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Autism With Severe Learning Difficulties

Author : Rita Jordan
ISBN : 9780285639249
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 60.76 MB
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Aimed at those who care for or educate children who have autism, plus other learning difficulties (though it is applicable to those who work with adults with similar problems). It is a practical guide, using examples to show how behaviour can be understood and the strengths of various techniques. Rita Jordan uses a variety of programmes and covers topics such as: the implications of the dual diagnosis, fostering social interaction, educational provision, managing challenging behaviour and the transition to adulthood.
Category: Psychology

Learning Disabilities

Author : Bob Gates
ISBN : 9780443101984
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58.17 MB
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This title is directed primarily towards health care professionals outside of the United States. It is the authoritative textbook for students of learning disabilities covering a wide variety of topics. It is relevant not only for nursing courses, but also for care workers, OTs, and other professional and non-professional carers. The new edition has been completely updated and includes the latest evidence for practice. There are new chapters which means the book provides comprehensive coverage of learning disablities throughout a person's life. There are also new contributors, including people with learning disabilities. Each chapter is supported by information on further reading and other resources.
Category: Medical

Perceptions Of Teaching Pre Verbal Pupils With Autism And Severe Learning Difficulties

Author : Rungrat Sri-Amnuay
ISBN : OCLC:1064852032
Genre :
File Size : 31.26 MB
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The educational provision for pupils with autism and severe learning difficulties (SLD) in Thailand has struggled. Families and institutions have attempted to seek an alternative pedagogy to improve children's quality of life. This thesis introduces Intensive Interaction, developed by Nind and Hewett (1994, 2005) in the UK and from the western culture, as a new pedagogy to foster the fundamental communication of Thai pupils with autism and SLD. There is a lack of understanding regarding the application of knowledge of how the western intervention would be perceived by practitioners in different cultures. The deep understanding of practitioners' perceptions has facilitated a rethink of educational curriculum development and action to expand the work of Intensive Interaction within the East's pedagogy. This research explored the perceptions of teaching pre-verbal pupils with autism and SLD, focusing on factors influencing the application of Intensive Interaction in Thai culture. The research addressed the question of how Thai teachers perceive Intensive Interaction as an approach to working with pupils with autism and SLD in the Thai context. In addition, it addressed which key factors in Thai culture influence the adoption of the Intensive Interaction. A two-day Intensive Interaction training course was carried out in Thailand to recruit the participants, and follow-up workshops were arranged for teachers' practice development. Eleven participating teachers (ten women and one man) were drawn from two special education settings and one mainstream school in the northeast region of Thailand. A hermeneutic phenomenological perspective informed by the philosophical tenets of Heidegger (1962) was used to explore the Intensive Interaction experiences of teachers. Qualitative data were gathered in the form of four in-depth semi-structured interviews from each teacher: the first − before the use of Intensive Interaction with pupils, and the second to fourth − during the Intensive Interaction implementation. Two focus groups of teacher participants were conducted after the end of the Intensive Interaction teaching programme with pupils. Both interviews were in Thai and later transcribed, with some parts being translated into English. Active participant observation was recorded in a field note and research diary throughout the period of data collection to contribute to interpretation and analysis. Thematic analysis methods were developed from the hermeneutic and phenomenological philosophy of Gadamer (1989) and the analysis process was adapted from Titchen and colleagues (1993; 2003) as practical guidance. The analysis of the teachers' perceptions captured the significance of the Intensive Interaction implementation in a new cultural context, their perceptions of the benefit and challenging aspects of the new pedagogy and the importance of cultural values to the new teaching practice. Key themes from analysis of the interviews revealed that all teachers perceived Intensive Interaction as a worthwhile approach not only for a positive outcome for pupils, but also for an increased sense of professionalism and confidence for teachers. The data also revealed challenges to its implementation in the Thai culture. These included the role of the Thai teacher, the traditional Thai rigour of controlled-based teaching methods which derive from behavioural principles, the components of Thai culture characterised by a hierarchical structure for interaction and the role of the teacher as a second mother. These fundamentals have made the implementation of a child-focused approach more challenging for Thais. The implications for practice include rethinking education for future pre-verbal pupils with autism and SLD, in which social-communicative abilities are included as a priority in their educational curriculum. Policies for skills training and knowledge development in the areas of child-centred education are required. The policy maker has to formally address the fundamental philosophy and beliefs about the nature of knowledge and how children learn that are embedded in the preparation course for pre-service special education teachers. This needs to provide them with the appreciation of other educational philosophies and to reposition Thai cultural challenges to a child-focused approach. These approaches are urgently required to enable teacher educators to effectively provide a teacher-training course that shifts practice in line with the education reform intended by the current Thai government.

