BIRTH OF THE LEVIATHAN BUILDING STATES AND REGIMES IN MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN EUROPE

Download Birth Of The Leviathan Building States And Regimes In Medieval And Early Modern Europe ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to BIRTH OF THE LEVIATHAN BUILDING STATES AND REGIMES IN MEDIEVAL AND EARLY MODERN EUROPE book pdf for free now.

Birth Of The Leviathan

Author : Thomas Ertman
ISBN : 0521484278
Genre : History
File Size : 73.81 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 357
Read : 152

Ertman presents a new theory to explain the variation in political regimes and state infrastructures in pre-French Revolution Europe.
Category: History

The Oxford Handbook Of Early Modern European History 1350 1750

Author : Hamish Scott
ISBN : 9780191020018
Genre : History
File Size : 79.1 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 689
Read : 631

This Handbook re-examines the concept of early modern history in a European and global context. The term 'early modern' has been familiar, especially in Anglophone scholarship, for four decades and is securely established in teaching, research, and scholarly publishing. More recently, however, the unity implied in the notion has fragmented, while the usefulness and even the validity of the term, and the historical periodisation which it incorporates, have been questioned. The Oxford Handbook of Early Modern European History, 1350-1750 provides an account of the development of the subject during the past half-century, but primarily offers an integrated and comprehensive survey of present knowledge, together with some suggestions as to how the field is developing. It aims both to interrogate the notion of 'early modernity' itself and to survey early modern Europe as an established field of study. The overriding aim will be to establish that 'early modern' is not simply a chronological label but possesses a substantive integrity. Volume II is devoted to 'Cultures and Power', opening with chapters on philosophy, science, art and architecture, music, and the Enlightenment. Subsequent sections examine 'Europe beyond Europe', with the transformation of contact with other continents during the first global age, and military and political developments, notably the expansion of state power.
Category: History

Gewalt Und Gesellschaftsordnungen

Author : Douglass Cecil North
ISBN : 3161505905
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90.55 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 994
Read : 332

English summary: This book integrates the problem of violence in societies in a larger historical and social science context, showing how economic and political behaviour are closely linked. Most societies limit violence by political manipulation of the economy to create privileged interests. Privileges limit the use of violence by powerful individuals, but hinder both economic and political development of such natural states . In contrast, modern societies are characterized by open access to economic and political organizations, thereby fostering political and economic competition (democracy and markets) and general development. Douglass C. North, John Joseph Wallis, and Barry R. Weingast provide a framework for understanding the two types of orders and show in which ways a number of countries have achieved the transition between them. German description: Alle Gesellschaften mussen sich mit der Moglichkeit wie der Realitat von Gewalt auseinandersetzen; sie tun das auf unterschiedliche Art. Douglass C. North, John Joseph Wallis und Barry R. Weingast stellen das Problem der Gewalt in einen grosseren sozialwissenschaftlichen und historischen Zusammenhang und zeigen, wie eng wirtschaftliches und politisches Verhalten verbunden sind. Die meisten aus der Geschichte bekannten Gesellschaften, von den Autoren als naturliche Staaten bezeichnet, begrenzen Gewaltanwendung vorbeugend, indem sie durch politische Einflussnahme auf die Wirtschaftstatigkeit privilegierte Interessen schaffen. Diese Privilegien reduzieren den Einsatz von Gewalt von Seiten machtiger Einzelner; es wird auf diese Weise jedoch die wirtschaftliche ebenso wie die politische Entwicklung solcher Staaten behindert. Denn fur die grosse Mehrheit der Nicht-Privilegierten ist der Zugang zu Politik und Wirtschaft dadurch beschrankt.Im Unterschied hierzu schaffen moderne Gesellschaften Zugangsfreiheit zu wirtschaftlichen und politischen Organisationen (Unternehmen, Markten, Parlamenten, hoheitlichen Einrichtungen) und fordern damit den politischen wie den wirtschaftlichen Wettbewerb und somit die gesellschaftliche Entwicklung. Das Buch bietet ein gedankliches Gerust zum Verstandnis der zwei Typen von Gesellschaftsordnungen, die es an historischen Beispielen von der romischen Antike bis ins 19. Jahrhundert veranschaulicht. Anhand dieses Konzepts wird erklart, wieso Gesellschaften mit Zugangsfreiheit sowohl politisch wie wirtschaftlich hoher entwickelt sind und auf welche Weise seit dem 19. Jahrhundert rund 25 Lander den Ubergang vom einen Typus zum anderen geschafft haben.
Category: Political Science

