BEYOND NATURE AND CULTURE

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Beyond Nature And Culture

Author : Philippe Descola
ISBN : 9780226145006
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.60 MB
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Philippe Descola has become one of the most important anthropologists working today, and Beyond Nature and Culture has been a major influence in European intellectual life since its French publication in 2005. Here, finally, it is brought to English-language readers. At its heart is a question central to both anthropology and philosophy: what is the relationship between nature and culture? Culture—as a collective human making, of art, language, and so forth—is often seen as essentially different from nature, which is portrayed as a collective of the nonhuman world, of plants, animals, geology, and natural forces. Descola shows this essential difference to be, however, not only a specifically Western notion, but also a very recent one. Drawing on ethnographic examples from around the world and theoretical understandings from cognitive science, structural analysis, and phenomenology, he formulates a sophisticated new framework, the “four ontologies”— animism, totemism, naturalism, and analogism—to account for all the ways we relate ourselves to nature. By thinking beyond nature and culture as a simple dichotomy, Descola offers nothing short of a fundamental reformulation by which anthropologists and philosophers can see the world afresh.
Category: Social Science

Beyond Nature And Culture

Author : Philippe Descola
ISBN : 022621236X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 47.45 MB
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Philippe Descola has become one of the most important anthropologists working today, and Beyond Nature and Culture has been a major influence in European intellectual life since its French publication in 2005. Here, finally, it is brought to English-language readers. At its heart is a question central to both anthropology and philosophy: what is the relationship between nature and culture? Culture—as a collective human making, of art, language, and so forth—is often seen as essentially different from nature, which is portrayed as a collective of the nonhuman world, of plants, animals, geology, and natural forces. Descola shows this essential difference to be, however, not only a specifically Western notion, but also a very recent one. Drawing on ethnographic examples from around the world and theoretical understandings from cognitive science, structural analysis, and phenomenology, he formulates a sophisticated new framework, the “four ontologies”— animism, totemism, naturalism, and analogism—to account for all the ways we relate ourselves to nature. By thinking beyond nature and culture as a simple dichotomy, Descola offers nothing short of a fundamental reformulation by which anthropologists and philosophers can see the world afresh.
Category: Social Science

Beyond Nature And Culture

Author : Philippe Descola
ISBN : 0226144453
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 55.11 MB
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Philippe Descola has become one of the most important anthropologists working today, and Beyond Nature and Culture has been a major influence in European intellectual life since its French publication in 2005. Here, finally, it is brought to English-language readers. At its heart is a question central to both anthropology and philosophy: what is the relationship between nature and culture? Culture—as a collective human making, of art, language, and so forth—is often seen as essentially different from nature, which is portrayed as a collective of the nonhuman world, of plants, animals, geology, and natural forces. Descola shows this essential difference to be, however, not only a specifically Western notion, but also a very recent one. Drawing on ethnographic examples from around the world and theoretical understandings from cognitive science, structural analysis, and phenomenology, he formulates a sophisticated new framework, the “four ontologies”— animism, totemism, naturalism, and analogism—to account for all the ways we relate ourselves to nature. By thinking beyond nature and culture as a simple dichotomy, Descola offers nothing short of a fundamental reformulation by which anthropologists and philosophers can see the world afresh.
Category: Social Science

Genetic Nature Culture

Author : Alan H. Goodman
ISBN : 0520237935
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.22 MB
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"Genetic Nature/Culture presents an engaging, intelligent, and, above all, necessary conversation within and beyond anthropology. These essays, diverse yet always mutually engaged, move past often-assumed intellectual boundaries in innovative and principled ways. They simultaneously shape, map, and challenge our understandings of the complex common ground on which genetics, culture, and history intersect—and, in so doing, help point toward a critical role for anthropology, now and in the future."—Don Brenneis, Professor of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Cruz "The editors have carefully and coherently organized the book to shed light on the complex interplay of biology, culture, ideology and myth—on the ‘tangled politics’ of nature and culture in the increasingly contentious age of genetics."—Dorothy Nelkin, author (with Suzanne Anker) of The Molecular Gaze: Art in the Genetic Age
Category: Science

