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The World Until Yesterday

Author : Jared Diamond
ISBN : 9781846148156
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 52.71 MB
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From the author of No.1 international bestseller Collapse, a mesmerizing portrait of the human past that offers profound lessons for how we can live today Visionary, prize-winning author Jared Diamond changed the way we think about the rise and fall of human civilizations with his previous international bestsellers Guns, Germs and Steel and Collapse. Now he returns with another epic - and groundbreaking - journey into our rapidly receding past. In The World Until Yesterday, Diamond reveals how traditional societies around the world offer an extraordinary window onto how our ancestors lived for the majority of human history - until virtually yesterday, in evolutionary terms - and provide unique, often overlooked insights into human nature. Drawing extensively on his decades working in the jungles of Papua New Guinea, Diamond explores how tribal societies approach essential human problems, from childrearing to conflict resolution to health, and discovers we have much to learn from traditional ways of life. He unearths remarkable findings - from the reason why modern afflictions like diabetes, obesity and Alzheimer's are virtually non-existent in tribal societies to the surprising benefits of multilingualism. Panoramic in scope and thrillingly original, The World Until Yesterday provides an enthralling first-hand picture of the human past that also suggests profound lessons for how to live well today. Jared Diamond is the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of the seminal million-copy-bestseller Guns, Germs, and Steel, which was named one of TIME's best non-fiction books of all time, and Collapse, a #1 international bestseller. A professor of geography at UCLA and noted polymath, Diamond's work has been influential in the fields of anthropology, biology, ornithology, ecology and history, among others.
Category: Social Science

Why Is Sex Fun

Author : Jared Diamond
ISBN : 9780465013074
Genre : Science
File Size : 20.85 MB
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To us humans the sex lives of many animals seem weird. In fact, by comparison with all the other animals, we are the ones with the weird sex lives. How did that come to be?Just count our bizarre ways. We are the only social species to insist on carrying out sex privately. Stranger yet, we have sex at any time, even when the female can't be fertilized (for example, because she is already pregnant, post-menopausal, or between fertile cycles). A human female doesn't know her precise time of fertility and certainly doesn't advertise it to human males by the striking color changes, smells, and sounds used by other female mammals.Why do we differ so radically in these and other important aspects of our sexuality from our closest ancestor, the apes? Why does the human female, virtually alone among mammals go through menopause? Why does the human male stand out as one of the few mammals to stay (often or usually) with the female he impregnates, to help raise the children that he sired? Why is the human penis so unnecessarily large?There is no one better qualified than Jared Diamond—renowned expert in the fields of physiology and evolutionary biology and award-winning author—to explain the evolutionary forces that operated on our ancestors to make us sexually different. With wit and a wealth of fascinating examples, he explains how our sexuality has been as crucial as our large brains and upright posture in our rise to human status.
Category: Science

Who Rules The World

Author : Noam Chomsky
ISBN : 9781627793827
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 73.2 MB
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A New York Times Bestseller The world’s leading intellectual offers a probing examination of the waning American Century, the nature of U.S. policies post-9/11, and the perils of valuing power above democracy and human rights In an incisive, thorough analysis of the current international situation, Noam Chomsky argues that the United States, through its military-first policies and its unstinting devotion to maintaining a world-spanning empire, is both risking catastrophe and wrecking the global commons. Drawing on a wide range of examples, from the expanding drone assassination program to the threat of nuclear warfare, as well as the flashpoints of Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, and Israel/Palestine, he offers unexpected and nuanced insights into the workings of imperial power on our increasingly chaotic planet. In the process, Chomsky provides a brilliant anatomy of just how U.S. elites have grown ever more insulated from any democratic constraints on their power. While the broader population is lulled into apathy—diverted to consumerism or hatred of the vulnerable—the corporations and the rich have increasingly been allowed to do as they please. Fierce, unsparing, and meticulously documented, Who Rules the World? delivers the indispensable understanding of the central conflicts and dangers of our time that we have come to expect from Chomsky.
Category: Political Science

