BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS SCIENCE

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Biological Materials Science

Author : Marc André Meyers
ISBN : 9781107010451
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 25.84 MB
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Takes a materials science approach, correlating structure-property relationships with function across a broad range of biological materials.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Introduction To Biological Materials Science

Author : Peter Fratzl
ISBN : 3527329404
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.11 MB
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This first textbook dedicated to the topic, written by a pioneer in the field, explains the principles of Nature's bottom-up engineering of biological materials, such as tissues, teeth, muscles, bones and tendons. He adopts a didactic approach and content structure to reflect the design principles, introducing basic biological, chemical, physical and materials science concepts essential to the understanding of the relationship between structure, properties and function in biological materials. Chapters dedicated to the elementary physical interactions and molecular building blocks, from simple sugars to complex, folded protein structures, provide the knowledge base for such advanced topics as the self-assembly of biological materials, the tuning of their properties and their processing. Case studies on important biological materials illustrate questions such as "How do plants move?", "What limits muscle performance?", and "How does the gecko effect work?"
Category: Science

Structural Biological Materials

Author : M. Elices
ISBN : 0080541909
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39.66 MB
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The ongoing process of bio-evolution has produced materials which are perfectly adapted to fulfil a specific functional role. The natural world provides us with a multitude of examples of materials with durability, strength, mechanisms of programmed self-assembly and biodegradability. The materials industry has sought to observe and appreciate the relationship between structure, properties and function of these biological materials. A multidisciplinary approach, building on recent advances at the forefront of physics, chemistry and molecular biology, has been successful in producing many synthetic structures with interesting and useful properties. Structural Biological Materials: Design and Structure-Property Relationships represents an invaluable reference in the field of biological materials science and provides an incisive view into this rapidly developing and increasingly important topic within materials science. This book focuses on the study of three sub-groups of structural biological materials: • Hard tissue engineering, focussing on cortical bone • Soft tissue engineering • Fibrous materials, particularly engineering with silk fibers. The fundamental relationship between structure and properties, and certain aspects of design and engineering, are explored in each of the sub-groups. The importance of these materials, both in their intrinsic properties and specific functions, are illustrated with relevant examples. These depict the successful integration of material properties, architecture and shape, providing a wide range of optimised designs, tailored to specific functions. Edited by Manuel Elices of the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain, this book is Volume 4 in the Pergamon Material Series.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Musculoskeletal Tissue Regeneration

Author : William S. Pietrzak
ISBN : 1597452394
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67.60 MB
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The repair of musculoskeletal tissue is a vital concern of all surgical specialties, orthopedics and related disciplines. Written by recognized experts, this book aims to provide both basic and advanced knowledge of the newer methodologies being developed and introduced to the clinical arena. A valuable resource for researchers, developers, and clinicians, the book presents a foundation to propel the technology and integration of the current state of knowledge into the 21st century.
Category: Medical

Glass Transition And Phase Transitions In Food And Biological Materials

Author : Jasim Ahmed
ISBN : 9781118935712
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28.83 MB
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Glass and State Transitions in Food and Biological Materials describes how glass transition has been applied to food micro-structure, food processing, product development, storage studies, packaging development and other areas. This book has been structured so that readers can initially grasp the basic principles and instrumentation, before moving through the various applications. In summary, the book will provide the “missing link” between food science and material science/polymer engineering. This will allow food scientists to better understand the concept and applications of thermal properties.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Materiomics Multiscale Mechanics Of Biological Materials And Structures

Author : Markus J. Buehler
ISBN : 9783709115749
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80.71 MB
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Multiscale mechanics of hierarchical materials plays a crucial role in understanding and engineering biological and bioinspired materials and systems. The mechanical science of hierarchical tissues and cells in biological systems has recently emerged as an exciting area of research and provides enormous opportunities for innovative basic research and technological advancement. Such advances could enable us to provide engineered materials and structure with properties that resemble those of biological systems, in particular the ability to self-assemble, to self-repair, to adapt and evolve, and to provide multiple functions that can be controlled through external cues. This book presents material from leading researchers in the field of mechanical sciences of biological materials and structure, with the aim to introduce methods and applications to a wider range of engineers.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biological Materials Of Marine Origin

