BIOMECHANICS AND MECHANOBIOLOGY OF ANEURYSMS 7 STUDIES IN MECHANOBIOLOGY TISSUE ENGINEERING AND BIOMATERIALS

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Biomechanics And Mechanobiology Of Aneurysms

Author : Tim McGloughlin
ISBN : 9783642180958
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64.2 MB
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Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and premature death of modern era medicine. It is estimated that approximately 81 million people in the United States (US) currently have one or more of the many forms of cardiovascular disease, resulting in 1 in every 2.8 deaths, or 900,000 deaths per year. 40% of all deaths in Europe are a result of cardiovascular disease in people under the age of 75. Aneurysms form a significant portion of these cardiovascular related deaths and are defined as a permanent and irreversible localised dilation of a blood vessel greater than 50% of its normal diameter. Although aneurysms can form in any blood vessel, the more lethal aneurysms develop in the cranial arteries, and in the thoracic aorta and abdominal aorta. Frequently aneurysms are undetected and if left untreated may eventually expand until rupture with very high levels of morbidity and mortality. The biomechanics and mechanobiology of aneursymal diseases are not fully understood and this monograph aims to provide new insights into aneurysm aetiology and behavior based on the most recent biomechanics research related to this important topic. The contributors to this volume bring together a unique blend of expertise in experimental, computational and tissue biomechanics relating to aneurysm behavior and enable the reader to gain a fresh understanding of key factors influencing aneurysm behavior and treatment. Biological risk factors such as tobacco smoking, sex, age, hypertension, family history and mechanobiological risk factors such as aneurysm geometry and shape as well as mechanical properties of the diseased tissues are considered in detail as are many of the diagnostic and treatment options.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Cardiovascular And Cardiac Therapeutic Devices

Author : Thomas Franz
ISBN : 9783642538360
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45.50 MB
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This volume focuses on latest research in therapeutic devices for cardiovascular, i.e. vascular and valvular and cardiac diseases. In the area of vascular therapies, aspects covered relate to latest research in small-diameter tissue-regenerative vascular grafts, one of the greatest persisting challenges in cardiovascular therapies, stent grafts and endovascular stents for percutaneous arterial interventions. Contributions on valvular therapies focus on tissue engineered and tissue regenerative prosthetic heart valves and valvular prostheses for trans-apical implantation including the challenges posed on the prosthesis design. The section on cardiac diseases aims at covering therapeutic advances for myocardial infarction and prevention of heart failure and on in vivo biomechanics of implantable cardiac pacemaker devices. A further section complements these three areas by presenting constitutive modelling of soft biological tissues of the cardiovascular system, an area imperative for advanced numerical and computational modelling in the development and optimisation of cardiovascular devices and therapies.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Computational Modeling In Tissue Engineering

Author : Liesbet Geris
ISBN : 9783642325632
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35.49 MB
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One of the major challenges in tissue engineering is the translation of biological knowledge on complex cell and tissue behavior into a predictive and robust engineering process. Mastering this complexity is an essential step towards clinical applications of tissue engineering. This volume discusses computational modeling tools that allow studying the biological complexity in a more quantitative way. More specifically, computational tools can help in: (i) quantifying and optimizing the tissue engineering product, e.g. by adapting scaffold design to optimize micro-environmental signals or by adapting selection criteria to improve homogeneity of the selected cell population; (ii) quantifying and optimizing the tissue engineering process, e.g. by adapting bioreactor design to improve quality and quantity of the final product; and (iii) assessing the influence of the in vivo environment on the behavior of the tissue engineering product, e.g. by investigating vascular ingrowth. The book presents examples of each of the above mentioned areas of computational modeling. The underlying tissue engineering applications will vary from blood vessels over trachea to cartilage and bone. For the chapters describing examples of the first two areas, the main focus is on (the optimization of) mechanical signals, mass transport and fluid flow encountered by the cells in scaffolds and bioreactors as well as on the optimization of the cell population itself. In the chapters describing modeling contributions in the third area, the focus will shift towards the biology, the complex interactions between biology and the micro-environmental signals and the ways in which modeling might be able to assist in investigating and mastering this complexity. The chapters cover issues related to (multiscale/multiphysics) model building, training and validation, but also discuss recent advances in scientific computing techniques that are needed to implement these models as well as new tools that can be used to experimentally validate the computational results.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Regenerative Strategies For The Treatment Of Knee Joint Disabilities

Author : Joaquim Miguel Oliveira
ISBN : 9783319447858
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51.36 MB
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This book presents regenerative strategies for the treatment of knee joint disabilities. The book is composed of four main sections totaling 19 chapters which review the current knowledge on the clinical management and preclinical regenerative strategies. It examines the role of different natural-based biomaterials as scaffolds and implants for addressing different tissue lesions in the knee joint. Section one provides an updated and comprehensive discussion on articular cartilage tissue regeneration. Section two focuses on the important contributions for bone and osteochondral tissue engineering. Section three overview the recent advances on meniscus repair/regeneration strategies. Finally, section four further discusses the current strategies for treatment of ligament lesions. Each chapter is prepared by world know expert on their fields, so we do firmly believe that the proposed book will be a reference in the area of biomaterials for regenerative medicine.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Multiscale Computer Modeling In Biomechanics And Biomedical Engineering