Drawing On Difference

Author : Mair Rees
ISBN : 9781134733002
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 88.77 MB
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This book reveals how art therapy can support and validate the emotional and mental health needs of people with learning difficulties. Case studies present work with adults and children with differing degrees of difficulty such as personality disorder, autism or severe learning difficulties and discuss the needs of people with learning difficulties who have experienced traumas such as rape or bereavement. Particular emphasis is placed on service evaluation and standards and on the client's personal experience. Contributors discuss practical, professional and political issues such as:- * the practical challenges of providing an art therapy service within and beyond the hospital setting * the similarities and differences between art therapy and other allied professions such as music and dramatherapy * clinical effectiveness and clinical supervision Drawing on Difference brings together for the first time discussion from leading professionals in this increasingly popular area of specialisation within psychotherapy.
Category: Psychology

Autistic Spectrum Disorders

Author : Rita Jordan
ISBN : 9781136800740
Genre : Education
File Size : 69.4 MB
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Written for practitioners working in the field of autism and related disorders, including Asperger's syndrome, this handbook offers an overview of understandings of these disorders from a behavioral, biological and psychological perspective. A coherent analysis of the different theoretical viewpoints is provided, especially at the psychological level which has the greatest bearing on practice. This makes the book relevant to those interested in developmental psychology as well as to those who seek a greater understanding of autism.
Category: Education

Turning The Tables On Challenging Behaviour

Author : Peter Imray
ISBN : 9781134073405
Genre : Education
File Size : 80.8 MB
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Containing real-life case studies, strategies for identification, and handy hints and tips throughout, this is the authoritative guide to tackling challenging behaviour and working effectively with children, young people and adults with severe learning difficulties (SLD), profound and multiple learning difficulties (PMLD) and autistic spectrum disorders (ASD). With a unique approach, the author stresses the need to diagnose not only the correct difficulty but the degree of learning difficulty for a lasting resolution, as well as tackling common behavioural problems such as attention seeking and task avoidance. Chapters are split into three specific areas; SLD, PMLD and ASD/SLD, covering: the 'Magnificent Seven' fundamental principles of challenging behaviour strategies for correct identification of the main area of learning difficulty improving teaching methods and strategies to resolve challenging behaviour, including handy hints and tips when things don’t go to plan extensive use of real case studies to illustrate strategies for resolution guidance on writing your own Behaviour Management Programme. With its insistence that real and lasting change is both possible and achievable, this is an essential read for all professionals and parents/carers working with children, young people and adults dealing with the myriad of challenging behaviours.
Category: Education

Learning And Cognition In Autism

Author : Eric Schopler
ISBN : 9781489912862
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 68.15 MB
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This first-of-its-kind volume describes the cognitive and educational characteristics of people with autism. Leading experts in the field contribute papers to this book, explaining intervention techniques and strategies. Parents, researchers, professionals, and clinicians interested in educating people with autism will appreciate this volume.
Category: Psychology

Finding You Finding Me

Author : Phoebe Caldwell
ISBN : 9781843103998
Genre : Education
File Size : 51.98 MB
Format : PDF
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Based on many years of working with such people, many of whom have withdrawn into a world of their own, Phoebe Caldwell explores the different sensory reality they experience, showing it to be infinitely more complex and varied than is widely understood.
Category: Education

Developmental Disorders Of Language Learning And Cognition

Author : Charles Hulme
ISBN : 9781118697306
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 32.39 MB
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This important new text is a comprehensive survey of currentthinking and research on a wide range of developmental disorders. Highlights key research on normal and typical development Includes clinical case studies and diagrams to illustrate keyconcepts A reader-friendly writing style
Category: Psychology