CANNIBALISM IN THE LINEAR POTTERY CULTURE THE HUMAN REMAINS FROM HERXHEIM

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Cannibalism In The Linear Pottery Culture

Author : Bruno Boulestin
ISBN : 1784912131
Genre :
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The Herxheim enclosure, located in the German region of Palatinate, is one of the major discoveries of the last two decades regarding the Linear Pottery Culture, and probably one of the most significant in advancing understanding of how this culture ended. The spectacular deposits, mostly composed of human remains, recovered on the occasion of the two excavation campaigns carried out on the site, grabbed people's attention and at the same time raised several questions regarding their interpretation, which had so far mostly hesitated between peculiar funerary practices, war and cannibalism. The authors provide here the first extensive study of the human remains found at Herxheim, focusing mainly on those recovered during the 2005-2010 excavation campaign. They first examine the field data in order to reconstruct at best the modalities of deposition of these remains. Next, from the quantitative analyses and those of the bone modifications, they describe the treatments of the dead, showing that they actually were the victims of cannibalistic practices. The nature of this cannibalism is then discussed on the basis of biological, palaeodemographic and isotopic studies, and concludes that an exocannibalism existed linked to armed violence. Finally, the human remains are placed in both their local and chronocultural contexts, and a general interpretation is proposed of the events that unfolded in Herxheim and of the reasons for the social crisis at the end of the Linear Pottery culture in which they took place.
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Pr Historische Anthropologie

Author : Gisela Grupe
ISBN : 9783642552755
Genre : Science
File Size : 73.99 MB
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Dieses Buch bietet ein modernes methodisches Kompendium, mit dessen Hilfe eine umfassende Bearbeitung von historischen menschlichen Skelettresten möglich ist. Dargestellt ist das gesamte gängige methodische Repertoire von der Ausgrabung bis zur vergleichenden Auswertung der Daten. Ein Schwergewicht liegt auf moderner Laboranalytik (u.a. Isotopen- und DNA-Analyse). Auf ungewöhnliche Überlieferungsformen menschlicher Überreste (Leichenbrände, Mumien, Moorleichen) wird ebenfalls ausführlich eingegangen. Berücksichtigt werden die Entwicklungen der letzen Jahre, v.a. auch auf dem juristischem und dem ethischem Sektor.
Category: Science

Sticks Stones And Broken Bones

Author : Rick J. Schulting
ISBN : 9780199573066
Genre : History
File Size : 74.26 MB
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Violence has long been recognised as a factor in Neolithic society; what is far less clear is how significant it was. Focusing on evidence of violent injuries in human skeletons, this study draws together together archaeologists from across Europe to present the latest findings in their regional contexts. The case studies examine such evidence for violence in the context of total populations to give an idea of scale. As well as examining regional variation, the contributions offer perspectives on the relationship between violent death and mortuary practice, on variations in violent injuries across age and sex, on chronological developments and on the nature of and incidence of recovery from, injuries.
Category: History

Population Dynamics In Prehistory And Early History

Author : Elke Kaiser
ISBN : 9783110266306
Genre : History
File Size : 63.30 MB
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The state of migration research has undergone rapid change since methods of analysis involving stable and radiogen isotopes and molecular genetics have started to be applied. At a conference held in Berlin in March 2010, groups whose research looks at population dynamics in pre and early, or in more recent history presented their insights about methodological approaches, research results and perspectives. The aim of this volume is to conduct a dialogue between archaeologists, geneticists and archaeometrists for the purpose of a reconstruction of (pre)historic population history.
Category: History

Eight Human Skulls In A Dung Heap And More

Author : Annet Nieuwhof
ISBN : 9789492444363
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77.9 MB
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The study of ritual practice in the past is an accepted part of archaeological research these days. Yet, its theoretical basis is still not fully mature. This book aims at making a contribution to the study of ritual practice in the past by assembling a theoretical framework, which is tailored to the needs of archaeology, and which helps to identity and interpret the remains of rituals in the past. This framework is applied in a special archaeological region: the coastal area of the northern Netherlands, a former salt marsh area. In the past, people lived here on artificial dwelling mounds, so-called terps. Preservation conditions are excellent in this wetland area. This study makes use of the well-preserved remains of rituals in terps, to examine the role of ritual practice in the societies of the pre-Roman and Roman Iron Age in this area.
Category: Social Science

Wir Sind Alle Kannibalen

Author : Claude Lévi-Strauss
ISBN : 3518586130
Genre :
File Size : 64.80 MB
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Von 1989 bis 2000 hat Claude Lévi-Strauss für die italienische Zeitung ”La Repubblica“ sechzehn Artikel verfasst, in denen er aktuelle Ereignisse und Tendenzen der modernen Gesellschaft begleitend kommentiert. Zusammen mit seinem legendären Essay ”Der hingerichtete Weihnachtsmann“ erscheinen diese kleinen Meisterwerke nun erstmals in einem Band versammelt in deutscher Sprache. Die Themenvielfalt der Stücke ist schier überwältigend: Aus Anlass des Todes von Lady Di unternimmt Lévi-Strauss eine Analyse der Bedeutung von Verwandtschaftsverhältnissen, eines seiner großen Lebensthemen; er setzt sich mit dem Bevölkerungswachstum und der Entwicklung des Menschen seit seiner Entstehung in Afrika auseinander, mit der Massentierhaltung und der Landwirtschaft oder mit den heftig diskutierten Ritualen der Beschneidung von Mädchen und Jungen in verschiedenen Kulturen; die Organtransplantation wird ebenso behandelt wie das Denken Michel de Montaignes oder Auguste Comtes; und in dem titelgebenden Essay ”Wir sind alle Kannibalen“ vergleicht er die Epidemie des Rinderwahnsinns auf kongeniale Weise mit der Krankheit Kuru, die sich in Papua-Neuguinea zu Beginn des letzten Jahrhunderts durch eine Form von Kannibalismus seuchenartig verbreitete. Ein Buch, das den ungeheuren Gedankenreichtum sowie den Scharfsinn und die Originalität eines der ganz großen Intellektuellen des 20. Jahrhunderts exemplarisch vor Augen führt. (Quelle: www.buchhandel.de).
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Die R Umliche Organisation Der Linearbandkeramischen Rinderhaltung

Author : Corina Knipper
ISBN : 1407308823
Genre : History
File Size : 23.51 MB
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The main focus of this work is the oxygen and strontium isotope analysis of cattle teeth from three LBK settlements and human teeth from a cemetery. These samples provide information about seasonality and location. The combination of the two different isotope systems from the enamel of the same tooth allows for a differentiation between seasonal mobility and a more sedentary pattern of animal husbandry, and a determination of the time of year and pasture locations used. This study concentrates on southwest Germany and examines systematically these multiple perspectives and evaluates them in conjunction with current hypotheses about the spatial organization of LBK animal husbandry.
Category: History