BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS AND COMPOSITES

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Biomedical Applications Of Polymeric Materials And Composites

Author : Raju Francis
ISBN : 9783527338368
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59.12 MB
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With its content taken from only the very latest results, this is an extensive summary of the various polymeric materials used for biomedical applications. Following an introduction listing various functional polymers, including conductive, biocompatible and conjugated polymers, the book goes on to discuss different synthetic polymers that can be used, for example, as hydrogels, biochemical sensors, functional surfaces, and natural degradable materials. Throughout, the focus is on applications, with worked examples for training purposes as well as case studies included. The whole is rounded off with a look at future trends.
Category: Medical

Natural And Synthetic Biomedical Polymers

Author : Sangamesh Kumbar
ISBN : 9780123972903
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78.41 MB
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Polymers are important and attractive biomaterials for researchers and clinical applications due to the ease of tailoring their chemical, physical and biological properties for target devices. Due to this versatility they are rapidly replacing other classes of biomaterials such as ceramics or metals. As a result, the demand for biomedical polymers has grown exponentially and supports a diverse and highly monetized research community. Currently worth $1.2bn in 2009 (up from $650m in 2000), biomedical polymers are expected to achieve a CAGR of 9.8% until 2015, supporting a current research community of approximately 28,000+. Summarizing the main advances in biopolymer development of the last decades, this work systematically covers both the physical science and biomedical engineering of the multidisciplinary field. Coverage extends across synthesis, characterization, design consideration and biomedical applications. The work supports scientists researching the formulation of novel polymers with desirable physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties for specific targeted biomedical applications. Combines chemistry, biology and engineering for expert and appropriate integration of design and engineering of polymeric biomaterials Physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties alongside currently deployed clinical applications of specific biomaterials aids use as single source reference on field. 15+ case studies provides in-depth analysis of currently used polymeric biomaterials, aiding design considerations for the future
Category: Technology & Engineering

Electrically Conductive Polymers And Polymer Composites

Author : Anish Khan
ISBN : 9783527342891
Genre : Science
File Size : 50.83 MB
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A comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the latest research trends in conductive polymers and polymer hybrids, summarizing recent achievements. The book begins by introducing conductive polymer materials and their classification, while subsequent chapters discuss the various syntheses, resulting properties and up-scaling as well as the important applications in biomedical and biotechnological fields, including biosensors and biodevices. The whole is rounded off by a look at future technological advances. The result is a well-structured, essential reference for beginners as well as experienced researchers.
Category: Science

Engineering Materials For Biomedical Applications

Author : Teoh Swee Hin
ISBN : 9789814481649
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85.52 MB
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The success of any implant or medical device depends very much on the biomaterial used. Synthetic materials (such as metals, polymers and composites) have made significant contributions to many established medical devices. The aim of this book is to provide a basic understanding on the engineering and processing aspects of biomaterials used in medical applications. Of paramount importance is the tripartite relationship between material properties, processing methods and design. As the target audiences cover a wide interdisciplinary field, each chapter is written with a detailed background so that audience of another discipline will be able to understand. For the more knowledgeable reader, a detailed list of references is included. Contents:Introduction to Biomaterials Engineering and Processing — An Overview (S H Teoh)Durability of Metallic Implant Materials (M Sumita & S H Teoh)Corrosion of Metallic Implants (D J Blackwood et al.)Surface Modification of Metallic Biomaterials (T Hanawa)Biorestorative Materials in Dentistry (A U J Yap)Bioceramics: An Introduction (B Ben-Nissan & G Pezzotti)Polymeric Hydrogels (J Li)Bioactive Ceramic-Polymer Composites for Tissue Replacement (M Wang)Composites in Biomedical Applications (Z M Huang & S Ramakrishna)New Methods and Materials in Prosthetics for Rehabilitation of Lower Limb Amputees (P V S Lee)Chitin-Based Biomaterials (E Khor) Readership: Undergraduates and postgraduates (in bioengineering, materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering, dental and orthopaedic departments), engineers, researchers, academics/lecturers and industrialists. Keywords:Biomaterials Engineering and Processing;Durability of Metallic Implants;Surface Modification;Dental Materials;Bioceramics;Polymeric Hydrogels;Composites;Prosthetics;ChitinKey Features:Contains detailed information on the latest biomaterials (such as polymers, metals, ceramics and composites ) used in medical devicesProvides a good understanding into the durability issues such as an in-depth treatment of corrosion and fretting fatigue of metallic implantsIt leads the reader to have a greater appreciation on the need for surface modification so as to enable the medical device to have the appropriate tissue response
Category: Medical

