BIG QUESTIONS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION

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Big Questions In Ecology And Evolution

Author : Thomas N. Sherratt
ISBN : 9780199548606
Genre : Science
File Size : 85.97 MB
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This book provides an introduction to a range of fundamental questions that have taxed evolutionary biologists and ecologists for decades. Some of the phenomena discussed are, on first reflection, simply puzzling to understand from an evolutionary perspective, whilst others have direct implications for the future of the planet. All of the questions posed have at least a partial solution, all have seen exciting breakthroughs in recent years, yet many of the explanations continue to be hotly debated.
Category: Science

Evolutionary Ecology Of Parasites

Author : Robert Poulin
ISBN : 1400840805
Genre : Science
File Size : 90.74 MB
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Parasites have evolved independently in numerous animal lineages, and they now make up a considerable proportion of the biodiversity of life. Not only do they impact humans and other animals in fundamental ways, but in recent years they have become a powerful model system for the study of ecology and evolution, with practical applications in disease prevention. Here, in a thoroughly revised and updated edition of his influential earlier work, Robert Poulin provides an evolutionary ecologist's view of the biology of parasites. He sets forth a comprehensive synthesis of parasite evolutionary ecology, integrating information across scales from the features of individual parasites to the dynamics of parasite populations and the structuring of parasite communities. Evolutionary Ecology of Parasites presents an evolutionary framework for the study of parasite biology, combining theory with empirical examples for a broader understanding of why parasites are as they are and do what they do. An up-to-date synthesis of the field, the book is an ideal teaching tool for advanced courses on the subject. Pointing toward promising directions and setting a research agenda, it will also be an invaluable reference for researchers who seek to extend our knowledge of parasite ecology and evolution.
Category: Science

The Big Questions Evolution

Author : Francisco Ayala
ISBN : 9781780873435
Genre : Science
File Size : 58.80 MB
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In The Big Questions: Evolution, one of the world's leading experts, Francisco Ayala, examines key facets of genetics, evolution and cloning. He uses the most up-to-date research to answer the 20 key questions of evolution, and investigate what they tell us about life on Earth. What is evolution? What is natural selection? Is evolution a random process? What are chromosomes, genes and DNA? What is molecular evolution? What is the tree of life? What does the fossil record tell us? Is intelligence inherited? Can I clone myself? Is language a uniquely human attribute? Was Darwin right? What is 'survival of the fittest'? What is a species? How do genes build bodies? How did life begin? Am I really a monkey? What is the missing link? Will humans continue to evolve? Where does morality come from? Is Creationism true?
Category: Science

Evolution And The Big Questions

Author : David N. Stamos
ISBN : 9781444359008
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 25.93 MB
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This provocative text considers whether evolutionary explanations can be used to clarify some of life’s biggest questions. Examines topics of race, sex, gender, the nature of language, religion, ethics, knowledge, consciousness and ultimately, the meaning of life Each chapter presents a main topic, together with discussion of related ideas and arguments from various perspectives Addresses questions such as: Did evolution make men and women fundamentally different? Is the concept of race merely a social construction? Is morality, including universal human rights, a mass delusion? Can religion and evolution really be harmonized? Does evolution render life meaningless? Written in a clear and informative style, with helpful references for further reading and research
Category: Philosophy

Frontiers In Ecology Evolution And Complexity

Author : Mariana Benítez
ISBN : 9781938128059
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.79 MB
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Advances in molecular biology, remote sensing, systems biology, bioinformatics, non-linear science, the physics of complex systems and other fields have rendered a great amount of data that remain to be integrated into models and theories that are capable of accounting for the complexity of ecological systems and the evolutionary dynamics of life. It is thus necessary to provide a solid basis to discuss and reflect on these and other challenges both at the local and global scales. This volume aims to delineate an integrative and interdisciplinary view that suggests new avenues in research and teaching, critically discusses the scope of the diverse methods in the study of complex systems, and points at key open questions. Finally, this book will provide students and specialists with a collection of high quality open access essays that will contribute to integrate Ecology, Evolution and Complexity in the context of basic research and in the field of Sustainability Sciences.
Category: Science