Author : Hermann Ehrlich
ISBN : 9789400757301
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61.11 MB
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This is the second monograph by the author on biological materials of marine origin. The initial book is dedicated to the biological materials of marine invertebrates. This work is a source of modern knowledge on biomineralization, biomimetics and materials science with respect to marine vertebrates. For the first time in scientific literature the author gives the most coherent analysis of the nature, origin and evolution of biocomposites and biopolymers isolated from and observed in the broad variety of marine vertebrate organisms (fish, reptilian, birds and mammals) and within their unique hierarchically organized structural formations. There is a wealth of new and newly synthesized information, including dozens of previously unpublished images of unique marine creatures including extinct, extant and living taxa and their biocomposite-based structures from nano- to micro – and macroscale. This monograph reviews the most relevant advances in the marine biological materials research field, pointing out several approaches being introduced and explored by distinct modern laboratories.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Multiscale Simulations And Mechanics Of Biological Materials

Author : Shaofan Li
ISBN : 9781118402948
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65.77 MB
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Multiscale Simulations and Mechanics of Biological Materials A compilation of recent developments in multiscale simulation and computational biomaterials written by leading specialists in the field Presenting the latest developments in multiscale mechanics and multiscale simulations, and offering a unique viewpoint on multiscale modelling of biological materials, this book outlines the latest developments in computational biological materials from atomistic and molecular scale simulation on DNA, proteins, and nano-particles, to meoscale soft matter modelling of cells, and to macroscale soft tissue and blood vessel, and bone simulations. Traditionally, computational biomaterials researchers come from biological chemistry and biomedical engineering, so this is probably the first edited book to present work from these talented computational mechanics researchers. The book has been written to honor Professor Wing Liu of Northwestern University, USA, who has made pioneering contributions in multiscale simulation and computational biomaterial in specific simulation of drag delivery at atomistic and molecular scale and computational cardiovascular fluid mechanics via immersed finite element method. Key features: Offers a unique interdisciplinary approach to multiscale biomaterial modelling aimed at both accessible introductory and advanced levels Presents a breadth of computational approaches for modelling biological materials across multiple length scales (molecular to whole-tissue scale), including solid and fluid based approaches A companion website for supplementary materials plus links to contributors’ websites (www.wiley.com/go/li/multiscale)
Category: Technology & Engineering

Analysis And Design Of Biological Materials And Structures

Author : Andreas Öchsner
ISBN : 9783642221316
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33.67 MB
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This collection provides researchers and scientists with advanced analyses and materials design techniques in Biomaterials and presents mechanical studies of biological structures. In 16 contributions well known experts present their research on Stress and Strain Analysis, Material Properties, Fluid and Gas mechanics and they show related problems.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Water Properties Of Food Pharmaceutical And Biological Materials

Author : Maria del Pilar Buera
ISBN : 9781420001181
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88.5 MB
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Unique and informative, Water Properties of Food, Pharmaceutical, and Biological Materials is based on lectures and papers given by leading international researchers at the 9th International Symposium of the Properties of Water in Foods (ISOPOW 9) that took place in September 2004. Each chapter presents an authoritative account of the latest research on the physical and chemical properties of water in relation to the stability of food, pharmaceutical, and biological materials. The first part of the text focuses on presentations given by invited speakers, whereas the second part is dedicated to oral presentations and discussions. Topics include the role of water in structural and functional properties, preserving biomolecule functionality in restricted water environments, and micro- and nano- techniques used for assessing water-solid interactions in food and drug development. This book is an invaluable resource that synthesizes cutting-edge information with innovative viewpoints from internationally esteemed researchers who participated in ISOPOW 2004.
Category: Technology & Engineering