BIOCHAR IN EUROPEAN SOILS AND AGRICULTURE SCIENCE AND PRACTICE

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Biochar In European Soils And Agriculture

Author : Simon Shackley
ISBN : 9781134654871
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 60.56 MB
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This user-friendly book introduces biochar to potential users in the professional sphere. It de-mystifies the scientific, engineering and managerial issues surrounding biochar for the benefit of audiences including policy makers, landowners and farmers, land use, agricultural and environmental managers and consultants, industry and lobby groups and NGOs. The book reviews state-of-the-art knowledge in an approachable way for the non-scientist, covering all aspects of biochar production, soil science, agriculture, environmental impacts, economics, law and regulation and climate change policy. Chapters provide ‘hands-on’ practical information, including how to evaluate biochar and understand what it is doing when added to the soil, how to combine biochar with other soil amendments (such as manure and composts) to achieve desired outcomes, and how to ensure safe and effective use. The authors also present research findings from the first coordinated European biochar field trial and summarize European field trial data. Explanatory boxes, infographics and concise summaries of key concepts are included throughout to make the subject more understandable and approachable.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biokohle

Author : Peter Quicker
ISBN : 9783658036898
Genre : Science
File Size : 61.54 MB
Format : PDF
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Biomassekarbonisate (Biokohlen) besitzen signifikant unterschiedliche Eigenschaften, die von den Herstellungsverfahren, Prozessbedingungen und Ausgangssubstraten abhängen. Im Buch sind die technisch verfügbaren Verfahren zur Erzeugung von Biokohle beschrieben und die thermochemischen Prozesse erörtert. Anhand von zahlreichen farbigen Abbildungen sind die Prozesse, Eigenschaften und Einsatzmöglichkeiten veranschaulicht. Der Fokus des Buches liegt auf den großtechnischen Anwendungen als Energieträger, als Reduktions- oder Aufkohlungsmittel in metallurgischen Verfahren, in Recyclingprozessen oder in Kraft- und Zementwerken. Aber auch die Anwendung von Biomassekarbonisaten in der Landwirtschaft als Bodenhilfsstoff oder in der Tierhaltung ist aufgezeigt.
Category: Science

Making Charcoal And Biochar

Author : Rebecca Oaks
ISBN : 9781785004001
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 77.61 MB
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Making Charcoal and Biochar is written with the interested amateur in mind, with the certainty that anyone who has a go at making charcoal will soon get the bug. Before you know it, you will be upgrading to a shiny new retort and there will be no looking back! This book gives a wide range of possibilities for making charcoal on a small scale and for commercial production. There are chapters on the heritage skills of earth burns, the enduring popularity of metal kilns and the future represented by the charcoal retort. Biochar - or small particle charcoal - has been heralded as an ancient but rediscovered 'super substance' that can increase soil fertility and productivity whilst locking up carbon into the ground. This book looks at the ongoing discussion and weighs up the evidence. It concludes with a celebration of the myriad ways in which charcoal can be put to use. Covering the essentials for starting a business such as legislation and marketing, there are also chapters on why charcoal is in the ascendency from the ubiquitious barbecue to the most recent research into biochar and carbon sequestration. Fully illustrated with 195 colour photographs.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Soil Carbon Storage

Author : Brajesh Singh
ISBN : 9780128127674
Genre : Science
File Size : 60.35 MB
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Soil Carbon Storage: Modulators, Mechanisms and Modeling takes a novel approach to the issue of soil carbon storage by considering soil C sequestration as a function of the interaction between biotic (e.g. microbes and plants) and abiotic (climate, soil types, management practices) modulators as a key driver of soil C. These modulators are central to C balance through their processing of C from both plant inputs and native soil organic matter. This book considers this concept in the light of state-of-the-art methodologies that elucidate these interactions and increase our understanding of a vitally important, but poorly characterized component of the global C cycle. The book provides soil scientists with a comprehensive, mechanistic, quantitative and predictive understanding of soil carbon storage. It presents a new framework that can be included in predictive models and management practices for better prediction and enhanced C storage in soils. Identifies management practices to enhance storage of soil C under different agro-ecosystems, soil types and climatic conditions Provides novel conceptual frameworks of biotic (especially microbial) and abiotic data to improve prediction of simulation model at plot to global scale Advances the conceptual framework needed to support robust predictive models and sustainable land management practices
Category: Science