Natural Experiments Of History

Author : Jared Diamond
ISBN : 9780674076723
Genre : History
File Size : 74.49 MB
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In eight case studies by leading scholars in history, archaeology, business, economics, geography, and political science, the authors showcase the “natural experiment” or “comparative method”—well-known in any science concerned with the past—on the discipline of human history. That means, according to the editors, “comparing, preferably quantitatively and aided by statistical analyses, different systems that are similar in many respects, but that differ with respect to the factors whose influence one wishes to study.” The case studies in the book support two overall conclusions about the study of human history: First, historical comparisons have the potential for yielding insights that cannot be extracted from a single case study alone. Second, insofar as is possible, when one proposes a conclusion, one may be able to strengthen one’s conclusion by gathering quantitative evidence (or at least ranking one’s outcomes from big to small), and then by testing the conclusion’s validity statistically.
Category: History

Quicklet On Guns Germs And Steel By Jared Diamond

Author : Niko Silvester
ISBN : 9781614645436
Genre : History
File Size : 58.49 MB
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ABOUT THE BOOK While working in New Guinea in 1972, where he was studying bird evolution, Jared Diamond met a local politician touring the area. At the time, Papua New Guinea was approaching independence after long being administered by Australia. Yali, the politician, spoke about preparing his people for independence, and asked Diamond many questions about history and other topics. Finally, he wanted to know why the conquering Europeans had arrived with so many goods and technology, while the New Guineans had so little of their own. It seems to be a simple question, and yet answering it took Diamond twenty-five years. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, is his attempt to answer not just Yali's question, but the whole question of why some peoples in some parts of the world developed technological advances before others, and why some of them were then able to conquer other peoples using those advances. MEET THE AUTHOR Nicole has been writing since she could make letters with a pencil, and has been making a living at it for more than ten years. She has gone back to school too many times, studying archaeology, folklore, writing and visual art. She writes fiction under several pen names, and also does printmaking, book arts, and photography. She's an avid amateur natural historian with a particular fascination for things that fly, whether it's birds, bats or insects. And if it's possible to be both a luddite, with a love for the low-tech, and a technophile, with a fascination for everything new and shiny, Nicole is both. She reads too many books, plays too many video games, and watches too much anime. EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK Guns, Germs, and Steel is, as mentioned above, Jared Diamond's attempt to answer the question of why some societies were able to conquer their neighbours and spread across the globe, instead of being conquered while their neighbours did the spreading. The usual reasons a person might think up to answer that question are generally unsatisfactory. Biological explanations, that some peoples are more intelligent than others, are not only distasteful (and racist), but unproven. In fact, studies of human intelligence, the ones that overcome cultural bias, tend to show that humans are, on average, pretty much the same across cultures. So why did some cultures develop the technology to conquer more quickly, and some didn't develop such technology at all? Diamond takes us right back to the beginnings of human settlement on the different continents to show that the explanation may be largely geographic. That is, the places where people settled gave them more or fewer advantages in the areas necessary for developing the social complexity, which in turn could lead to technological advances.
Category: History

The Invisible Hands

Author : Steven Drobny
ISBN : 9781118865620
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 35.87 MB
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Hedge fund managers who survived and profited through the 2008 financial crisis share their secrets In light of the colossal losses and amidst the resulting confusion that still lingers, it is time to rethink money management in the broadest of terms. Drastic changes still need to be made, and managers who actually made money during 2008 make for a logical starting place. This updated and revised edition of The Invisible Hands provides investors and traders with the latest thinking from some of the best and the most successful players in money management, highlighting the specific risk and return objectives of each, and discussing the evolution of certain styles and beliefs in money management. Divulges how top financial professionals are looking forward by thinking clearly, managing risk, and seeking a new paradigm of profit making opportunities in the post-crisis world Outlines investments and strategies for the rocky road ahead Gives guidance on how traditional investors such as pensions, endowments, foundations and family offices should rethink how they approach asset allocation and portfolio construction Written by respected industry expert Steven Drobny Page by page, the professionals found in this book reveal their own approaches to markets, risk, and the broader world in which we live, as well as their advice on how investors should be approaching money management in today's uncertain world.
Category: Business & Economics

