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Attosecond And Xuv Spectroscopy

Author : Thomas Schultz
ISBN : 9783527677658
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.19 MB
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This book provides fundamental knowledge in the fields of attosecond science and free electron lasers, based on the insight that the further development of both disciplines can greatly benefit from mutual exposure and interaction between the two communities. With respect to the interaction of high intensity lasers with matter, it covers ultrafast lasers, high-harmonic generation, attosecond pulse generation and characterization. Other chapters review strong-field physics, free electron lasers and experimental instrumentation. Written in an easy accessible style, the book is aimed at graduate and postgraduate students so as to support the scientific training of early stage researchers in this emerging field. Special emphasis is placed on the practical approach of building experiments, allowing young researchers to develop a wide range of scientific skills in order to accelerate the development of spectroscopic techniques and their implementation in scientific experiments. The editors are managers of a research network devoted to the education of young scientists, and this book idea is based on a summer school organized by the ATTOFEL network.
Category: Science

Laser Spectroscopy 2

Author : Wolfgang Demtröder
ISBN : 9783662446416
Genre : Science
File Size : 60.53 MB
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Keeping abreast of the latest techniques and applications, this new edition of the standard reference and graduate text on laser spectroscopy has been completely revised and expanded. While the general concept is unchanged, the new edition features a broad array of new material, e.g., ultrafast lasers (atto- and femto-second lasers), coherent matter waves, Doppler-free Fourier spectroscopy, interference spectroscopy, quantum optics and gravitational waves and still more applications in chemical analysis, medical diagnostics, and engineering.
Category: Science

Ultrafast Dynamics Driven By Intense Light Pulses

Author : Markus Kitzler
ISBN : 9783319201733
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87.55 MB
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This book documents the recent vivid developments in the research field of ultrashort intense light pulses for probing and controlling ultrafast dynamics. The recent fascinating results in studying and controlling ultrafast dynamics in ever more complicated systems such as (bio-)molecules and structures of meso- to macroscopic sizes on ever shorter time-scales are presented. The book is written by some of the most eminent experimental and theoretical experts in the field. It covers the new groundbreaking research directions that were opened by the availability of new light sources such as fully controlled intense laser fields with durations down to a single oscillation cycle, short-wavelength laser-driven attosecond pulses and intense X-ray pulses from the upcoming free electron lasers. These light sources allowed the investigation of dynamics in atoms, molecules, clusters, on surfaces and very recently also in nanostructures and solids in new regimes of parameters which, in turn, led to the identification of completely new dynamics and methods for controlling it. Example topics covered by this book include the study of ultrafast processes in large molecules using attosecond pulses, control of ultrafast electron dynamics in solids with shaped femtosecond laser pulses, light-driven ultrafast plasmonic processes on surfaces and in nanostructures as well as research on atomic and molecular systems under intense X-ray radiation. This book is equally helpful for people who would like to step into this field (e.g. young researchers), for whom it provides a broad introduction, as well as for already experienced researchers who may enjoy the exhaustive discussion that covers the research on essentially all currently studied objects and with all available ultrafast pulse sources.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Ultrafast Strong Field Dynamics In Dielectrics

Author : Annkatrin Madlen Sommer
ISBN : 9783319412078
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88.19 MB
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This thesis presents a systematic discussion of experimental approaches to investigating the nonlinear interaction of ultrashort visible strong fields with dielectrics directly in the time domain. The key finding is the distinctly different peak-intensity dependence of the light-matter energy transfer dynamics on the one hand, and the observed transient optical and electronic modifications on the other. As the induced electron dynamics evolve on sub-femtosecond timescales, real-time spectroscopy requires attosecond temporal resolution. This allows a range of parameters to be identified where the optical properties of the samples exposed to ultrashort light fields suffer dramatic changes allowing signal metrology while real absorption leading to dissipation is essentially absent. These findings indicate the feasibility of efficient optical switching at frequencies several orders of magnitude faster than current state-of-the-art electronics and thus have far-reaching technological consequences.
Category: Technology & Engineering

X Ray Lasers 2016

Author : Tetsuya Kawachi
ISBN : 9783319730257
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.51 MB
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These proceedings comprise a selection of invited and contributed papers presented at the 15th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers (ICXRL 2016), held at the Nara Kasugano International Forum, Japan, from May 22 to 27, 2016. This conference was part of an ongoing series dedicated to recent developments in the science and technology of x-ray lasers and other coherent x-ray sources with additional focus on supporting technologies, instrumentation and applications. The book showcases recent advances in the generation of intense, coherent x-rays, the development of practical devices and their applications across a wide variety of fields. It also discusses emerging topics such as plasma-based x-ray lasers, 4th generation accelerator-based sources and higher harmonic generations, as well as other x-ray generation schemes.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Ultrafast Phenomena Xvi

Author : Paul Corkum
ISBN : 3540959467
Genre : Science
File Size : 72.94 MB
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Ultrafast Phenomena XVI presents the latest advances in ultrafast science, including both ultrafast optical technology and the study of ultrafast phenomena. It covers picosecond, femtosecond and attosecond processes relevant to applications in physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering. Ultrafast technology has a profound impact in a wide range of applications, amongst them biomedical imaging, chemical dynamics, frequency standards, material processing, and ultrahigh speed communications. This book summarizes the results presented at the 16th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena and provides an up-to-date view of this important and rapidly advancing field.
Category: Science

