Berkshire Encyclopedia Of Human Computer Interaction

Author : William Sims Bainbridge
ISBN : 9780974309125
Genre : Computers
File Size : 53.52 MB
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Presents a collection of articles on human-computer interaction, covering such topics as applications, methods, hardware, and computers and society.
Category: Computers

Integrating The Sciences And Society

Author : Harriet Hartman
ISBN : 9781848552999
Genre : Science
File Size : 80.68 MB
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Many people think of 'social problems' as involving poor and powerless individuals in society. This work seeks to improve the balance by adding a focus on important and powerful institutions. It discusses policy sciences, public policy analysis and public management. It addresses operations and design issues for government organizations.
Category: Science

Leadership In Science And Technology A Reference Handbook

Author : William Sims Bainbridge
ISBN : 9781452266527
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.26 MB
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This 2-volume set within the SAGE Reference Series on Leadership tackles issues relevant to leadership in the realm of science and technology. To encompass the key topics in this arena, this handbook features 100 topics arranged under eight headings. Volume 1 concentrates on general principles of science and technology leadership and includes sections on social-scientific perspectives on S&T leadership; key scientific concepts about leading and innovating in S&T; characteristics of S&T leaders and their environments; and strategies, tactics, and tools of S&T leadership. Volume 2 provides case studies of leadership in S&T, with sections considering leadership in informal communities of scientists and engineers; leadership in government projects and research initiatives; leadership in industry research, development, and innovation; and finally, leadership in education and university-based research. By focusing on key topics within 100 brief chapters, this unprecedented reference resource offers students more detailed information and depth of discussion than typically found in an encyclopedia entry but not as much jargon, detail or density as in a journal article or a research handbook chapter. Entries are written in language and style that is broadly accessible, and each is followed by cross-references and a brief bibliography and further readings. A detailed index and an online version of the work enhances accessibility for today's student audience.
Category: Science

The Cinema Of Me

Author : Alisa Lebow
ISBN : 9780231850162
Genre : Performing Arts
File Size : 81.50 MB
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When a filmmaker makes a film with herself as a subject, she is already divided as both the subject matter of the film and the subject making the film. The two senses of the word are immediately in play – the matter and the maker – thus the two ways of being subjectified as both subject and object. Subjectivity finds its filmic expression, not surprisingly, in very personal ways, yet it is nonetheless shaped by and in relation to collective expressions of identity that can transform the cinema of ‘me’ into the cinema of ‘we’. Leading scholars and practitioners of first-person film are brought together in this groundbreaking collection to consider the theoretical, ideological, and aesthetic challenges wrought by this form of filmmaking in its diverse cultural, geographical, and political contexts.
Category: Performing Arts

The Social Net

Author : Yair Amichai-Hamburger
ISBN : 9780191648236
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 74.69 MB
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In the past two decades, the Internet has come to dominate every aspect of everyday life. This has been a huge change for many of us, and, for the younger generation - born into this situation - there has been no other way of living. How does this new way of life affect our health and happiness, our well-being? How does it affect our relationships, our friendships? Has the definition of friendship changed now that we have hundreds of friends on Facebook? Why is it that some people find it so hard to talk to people in their daily lives but find it so easy on the Internet? People spend so much time on the Internet - so what do we actually do on there? Why are some people so aggressive and others exceptionally helpful? Are these behaviors that we see from the same people offline? How do we take decisions online and which groups would we rather belong to online where nobody knows us, rather than revealing our true identity to the outside world? The new edition of 'The Social Net' provides a comprehensive understanding of the social aspects of the Internet. It contains chapters on topics such as identity manipulation, online romantic relationships, online decision making, the internet and aggression, and online prejudice and discrimination. The book provides the reader with an understanding of both the negative and positive influences of the net and is an exceptionally useful guide for for how to use the net to improve wellbeing. Today, when there is so much negative publicity surrounding the Internet - despite our reliance on it - this book provides a much needed balanced understanding of the Net and its influence.
Category: Psychology

