BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS SCIENCE

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Biological Materials Science

Author : Marc André Meyers
ISBN : 9781107010451
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90.91 MB
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Takes a materials science approach, correlating structure-property relationships with function across a broad range of biological materials.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biological Materials Science

Author : Marc André Meyers
ISBN : 9781139952200
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84.99 MB
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Taking a unique materials science approach, this text introduces students to the basic concepts and applications of materials and biomedical engineering and prepares them for the challenges of the new interdisciplinary field of biomaterials science. Split into three sections - Basic Biology Principles, Biological Materials, and Bioinspired Materials and Biomimetics - it presents biological materials along with the structural and functional classification of biopolymers, bioelastomers, foams, and ceramic composites. More traditional biomimetic designs such as Velcro are then discussed in conjunction with new developments that mimic the structure of biological materials at the molecular level, mixing nanoscale with biomolecular designs. Bioinspired design of materials and structures is also covered. Focused presentations of biomaterials are presented throughout the text in succinct boxes, emphasising biomedical applications, whilst the basic principles of biology are explained, so no prior knowledge is required. The topics are supported by approximately 500 illustrations, solved problems, and end-of-chapter exercises.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Introduction To Biological Materials Science

Author : Peter Fratzl
ISBN : 3527329404
Genre : Science
File Size : 49.96 MB
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This first textbook dedicated to the topic, written by a pioneer in the field, explains the principles of Nature's bottom-up engineering of biological materials, such as tissues, teeth, muscles, bones and tendons. He adopts a didactic approach and content structure to reflect the design principles, introducing basic biological, chemical, physical and materials science concepts essential to the understanding of the relationship between structure, properties and function in biological materials. Chapters dedicated to the elementary physical interactions and molecular building blocks, from simple sugars to complex, folded protein structures, provide the knowledge base for such advanced topics as the self-assembly of biological materials, the tuning of their properties and their processing. Case studies on important biological materials illustrate questions such as "How do plants move?", "What limits muscle performance?", and "How does the gecko effect work?"
Category: Science

Structural Biological Materials

Author : M. Elices
ISBN : 0080541909
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52.97 MB
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The ongoing process of bio-evolution has produced materials which are perfectly adapted to fulfil a specific functional role. The natural world provides us with a multitude of examples of materials with durability, strength, mechanisms of programmed self-assembly and biodegradability. The materials industry has sought to observe and appreciate the relationship between structure, properties and function of these biological materials. A multidisciplinary approach, building on recent advances at the forefront of physics, chemistry and molecular biology, has been successful in producing many synthetic structures with interesting and useful properties. Structural Biological Materials: Design and Structure-Property Relationships represents an invaluable reference in the field of biological materials science and provides an incisive view into this rapidly developing and increasingly important topic within materials science. This book focuses on the study of three sub-groups of structural biological materials: • Hard tissue engineering, focussing on cortical bone • Soft tissue engineering • Fibrous materials, particularly engineering with silk fibers. The fundamental relationship between structure and properties, and certain aspects of design and engineering, are explored in each of the sub-groups. The importance of these materials, both in their intrinsic properties and specific functions, are illustrated with relevant examples. These depict the successful integration of material properties, architecture and shape, providing a wide range of optimised designs, tailored to specific functions. Edited by Manuel Elices of the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain, this book is Volume 4 in the Pergamon Material Series.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Musculoskeletal Tissue Regeneration

Author : William S. Pietrzak
ISBN : 1597452394
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58.29 MB
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The repair of musculoskeletal tissue is a vital concern of all surgical specialties, orthopedics and related disciplines. Written by recognized experts, this book aims to provide both basic and advanced knowledge of the newer methodologies being developed and introduced to the clinical arena. A valuable resource for researchers, developers, and clinicians, the book presents a foundation to propel the technology and integration of the current state of knowledge into the 21st century.
Category: Medical

Biomaterials

Author : J. S. Temenoff
ISBN : 0130097101
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80.23 MB
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Intended for use in an introductory course on biomaterials, taught primarily in departments of biomedical engineering. The book covers classes of materials commonly used in biomedical applications, followed by coverage of the biocompatibility of those materials with the biological environment. Finally, it covers some in-depth applications of biomaterials. It does all of this with an overall emphasis on tissue engineering.
Category: Medical