Beyond Human Nature

Author : Jesse J. Prinz
ISBN : 9781846145728
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 64.50 MB
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In this provocative, revelatory tour de force, Jesse Prinz reveals how the cultures we live in - not biology - determine how we think and feel. He examines all aspects of our behaviour, looking at everything from our intellects and emotions, to love and sex, morality and even madness. This book seeks to go beyond traditional debates of nature and nurture. He is not interested in finding universal laws but, rather, in understanding, explaining and celebrating our differences. Why do people raised in Western countries tend to see the trees before the forest, while people from East Asia see the forest before the trees? Why, in South East Asia, is there a common form of mental illness, unheard of in the West, in which people go into a trancelike state after being startled? Compared to Northerners, why are people in the American South more than twice as likely to kill someone over an argument? And, above all, just how malleable are we? Prinz shows that the vast diversity of our behaviour is not engrained. He picks up where biological explanations leave off. He tells us the human story.
Category: Philosophy

Complexities

Author : Susan McKinnon
ISBN : 0226500241
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 43.72 MB
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Recent years have seen a growing impetus to explain social life almost exclusively in biological and mechanistic terms, and to dismiss cultural meaning and difference. Daily we read assertions that everything from disease to morality—not to mention the presumed characteristics of race, gender, and sexuality—can be explained by reference primarily to genetics and our evolutionary past. Complexities mobilizes experts from several fields of anthropology—cultural , archaeological, linguistic, and biological—to offer a compelling challenge to the resurgence of reductive theories of human biological and social life. This book presents evidence to contest such theories and to provide a multifaceted account of the complexity and variability of the human condition. Charting a course that moves beyond any simple opposition between nature and nurture, Complexities argues that a nonreductive perspective has important implications for how we understand and develop human potential.
Category: Psychology

Race Nature And Culture

Author : Peter Wade
ISBN : UOM:39015055589751
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56.95 MB
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Taking the study of race beyond Western notions of the individual, Wade argues for an anthropological understanding of the connections between race, sex and gender.
Category: Social Science

Nature And Culture In Western Discourses

Author : Stephen Horigan
ISBN : 9781136090288
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 34.80 MB
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How unique is man? How much are we bound by a common nature? To what extent is culture an expression of instinct? Such questions have haunted the development of social theory. In this fascinating book, Stephen Horigan argues that our thinking on these matters has been bedevilled by the enlightenment distinction between nature and culture. He criticizes this on the grounds that terms such as 'nature', 'culture', 'human', and 'animal' are ambiguous. He uses the themes of wildness and primitivism and cases of 'feral' children to illustrate his argument.
Category: Social Science

Ice

Author : Klaus Dodds
ISBN : 9781780239477
Genre : Nature
File Size : 52.21 MB
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In Ice, Klaus Dodds provides a wide-ranging exploration of the cultural, natural, and geopolitical history of this most slippery of subjects. Beyond Earth, ice has been found on other planets, moons, and meteors—and scientists even think that ice-rich asteroids played a pivotal role in bringing water to our blue home. But our outlook need not be cosmic to see ice’s importance. Here today and gone tomorrow in many parts of the temperate world, ice is a perennial feature of polar and mountainous regions, where it has long shaped human culture. But as climates change, ice caps and glaciers melt, and waters rise, more than ever this frozen force touches at the core of who we are. As Dodds reveals, ice has played a prominent role in shaping both the earth’s living communities and its geology. Throughout history, humans have had fun with it, battled over it, struggled with it, and made money from it—and every time we open our refrigerator doors, we’re reminded how ice has transformed our relationship with food. Our connection to ice has been captured in art, literature, movies, and television, as well as made manifest in sport and leisure. In our landscapes and seascapes, too, we find myriad reminders of ice’s chilly power, clues as to how our lakes, mountains, and coastlines have been indelibly shaped by the advance and retreat of ice and snow. Beautifully illustrated throughout, Ice is an informative, thought-provoking guide to a substance both cold and compelling.
Category: Nature

Nature And Culture

Author : Sarah Pilgrim
ISBN : 9781849776455
Genre : Nature
File Size : 44.89 MB
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There is a growing recognition that the diversity of life comprises both biological and cultural diversity. But this division is not universal and, in many cases, has been deepened by the common disciplinary divide between the natural and social sciences and our apparent need to manage and control nature. This book goes beyond divisive definitions and investigates the bridges linking biological and cultural diversity. The international team of authors explore the common drivers of loss, and argue that policy responses should target both forms of diversity in a novel integrative approach to conservation, thus reducing the gap between science, policy and practice. While conserving nature alongside human cultures presents unique challenges, this book forcefully shows that any hope for saving biological diversity is predicated on a concomitant effort to appreciate and protect cultural diversity.
Category: Nature