Cr Nicas De La Extinci N

Author : Héctor T. Arita
ISBN : 9786071646125
Genre : Science
File Size : 49.34 MB
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Estas Crónicas de la extinción relatan la extinción de diversas especies animales. Comienzan con la historia de las tortugas de las islas Galápagos, y continúan en los episodios II y III con el recuento histórico de la manera en que la ciencia comprobó a través del registro fósil la extinción de las especies. La llamada extinción de los dinosaurios se detalla en el episodio IV; mientras que los capítulos V y VI narran las extinciones de la llamada megafauna de la Era de Hielo y la de los parientes extintos del ser humano. En el capítulo VII se abordan las historias de extinción de algunas especies contemporáneas al hombre, y finalmente, en los episodios VIII y IX, se aborda la manera en la que la ciencia enfrenta el problema de las extinciones modernas.
Category: Science

El Gran Escape

Author : Angus Deaton
ISBN : 9786071632920
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 44.83 MB
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Ensayo histórico económico en que se señalan las rutas de escape que permiten a unos salir de una condición social marginal y a otros quedarse en el intento, tanto a nivel individuo como país. Angus Deaton, ganador del Premio Nobel en Economía en 2015, cuenta la historia de aquellos mecanismos que hace 250 años, hicieron que algunos países comenzaron a experimentar un progreso sostenido, abriendo brechas y configurando el escenario para el mundo enormemente desigual que existe hoy. A través una mirada profunda a los patrones históricos y actuales detrás de la salud y la riqueza de las naciones, se ocupa de lo que hay que hacer para ayudar a los que se están quedando atrás.
Category: Business & Economics

Historia Mundial Del Estado

Author : Bernd Marquardt
ISBN : 9789587711325
Genre : Law
File Size : 32.89 MB
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Este libro se dedica a la tercera transformación básica de la larga Historia Mundial del Estado de cinco milenios que ha creado, a partir de 1776, el Estado verdaderamente moderno, calificado como la manifestación política de la doble revolución mental-ilustrada y energética-industrial. El autor contextualiza el reemplazo del Reino dinástico tradicional por la república constitucional con su nuevo sistema tridimensional de valores liberales, sociales y ambientales. Se trató de la primera de las grandes transformaciones políticas que se originó en Europa, inclusive una relevancia particular de los experimentos visionarios en los Estados neo-europeos en las dos Américas. La teoría elaborada detecta una primera revolución parcial, enfocada en el crecimiento del poder y de la eficiencia gubernamental, que se distingue de la segunda revolución parcial, enfocada en el diseño sistémico y los valores públicos, creando el tipo ideal de la república constitucional democrática, social y ambiental. Evidentemente, las dos revoluciones parciales mostraron relaciones de tensión significativas entre sí. Saliendo del contexto originario en Occidente, Marquardt analiza la gran transculturación del planeta y la difusión mundial del nuevo tipo de Estado.
Category: Law

Preservar La Vida

Author : Eric Chivian
ISBN : 9786071633972
Genre : Science
File Size : 66.4 MB
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Esta obra está conformada por diez capítulos que describen las relaciones entre el ser humano, la diversidad biológica y la industria; además estudia las consecuencias en la salud humana a causa de la pérdida de biodiversidad y la manera en que se puede revertir dicho proceso de aniquilación biológica. Así, el volumen reúne a científicos de muy distintas disciplinas y de varias partes del mundo, convencidos de que el conocimiento en esta materia ayudará a las personas a concebirse como parte de un medio ambiente global.
Category: Science