BECOMING MEXICAN AMERICAN ETHNICITY CULTURE AND IDENTITY IN CHICANO LOS ANGELES 1900 1945

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Becoming Mexican American

Author : George J. Sanchez
ISBN : 0195096487
Genre : History
File Size : 33.37 MB
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Twentieth century Los Angeles has been the focus of one of the most profound and complex interactions between distinct cultures in U.S. history. In this pioneering study, Sanchez explores how Mexican immigrants "Americanized" themselves in order to fit in, thereby losing part of their own culture.
Category: History

Beyond Alliances

Author : George J. Sanchez
ISBN : 9781557536235
Genre : History
File Size : 65.16 MB
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This volume focuses on the unique and special role that Jews took in reshaping the ethnic/racial landscape of Southern California in the mid-twentieth century, roughly from 1930 to 1970.
Category: History

Race Police And The Making Of A Political Identity

Author : Edward J. Escobar
ISBN : 0520920783
Genre : History
File Size : 77.28 MB
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In June 1943, the city of Los Angeles was wrenched apart by the worst rioting it had seen to that point in the twentieth century. Incited by sensational newspaper stories and the growing public hysteria over allegations of widespread Mexican American juvenile crime, scores of American servicemen, joined by civilians and even police officers, roamed the streets of the city in search of young Mexican American men and boys wearing a distinctive style of dress called a Zoot Suit. Once found, the Zoot Suiters were stripped of their clothes, beaten, and left in the street. Over 600 Mexican American youths were arrested. The riots threw a harsh light upon the deteriorating relationship between the Los Angeles Mexican American community and the Los Angeles Police Department in the 1940s. In this study, Edward J. Escobar examines the history of the relationship between the Los Angeles Police Department and the Mexican American community from the turn of the century to the era of the Zoot Suit Riots. Escobar shows the changes in the way police viewed Mexican Americans, increasingly characterizing them as a criminal element, and the corresponding assumption on the part of Mexican Americans that the police were a threat to their community. The broader implications of this relationship are, as Escobar demonstrates, the significance of the role of the police in suppressing labor unrest, the growing connection between ideas about race and criminality, changing public perceptions about Mexican Americans, and the rise of Mexican American political activism.
Category: History

Walls And Mirrors

Author : David G. Gutiérrez
ISBN : 9780520202191
Genre : History
File Size : 78.29 MB
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Covering more than one hundred years of American history, Walls and Mirrors examines the ways that continuous immigration from Mexico transformed—and continues to shape—the political, social, and cultural life of the American Southwest. Taking a fresh approach to one of the most divisive political issues of our time, David Gutiérrez explores the ways that nearly a century of steady immigration from Mexico has shaped ethnic politics in California and Texas, the two largest U.S. border states. Drawing on an extensive body of primary and secondary sources, Gutiérrez focuses on the complex ways that their pattern of immigration influenced Mexican Americans' sense of social and cultural identity—and, as a consequence, their politics. He challenges the most cherished American myths about U.S. immigration policy, pointing out that, contrary to rhetoric about "alien invasions," U.S. government and regional business interests have actively recruited Mexican and other foreign workers for over a century, thus helping to establish and perpetuate the flow of immigrants into the United States. In addition, Gutiérrez offers a new interpretation of the debate over assimilation and multiculturalism in American society. Rejecting the notion of the melting pot, he explores the ways that ethnic Mexicans have resisted assimilation and fought to create a cultural space for themselves in distinctive ethnic communities throughout the southwestern United States.
Category: History

En Aquel Entonces

Author : Manuel G. Gonzales
ISBN : 0253337658
Genre : History
File Size : 43.43 MB
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En Aquel Entonces [In Those Days] Readings in Mexican-American History Edited by Manuel G. Gonzales and Cynthia M. Gonzales An interdisciplinary anthology covering diverse aspects of the Mexican-American experience in the United States. The advent of Chicano Studies in the 1960s spawned a tremendous interest in the history of Mexicans in the United States. Committed to a multidisciplinary approach from the very outset, Chicano and Chicana scholars used a variety of perspectives to explain the Mexican-American past, but much of this work has not been readily available to students. En Aquel Entonces is intended as a partial solution to the problem, an anthology that brings together 31 of the most innovative journal articles published during the past four decades. These articles, representing several disciplines, provide students of history with a panoramic portrait of Mexicanos in the United States while at the same time introducing them to Chicana/o historiography. Each of the essays has been carefully edited in consultation with its author to present a text that is more accessible to students and general readers Manuel G. Gonzales is Professor of History at Diablo Valley College and author of Andrea Costa and the Rise of Socialism in the Romagna, The Hispanic Elite of the Southwest, and Mexicanos: A History of Mexicans in the United States (Indiana University Press). Cynthia M. Gonzales is an Education Specialist at Ygnacio Learning Center in Walnut Creek, California and was Director of Education at Walnut Creek Hospital from 1985–1998. Contents Introduction by Manuel G. Gonzales I. Genesis of a People: Before 1848 Presidarias y Pobladoras: The Journey North and Life in Frontier California, Antonia I. Castaneda Honor Ideology, Marriage Negotiation, and Class-Gender Domination in New Mexico, 1690-1846, Ramon A. Gutierrez Gnats, Goods, and Greasers: Mexican Merchants on the Santa Fe Trail, David A. Sandoval Rancho Life in Alta California, Federico A. Sanchez Discovering the Tejano Community in "Early" Texas, Jesus F. de la Teja The Origins of Anti-Mexican Sentiment in the United States, Raymund A. Paredes II. Gringos versus Greasers: 1848–1900 In Re Ricardo Rodriguez: An Attempt at Chicano Disfranchisement in San Antonio, 1896–1897, Arnoldo De Leon Mexican-American Land Grant Adjudication, Armando C. Alonzo The Barrioization of Nineteenth-Century Mexican Californians: From Landowners to Laborers, Antonio Rios-Bustamante Tucsonenses and Angelenos: A Socio-Economic Study of Two Mexican-American Barrios, 1860–1880, Richard Griswold del Castillo Mexican American Catholicism in the Southwest: The Transformation of a Popular Religion, Alberto L. Pulido Carlos I. Velasco and the Defense of Mexican Rights in Territorial Arizona, Manuel G. Gonzales III. The Great Migration: 1900–1940 Chicanos in Chicago: A Brief History, Louise Ano Nuevo Kerr Settlers, Sojourners, and Proletarians: Social Formation in the Great Plains Sugar Beets Industry, 1890–1940, Dennis Nodin Valdes The Urbanization of Southwestern Chicanos in the Early 20th Century, Ricardo Romo Regionalism, Politics, and Gender in Southwest History: The League of United Latin American Citizens' Expansion into New Mexico from Texas, 1929–1945, Cynthia E. Orozco Labor Threat and Industrialized Agriculture in California: The Case of the 1933 San Joaquin Valley Cotton Strike, Ramon D. Chacon Women, Work, and Community in the Mexican Colonias of the Southern California Citrus Belt, Gilbert G. Gonzalez Texas Newspapers and Chicana Workers' Activism, 1919–1974, Irene Ledesma IV. The Rise of the Middle Class: 1940–1965 Braceros in the Pacific Northwest: Laborers on the Domestic Front, 1942–1947, Erasmo Gamboa Mexican Americans on the Home Front: Community Organizations in Arizona during World War II, Christine Marin A Promise Fulfilled: Mexican Cannery Workers
Category: History

