BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS AND COMPOSITES

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Biomedical Applications Of Polymeric Materials And Composites

Author : Raju Francis
ISBN : 9783527338368
Genre : Medical
File Size : 47.36 MB
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With its content taken from only the very latest results, this is an extensive summary of the various polymeric materials used for biomedical applications. Following an introduction listing various functional polymers, including conductive, biocompatible and conjugated polymers, the book goes on to discuss different synthetic polymers that can be used, for example, as hydrogels, biochemical sensors, functional surfaces, and natural degradable materials. Throughout, the focus is on applications, with worked examples for training purposes as well as case studies included. The whole is rounded off with a look at future trends.
Category: Medical

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials

Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur
ISBN : 9780081007860
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61.3 MB
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Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Applications provides a clear understanding of the present state of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials. It includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources. In addition, this volume from the four volume series provides deep insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications. Provides a clear understanding of the present state-of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials Includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources Discusses their synthesis, chemistry, processing, fundamental properties, and applications Provides insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biodegradable Polymeric Nanocomposites

Author : Dilip Depan
ISBN : 9781482260526
Genre : Medical
File Size : 65.47 MB
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How Can Polymers Constructed From Living Organisms Help Eliminate the Disposal Issue? A unique category of materials called biodegradable polymers could help remedy a growing environmental concern. Biodegradable Polymeric Nanocomposites: Advances in Biomedical Applications considers the potential of biodegradable polymers for use in biomedical applications that include drug delivery, biosensors, and tissue engineering. Since biomaterials perform on a time-limited function and are designed to disappear from the body after use, the development of biopolymers could greatly reduce and eliminate the need for plastic products, most specifically those used in biomedical applications. Highlights Biomaterials and the Design and Application of Biomaterials Utilizing expert research contributors from around the world, this book considers the benefits and limitations of a variety of biomaterials, such as biopolymers, ceramics, biodegradable nanocomposites, and natural products–based biomaterials. It explores the bio-nano-interface; the interaction between nanoparticles and biomaterials, explains the basic concepts and methods of biodegradable nanocomposites (BNCs), and highlights recent developments in polymer-based bionanocomposites. The book provides an overview of degradation properties and the mechanical properties of biodegradable polymers. It also breaks down the mechanical properties and biocompatibility of starch-based polymers, and outlines distinct advantages (biodegradability and nontoxicity) that make them suitable as medical polymer materials. In addition, it highlights the FDA-approved biodegradable polyester family and focuses on the state-of-the-art recent advancements in drug-delivery devices. Biodegradable Polymeric Nanocomposites: Advances in Biomedical Applications provides current knowledge on biopolymers, examines recent developments and trends, and considers future applications of polymers. Featuring the work of highly-qualified international researchers, this book addresses applications relevant to polymer and material science, as well as material, biomedical, and chemical engineering, and is of specific interest to polymer science engineers.
Category: Medical

Electrically Conductive Polymers And Polymer Composites

Author : Anish Khan
ISBN : 9783527342891
Genre : Science
File Size : 70.48 MB
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A comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the latest research trends in conductive polymers and polymer hybrids, summarizing recent achievements. The book begins by introducing conductive polymer materials and their classification, while subsequent chapters discuss the various syntheses, resulting properties and up-scaling as well as the important applications in biomedical and biotechnological fields, including biosensors and biodevices. The whole is rounded off by a look at future technological advances. The result is a well-structured, essential reference for beginners as well as experienced researchers.
Category: Science

Fundamental Biomaterials Polymers

Author : Sabu Thomas
ISBN : 9780081021958
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61.89 MB
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Fundamental Biomaterials: Polymers provides current information on findings and developments of biopolymers and their conversion from base materials to medical devices. Chapters analyze the types of polymers and discuss a range of biomedical applications. It is the first title in a three volume set, with each reviewing the most important and commonly used classes of biomaterials and providing comprehensive information on classification, materials properties, behavior, biocompatibility and applications. The book concludes with essential information on wear, lifetime prediction and cytotoxicity of biomaterials. This title will be of use to researchers and professionals in development stages, but will also help medical researchers understand and effectively communicate the requirements of a biomaterial for a specific application. Further, with the recent introduction of a number of interdisciplinary bio-related undergraduate and graduate programs, this book will be an appropriate reference volume for large number of students at undergraduate and post graduate levels. Provides current information on findings and developments of biopolymers and their conversion from base materials to medical devices Includes analyses of the types of polymers and a discussion of a range of biomedical applications Presents essential information on wear, lifetime prediction and cytotoxicity of biomaterials Explores both theoretical and practical aspects of polymers in biomaterials
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biomedical Composites

Author : Luigi Ambrosio
ISBN : 9781845697372
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88.56 MB
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Biocomposites are widely used in the medical industry to repair and restore bone, tooth, cartilage skin and other tissues. Biomedical composites, provides a thorough review of the current status, recent progress and future trends in composites for biomedical applications. Part one discusses the fundamentals of biocomposites with chapters on natural composites, design and fabrication of biocomposites, and hard and soft tissue applications of biocomposites. Part two then reviews applications of biocomposites. Chapters discuss composites for bone repair, composite coatings for implants, composites for spinal implants, injectable composites and composites for tissue engineered scaffolds. Chapters in part three discuss the biocompatibility, mechanical behaviour and failure of biocomposites with such topics as cellular response, testing of biocomposites and tribology of biocomposites. Finally part four reviews the future for biocomposites with chapters on nano-structured biocomposites, developing biocomposites as scaffolds and biocomposites in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, Biomedical composites is an essential reference to materials scientists and researchers in industry and academia, as well as all those concerned with this increasingly important field. Provides a thorough review of the current status, recent progress and future trends in composites for biomedical applications Discusses the fundamentals of biocomposites with chapters on natural composites, design and fabrication of biocomposites and their applications Chapters address composites for bone repair, spinal implants and various other applications and discuss biocompatability, mechanical behaviour and failure of biocomposites
Category: Technology & Engineering