Advanced Polymeric Materials

Author : Gabriel O. Shonaike
ISBN : 0203492900
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.98 MB
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Featuring contributions from experts at some of the world's leading academic and industrial institutions, Advanced Polymeric Materials: Structure Property Relationships brings into book form a wealth of information previously available primarily only within computer programs. In a welcome narrative treatment, it provides comprehensive coverage of polymeric materials, including polymer composites as well as the more commonly addressed polymer blends. Along with discussion on a variety of applications, topics include general aggregate properties, design considerations, characterization and enhancement of physical and mechanical properties, processing and manufacturing, and components failure.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biomedical Applications Of Polymeric Materials

Author : Teiji Tsuruta
ISBN : 0849345197
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 47.26 MB
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Biomedical polymers: current status and overview. Interactions between polymers and biosystems. Biocompatible polymers. Polymer materials for some therapeutic applications. Polymer materials for bioanalysis and bioseparation. Polymers for pharmaceutical and biomolecular engineering. Biological safety of biomaterials and devices. Prospects for future progress.
Category: Technology & Engineering

An Introduction To Biocomposites

Author : Seeram Ramakrishna
ISBN : 1860944264
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51.68 MB
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Many years of cumulative research has been conducted on the usage of fiber-reinforced composites for biomedical application, but no one source exists where this topic is dealt with systematically. This book addresses polymer composites applied to bioengineering in a comprehensive manner.For potential applications to be successful, full advantage must be taken of the materials properties and the manufacturing techniques to meet the needs of biomedical application. This book focuses on fiber-based composites applied to bioengineering. It addresses three main areas. First, it presents a comprehensive survey of biocomposites from the existing literature in various medical applications, paying particular attention to hard-tissue-related implants. Second, mechanical designs and manufacturing aspects of various fibrous polymer matrix composites are described. The third area concerns examples of the design and development of several medical devices and implants using polymer composites.Chapter 1: Introduction (288 KB)
Category: Technology & Engineering

Advanced Polymeric Materials

Author : Rouxel, Didier
ISBN : 9788793609686
Genre : Science
File Size : 31.75 MB
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Recent advances in polymer research has led to the generation of high quality materials for various applications in day to day life. The synthesis of new functional monomers has shown strong potential in generating novel polymer materials, with improved properties. Advanced Polymeric Materials includes fundamentals and numerous examples of polymer blend preparation and characterizations. Developments in blends, polymer nanocomposites and its various characterization techniques are highlighted in the book.
Category: Science

Nanofiber Composites For Biomedical Applications

Author : Murugan Ramalingam
ISBN : 9780081002087
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78.17 MB
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Nanofiber Composite Materials for Biomedical Applications presents new developments and recent advances in nanofiber-reinforced composite materials and their use in biomedical applications, including biomaterial developments, drug delivery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. Unlike more conventional titles on composite materials, this book covers the most innovative new developments in nanofiber-based composites, including polymers, ceramics, and metals, with particular emphasis on their preparation and characterization methodology. Selected case studies illustrate new developments in clinical and preclinical use, making the information critical for the development of new medical materials and systems for use in human health care, and for the exploration of new design spaces based on these nanofibers. This book is essential reading for those working in biomedical science and engineering, materials science, nanoscience, biomedical nanotechnology, and biotechnology. Covers innovative new developments in nanofiber composites, including polymers, ceramics, and metals with particular emphasis on their preparation and characterization methodology Deals with biomedical applications, including biomaterials developments, drug delivery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine Presents selected case studies on nanofiber composite materials in both clinical and preclinical use
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biomedical And Dental Applications Of Polymers

Author : Charles Gebelein
ISBN : 9781475795103
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.63 MB
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The development and use of medical and dental materials are highly interdisciplinary endeavors which require expertise in chemistry, materials science, medicine and/or dentistry, mechanics and design engineering. The Symposium upon which this treatise is based was organized to bring members from these communities together to explore problems of mutual interest. The biomaterials which are used in medical or dental prostheses must not only exhibit structural stability and provide the desired function, but they must also perform over extended periods of time in the environment of the body. The latter is a very stringent requirement. The oral and other physiological environments are designed by nature to break down many organic substances. Also of importance is the requirement that materials used in the prosthesis not have a deleterious effect on body tissues. Most foreign (to the body) substances are somewhat toxic to human tissues; in fact, few factors are more limiting in the medical prosthesis field than the biocompatibility problem. Some of these problems and the attempts to solve them are discussed in this volume.
Category: Science