Am I A Monkey

Author : Francisco J. Ayala
ISBN : 9780801899386
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.71 MB
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Brief, incisive, topical, authoritative, Am I a Monkey? will take you a day to read and a lifetime to ponder.
Category: Science

Molecular Approaches To Ecology And Evolution

Author : R. deSalle
ISBN : 3764357258
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81.1 MB
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The last ten years have seen an explosion of activity in the application of molecular biological techniques to evolutionary and ecological studies. This volume attempts to summarize advances in the field and place into context the wide variety of methods available to ecologists and evolutionary biologists using molecular techniques. Both the molecular techniques and the variety of methods available for the analysis of such data are presented in the text. The book has three major sections - populations, species and higher taxa. Each of these sections contains chapters by leading scientists working at these levels, where clear and concise discussion of technology and implication of results are presented. The volume is intended for advanced students of ecology and evolution and would be a suitable textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate student seminar courses.
Category: Medical

Thermophiles Biodiversity Ecology And Evolution

Author : Anna-Louise Reysenbach
ISBN : 030646165X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73.62 MB
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This book is the study of microorganisms from extreme environments, and it provides a much-needed synthesis of the recent advances in the biology, biotechnology, and management of thermophilic organisms, with specific examples drawn largely from thermal springs in Yellowstone National Park. The work addresses the issues of intellectual property rights with regard to the search for novel microorganisms as sources for pharmaceuticals, and the molecular tools currently used to address microbial diversity, containing how-to sections for all professionals in ecology and conservation.
Category: Medical

Evolution In Action

Author : Matthias Glaubrecht
ISBN : 3642124259
Genre : Science
File Size : 64.87 MB
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Radiations, or Evolution in Action We have just celebrated the “Darwin Year” with the double anniversary of his 200th birthday and 150th year of his masterpiece, “On the Origin of Species by means of Natural Selection”. In this work, Darwin established the factual evidence of biological evolution, that species change over time, and that new organisms arise by the splitting of ancestral forms into two or more descendant species. However, above all, Darwin provided the mechanisms by arguing convincingly that it is by natural selection – as well as by sexual selection (as he later added) – that organisms adapt to their environment. The many discoveries since then have essentially con?rmed and strengthened Darwin’s central theses, with latest evidence, for example, from molecular genetics, revealing the evolutionary relationships of all life forms through one shared history of descent from a common ancestor. We have also come a long way to progressively understand more on how new species actually originate, i. e. on speciation which remained Darwin’s “mystery of m- teries”, as noted in one of his earliest transmutation notebooks. Since speciation is the underlying mechanism for radiations, it is the ultimate causation for the biological diversity of life that surrounds us.
Category: Science

Quantitative Genetics In The Wild

Author : Anne Charmantier
ISBN : 9780191655968
Genre : Science
File Size : 24.77 MB
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Although the field of quantitative genetics - the study of the genetic basis of variation in quantitative characteristics such as body size, or reproductive success - is almost 100 years old, its application to the study of evolutionary processes in wild populations has expanded greatly over the last few decades. During this time, the use of 'wild quantitative genetics' has provided insights into a range of important questions in evolutionary ecology, ranging from studies conducting research in well-established fields such as life-history theory, behavioural ecology and sexual selection, to others addressing relatively new issues such as populations' responses to climate change or the process of senescence in natural environments. Across these fields, there is increasing appreciation of the need to quantify the genetic - rather than just the phenotypic - basis and diversity of key traits, the genetic basis of the associations between traits, and the interaction between these genetic effects and the environment. This research activity has been fuelled by methodological advances in both molecular genetics and statistics, as well as by exciting results emerging from laboratory studies of evolutionary quantitative genetics, and the increasing availability of suitable long-term datasets collected in natural populations, especially in animals. Quantitative Genetics in the Wild is the first book to synthesize the current level of knowledge in this exciting and rapidly-expanding area. This comprehensive volume also offers exciting perspectives for future studies in emerging areas, including the application of quantitative genetics to plants or arthropods, unraveling the molecular basis of variation in quantitative traits, or estimating non-additive genetic variance. Since this book deals with many fundamental questions in evolutionary ecology, it should be of interest to graduate, post-graduate students, and academics from a wide array of fields such as animal behaviour, ecology, evolution, and genetics.
Category: Science