Nanofiber Composites For Biomedical Applications

Author : Murugan Ramalingam
ISBN : 9780081002087
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86.86 MB
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Nanofiber Composite Materials for Biomedical Applications presents new developments and recent advances in nanofiber-reinforced composite materials and their use in biomedical applications, including biomaterial developments, drug delivery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. Unlike more conventional titles on composite materials, this book covers the most innovative new developments in nanofiber-based composites, including polymers, ceramics, and metals, with particular emphasis on their preparation and characterization methodology. Selected case studies illustrate new developments in clinical and preclinical use, making the information critical for the development of new medical materials and systems for use in human health care, and for the exploration of new design spaces based on these nanofibers. This book is essential reading for those working in biomedical science and engineering, materials science, nanoscience, biomedical nanotechnology, and biotechnology. Covers innovative new developments in nanofiber composites, including polymers, ceramics, and metals with particular emphasis on their preparation and characterization methodology Deals with biomedical applications, including biomaterials developments, drug delivery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine Presents selected case studies on nanofiber composite materials in both clinical and preclinical use
Category: Technology & Engineering

Engineering Materials For Biomedical Applications

Author : Teoh Swee Hin
ISBN : 9789814481649
Genre : Medical
File Size : 29.89 MB
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The success of any implant or medical device depends very much on the biomaterial used. Synthetic materials (such as metals, polymers and composites) have made significant contributions to many established medical devices. The aim of this book is to provide a basic understanding on the engineering and processing aspects of biomaterials used in medical applications. Of paramount importance is the tripartite relationship between material properties, processing methods and design. As the target audiences cover a wide interdisciplinary field, each chapter is written with a detailed background so that audience of another discipline will be able to understand. For the more knowledgeable reader, a detailed list of references is included. Contents:Introduction to Biomaterials Engineering and Processing — An Overview (S H Teoh)Durability of Metallic Implant Materials (M Sumita & S H Teoh)Corrosion of Metallic Implants (D J Blackwood et al.)Surface Modification of Metallic Biomaterials (T Hanawa)Biorestorative Materials in Dentistry (A U J Yap)Bioceramics: An Introduction (B Ben-Nissan & G Pezzotti)Polymeric Hydrogels (J Li)Bioactive Ceramic-Polymer Composites for Tissue Replacement (M Wang)Composites in Biomedical Applications (Z M Huang & S Ramakrishna)New Methods and Materials in Prosthetics for Rehabilitation of Lower Limb Amputees (P V S Lee)Chitin-Based Biomaterials (E Khor) Readership: Undergraduates and postgraduates (in bioengineering, materials science and engineering, mechanical engineering, dental and orthopaedic departments), engineers, researchers, academics/lecturers and industrialists. Keywords:Biomaterials Engineering and Processing;Durability of Metallic Implants;Surface Modification;Dental Materials;Bioceramics;Polymeric Hydrogels;Composites;Prosthetics;ChitinKey Features:Contains detailed information on the latest biomaterials (such as polymers, metals, ceramics and composites ) used in medical devicesProvides a good understanding into the durability issues such as an in-depth treatment of corrosion and fretting fatigue of metallic implantsIt leads the reader to have a greater appreciation on the need for surface modification so as to enable the medical device to have the appropriate tissue response
Category: Medical

Biopolymer Based Composites

Author : Sougata Jana
ISBN : 9780081019153
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68.49 MB
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Biopolymer-Based Composites: Drug Delivery and Biomedical Applications presents a comprehensive review on recent developments in biopolymer-based composites and their use in drug delivery and biomedical applications. The information contained in this book is critical for the more efficient use of composites, as detailed up-to-date information is a pre-requirement. The information provided brings cutting-edge developments to the attention of young investigators to encourage further advances in the field of bio-composite research. Currently, biopolymers are being investigated for the design of various drug delivery and biomedical devices due to their non-toxic, biodegradable and biocompatible nature. Mostly, biopolymer-based solid orals, gels, hydrogel beads, and transdermal matrices have been designed in order to control drug/protein release in simulated bio-fluids. Presents the most updated information in the field of pharmaceutical and biological sciences Contains color figures and illustrations to help users understand key topics Useful guide for young researchers working towards new innovations Includes chapters covered by eminent scientists in the field
Category: Technology & Engineering

An Introduction To Biocomposites

Author : Seeram Ramakrishna
ISBN : 9781783260843
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36.65 MB
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Many years of cumulative research has been conducted on the usage of fiber-reinforced composites for biomedical application, but no one source exists where this topic is dealt with systematically. This book addresses polymer composites applied to bioengineering in a comprehensive manner. For potential applications to be successful, full advantage must be taken of the materials properties and the manufacturing techniques to meet the needs of biomedical application. This book focuses on fiber-based composites applied to bioengineering. It addresses three main areas. First, it presents a comprehensive survey of biocomposites from the existing literature in various medical applications, paying particular attention to hard-tissue-related implants. Second, mechanical designs and manufacturing aspects of various fibrous polymer matrix composites are described. The third area concerns examples of the design and development of several medical devices and implants using polymer composites. Chapter 1: Introduction (288 KB) Contents:BiocompatibilityConstituent, Fabrication, and CharacterizationMechanics of Composite MaterialsDesigning with Composite MaterialsBiomedical Applications of Polymer CompositesCase Studies Readership: Researchers and graduate students in bioengineering, polymers and mechanics. Keywords:Bioengineering;Composite Materials;Fiber;Polymer;Medical Devices;Design
Category: Technology & Engineering