Multiscale Simulations And Mechanics Of Biological Materials

Author : Shaofan Li
ISBN : 9781118402948
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46.90 MB
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Multiscale Simulations and Mechanics of Biological Materials A compilation of recent developments in multiscale simulation and computational biomaterials written by leading specialists in the field Presenting the latest developments in multiscale mechanics and multiscale simulations, and offering a unique viewpoint on multiscale modelling of biological materials, this book outlines the latest developments in computational biological materials from atomistic and molecular scale simulation on DNA, proteins, and nano-particles, to meoscale soft matter modelling of cells, and to macroscale soft tissue and blood vessel, and bone simulations. Traditionally, computational biomaterials researchers come from biological chemistry and biomedical engineering, so this is probably the first edited book to present work from these talented computational mechanics researchers. The book has been written to honor Professor Wing Liu of Northwestern University, USA, who has made pioneering contributions in multiscale simulation and computational biomaterial in specific simulation of drag delivery at atomistic and molecular scale and computational cardiovascular fluid mechanics via immersed finite element method. Key features: Offers a unique interdisciplinary approach to multiscale biomaterial modelling aimed at both accessible introductory and advanced levels Presents a breadth of computational approaches for modelling biological materials across multiple length scales (molecular to whole-tissue scale), including solid and fluid based approaches A companion website for supplementary materials plus links to contributors’ websites (www.wiley.com/go/li/multiscale)
Category: Technology & Engineering

Vibrational Spectroscopy With Neutrons

Author : Philip C H Mitchell
ISBN : 9789814482004
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22.94 MB
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' Inelastic neutron scattering (INS) is a spectroscopic technique in which neutrons are used to probe the dynamics of atoms and molecules in solids and liquids. This book is the first, since the late 1960s, to cover the principles and applications of INS as a vibrational-spectroscopic technique. It provides a hands-on account of the use of INS, concentrating on how neutron vibrational spectroscopy can be employed to obtain chemical information on a range of materials that are of interest to chemists, biologists, materials scientists, surface scientists and catalyst researchers. This is an accessible and comprehensive single-volume primary text and reference source. Contents:The Theory of Inelastic Neutron Scattering SpectroscopyInstrumentation and Experimental MethodsInterpretation and Analysis of Spectra Using Molecular ModellingAnalysis of INS SpectraDihydrogen and HydridesSurface Chemistry and CatalysisOrganic and Organometallic CompoundsHydrogen BondingSoft Condensed Matter — Polymers and BiomaterialsNon-Hydrogenous Materials and CarbonVibrational Spectroscopy with Neutrons — The Future Readership: Users and potential users of neutron scattering spectroscopy (academics, staff of neutron scattering institutes, researchers and graduate students); solid state vibrational spectroscopists. Keywords:Inelastic Neutron Scattering;Vibrational Spectroscopy;Hydrogen;Solid State;Density Functional Theory;Hydrogen Bonding;Water;Proton;Polymer;Biominerals;Phosphate;Catalyst;Zeolite;Sulfide;Cross SectionKey Features:Acquaints the reader with the basic concepts of neutron scatteringOffers an insight into how theory and experiment connect in the interpretation of INS scattering dataShows how useful information can be extracted from experimental dataDescribes studies of dihydrogen and its compounds using INS spectroscopyProvides a comprehensive listing of compounds and materials studied by INSReviews:“This book provides a very good account of the principles and applications of Inelastic Neutron Scattering (INS) as a vibrational spectroscopic technique, without assuming a high level of background knowledge. It is a piece of work factually novel and done properly, which meets the needs of graduate students as well as both users and potential users of inelastic neutron spectroscopy at academic and research institutions. On the whole the book is quite clearly written, the subject matter rather well developed and the applications of the INS well described in a wide range of materials and problems.”Notiziario Neutroni e Luce di Sincrotrone '
Category: Technology & Engineering

Body Parts

Author : E. Richard Gold
ISBN : 0878406611
Genre : Law
File Size : 26.47 MB
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In Body Parts, E. Richard Gold examines whether the body and materials derived from it--such as human organs and DNA--should be thought of as market commodities and subject to property law. Analyzing a series of court decisions concerning property rights, Gold explores whether the language and assumptions of property law can help society determine who has rights to human biological materials. Gold observes that the commercial opportunities unleashed by advances in biotechnology present a challenge to the ways that society has traditionally valued the human body and human health. In a balanced discussion of both commercial and individual perspectives, Gold asserts the need to understand human biological materials within the context of human values, rather than economic interests. This perceptive book will be welcomed by scholars and other professionals engaged in questions regarding bioethics, applied ethics, the philosophy of value, and property and intellectual property rights. Given the international aspects of both intellectual property law and biotechnology, this book will be of interest throughout the world and especially valuable in common-law (most English-speaking) countries.
Category: Law

Glass Transition And Phase Transitions In Food And Biological Materials

Author : Jasim Ahmed
ISBN : 9781118935712
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44.22 MB
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Glass and State Transitions in Food and Biological Materials describes how glass transition has been applied to food micro-structure, food processing, product development, storage studies, packaging development and other areas. This book has been structured so that readers can initially grasp the basic principles and instrumentation, before moving through the various applications. In summary, the book will provide the “missing link” between food science and material science/polymer engineering. This will allow food scientists to better understand the concept and applications of thermal properties.
Category: Technology & Engineering