The Fiscal Military State In Eighteenth Century Europe

Author : Dr Christopher Storrs
ISBN : 9781409480204
Genre : History
File Size : 53.90 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 973
Read : 496

In recent decades, historians of early-modern Europe, and above all those who study the eighteenth century, have elaborated the concept of what has been called the 'fiscal-military state'. This is a state whose international effectiveness was founded upon the development of large armed forces, whose performance and supply necessitated both further administrative development and the provision of large sums, the raising of which involved unprecedented levels of taxation and borrowing by governments. The present collection of essays, by leading authorities in their individual fields, all of whom have published widely on their chosen topic, explores the subject of the fiscal-military state by focusing on its leading exemplars in eighteenth-century Europe: Austria, Britain, France, Prussia and Russia. It also includes a chapter on the Savoyard state (the kingdom of Sardinia), a lesser power whose career illuminates by comparison developments elsewhere. In addition, and rather unusually, a further chapter considers the fiscal-military state in a broader, comparative international context, in the arena of international relations. Each chapter provides a summary of the state of knowledge regarding the fiscal-military state debate insofar as it relates to the state under consideration. As well as contributing to that debate, they take matters further by systematically analysing the sources of wealth and income, and the way these were tapped, and the broader impact that this attempt to extract resources had on society and the state, both in the short and longer term. The differing patterns, and the variety of models of fiscal-military state makes for ease of comparison across Europe, making the volume an invaluable resource to both students and researchers alike.
Category: History

Enzyklop Die Der Neuzeit

Author : Friedrich Jaeger
ISBN : 9783476000613
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56.99 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 227
Read : 912

So viel Neuzeit muss sein. 400 Jahre Geschichte der Neuzeit in einer Enzyklopädie - das ist einmalig! Wissenschaftler aus der ganzen Welt führen die Kenntnisse über das bedeutsame Zeitalter von der Mitte des 15. bis zur Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts in 16 reich illustrierten Bänden zusammen. Zeitgemäß neu. Die Enzyklopädie gründet auf einem neuen wissenschaftlichen Fundament. Sie liefert aktuelle Antworten auf die Kernfragen: Welche Ideen, Erfindungen und Ereignisse veränderten das Leben? Wie greifen politische, gesellschaftliche und ökonomische Entwicklungen ineinander? Welche großen kulturellen Strömungen kristallisieren sich heraus? Wie wandelte sich die Deutung historischer Ereignisse? Die Enzyklopädie mit Sogwirkung. Wer einmal die Enzyklopädie aufgeschlagen hat, will mehr wissen. Die einzelnen Artikel sind durch zahlreiche Querverweise miteinander verflochten. Wer ihnen folgt, erschließt überraschend neue Zusammenhänge.
Category: Social Science

Rethinking Leviathan

Author : John Brewer
ISBN : 0199201897
Genre : History
File Size : 22.88 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 835
Read : 1283

Rethinking Leviathan offers a new approach to the history of the modern state. It concentrates on the eighteenth century and on two cases, those of Britain and Germany. These two countries have always been test-cases for historians and social scientists looking at the development of the modern state because they have been seen as presenting the two main alternatives in the state-building process. Using a comparative study of the British and German states, including Prussia, it deconstructs certain cliches about them and forces us to rethink how to study states in the early modern era. The volume is less concerned with the theory of the state or the formal constitutional conditions under which governments operate than with their actual modus operandi. The subjects covered in this volume include some which have so far been ignored in reconstructing the history of the modern state.
Category: History

The Mechanics Of Modernity In Europe And East Asia

Author : Erik Ringmar
ISBN : 9781134292639
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 87.72 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 669
Read : 379

Why, from the eighteenth century onwards, did some countries embark on a path of sustained economic growth, while others stagnated? This text looks at the kind of institutions that are required in order for change to take place, and Ringmar concludes that for sustained development to be possible, change must be institutionalized. Taking a global view, Ringmar investigates the implications of his conclusion on issues facing the developing world today.
Category: Business & Economics

Staat Und Verfassung

Author : Otto Hintze
ISBN : 3525361122
Genre : Constitutional history
File Size : 86.37 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 466
Read : 448

Category: Constitutional history