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Aristotle S First Principles

Author : Terence Irwin
ISBN : 9780198242901
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 32.59 MB
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Aristotle's reliance on dialectic as a method of philosophy appears to conflict with his metaphysical realist view of his conclusions. This book explores Aristotle's philosophical method and the merits of his conclusions, and shows how he defends dialectic against the objection that it cannot justify a metaphysical realist's claims. The author does not presuppose extensive previous acquaintance with Aristotle. Greek texts are translated, and Greek words transliterated.
Category: Philosophy

Teleology First Principles And Scientific Method In Aristotle S Biology

Author : Allan Gotthelf
ISBN : 9780199287956
Genre : History
File Size : 26.54 MB
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This volume draws together Allan Gotthelf's pioneering work on Aristotle's biology. He examines Aristotle's natural teleology, the axiomatic structure of biological explanation, and the reliance on scientifically organized data in the three great works with which Aristotle laid the foundations of biological science.
Category: History

First Principles

Author : Herbert Spencer
ISBN : UOM:39015065975933
Genre : Evolution
File Size : 36.24 MB
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Category: Evolution

From Puzzles To Principles

Author : May Sim
ISBN : 0739100297
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 20.12 MB
Format : PDF
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Scholars of classical philosophy have long disputed whether Aristotle was a dialectical thinker. Most agree that Aristotle contrasts dialectical reasoning with demonstrative reasoning, where the former reasons from generally accepted opinions and the latter reasons from the true and primary. Starting with a grasp on truth, demonstration never relinquishes it. Starting with opinion, how could dialectical reasoning ever reach truth, much less the truth about first principles? Is dialectic then an exercise that reiterates the prejudices of one's times and at best allows one to persuade others by appealing to these prejudices, or is it the royal road to first principles and philosophical wisdom? In From Puzzles to Principles? May Sim gathers experts to argue both these positions and offer a variety of interpretive possibilities. The contributors' thoughtful reflections on the nature and limits of dialectic should play a crucial role in Aristotelian scholarship.
Category: Philosophy

First Principles Substance And Action

Author : Fernando Inciarte Armiñán
ISBN : 3487129876
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 66.85 MB
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Fernando Inciarte (1929-2000) was Professor at the University of Munster (Germany). At his death he left the manuscript of the present book behind him. This book deals mainly withe the relevance of the first principles of the theory of substance as well as, to a lesser extent, of that of action in Aristotle. According to Aristotle, the negation of the validity of the first principles leads astray into an inordinate chaos, in which every meaning is connected in the same way to every different meaning. Therefore, many philosophers consider that the acceptance of the unrestricted validity of the first principles is the hallmark of realism as opposed to anti-realism or idealism. The author gives an overview of the entire Aristotelian argument in defence of the first principles, particularly "the justification or transcendental deduction" of the category of substance and hence of the fundamental categorical difference between substance and accident in Metaphysics IV. In the process of defending the validity of the first principles by exposing the conditions of the possibility of language, communication and argumentaion, one has to accept not only meanings or categories which are sharply distinct from each other but, even more important, the basic categorical distinction between substance and accidens praedicamentale.
Category: Philosophy

Aristotle On Definition

Author : Marguerite Deslauriers
ISBN : 9789047420583
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 23.39 MB
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This work examines Aristotle’s discussions of definition in his logical works and the Metaphysics, and argues for the importance of definitions of simple substances, drawing the connection between definitions as first principles of demonstration and as statements of essence.
Category: Philosophy

First Principles

Author : Hugh Hewitt
ISBN : 0895267934
Genre : Education
File Size : 48.34 MB
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Raises philosophical questions about money, communism, government, race relations, friendship, national defense, poverty, ethics, and religion
Category: Education

Bridging The Gap Between Aristotle S Science And Ethics

Author : Devin Henry
ISBN : 9781107010369
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 33.58 MB
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Explores the extent to which Aristotle's ethical treatises employ the concepts, methods, and practices developed in his 'scientific' works.
Category: Literary Criticism