Race Place And Reform In Mexican Los Angeles

Author : Stephanie Lewthwaite
ISBN : 0816526338
Genre : History
File Size : 42.63 MB
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Beginning near the end of the nineteenth century, a generation of reformers set their sights on the growing Mexican community in Los Angeles. Experimenting with a variety of policies on health, housing, education, and labor, these reformersÑsettlement workers, educationalists, Americanizers, government officials, and employersÑattempted to transform the Mexican community with a variety of distinct and often competing agendas. In Race, Place, and Reform in Mexican Los Angeles, Stephanie Lewthwaite presents evidence from a myriad of sources that these varied agendas of reform consistently supported the creation of racial, ethnic, and cultural differences across Los Angeles. Reformers simultaneously promoted acculturation and racialization, creating a Òlandscape of differenceÓ that significantly shaped the place and status of Mexican immigrants and Mexican Americans from the Progressive era through the New Deal. The book journeys across the urban, suburban, and rural spaces of Greater Los Angeles as it moves through time and examines the ruralÐurban migration of Mexicans on both a local and a transnational scale. Part 1 traverses the world of Progressive reform in urban Los Angeles, exploring the link between the regionÕs territorial and industrial expansion, early campaigns for social and housing reform, and the emergence of a first-generation Mexican immigrant population. Part 2 documents the shift from official Americanization and assimilation toward nativism and exclusion. Here Lewthwaite examines competing cultures of reform and the challenges to assimilation from Mexican nationalists and American nativists. Part 3 analyzes reform during the New Deal, which spawned the active resistance of second-generation Mexican Americans. Race, Place, and Reform in Mexican Los Angeles achieves a full, broad, and nuanced account of the variousÑand often contradictoryÑefforts to reform the Mexican population of Los Angeles. With a transnational approach grounded in historical context, this book will appeal to students of history, cultural studies, and literary studies
Category: History

Cousins And Strangers

Author : Jose C. Moya
ISBN : 0520921534
Genre : History
File Size : 86.12 MB
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More than four million Spaniards came to the Western Hemisphere between the mid-nineteenth century and the Great Depression. Unlike that of most other Europeans, their major destination was Argentina, not the United States. Studies of these immigrants—mostly laborers and peasants—have been scarce in comparison with studies of other groups of smaller size and lesser influence. Presenting original research within a broad comparative framework, Jose C. Moya fills a considerable gap in our knowledge of immigration to Argentina, one of the world's primary "settler" societies. Moya moves deftly between micro- and macro-analysis to illuminate the immigration phenomenon. A wealth of primary sources culled from dozens of immigrant associations, national and village archives, and interviews with surviving participants in Argentina and Spain inform his discussion of the origins of Spanish immigration, residence patterns, community formation, labor, and cultural cognitive aspects of the immigration process. In addition, he provides valuable material on other immigrant groups in Argentina and gives a balanced critique of major issues in migration studies.
Category: History

Desert Immigrants

Author : Mario T. García
ISBN : 0300028830
Genre : History
File Size : 73.21 MB
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Discusses how the Mexican immigrants and their descendants have contributed to America's past, present, and future.
Category: History

Whitewashed Adobe

Author : William Deverell
ISBN : 9780520246676
Genre : History
File Size : 61.58 MB
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An absorbing narrative supported by a number of previously unpublished period photographs shows how a city that was once part of Mexico itself came of age through appropriating the region's connections to Mexican places and people. Reprint.
Category: History

Mexican New York

Author : Robert C. Smith
ISBN : 0520244133
Genre : History
File Size : 71.74 MB
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'Mexican New York' offers an intimate view of globalization as it is lived by Mexican immigrants & their children in New York & in Mexico.
Category: History