BLOOD AND VIOLENCE IN EARLY MODERN FRANCE

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Blood And Violence In Early Modern France

Author : Stuart Carroll
ISBN : 9780199290451
Genre : History
File Size : 35.92 MB
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The rise of civilized conduct and behaviour has long been seen as one of the major factors in the transformation from medieval to modern society. Thinkers and historians alike argue that violence progressively declined as men learned to control their emotions. The feud is a phenomenon associated with backward societies, and in the West duelling codified behaviour and channelled aggression into ritualised combats that satisfied honour without the shedding of blood. French manners andcodes of civility laid the foundations of civilized Western values. But as this original work of archival research shows we continue to romanticize violence in the era of the swashbuckling swordsman. In France, thousands of men died in duels in which the rules of the game were regularly flouted.Many duels were in fact mini-battles and must be seen not as a replacement of the blood feud, but as a continuation of vengeance-taking in a much bloodier form. This book outlines the nature of feuding in France and its intensification in the wake of the Protestant Reformation, civil war and dynastic weakness, and considers the solutions proposed by thinkers from Montaigne to Hobbes. The creation of the largest standing army in Europe since the Romans was one such solution, but themilitarization of society, a model adopted throughout Europe, reveals the darker side of the civilizing process.
Category: History

An Economy Of Violence In Early Modern France

Author : Malcolm R. Greenshields
ISBN : STANFORD:36105009782736
Genre : History
File Size : 69.89 MB
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An Economy of Violence in Early Modern France takes the reader to a relatively little known area of early modern France to examine the behavior, attitudes, and environment of its inhabitants. It examines the uses and characteristics of violence and discusses what violence can tell us about the mentality of the people of the region. In the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, the people of the Haute Auvergne kept their troubles to themselves. In this remote mountain region, the official forces of law and order were small in number and the mounted police could seldom penetrate very deep into the life of rural communities. When they did intervene, they left a trail of evidence that enables us to catch a glimpse of a private world characterized by the use of violence. Using police records, other archival materials, and the growing literature on the history of crime, Malcolm Greenshields argues that violence was often a form of private justice or vengeance that affected all levels of society. This "economy of violence" could be seen in confrontations between peasants fighting over the use of hay meadows, in drunken scuffles that broke out in taverns, and in the attacks against royal tax officials or other outsiders who threatened the rural community. Likewise, the nobility frequently indulged in duels and violent chicanery. In response, the criminal courts relied on rituals of humiliation and public displays of power to establish order, although official justice was often ineffective. Not until the 1660s did the French monarchy begin to get the upper hand. Through its Grand Jours d'Auvergne, the crown would try to assert a monopoly over the use of violence in the region. This study thus describes a significant stage in the movement toward a modern sensibility and brings to light a society and a phenomenon that have previously received little attention.
Category: History

Cultures Of Conflict Resolution In Early Modern Europe

Author : Stephen Cummins
ISBN : 9781134802647
Genre : History
File Size : 72.3 MB
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Disputes, discord and reconciliation were fundamental parts of the fabric of communal living in early modern Europe. This edited volume presents essays on the cultural codes of conflict and its resolution in this period under three broad themes: peacemaking as practice; the nature of mediation and arbitration; and the role of criminal law in conflicts. Through an exploration of conflict and peacemaking, this volume provides innovative accounts of state formation, community and religion in the early modern period.
Category: History

Violence And Emotions In Early Modern Europe

Author : Susan Broomhall
ISBN : 9781317424192
Genre : History
File Size : 80.45 MB
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Violence and Emotions in Early Modern Europe examines the purposes for which specific forms of violence and particular emotional states functioned, how they operated in relation to each other, or indeed how one provoked, sustained or diminished the other. These twelve original essays demonstrate the complexities of violence and emotions and the myriad possibilities of their inter-relationships. They emphasize the great efforts that were made by early modern societies to control modes of violence and emotional regimes to achieve positive as well as negative effects, such as creating order, healing, and bringing individuals and communities together around productive identities. Authors consider legal documents, news reports, memoirs, letters, confraternity statutes, and medical consultations to investigate the bodily and textual practices in which violent and emotional acts were created, supported and disseminated to investigate the power, aims, effect and outcomes of relationships between violence and emotions. The chapters look at a range of topics and countries including Renaissance Italy and sixteenth-century Germany, France in the grip of the religious wars, and England’s Civil Wars as well as a wide range of topics including murder, punishment, community healing, insults, threats, prophecy and medical and devotional practices. This collection will be essential reading for students and scholars of the history of emotions or violence.
Category: History

