Ancient Jewish Sciences And The History Of Knowledge In Second Temple Literature

Author : Seth L. Sanders
ISBN : 9781479863983
Genre : History
File Size : 85.14 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 228
Read : 1275

Until very recently, the idea of ancient Jewish sciences would have been considered unacceptable. Since the 1990’s, Early Modern and Medieval Science in Jewish sources has been actively studied, but the consensus was that no real scientific themes could be found in earlier Judaism. This work points them out in detail, and posits a new field of research: the scientific activity evident in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Early Jewish Pseudepigrapha. The publication of new texts and new analyses of older ones reveals crucial elements that are best illuminated by the history of science, and may have interesting consequences for it. The contributors evaluate these texts in relation to astronomy, astrology and physiognomy, marking the first comprehensive attempt to account for scientific themes in Second Temple Judaism. They investigate the meaning and purpose of scientific explorations in an apocalyptic setting. An appreciation of these topics paves the way to a renewed understanding of the scientific fragments scattered throughout rabbinic literature. The book first places the Jewish material in the ancient context of the Near Eastern and Hellenistic worlds. While the Jewish texts were not on the cutting edge of scientific discovery, they find a meaningful place in the history of science, between Babylonia and Egypt, in the time period between Hipparchus and Ptolemy. The book uses recent advances in method to examine the contacts and networks of Jewish scholars in their ancient setting. Second, the essays here tackle the problematic concept of a national scientific tradition. Although science is nowadays often conceived as universal, the historiography of ancient Jewish sciences demonstrates the importance of seeing the development of science in a local context. The book explores the tension between the hegemony of central scientific traditions and local scientific enterprises, showing the relevance of ancient data to contemporary postcolonial historiography of science. Finally, philosophical questions of the demarcation of science are addressed in a way that can advance the discussion of related ancient materials. Online edition available as part of the NYU Library's Ancient World Digital Library and in partnership with the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (ISAW).
Category: History

Greek Religion And Culture The Bible And The Ancient Near East

Author : Jan N. Bremmer
ISBN : 9789004164734
Genre : Religion
File Size : 58.96 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 673
Read : 654

This book greatly enhances our knowledge of the interrelationship of Greek religion & culture and the Ancient Near East by offering important analyses of Greek myths, divinities and terms like a ~magica (TM) and 'paradise', but also of the Greek contribution to the Christian notion of atonement.
Category: Religion

Author : Сьюзен Бауэр
ISBN : 9785457665866
Genre : Education
File Size : 71.65 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 581
Read : 1050

История Древнего мира – от самых ранних, научно документированных событий и до падения Римской империи.В этой книге Сьюзен Бауэр выдвигает и доказывает интереснейшую теорию взаимодействия и взаимопроникновения культур самых разных западных и восточных цивилизаций.Не просто сухие факты, но подробный и яркий рассказ о внешней и внутренней политике государств древности, об их литературе, религии и мифологии, повседневной жизни и системе управления.Результатом становится потрясающая мозаика событий, свидетельств и документов, в которой в равной степени важен каждый элемент.
Category: Education

Oratio Ad Graecos

Author : Tatianos
ISBN : 3161509390
Genre : Religion
File Size : 82.45 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 204
Read : 185

English summary: Tatian's Oratio ad Graecos, written in the second century AD, is of historico-cultural and theological significance. It facilitates the understanding of a Christianity which was increasingly taking hold of the higher social classes and which was no longer willing to accept the sovereignty of a pagan culture in the Greco-Roman world. It is thus early evidence of a growing mood in emerging Christianity that indicated the will to enter into the battle between the cultures. In this new critical edition, Jorg Trelenberg provides a reliable source text and a new translation which takes the current state of research into consideration. Numerous explanations contribute to easy understanding; the introduction to the work combines all the scholarly discussions of the last one and a half centuries. At the end of the book the author deals with particular problems, such as the relationship between Tatian and Justin, the question of Tatian's gnostic heresy or the problem of the literary genre of this unusual work. German description: Tatians O ratio ad Graecos ist eine kulturhistorisch und theologisch hochst wertvolle Schrift des zweiten nachchristlichen Jahrhunderts. Sie erleichtert das Verstandnis eines Christentums, das zunehmend auch die hoheren sozialen Schichten ergreift und mit wachsendem Selbstbewusstsein nicht mehr bereit ist, die pagane Kulturhoheit in der griechisch-romischen Welt zu akzeptieren. Der Autor versteht sich als die Stimme einer ausserlich unterdruckten, aber innerlich stolzen religiosen Minderheit, die sich von deklassierenden Vorurteilen mehr und mehr emanzipieren und gesellschaftliche Erniedrigung nicht langer ertragen will. Die Oratio ad Graecos ist ein beredtes Zeugnis fur eine im aufstrebenden Christentum sich verstarkende Stimmung und Neigung, allmahlich den aKampf der Kulturen zu probieren und mit allen Konsequenzen aufzunehmen.In seiner kritischen Neu-Edition lasst Jorg Trelenberg die handschriftliche Uberlieferung des, den eine hochspekulative Textemendation in der Vergangenheit stark verfremdet hatte, wieder starker zur Geltung kommen. Seine neue deutsche Ubersetzung ersetzt die verdienstvolle, aber nach nunmehr 100 Jahren veraltete Version in der BKV durch eine moderne, den fortgeschrittenen Forschungsstand berucksichtigende Fassung. Zahlreiche Sacherklarungen bieten dem modernen Leser Hilfen fur das Verstandnis, die ausfuhrliche Werkeinleitung bundelt die gelehrte Diskussion der letzten anderthalb Jahrhunderte. Einen Abschluss bildet die Erorterung von Spezialproblemen, beispielsweise das Verhaltnis Tatians zu Justin, die Frage nach Tatians gnostischer Haresie oder auch das Problem der Gattung dieses ungewohnlichen und in seiner Art einmaligen Werkes.
Category: Religion

Der Kleine Pauly

Author : Konrat Ziegler
ISBN : UCAL:B5158814
Genre : Classical dictionaries
File Size : 27.81 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 584
Read : 567

Category: Classical dictionaries

Weisheit Und Wissenschaft

Author : Walter Burkert
ISBN : STANFORD:36105033466629
Genre : Astronomie grecque
File Size : 66.80 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 397
Read : 442

Category: Astronomie grecque

Die Welt Der G Tterbilder

Author : Brigitte Groneberg
ISBN : 3110194635
Genre : Religion
File Size : 78.65 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 869
Read : 743

Divine images create their own world of theological reflection and religious practice. Pictorial representations have to reduce complexity, yet at the same time they create their own complexity. The present volume examines this phenomenon with papers on fundamental issues and presentations of material from the Ancient Orient, Greece and the Hellenic world. Papers on the contact between Christianity and Islam in the matter of the veneration of images make clear what compensation strategies are developed when pictorial representations are subject to theological censure. The volume contains eighteen contributions from internationally renowned researchers writing in German and English.
Category: Religion