God From The Machine

Author : William Sims Bainbridge
ISBN : 9780759114357
Genre : Computers
File Size : 21.58 MB
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'God from the machine' (deus ex machina) refers to an ancient dramatic device where a god was mechanically brought onto the stage to save the hero from a difficult situation. But here, William Sims Bainbridge uses the term in a strikingly different way. Instead of looking to a machine to deliver an already known god, he asks what a computing machine and its simulations might teach us about how religion and religious beliefs come to being. Bainbridge posits the virtual town of Cyburg, population 44,100. Then, using rules for individual and social behavior taken from the social sciences, he models a complex community where residents form groups, learn to trust or distrust each other, and develop religious faith. Bainbridge's straightforward arguments point to many more applications of computer simulation in the study of religion. God from the Machine will serve as an important text in any class with a social scientific approach to religion.
Category: Computers

Externe Sprachgeschichte Das Drei Phasen Modell Nach Anthony Lodge

Author : Lisa Pfurtscheller
ISBN : 3656548919
Genre :
File Size : 75.4 MB
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2012 im Fachbereich Romanistik - Franzosisch - Linguistik, Note: 1,0, Universitat Wien (Romanistik), Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Im Zentrum der vorliegenden Arbeit sollen unter Berucksichtigung externer Faktoren die sprachgeschichtlichen Entwicklungen des urbanen franzosischen Dialekts von Paris stehen. Im Genaueren wollen wir uns dem Zeitraum vom 12. bis 20. Jahrhundert widmen, den Lodge in drei historische Phasen gliedert, die er als pre-industrielle, proto-industrielle und industrielle Phasen der Stadt bezeichnet (Lodge 2004), sowie parallel dazu als drei sprachgeschichtliche Phasen der Koinesation, Reallocation und dialektaler Nivellierung (Lodge 1998). Diese drei sprachgeschichtlichen Phasen bilden das im Titel angekundigte Drei-Phasen-Modell, welches anhand von Entwicklungen grosser Industriestadte des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts aufgestellt wurde, und nach Lodge auf besagten ganzen Zeitraum auf Paris angewendet werden kann. Es wird sich herausstellen, dass ganz allgemein die interne Sprachgeschichte sehr viel haufiger untersucht wird als die externe, und dass daruber hinaus eher diaphasische Untersuchungen in Bezug auf das in Paris gesprochene Franzosisch angestellt werden. Lodge hingegen widmet sich ganz der externen Sprachgeschichte auf diastratischer und diatopischer Ebene, wodurch seine Untersuchungen eine willkommene und wichtige Abwechslung darstellen. In unserer Arbeit mussen wir uns auf Grund der quantitativen Beschrankung mit einem blossen Uberblick der Ergebnisse von Lodges Analyse zufrieden geben, doch wollen wir diesen Abriss so pragnant wie moglich gestalten. Zu diesem Zweck werden wir unsere Abhandlung in vier Kapitel unterteilen, welche sich in der Reihenfolge an den Titel der Arbeit halten: Externe Sprachgeschichte: Das Drei-Phasen-Modell nach Lodge"

Societal Implications Of Nanoscience And Nanotechnology

Author : William S. Bainbridge
ISBN : 079237178X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64.51 MB
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A revolution is occurring in science and technology, based on the recently developed ability to measure, manipulate and organize matter on the nanoscale - 1 to 100 billionths of a meter. At the nanoscale, physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering converge toward the same principles and tools. As a result, progress in nanoscience will have very far-reaching impact. The nanoscale is not just another step toward miniaturization, but a qualitatively new scale. The new behavior is dominated by quantum mechanics, material confinement in small structures, large interfacial volume fraction, and other unique properties, phenomena and processes. Many current theories of matter at the microscale have critical lengths of nanometer dimensions. These theories will be inadequate to describe the new phenomena at the nanoscale. As knowledge in nanoscience increases worldwide, there will likely be fundamental scientific advances. In tum, this will lead to dramatic changes in the ways materials, devices, and systems are understood and created. Innovative nanoscale properties and functions will be achieved through the control of matter at its building blocks: atom-by-atom, molecule-by molecule, and nanostructure-by-nanostructure. Nanotechnology will include the integration of these nanoscale structures into larger material components, systems, and architectures. However, within these larger scale systems the control and construction will remain at the nanoscale.
Category: Technology & Engineering