Adaptive Soil Management From Theory To Practices

Author : Amitava Rakshit
ISBN : 9789811036385
Genre : Nature
File Size : 45.30 MB
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The book focuses in detail on learning and adapting through partnerships between managers, scientists, and other stakeholders who learn together how to create and maintain sustainable resource systems. As natural areas shrink and fragment, our ability to sustain economic growth and safeguard biological diversity and ecological integrity is increasingly being put to the test. In attempting to meet this unprecedented challenge, adaptive management is becoming a viable alternative for broader application. Adaptive management is an iterative decision-making process which is both operationally and conceptually simple and which incorporates users to acknowledge and account for uncertainty, and sustain an operating environment that promotes its reduction through careful planning, evaluation, and learning until the desired results are achieved. This multifaceted approach requires clearly defined management objectives to guide decisions about what actions to take, and explicit assumptions about expected outcomes to compare against actual outcomes. In this edited book, we address the issue by pursuing a holistic and systematic approach that utilizes natural resources to reap sustainable environmental, economic and social benefits for adaptive management, helping to ensure that relationships between land, water and plants are managed in ways that mimic nature.
Category: Nature

Climate Change And Sustainable Development

Author : European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics. Congress
ISBN : 9789086867530
Genre : BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
File Size : 28.40 MB
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Climate change is a major framing condition for sustainable development of agriculture and food. Global food production is a major contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions and at the same time it is among the sectors worst affected by climate change.This book brings together a multidisciplinary group of authors exploring the ethical dimensions of climate change and food. Conceptual clarifications provide a necessary basis for putting sustainable development into practice. Adaptation and mitigation demand altering both agricultural and consumption practices. Intensive vs. extensive production is reassessed with regard to animal welfare, efficiency and environmental implications. Property rights pay an ever-increasing role, as do shifting land-use practices, agro-energy, biotechnology, food policy to green consumerism. And, last but not least, tools are suggested for teaching agricultural and food ethics.Notwithstanding the plurality of ethical analyses and their outcome, it becomes apparent that governance of agri-food is faced by new needs and new approaches of bringing in the value dimension much more explicitly. This book is intended to serve as a stimulating collection that will contribute to debate and reflection on the sustainable future of agriculture and food production in the face of global change.
Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 32

Author : Eric Lichtfouse
ISBN : 9783319989143
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69.36 MB
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This book summarise advanced knowledge and methods to recycle waste and fertilise soils in agriculture. In the near future, waste recycling will no longer be an option because natural resources become rare and costly, urbanisation is blooming and population is growing. In theory, most waste could be recycled. In practice, most waste is wasted. Remarkable aspects include the concepts of waste hierarchy eco-houses in smart cities, microbes and fungi for plant nutrition, and benefits of legume cultivation, biochar application and agropastoralism.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Understanding Vineyard Soils

Author : Robert E. White
ISBN : 9780190266530
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51.9 MB
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The first edition of Understanding Vineyard Soils has been praised for its comprehensive coverage of soil topics relevant to viticulture. However, the industry is dynamic--new developments are occurring, especially with respect to measuring soil variability, managing soil water, possible effects of climate change, rootstock breeding and selection, monitoring sustainability, and improving grape quality and the "typicity" of wines. All this is embodied in an increased focus on the terroir or "sense of place" of vineyard sites, with greater emphasis being placed on wine quality relative to quantity in an increasingly competitive world market. The promotion of organic and biodynamic practices has raised a general awareness of "soil health", which is often associated with a soil's biology, but which to be properly assessed must be focused on a soil's physical, chemical, and biological properties. This edition of White's influential book presents the latest updates on these and other developments in soil management in vineyards. With a minimum of scientific jargon, Understanding Vineyard Soils explains the interaction between soils on a variety of parent materials around the world and grapevine growth and wine typicity. The essential chemical and physical processes involving nutrients, water, oxygen and carbon dioxide, moderated by the activities of soil organisms, are discussed. Methods are proposed for alleviating adverse conditions such as soil acidity, sodicity, compaction, poor drainage, and salinity. The pros and cons of organic viticulture are debated, as are the possible effects of climate change. The author explains how sustainable wine production requires winegrowers to take care of the soil and minimize their impact on the environment. This book is a practical guide for winegrowers and the lay reader who is seeking general information about soils, but who may also wish to pursue in more depth the influence of different soil types on vine performance and wine character.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Atlas Zur Biologie Der Bodenarthropoden

