BIOARCHAEOLOGY INTERPRETING BEHAVIOR FROM THE HUMAN SKELETON CAMBRIDGE STUDIES IN BIOLOGICAL AND EVOLUTIONARY ANTHROPOLOGY

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Bioarchaeology

Author : Clark Spencer Larsen
ISBN : 9781316239582
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54.40 MB
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Now including numerous full colour figures, this updated and revised edition of Larsen's classic text provides a comprehensive overview of the fundamentals of bioarchaeology. Reflecting the enormous advances made in the field over the past twenty years, the author examines how this discipline has matured and evolved in fundamental ways. Jargon free and richly illustrated, the text is accompanied by copious case studies and references to underscore the central role that human remains play in the interpretation of life events and conditions of past and modern cultures. From the origins and spread of infectious disease to the consequences of decisions made by humans with regard to the kinds of foods produced, and their nutritional, health and behavioral outcomes. With local, regional, and global perspectives, this up-to-date text provides a solid foundation for all those working in the field.
Category: Social Science

Social Bioarchaeology

Author : Sabrina C. Agarwal
ISBN : 144439052X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39.29 MB
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Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world
Category: Social Science

The Archaeology Of Human Bones

Author : Simon Mays
ISBN : 9781136971778
Genre : Science
File Size : 53.63 MB
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The Archaeology of Human Bones provides an up to date account of the scientific analysis of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites. This completely revised edition reflects the latest developments in scientific techniques for studying human skeletons and the latest applications of those techniques in archaeology. In particular, the sections on ancient DNA and bone stable isotopes have been comprehensively updated, and two completely new chapters have been introduced, covering metric study of the postcranial skeleton and ethical dimensions of the study of human remains. The Archaeology of Human Bones introduces students to the anatomy of bones and teeth, utilising a large number of images. It analyzes the biasing effects of decay and incomplete recovery on burial data from archaeological sites, and discusses what we may learn about burial rites from human remains. Subsequent chapters focus on demographic analysis of earlier populations, normal skeletal variation, disease and injury, isotopic and DNA analysis of bone, the study of cremated bone and ethical aspects of working with ancient human remains. Current scientific methods are explained, alongside a critical discussion of their strengths and weaknesses. The ways in which scientific analyses of human skeletal remains can contribute to tackling major archaeological or historical issues is illustrated by means of examples drawn from studies from around the world. Technical jargon is kept to a minimum, and each chapter contains a summary of the main points that a student should grasp and a list of further reading targeted to enable students to follow up major issues covered in the book. Featuring case studies from around the world and with copious illustrations, The Archaeology of Human Bones continues to be a crucial work for students of archaeology.
Category: Science

The Foragers Of Point Hope

Author : Charles E. Hilton
ISBN : 9781107022508
Genre : History
File Size : 36.80 MB
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Sixty years after their discovery, this is the first anthropological synthesis of the ancient Arctic foragers of Point Hope, Alaska.
Category: History

Injury And Trauma In Bioarchaeology

Author : Rebecca C. Redfern
ISBN : 9781316861868
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60.21 MB
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The remains of past people are a testament to their lived experiences and of the environment in which they lived. Synthesising the latest research, this book critically examines the sources of evidence used to understand and interpret violence in bioarchaeology, exploring the significant light such evidence can shed on past hierarchies, gender roles and life courses. The text draws on a diverse range of social and clinical science research to investigate violence and trauma in the archaeological record, focussing on human remains. It examines injury patterns in different groups as well as the biological, psychological and cultural factors that make us behave violently, how our living environment influences injury and violence, the models used to identify and interpret violence in the past, and how violence is used as a social tool. Drawing on a range of case studies, Redfern explores new research directions that will contribute to nuanced interpretations of past lives.
Category: Social Science

