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Aristotle S History Of Animals In Ten Books

Author : Aristotle
ISBN : 1230197842
Genre :
File Size : 62.99 MB
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1878 edition. Excerpt: ... 5. Observations have been frequently made on the instinct of the hedgehog, for when the north and south winds change, those that dwell in the earth alter the position of the entrance of their burrows; those which are kept in houses alter their position from wall to wall, so that they say that in Byzantium there was a person who obtained the character of predicting the change of the weather, from observations made on the hedgehog. The ictis is about the size of a small Maltese dog; in the thickness of its hair, its appearance, its white belly, and the cunning of its disposition, it resembles the weasel; it is easily tamed; it attacks hives of bees, for it is very fond of honey; it eats birds like cats; its penis, as it has been already observed, is bony, and appears to be a remedy for stranguary in the human subject; it is administered in shavings. Chapteb VIII. ]. Many animals in their mode of life appear to imitate mankind, and one may observe greater accuracy of intellect in small than in large animals; as the manufacture of its dwelling by the swallow is remarkable among birds; it has the same method of combining chaff with mud, for it mixes the mud with straw, and if mud is not to be found, it dips in the water and rolls itself in the dust; it uses straw in making its nest as men use it, for it places the largest at the bottom, and makes it commensurate with its own bulk; both the male and female labour in support of the young. They feed each in turn, observing by some agreement the one which was first fed that none may receive food twice; at first they turn the dung out of the nest, but as the young birds increase in size, they teach them to turn themselves, Bo as to eject their excrement out of the nest. 2. There are some...

Aristotle S Generation Of Animals

Author : Andrea Falcon
ISBN : 9781107132931
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31.77 MB
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Historically and philosophically informed introduction to the embryological, zoological, and medical views presented in this sophisticated and challenging text.
Category: Medical

A History Of The Life Sciences Revised And Expanded

Author : Lois N. Magner
ISBN : 9780824743604
Genre : Science
File Size : 81.58 MB
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A clear and concise survey of the major themes and theories embedded in the history of life science, this book covers the development and significance of scientific methodologies, the relationship between science and society, and the diverse ideologies and current paradigms affecting the evolution and progression of biological studies. The author discusses cell theory, embryology, physiology, microbiology, evolution, genetics, and molecular biology; the Human Genome Project; and genomics and proteomics. Covering the philosophies of ancient civilizations to modern advances in genomics and molecular biology, the book is a unique and comprehensive resource.
Category: Science

Philosophical Biology In Aristotle S Parts Of Animals

Author : Jason A. Tipton
ISBN : 9783319014210
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 45.5 MB
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This book provides a detailed analysis of Aristotle’s Parts of Animals. It presents the wealth of information provided in the biological works of Aristotle and revisits the detailed natural history observations that inform, and in many ways penetrate, the philosophical argument. It raises the question of how easy it is to clearly distinguish between what some might describe as “merely” biological and the philosophical. It explores the notion and consequences of describing the activity in which Aristotle is engaged as philosophical biology. The book examines such questions as: do readers of Aristotle have in mind organisms like Ascidians or Holothurians when trying to understand Aristotle’s argument regarding plant-like animals? Do they need the phenomena in front of them to understand the terms of the philosophical argument in a richer way? The discussion of plant-like animals is important in Aristotle because of the question about the continuum between plant and animal life. Where does Aristotle draw the line? Plant-like animals bring this question into focus and demonstrate the indeterminacy of any potential solution to the division. This analysis of Parts of Animals shows that the study of the nature of the organic world was Aristotle’s way into such ontological problems as the relationship between matter and form, or form and function, or the heterogeneity of the many different kinds of being.​
Category: Philosophy

Author : ابن سينا
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 62.28 MB
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قد استوفينا فى الفن الاول الكلام على الامور العامية فى الطبيعيات ثم تلوناه بالفن الثانى فى معرفة السماء و العالم و الاجرام و الصور و الحركات الاولى فى عالم الطبيعة و حققنا احوال الاجسام التى لا تفسد ثم تلوناه بالكلام على الكون و الفساد و اسطقساتها ثم تلوناه بالكلام على افعال الكيفيات الاولى و انفعالاتها و الامزجة المتولد منها و بقى لنا ان نتكلم على الامور الكائنة فكانت الجمادات و ما لا حس له و لا حركة ارادية اقدمها و اقربها تكونا من العناصر فتكلمنا فيها فى الفن الخامس و بقى لنا من العلم الطبيعى النظر فى امور النباتات
Category: Psychology

The Female In Aristotle S Biology

Author : Robert Mayhew
ISBN : 0226512029
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53.38 MB
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While Aristotle's writings on biology are considered to be among his best, the comments he makes about females in these works are widely regarded as the nadir of his philosophical oeuvre. Among many claims, Aristotle is said to have declared that females contribute nothing substantial to generation; that they have fewer teeth than males; that they are less spirited than males; and that woman are analogous to eunuchs. In The Female in Aristotle's Biology, Robert Mayhew aims not to defend Aristotle's ideas about females but to defend Aristotle against the common charge that his writings on female species were motivated by ideological bias. Mayhew points out that the tools of modern science and scientific experimentation were not available to the Greeks during Aristotle's time and that, consequently, Aristotle had relied not only on empirical observations when writing about living organisms but also on a fair amount of speculation. Further, he argues that Aristotle's remarks about females in his biological writings did not tend to promote the inferior status of ancient Greek women. Written with passion and precision, The Female in Aristotle's Biology will be of enormous value to students of philosophy, the history of science, and classical literature.
Category: Social Science