BEYOND THE WELFARE STATE POSTWAR SOCIAL SETTLEMENT AND PUBLIC PENSION POLICY IN CANADA AND AUSTRALIA STUDIES IN COMPARATIVE POLITICAL ECONOMY AND PUBLIC POLICY

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Beyond The Welfare State

Author : Sirvan Karimi
ISBN : 9781487510961
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45.46 MB
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Neoliberal calls for welfare state reforms, especially cuts to public pensions, are a contentious issue for employees, employers, and national governments across the western world. But what are the underlying factors that have shaped the response to these pressures in Canada and Australia? In Beyond the Welfare State, Sirvan Karimi utilizes a synthesis of Marxian class analysis and the power resources model to provide an analytical foundation for the divergent pattern of public pension systems in Canada and Australia. Karimi reveals that the postwar social contract in Australia was market-based and more conducive to the privatization of retirement income. In Canada, the social contract emphasized income redistribution that resulted in strengthening the link between the state and the citizen. By shedding light on the impact of national settings on public pension systems, Beyond the Welfare State introduces new conceptual tools to aid our understanding of the welfare state at a time when it is increasingly under threat.
Category: Political Science

Social Foundations Of Postindustrial Economies

Author : Gøsta Esping-Andersen
ISBN : 9780198742012
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 43.44 MB
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This text takes a sociological and institutional look at the driving forces of economic transformation. As a result, what stands out is postindustrial diversity, not convergence.
Category: Business & Economics

Welfare And Inequality In Marketizing East Asia

Author : Jonathan D. London
ISBN : 9781137541062
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52.61 MB
Format : PDF
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The world-scale expansion of markets and market relations ranks among the most transformative developments of our times. We can refer to this process by way of a generic if inelegant term – marketization. This book explores how processes of marketization have registered across East Asia’s diverse social landscape and its implications for patterns of welfare and inequality. While there has been great interest in East Asia’s economic rise, treatments of welfare and inequality in the region have been largely relegated to specialist literatures. Proceeding from a synthetic critique of political economy, this book places welfare and inequality at the center of a more encompassing comparative approach to political economy that construes countries as dynamic, globally embedded social orders defined and animated by distinctive social relational and institutional features.
Category: Political Science

Varieties Of Capitalism

Author : Peter A. Hall
ISBN : 9780199247745
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 20.90 MB
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What are the most fundamental differences among the political economies of the developed world? How do national institutional differences condition economic performance, public policy, and social well-being? Will they survive the pressures for convergence generated by globalization and technological change? These have long been central questions in comparative political economy. This book provides a new and coherent set of answers to them. Building on the new economics of organization, the authors develop an important new theory about which differences among national political economies are most significant for economic policy and performance. Drawing on a distinction between 'liberal' and 'coordinated' market economies, they argue that there is more than one path to economic success. Nations need not converge to a single Anglo-American model. They develop a new theory of 'comparative institutionaladvantage' that transforms our understanding of international trade, offersnew explanations for the response of firms and nations to the challenges of globalization, and provides a new theory of national interest to explain the conduct of nations in international relations. The analysis brings the firm back into the centre of comparative political economy. It provides new perspectives on economic and social policy-making that illuminate the role of business in the development of the welfare state and the dilemmas facing those who make economic policy in the contemporary world. Emphasizing the 'institutional complementarities' that link labour relations, corporate finance, and national legal systems, the authors bring interdisciplinary perspectives to bear on issues of strategic management, economic performance, and institutional change. This pathbreaking work sets new agendas in the study of comparative political economy. As such, it will be of value to academics and graduate students in economics, business, and political science, as well as tomany others with interests in international relations, social policy-making, and the law.
Category: Business & Economics

Welfare And Capitalism In Postwar Japan

Author : Margarita Estevez-Abe
ISBN : 0521856930
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38.18 MB
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This book explains how postwar Japan managed to achieve a highly egalitarian form of capitalism despite meager social spending. Estevez-Abe develops an institutional, rational-choice model to solve this puzzle. She shows how Japan's electoral system generated incentives that led political actors to protect, if only for their own self-interested reasons, various groups that lost out in market competition. She explains how Japan's postwar welfare state relied upon various alternatives to orthodox social spending programs. The initial postwar success of Japan's political economy has given way to periods of crisis and reform. This book follows this story up to the present day. Estevez-Abe shows how the current electoral system renders obsolete the old form of social protection. She argues that institutionally Japan now resembles Britain and predicts that Japan's welfare system will also come to resemble Britain's. Japan thus faces a more market-oriented society and less equality.
Category: Political Science