Bioarchaeology

Author : Debra L. Martin
ISBN : 9781461463788
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 90.26 MB
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Bioarchaeology is the analysis of human remains within an interpretative framework that includes contextual information. This comprehensive and much-needed manual provides both a starting point and a reference for archaeologists, bioarchaeologists and others working in this integrative field. The authors cover a range of bioarchaeological methods and theory including: Ethical issues involved in dealing with human remains Theoretical approaches in bioarchaeology Techniques in taphonomy and bone analysis Lab and forensic techniques for skeletal analysis Best practices for excavation techniques Special applications in bioarchaeology With case studies from bioarchaeological research, the authors integrate theoretical and methodological discussion with a wide range of field studies from different geographic areas, time periods, and data types, to demonstrate the full scope of this important field of study.
Category: Social Science

Human Paleobiology

Author : Robert B. Eckhardt
ISBN : 1139427083
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79.92 MB
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Human Paleobiology provides a unifying framework for the study of human populations, both past and present, to a range of changing environments. It integrates evidence from studies of human adaptability, comparative primatology, and molecular genetics to document consistent measures of genetic distance between subspecies, species and other taxonomic groupings. These findings support the interpretation of the biology of humans in terms of a smaller number of populations characterised by higher levels of genetic continuity than previously hypothesised. Using this as a basis, Robert Eckhardt then goes on to analyse problems in human paleobiology including phenotypic differentiation, patterns of species range expansion and phyletic succession in terms of the patterns and processes still observable in extant populations. This book will be a challenging and stimulating read for students and researchers interested in human paleobiology or evolutionary anthropology.
Category: Social Science

The Bioarchaeology Of Individuals

Author : Ann L. W. Stodder
ISBN : 0813060273
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 59.24 MB
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“Illustrates[s] how the study of individuals complements population-level analysis, and enhances understanding of what life was like for earlier populations. The essays offer glimpses into the lives of individuals who lived and died at different times, and represent a variety of geographic and cultural settings from around the world. Recommended.”—Choice “This very readable book presents detail on how the science employed in bioarchaeology allows information to be revealed about the lives and deaths of people of the past.”—Journal of Anthropological Research “Demonstrates a new framework for exploring the tension between social structure and individual agency; dynamic and static; process and event; science, interpretation, and representation.”—American Journal of Physical Anthropology “Offers 'osteobiographies' that are vividly illustrated with descriptions of associated finds, new scientific data and broader contextual information.”—Antiquity Focusing on various individuals who walked the earth between 3200 BC and the nineteenth century, the essays in this book examine the lives of nomads, warriors, artisans, farmers, and healers, whose remains were excavated from archaeological sites. This is a book about people—not just bones.
Category: Social Science

Life And Death In Asia Minor In Hellenistic Roman And Byzantine Times

Author : J. Rasmus Brandt
ISBN : 9781785703621
Genre : History
File Size : 84.21 MB
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Life and Death in Asia Minor combines contributions in both archaeology and bioarchaeology in Asia Minor in the period ca. 200 BC – AD 1300 for the first time. The archaeology topics are wide-ranging including death and territory, death and landscape perception, death and urban transformations from pagan to Christian topography, changing tomb typologies, funerary costs, family organization, funerary rights, rituals and practices among pagans, Jews, and Christians, inhumation and Early Byzantine cremations and use and reuse of tombs. The bioarchaeology chapters use DNA, isotope and osteological analyses to discuss, both among children and adults, questions such as demography and death rates, pathology and nutrition, body actions, genetics, osteobiography, and mobility patterns and diet. The areas covered in Asia Minor include the sites of Hierapolis, Laodikeia, Aphrodisias, Tlos, Ephesos, Priene, Kyme, Pergamon, Amorion, Gordion, Boğazkale, and Arslantepe. The theoretical and methodological approaches used make it highly relevant for people working in other geographical areas and time periods. Many of the articles could be used as case studies in teaching at schools and universities. An important objective of the publication has been to see how the different types of results emerging from archaeological and natural science studies respectively could be integrated with each other and pose new questions on ancient societies, which were far more complex than historical and social studies of the past often manage to transmit.
Category: History

Between Biology And Culture

Author : Holger Schutkowski
ISBN : 9780521859363
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.37 MB
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This book examines how biocultural information can be explored using skeletal evidence gained from studies in a wide range of subdisciplines.
Category: Science