric communities of Europe turned their backs on the hunter-gatherer lifestyle that they had followed for many thousands of years, and instead, became farmers. The significance of this switch from a lifestyle that had been based on the hunting and gathering of wild food resources, to one that involved the growing of crops and raising livestock, cannot be underestimated. Although it was a complex process that varied from place to place, there can be little doubt that it was during the Neolithic that the foundations for the incredibly complex modern societies in which we live today were laid. However, we would be wrong to think that the first farming communities of Europe were in tune with nature and each other, as there is a considerable (and growing) body of archaeological data that is indicative of episodes of warfare between these communities. This evidence should not be taken as proof that warfare was endemic across Neolithic Europe, but it does strongly suggest that it was more common than some scholars have proposed. Furthermore, the words of the seventeenth-century English philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, who famously described prehistoric life as 'nasty, brutish, and short', seem rather apt in light of some of the archaeological discoveries from the European Neolithic.
Category: History

The Origins Of War

Author : Jean Guilaine
ISBN : 9780470775394
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24.25 MB
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Stretching across continents and centuries, The Origins of War: Violence in Prehistory provides a fascinating examination of executions, torture, ritual sacrifices, and other acts of violence committed in the prehistoric world. Written as an accessible guide to the nature of life in prehistory and to the underpinnings of human violence. Combines symbolic interpretations of archaeological remains with a medical understanding of violent acts. Written by an eminent prehistorian and a respected medical doctor.
Category: Social Science

Ritualised Destruction In The Early Neolithic The Exceptional Site Of Herxheim Palatinate Germany

Author : Andrea Zeeb-Lanz
ISBN : 3936113092
Genre :
File Size : 53.88 MB
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20 years ago, the probably most extraordinary site of the Early Neolithic that Europe has to offer was discovered in Herxheim: a village surrounded by a double ditch that contained the highly fragmented remains of more than 500 human individuals, intentionally destroyed high-quality pottery and further artefacts. A research excavation from 2005?2008 laid the foundation for the long-standing analyses which were funded during 8 years by the German Research Foundation (DFG). Only the human remains were already published as a monograph in anticipation of the full publication. 00Herxheim Vol. 1 contains the research history, the features of the double ditch and a presentation of a selection of finds concentrations from the ditches.0The title of the research history ??an interpretative thriller? already reveals that many different interpretations entwine around the exceptional site. The finds themselves as well as the intricate earthwork where most of them were found have triggered a wide variety of hypotheses up to date.
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First Migrants

Author : Peter Bellwood
ISBN : 9781118325896
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69.17 MB
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The first publication to outline the complex global story of human migration and dispersal throughout the whole of human prehistory. Utilizing archaeological, linguistic and biological evidence, Peter Bellwood traces the journeys of the earliest hunter-gatherer and agriculturalist migrants as critical elements in the evolution of human lifeways. The first volume to chart global human migration and population dispersal throughout the whole of human prehistory, in all regions of the world An archaeological odyssey that details the initial spread of early humans out of Africa approximately two million years ago, through the Ice Ages, and down to the continental and island migrations of agricultural populations within the past 10,000 years Employs archaeological, linguistic and biological evidence to demonstrate how migration has always been a vital and complex element in explaining the evolution of the human species Outlines how significant migrations have affected population diversity in every region of the world Clarifies the importance of the development of agriculture as a migratory imperative in later prehistory Fully referenced with detailed maps throughout
Category: Social Science

The Lost World Of Old Europe

Author : David W. Anthony
ISBN : 0691143889
Genre : History
File Size : 45.84 MB
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In the prehistoric Copper Age, long before cities, writing, or the invention of the wheel, Old Europe was among the most culturally rich regions in the world. Its inhabitants lived in prosperous agricultural towns. The ubiquitous goddess figurines found in their houses and shrines have triggered intense debates about women's roles. The Lost World of Old Europe is the accompanying catalog for an exhibition at New York University's Institute for the Study of the Ancient World. This superb volume features essays by leading archaeologists as well as breathtaking color photographs cataloguing the objects, some illustrated here for the first time. The heart of Old Europe was in the lower Danube valley, in contemporary Bulgaria and Romania. Old European coppersmiths were the most advanced metal artisans in the world. Their intense interest in acquiring copper, Aegean shells, and other rare valuables gave rise to far-reaching trading networks. In their graves, the bodies of Old European chieftains were adorned with pounds of gold and copper ornaments. Their funerals were without parallel in the Near East or Egypt. The exhibition represents the first time these rare objects have appeared in the United States. An unparalleled introduction to Old Europe's cultural, technological, and artistic legacy, The Lost World of Old Europe includes essays by Douglass Bailey, John Chapman, Cornelia-Magda Lazarovici, Ioan Opris and Catalin Bem, Ernst Pernicka, Dragomir Nicolae Popovici, Michel Séfériadès, and Vladimir Slavchev.
Category: History