BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS SCIENCE

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Biological Materials Science

Author : Marc André Meyers
ISBN : 9781107010451
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35.65 MB
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Takes a materials science approach, correlating structure-property relationships with function across a broad range of biological materials.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Introduction To Biological Materials Science

Author : Peter Fratzl
ISBN : 3527329404
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.66 MB
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This first textbook dedicated to the topic, written by a pioneer in the field, explains the principles of Nature's bottom-up engineering of biological materials, such as tissues, teeth, muscles, bones and tendons. He adopts a didactic approach and content structure to reflect the design principles, introducing basic biological, chemical, physical and materials science concepts essential to the understanding of the relationship between structure, properties and function in biological materials. Chapters dedicated to the elementary physical interactions and molecular building blocks, from simple sugars to complex, folded protein structures, provide the knowledge base for such advanced topics as the self-assembly of biological materials, the tuning of their properties and their processing. Case studies on important biological materials illustrate questions such as "How do plants move?", "What limits muscle performance?", and "How does the gecko effect work?"
Category: Science

Structural Biological Materials

Author : M. Elices
ISBN : 0080541909
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68.96 MB
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The ongoing process of bio-evolution has produced materials which are perfectly adapted to fulfil a specific functional role. The natural world provides us with a multitude of examples of materials with durability, strength, mechanisms of programmed self-assembly and biodegradability. The materials industry has sought to observe and appreciate the relationship between structure, properties and function of these biological materials. A multidisciplinary approach, building on recent advances at the forefront of physics, chemistry and molecular biology, has been successful in producing many synthetic structures with interesting and useful properties. Structural Biological Materials: Design and Structure-Property Relationships represents an invaluable reference in the field of biological materials science and provides an incisive view into this rapidly developing and increasingly important topic within materials science. This book focuses on the study of three sub-groups of structural biological materials: • Hard tissue engineering, focussing on cortical bone • Soft tissue engineering • Fibrous materials, particularly engineering with silk fibers. The fundamental relationship between structure and properties, and certain aspects of design and engineering, are explored in each of the sub-groups. The importance of these materials, both in their intrinsic properties and specific functions, are illustrated with relevant examples. These depict the successful integration of material properties, architecture and shape, providing a wide range of optimised designs, tailored to specific functions. Edited by Manuel Elices of the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain, this book is Volume 4 in the Pergamon Material Series.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biomaterials

Author : J. S. Temenoff
ISBN : 0130097101
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78.97 MB
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Intended for use in an introductory course on biomaterials, taught primarily in departments of biomedical engineering. The book covers classes of materials commonly used in biomedical applications, followed by coverage of the biocompatibility of those materials with the biological environment. Finally, it covers some in-depth applications of biomaterials. It does all of this with an overall emphasis on tissue engineering.
Category: Medical

Musculoskeletal Tissue Regeneration

Author : William S. Pietrzak
ISBN : 1597452394
Genre : Medical
File Size : 44.28 MB
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The repair of musculoskeletal tissue is a vital concern of all surgical specialties, orthopedics and related disciplines. Written by recognized experts, this book aims to provide both basic and advanced knowledge of the newer methodologies being developed and introduced to the clinical arena. A valuable resource for researchers, developers, and clinicians, the book presents a foundation to propel the technology and integration of the current state of knowledge into the 21st century.
Category: Medical