Civil Justice In Renaissance Scotland

Author : Andrew Mark Godfrey
ISBN : 9789004174665
Genre : History
File Size : 38.28 MB
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This book offers a fundamental reassessment of the origins of a central court in Scotland. It examines the early judicial role of Parliament, the development of the Session in the fifteenth century as a judicial sitting of the King s Council, and its reconstitution as the College of Justice in 1532. Drawing on new archival research into jurisdictional change, litigation and dispute settlement, the book breaks with established interpretations and argues for the overriding significance of the foundation of the College of Justice as a supreme central court administering civil justice. This signalled a fundamental transformation in the medieval legal order of Scotland, reflecting a European pattern in which new courts of justice developed out of the jurisdiction of royal councils.
Category: History

Cultures Of Violence

Author : Stuart Carroll
ISBN : 0230019455
Genre : History
File Size : 42.9 MB
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Thinkers and historians have long perceived violence and its control as integral to the very idea of 'Western Civilization'. While there is an enduring fascination with war and state violence, from military history to the study of genocide, historians have been more reticent about studying interpersonal violence, despite the huge role it plays in human affairs. This timely collection, which focuses on the post-medieval West, brings together the latest interdisciplinary and historical research in the field.
Category: History

Die Purpurnen Fl Sse

Author : Jean-Christophe Grangé
ISBN : 9783732508648
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 59.4 MB
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In der kleinen Universitätsstadt Guernon nahe Grenoble wird die grausam zugerichtete Leiche des Bibliothekars Rémy Callois entdeckt. Der ermittelnde Kommissar glaubt zunächst an einen Ritualmord, bis ganz in der Nähe ein weiterer Toter gefunden wird: der Krankenpfleger Philippe Sertys. Gezielt gelegte Spuren haben die Polizei zu ihm geführt. Zur gleichen Zeit versucht ein Inspektor in einem französischen Provinznest, das rätselhafte Verschwinden eines zehnjährigen Schülers aufzuklären. Als sich herausstellt, dass beide Kriminalfälle in Zusammenhang stehen, beginnt eine fieberhafte Spurensuche. Bald ist klar, dass die zwei Toten keineswegs unschuldige Opfer waren, und die "purpurnen Flüsse" erweisen sich als Chiffre für ein furchtbares Verbrechen ...
Category: Fiction

Im Herzen Der Gewalt

Author : Édouard Louis
ISBN : 9783104902654
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 68.58 MB
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In seinem autobiographischen Roman ›Im Herzen der Gewalt‹ rekonstruiert der französische Bestsellerautor Édouard Louis die Geschehnisse einer dramatischen Nacht, die sein Leben auf den Kopf stellt. Auf der Pariser Place de la République begegnet Édouard in einer Dezembernacht einem jungen Mann. Eigentlich will er nach Hause, aber sie kommen ins Gespräch. Es ist schnell klar, es ist eine spontane Begegnung, Édouard nimmt ihn, Reda, einen Immigrantensohn mit Wurzeln in Algerien, mit in seine kleine Wohnung. Aber was als zarter Flirt beginnt, schlägt um in eine Nacht, an deren Ende Reda Édouard mit einer Waffe bedrohen wird. Indem er von Kindheit, Begehren, Migration und Rassismus erzählt, macht Louis unsichtbare Formen der Gewalt sichtbar. Ein Roman, der wie schon ›Das Ende von Eddy‹ mitten ins Herz unserer Gegenwart zielt – politisch, mitreißend, hellwach.
Category: Fiction

Iron And Blood

Author : Henry Heller
ISBN : 0773508163
Genre : History
File Size : 47.76 MB
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Heller refutes Roland Mousnier's thesis that early modern France was a society of orders in which most people knew and accepted their status in society. This concept of order certainly had meaning for the sixteenth-century élite because of aristocratic domination over land and people, but it is not clear that this was also the view of the commoners. Heller maintains that for peasants, craftsmen, and merchants the decline of the French economy started at the beginning rather than the middle of the sixteenth century. This resulted in unrest which spread from town to countryside, culminating in the three great popular movements of the civil wars: the Calvinist Revolt of the 1560s, the Catholic League's challenge to the power of the Monarchy, and the revolts of the 1590s. Heller stresses that the history of sixteenth-century France is one of both resistance and domination. It was often the upper class which took the initiative, directing much of the violence toward the commoners, and many of those involved in the civil wars were fighting for their own economic positions. Iron and Blood helps to clarify the significance of the French Civil Wars by showing them to be rooted in an aristocratic reaction against the earlier social unrest which began among the common people.
Category: History