Author : Amit Gefen
ISBN : 9783642364822
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57.69 MB
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This book reviews the state-of-the-art in multiscale computer modeling, in terms of both accomplishments and challenges. The information in the book is particularly useful for biomedical engineers, medical physicists and researchers in systems biology, mathematical biology, micro-biomechanics and biomaterials who are interested in how to bridge between traditional biomedical engineering work at the organ and tissue scales, and the newer arenas of cellular and molecular bioengineering.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biomechanics Of Living Organs

Author : Yohan Payan
ISBN : 9780128040607
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24.15 MB
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Biomechanics of Living Organs: Hyperelastic Constitutive Laws for Finite Element Modeling is the first book to cover finite element biomechanical modeling of each organ in the human body. This collection of chapters from the leaders in the field focuses on the constitutive laws for each organ. Each author introduces the state-of-the-art concerning constitutive laws and then illustrates the implementation of such laws with Finite Element Modeling of these organs. The focus of each chapter is on instruction, careful derivation and presentation of formulae, and methods. When modeling tissues, this book will help users determine modeling parameters and the variability for particular populations. Chapters highlight important experimental techniques needed to inform, motivate, and validate the choice of strain energy function or the constitutive model. Remodeling, growth, and damage are all covered, as is the relationship of constitutive relationships of organs to tissue and molecular scale properties (as net organ behavior depends fundamentally on its sub components). This book is intended for professionals, academics, and students in tissue and continuum biomechanics. Covers hyper elastic frameworks for large tissue deformations Considers which strain energy functions are the most appropriate to model the passive and active states of living tissue Evaluates the physical meaning of proposed energy functions
Category: Technology & Engineering

Introductory Biomechanics

Author : C. Ross Ethier
ISBN : 9781139461825
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53.76 MB
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Introductory Biomechanics is a new, integrated text written specifically for engineering students. It provides a broad overview of this important branch of the rapidly growing field of bioengineering. A wide selection of topics is presented, ranging from the mechanics of single cells to the dynamics of human movement. No prior biological knowledge is assumed and in each chapter, the relevant anatomy and physiology are first described. The biological system is then analyzed from a mechanical viewpoint by reducing it to its essential elements, using the laws of mechanics and then tying mechanical insights back to biological function. This integrated approach provides students with a deeper understanding of both the mechanics and the biology than from qualitative study alone. The text is supported by a wealth of illustrations, tables and examples, a large selection of suitable problems and hundreds of current references, making it an essential textbook for any biomechanics course.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Mechanobiology And Mechanophysiology Of Military Related Injuries

Author : Amit Gefen
ISBN : 9783319330129
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58.79 MB
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This book provides a state-of-the-art update, as well as perspectives on future directions of research and clinical applications in the implementation of biomechanical and biophysical experimental, theoretical and computational models which are relevant to military medicine. Such experimental and modeling efforts are helpful, on the one hand, in understanding the aetiology, pathophysiology and dynamics of injury development and on the other hand in guiding the development of better equipment and protective gear or devices that should ultimately reduce the prevalence and incidence of injuries or lessen their hazardous effects. The book is useful for military-oriented biomedical engineers and medical physicists, as well as for military physiologists and other medical specialists who are interested in the science and technology implemented in modern investigations of military related injuries.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Nano Biomedical Engineering 2009

Author : Takami Yamaguchi
ISBN : 9781848163522
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59.58 MB
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This proceedings volume details both current and future research and development initiatives in nano-biomedical engineering, arguably the most important technology of the world in the 21st century. It deals with the following four groups of nano-biomedical engineering: nano-biomechanics, nano-bioimaging, nano-biodevices, and nano-biointervention. Consisting of a compilation of studies conducted by group members of the Tohoku University Global Center of Excellence Program, with specially coordinated funding from the Japanese Government, the papers emphasize the integration of research and education collaboration between engineering and medicine, and showcase Japan's top-level research in the field of nano-biomedical engineering.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Graduate Programs In Engineering Applied Sciences 2015 Grad 5

Author : Peterson's
ISBN : 9780768939491
Genre : Study Aids
File Size : 61.10 MB
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Peterson's Graduate Programs in Engineering & Applied Sciences 2015 contains comprehensive profiles of more than 3,850 graduate programs in all relevant disciplines-including aerospace/aeronautical engineering, agricultural engineering & bioengineering, chemical engineering, civil and environmental engineering, computer science and information technology, electrical and computer engineering, industrial engineering, telecommunications, and more. Two-page in-depth descriptions, written by featured institutions, offer complete details on a specific graduate program, school, or department as well as information on faculty research. Comprehensive directories list programs in this volume, as well as others in the Peterson's graduate series.
Category: Study Aids