Vibrational Spectroscopy With Neutrons

Author : Philip C H Mitchell
ISBN : 9789814482004
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38.42 MB
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' Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) is a spectroscopic technique in which neutrons are used to probe the dynamics of atoms and molecules in solids and liquids. This book is the first, since the late 1960s, to cover the principles and applications of INS as a vibrational-spectroscopic technique. It provides a hands-on account of the use of INS, concentrating on how neutron vibrational spectroscopy can be employed to obtain chemical information on a range of materials that are of interest to chemists, biologists, materials scientists, surface scientists and catalyst researchers. This is an accessible and comprehensive single-volume primary text and reference source. Contents:The Theory of Inelastic Neutron Scattering SpectroscopyInstrumentation and Experimental MethodsInterpretation and Analysis of Spectra Using Molecular ModellingAnalysis of INS SpectraDihydrogen and HydridesSurface Chemistry and CatalysisOrganic and Organometallic CompoundsHydrogen BondingSoft Condensed Matter — Polymers and BiomaterialsNon-Hydrogenous Materials and CarbonVibrational Spectroscopy with Neutrons — The Future Readership: Users and potential users of neutron scattering spectroscopy (academics, staff of neutron scattering institutes, researchers and graduate students); solid state vibrational spectroscopists. Keywords:Inelastic Neutron Scattering;Vibrational Spectroscopy;Hydrogen;Solid State;Density Functional Theory;Hydrogen Bonding;Water;Proton;Polymer;Biominerals;Phosphate;Catalyst;Zeolite;Sulfide;Cross SectionKey Features:Acquaints the reader with the basic concepts of neutron scatteringOffers an insight into how theory and experiment connect in the interpretation of INS scattering dataShows how useful information can be extracted from experimental dataDescribes studies of dihydrogen and its compounds using INS spectroscopyProvides a comprehensive listing of compounds and materials studied by INSReviews:“This book provides a very good account of the principles and applications of Inelastic Neutron Scattering (INS) as a vibrational spectroscopic technique, without assuming a high level of background knowledge. It is a piece of work factually novel and done properly, which meets the needs of graduate students as well as both users and potential users of inelastic neutron spectroscopy at academic and research institutions. On the whole the book is quite clearly written, the subject matter rather well developed and the applications of the INS well described in a wide range of materials and problems.”Notiziario Neutroni e Luce di Sincrotrone '
Category: Technology & Engineering

Glass Transition And Phase Transitions In Food And Biological Materials

Author : Jasim Ahmed
ISBN : 9781118935712
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75.93 MB
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Glass and State Transitions in Food and Biological Materials describes how glass transition has been applied to food micro-structure, food processing, product development, storage studies, packaging development and other areas. This book has been structured so that readers can initially grasp the basic principles and instrumentation, before moving through the various applications. In summary, the book will provide the “missing link” between food science and material science/polymer engineering. This will allow food scientists to better understand the concept and applications of thermal properties.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biological Materials Of Marine Origin

Author : Hermann Ehrlich
ISBN : 9789400757301
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78.87 MB
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This is the second monograph by the author on biological materials of marine origin. The initial book is dedicated to the biological materials of marine invertebrates. This work is a source of modern knowledge on biomineralization, biomimetics and materials science with respect to marine vertebrates. For the first time in scientific literature the author gives the most coherent analysis of the nature, origin and evolution of biocomposites and biopolymers isolated from and observed in the broad variety of marine vertebrate organisms (fish, reptilian, birds and mammals) and within their unique hierarchically organized structural formations. There is a wealth of new and newly synthesized information, including dozens of previously unpublished images of unique marine creatures including extinct, extant and living taxa and their biocomposite-based structures from nano- to micro – and macroscale. This monograph reviews the most relevant advances in the marine biological materials research field, pointing out several approaches being introduced and explored by distinct modern laboratories.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Analysis Of Biological Materials

Author : L. R. P. Butler
ISBN : 9781483145877
Genre : Science
File Size : 50.17 MB
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The Analysis of Biological Materials: The Proceedings of a Conference Held in Pretoria, South Africa October 1977 by the Spectroscopic Society of South Africa focuses on the applications, processes, and methodologies involved in the analysis of biological materials. The compilation first offers information on the contributions of the analysis of biological materials in medical diagnosis and treatment and development of atomic absorption spectroscopic techniques in biological analysis. Topics include applications of biological tissues analysis in medical research; physics and chemistry in medicine; complexing characteristics and in vivo roles of metals; and metals in the treatment of disease. The book then takes a look at microprobe analysis of pathological tissues, including specimen preparation and microprobe analysis investigation. The publication discusses the application of ion microprobe mass analyzer to the analysis of biological materials; multi-element analysis of teeth and other biological materials by instrumental neutron activation; and single column gradient elution ion exchange amino acid analyzer. The text also examines biographical materials of oceanographic origin and volatile metals in biological materials. The compilation is a dependable reference for readers interested in the analysis of biological materials.
Category: Science

Analysis And Design Of Biological Materials And Structures

Author : Andreas Öchsner
ISBN : 9783642221309
Genre : Science
File Size : 89.76 MB
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This collection of advanced analyses and techniques in biomaterials design includes mechanical studies of biological structures and features 16 known experts who present research on stress and strain analysis, material properties, and fluid and gas mechanics.
Category: Science