X Ray Lasers 2012

Author : Stéphane Sebban
ISBN : 9783319006963
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 60.81 MB
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These proceedings comprise of invited and contributed papers presented at the 13th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers (ICXRL 2012) which was held 11–15 June 2012 in Paris, France, in the famous Quartier Latin, inside the historical Center of Cordeliers. This conference is part of a continuing series dedicated to recent developments and applications of x-ray lasers and other coherent x-ray sources with attention to supporting technologies and instrumentation. New results in the generation of intense coherent x-rays and progress towards practical devices and their applications are reported in these proceedings, including areas of research in plasma-based x-ray lasers, 4th generation accelerator-based sources and higher harmonic generation. Recent achievements related to the increase of the repetition rate up to 100 Hz and shorter wavelength collisional plasma-based soft x-ray lasers down to about 7 nm are presented. Seeding the amplifying plasma with a femtosecond high-order harmonic of infrared laser was foreseen as the required breakthrough to break the picosecond frontier. Numerical simulations based on the Maxwell-Bloch model are presented in these proceedings, transposing the chirped pulse amplification technique to the x-ray domain in order to increase the time over which the femtosecond seed can be amplified. These proceedings also include innovative applications of soft x–ray lasers based on techniques and diagnostics relevant to topical domains such as EUV lithography, inertial confinement fusion, or warm dense matter physics.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Phase Stabilized Ultrashort Laser Systems For Spectroscopy

Author : Jens Rauschenberger
ISBN : 9783640096985
Genre : Science
File Size : 84.53 MB
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Doctoral Thesis / Dissertation from the year 2007 in the subject Physics - Theoretical Physics, grade: 1,0, LMU Munich (Max-Planck-Institut für Quantenoptik), 193 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The investigation of laser-matter interactions calls for ever shorter pulses as new effects can thus be explored. With laser pulses consisting of only a few cycles of the electric field, the phase of these electric field oscillations becomes important for many applications. In this thesis ultrafast laser sources are presented that provide few-cycle laser pulses with controlled evolution of the electric field waveform. Firstly, a technique for phasestabilizing ultra-broadband oscillators is discussed. With a simple setup it improves the reproducibility of the phase by an order of magnitude compared to previously existing methods. In a further step, such a phase-stabilized oscillator was integrated into a chirped-pulse amplifier. The preservation of phase-stability during amplification is ensured by secondary phase detection. The phase-stabilized intense laser pulses from this system were employed in a series of experiments that studied strong-field phenomena in a time-resolved manner. For instance, the laser-induced tunneling of electrons from atoms was studied on a sub-femtosecond timescale. Additional evidence for the reproducibility of the electric field waveform of the laser pulses is presented here: individual signatures of the electric field half-cycles were found in photoelectron spectra from above-threshold ionization. Frequency conversion of intense laser pulses by high-order harmonic generation is a common way of producing coherent light in the extreme ultraviolet (XUV) spectral region. Many attempts have been made to increase the low efficiency of this nonlinear process, e.g. by quasi phase-matching. Here, high-harmonic generation from solid surfaces under grazing incidence instead from a gas target is studied as higher efficiencies are expected in this configuration. Another approach to increasing the efficiency of high-harmonic generation is the placing of the gas target in an enhancement resonator. Additionally, the production of XUV photons happens at the full repetition rate of the seeding laser, i.e. in the region of several tens to hundreds of megahertz. This high repetition rate enables the use of the XUV light for high-precision optical frequency metrology with the frequency comb technique. With such an arrangement, harmonics up to 15th order were produced. A build-up cavity that stacks femtosecond laser pulses in a coherent manner to produce intra-cavity pulse energies of more than ten microjoules at a repetition rate of ten megahertz is presented here...
Category: Science

Progress In Ultrafast Intense Laser Science

Author : Kaoru Yamanouchi
ISBN : 9783642350528
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 27.79 MB
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The PUILS series delivers up-to-date reviews of progress in Ultrafast Intense Laser Science, a newly emerging interdisciplinary research field spanning atomic and molecular physics, molecular science, and optical science, which has been stimulated by the recent developments in ultrafast laser technologies. Each volume compiles peer-reviewed articles authored by researchers at the forefront of each their own subfields of UILS. Every chapter opens with an overview of the topics to be discussed, so that researchers unfamiliar to the subfield, as well as graduate students, can grasp the importance and attractions of the research topic at hand; these are followed by reports of cutting-edge discoveries. This ninth volume covers a broad range of topics from this interdisciplinary research field, focusing on ultrafast molecular responses to an intense laser field, advanced techniques for attosecond pulse generation, atomic and molecular responses to attosecond pulses, photoelectron spectroscopy of atoms and molecules interacting with intense light fields, and attosecond pulse interaction with solid materials.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Ultrafast Optics Iv

Author : Ferenc Krausz
ISBN : 9780387347561
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63.31 MB
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The papers in this volume cover the major areas of research activity in the field of ultrafast optics at the present time, and they have been selected to provide an overview of the current state of the art. The purview of the field is the methods for the generation, amplification, and characterization of electromagnetic pulses with durations from the pieo-to the attosecond range, as well as the technical issues surrounding the application of these pulses in physics, chemistry, and biology. The contributions were solicited from the participants in the Ultrafast Optics IV Conference, held in Vienna, Austria, in June 2003. The purpose of the conference is similar to that of this book: to provide a forum for the latest advances in ultrafast optical technology. Ultrafast light sources provide a means to observe and manipulate events on the scale of atomic and molecular dynamics. This is possible either through appropriate shaping of the time-dependent electrie field, or through the ap plication of fields whose strength is comparable to the binding forces of the electrons in atoms and molecules. Recent advances discussed here include the generation of pulses shorter than two optical cycles, and the ability to measure and to shape them in all degrees of freedom with unprecedented 2 21 2 precision, and to amplify them to the Zettawatt/cm (10 W /cm ) range.
Category: Technology & Engineering