Author : Gerhard Eisenbeis
ISBN : 9783642393921
Genre : Science
File Size : 54.21 MB
Format : PDF
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Dieser Atlas bietet einen exemplarischen Einblick in das bizarre Reich der bodenbewohnenden Arthropoden. In der vergleichenden Darstellung von brillanten rasterelektronenmikroskopischen Abbildungen mit außergewöhnlich lebensnahen Zeichnungen wird offenbar, dass hinter der Formenmannigfaltigkeit dieser Tiere physiologische Mechanismen für ökologische Anpassungen an das differenzierte Leben im Boden stehen. Die Bedeutung der Arthropoden als Konsumenten am Abbau des pflanzlichen Bestandsabfalls und am Stoffkreislauf im Boden wird besonders hervorgehoben. Dieses Buch entstand aus der Begeisterung für die Vielfalt der Bodenarthropoden und aus der Sorge um einen bedrohten Lebensraum, dem wir mehr Beachtung schenken sollten, als ihn nur «mit Füßen zu treten».
Category: Science

Energie Aus Biomasse

Author : Martin Kaltschmitt
ISBN : 9783662474389
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.58 MB
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Dieses Standardwerk beschreibt umfassend die biologischen, physikalischen, chemischen und technischen Grundlagen einer Energiegewinnung aus Biomasse. Dies beinhaltet eine Beschreibung der verfügbaren Biomasseressourcen, eine Systematisierung möglicher Bereitstellungsketten und -techniken zur Verfügbarmachung der Biomassen an der jeweiligen Konversionsanlage und eine Darstellung der thermo-chemischen, der physikalisch-chemischen sowie derbiochemischen Umwandlungsmöglichkeiten in Bioenergieträger (z. B. Holzkohle, Biodiesel, Biogas) bzw. Bioenergie (d. h. Wärme, Strom). · Die thermo-chemische Biomasseumwandlung umfasst die Verbrennung biogener Festbrennstoffe in Klein- und Großanlagen zur Strom- und Wärmeerzeugung und – jeweils in der Gasatmosphäre – die Biomassevergasung u. a. zur Kraftstoffsynthese (z. B. Fischer-Tropsch-Diesel) sowie die schnelle und langsame Pyrolyse (d. h. Bioöl- und Holzkohleerzeugung). Zusätzlich wird auf die thermo-chemische Umwandlung in hydrothermaler Atmosphäre (z. B. hydrothermale Karbonisierung) eingegangen. · Die physikalisch-chemische Umwandlung beinhaltet die Pflanzenölerzeugung und die entsprechenden Umwandlungsmöglichkeiten in einen normenkonformen Biokraftstoff. · Unter einer biochemischen Umwandlung wird eine Alkoholherstellung als Kraftstoffkomponente und eine Biogaserzeugung als Brenn- und Kraftstoff verstanden. Im Vergleich zur 2. Auflage wurde die 3. Auflage vollständig überarbeitet, z. T. neu strukturiert, stark erweitert und an den aktuellen Stand des Wissens und der Technik angepasst. Hinzu gekommen sind u. a. die Bereitstellung von Algenbiomasse, hydrothermale Biomasseumwandlungsverfahren, innovative Optionen zur Pflanzenölhydrierung, die Butanolerzeugung und die Synthesegasfermentation sowie Verfahren zur Erzeugung von flüssigen und gasförmigen Biokraftstoffen aus Biogas. Das Buch bietet einen umfassenden Überblick der naturwissenschaftlichen Grundlagen und des aktuellen Standes der Technik. Den Herausgebern ist es gelungen, unter Mitarbeit einer Vielzahl kompetenter Fachleute ein umfassendes Werk mit allen wesentlichen Möglichkeiten einer Energiegewinnung aus Biomasse "aus einem Guss" zu erarbeiten. Die Zielgruppen Das Buch wendet sich an Studierende, Anlagenbetreiber, Berater, Wissenschaftler sowie interessierte Laien.
Category: Science