Comparing Welfare Capitalism

Author : Bernhard Ebbinghaus
ISBN : 9781134521531
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 51.6 MB
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This book challenges the popular thesis of a downward trend in the viability of welfare states in competitive market economies. With approaches ranging from historical case studies to cross-national analyses, the contributors explore various aspects of the relationships between welfare states, industrial relations, financial government and production systems. Building upon and combining comparative studies of both the varieties of capitalism and the worlds of welfare state regimes, the book considers issues such as: *the role of employers and unions in social policy *the interdependencies between financial markets and pension systems * the current welfare reform process. It sheds new light on the tenuous relationship between social policies and market economies and provides thought-provoking reading for students and scholars of Comparative Politics, Public Policy, the Welfare State and Political Economy.
Category: Political Science

Federalism And The Welfare State

Author : Herbert Obinger
ISBN : 0521611849
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 21.52 MB
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This volume, first published in 2005, focuses on more than a century of interaction between political institutions and social policy outcomes.
Category: Political Science

The East Asian Welfare Model

Author : Roger Goodman
ISBN : 9781134692897
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21.87 MB
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For many politicians and observers in the West, East Asia has provided a broad range of positive images of the state's intervention in society. Neoliberals grew excited by popular welfare systems that cost little in expenditure and bureaucracy. Social-democrats thought they had found a model for social cohesion and equality. In fact the reality in East Asia is rather different from these stereotypes. In this book six specialists of six different societies in East Asia (Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, China, Singapore and Hong Kong) examine the role of the state in their welfare systems. There are detailed case studies on pensions, health insurance, housing and personal social services. They provide an up-to-date detailed account of how these systems have developed as well as an examination of the question of whether these welfare regimes are the natural outgrowth of cultural traditions or the result of economic and political conditions. This broad-ranging and detailed study will be welcomed by both students and policy makers as the first proper academic study in English to have such a wide coverage of this topic. Its clarity and authority should come as a welcome alternative to the more common misconceptions about Asian society.
Category: Social Science

The New Politics Of The Welfare State

Author : Paul Pierson
ISBN : 0198297564
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 89.31 MB
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'It is hard to exaggerate the theoretical contributions that The New Politics of the Welfare State makes. Numerous insights for future research agendas can be discerned in the volume... an inspiring comparative book.' -Japanese Journal of Political Science'There is no doubt that The New Politics of the Welfare State, edited by Paul Pierson, is on the top of the reading list for students of comparative politics and welfare states. The authors clearly demonstrate the impacts of post-industrialization, aging populations, and globalization on welfare reforms under various political settings and different policy legacies. They also successfully define pressing research agendas for further investigations.' -Japanese Journal of Political Science'There is much in this collection to admire. The quality of the individual pieces is evident, and there are useful insights on issues like deindustrialisation, decommodification, and the adaptation of economic production to different institutional contexts... a worthwhile acquisition for a library.' -Social PolicyThe welfare states of the affluent democracies now stand at the centre of political discussion and social conflict. In these path-breaking essays, an international team of leading analysts demonstrate that the politics of social policy focus on the renegotiation, restructuring, and modernization of the post-war social contract rather than its dismantling.
Category: Political Science

Policy Analysis In Canada

Author : Laurent Dobuzinskis
ISBN : 9781442690776
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 75.39 MB
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The growth of what some academics refer to as 'the policy analysis movement' represents an effort to reform certain aspects of government behaviour. The policy analysis movement is the result of efforts made by actors inside and outside formal political decision-making processes to improve policy outcomes by applying systematic evaluative rationality to the development and implementation of policy options. This volume offers a comprehensive overview of the many ways in which the policy analysis movement has been conducted, and to what effect, in Canadian governments and, for the first time, in business associations, labour unions, universities, and other non-governmental organizations. Editors Laurent Dobuzinskis, Michael Howlett, and David Laycock have brought together a wide range of contributors to address questions such as: What do policy analysts do? What techniques and approaches do they use? What is their influence on policy-making in Canada? Is there a policy analysis deficit? What norms and values guide the work done by policy analysts working in different institutional settings? Contributors focus on the sociology of policy analysis, demonstrating how analysts working in different organizations tend to have different interests and to utilize different techniques. They compare and analyze the significance of these different styles and approaches, and speculate about their impact on the policy process.
Category: Political Science