ARCHAEOLOGY AT THE MILLENNIUM A SOURCEBOOK

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Archaeology At The Millennium

Author : Gary M. Feinman
ISBN : 9780387726113
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71.66 MB
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In this book an internationally distinguished roster of contributors considers the state of the art of the discipline of archaeology at the turn of the 21st century and charts an ambitious agenda for the future. The chapters address a wide range of topics including, paradigms, practice, and relevance of the discipline; paleoanthropology; fully modern humans; holocene hunter-gatherers; the transition to food and craft production; social inequality; warfare; state and empire formation; and the uneasy relationship between classical and anthropological archaeology.
Category: Social Science

Sourcebook Of Paleolithic Transitions

Author : Marta Camps
ISBN : 0387764879
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.19 MB
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As the study of Palaeolithic technologies moves towards a more analytical approach, it is necessary to determine a consistent procedural framework. The contributions to this timely and comprehensive volume do just that. This volume incorporates a broad chronological and geographical range of Palaeolithic material from the Lower to Upper Palaeolithic. The focus of this volume is to provide an analysis of Palaeolithic technologies from a quantitative, empirical perspective. As new techniques, particularly quantitative methods, for analyzing Palaeolithic technologies gain popularity, this work provides case studies particularly showcasing these new techniques. Employing diverse case studies, and utilizing multivariate approaches, morphometrics, model-based approaches, phylogenetics, cultural transmission studies, and experimentation, this volume provides insights from international contributors at the forefront of recent methodological advances.
Category: Social Science

Agency And Identity In The Ancient Near East

Author : Sharon R. Steadman
ISBN : 9781134945443
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87.50 MB
Format : PDF
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Agency theory examines the relationship between individuals or groups when one party is doing work on behalf of another. 'Agency and Identity in the Ancient Near East' offers a theoretical study of agency and identity in Near Eastern archaeology, an area which until now has been largely ignored by archaeologists. The book explores how agency theory can be employed in reconstructing the meaning of spaces and material culture, how agency and identity intersect, and how the availability of a textual corpus may impact on the agency approach. Ranging from the Neolithic to the Islamic period, 'Agency and Identity in the Ancient Near East' covers sites located in Turkey, Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, and Israel. The volume includes contributions from philology, art, history, computer simulation studies, materials science, and the archaeology of settlement and architecture.
Category: Social Science

The Human Evolution Source Book

Author : Russell L. Ciochon
ISBN : UOM:39015063332277
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.58 MB
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Designed for readers interested in anthropology, paleontology, and evolutionary biology, this excellent resource brings together the major ideas and publications on human evolution of the past three decades. Filled with original articles that have shaped current views of this exciting field, the book spans the entire scope of human evolution with a particular emphasis on the fossil record, including archaeological studies. The most up-to-date survey of human evolution available on the market today, the articles presented are organized chronologically, showing how debates and opinions have developed over time. The book is divided into the following sections: geological background to human evolution; the earliest hominins: biomolecular and morphological evidence; Australopithecus, Paranthropus, and related forms; origin of the genus Homo; evolution and dispersal of Homo erectus; middle Pleistocene hominins in Africa, Europe, and Asia; the Neandertals; origin of modern humans; and evolution of homo sapiens. An excellent desk reference and resource for anthropologists, paleontologists, and evolutionary biologists, as well as others who wish to add this most informative book to their own libraries.
Category: Social Science

Ancient Lives

Author : Brian M. Fagan
ISBN : 0131115537
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49.32 MB
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This wide-ranging introduction to the most fundamental principles, methods, and theoretical approaches of archaeology, combined with coverage of the major developments of human prehistory, is a book for complete beginners. Using first-person experience, a conversational narrative, and unique, truly global coverage reflected in examples from all parts of the world, it paints acompelling portrait of archaeology, science, and the past.The first half of the book covers the basic principles, methods and theoretical approaches of archaeology. The second half is summary of the major developments of human prehistory: the origins of humankind and the archaic world, the origins and spread of modern humans, the emergence of food production, and the beginnings of civilizationWritten for people who want to know more about archaeology and prehistory, not necessarily with a view to becoming a professional archaeologist.
Category: Social Science

The Model Based Archaeology Of Socionatural Systems

Author : Timothy A. Kohler
ISBN : 1930618875
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.36 MB
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How should archaeologists and other social scientists tackle the big and little questions about change in socionatural systems? Although fieldwork is certainly the place to start, it alone is not enough to answer troublesome how or why questions. To make sense of what they find in the field, archaeologists build models--possible explanations for the data. This book is about new developments in applying dynamic models for understanding relatively small-scale human systems and the environments they inhabit and alter. Beginning with a complex systems approach, the authors develop a model-based archaeology that uses specific, generally quantitative models providing partial descriptions of socionatural systems that are then examined against those systems. Taken together, the chapters in this volume constitute an argument for a new way of thinking about how archaeology is (and should be) conducted.
Category: Social Science

Pottery In Archaeology

Author : Clive Orton
ISBN : 0521445973
Genre : Antiques & Collectibles
File Size : 61.94 MB
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The study of pottery has become increasingly important over the past century, providing the archaeologist with information on many aspects of the past, including chronology, trade and technology. Recent scientific developments and statistical techniques have further contributed to this analysis of pottery. Pottery in Archaeology covers information obtained from over fifty years practical experience in the field and the latest research. The book will be essential reading for students, field archaeologists and anyone interested in working with pottery.
Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Pottery And People

Author : James M. Skibo
ISBN : 9780874805772
Genre : Antiques & Collectibles
File Size : 79.93 MB
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This volume emphasizes the complex interactions between ceramic containers and people in past and present contexts. Pottery, once it appears in the archaeological record, is one of the most routinely recovered artifacts. It is made frequently, broken often, and comes in endless varieties according to economic and social requirements. Moreover, even in shreds ceramics can last almost forever, providing important clues about past human behavior. The contributors to this volume, all leaders in ceramic research, probe the relationship between humans and ceramics. Here they offer new discoveries obtained through traditional lines of inquiry, demonstrate methodological breakthroughs, and expose innovative new areas for research. Among the topics covered in this volume are the age at which children begin learning pottery making; the origins of pottery in the Southwest U.S., Mesoamerica, and Greece; vessel production and standardization; vessel size and food consumption patterns; the relationship between pottery style and meaning; and the role pottery and other material culture plays in communication. Pottery and People provides a cross-section of the state of the art, emphasizing the complete interactions between ceramic containers and people in past and present contexts. This is a milestone volume useful to anyone interested in the connections between pots and people.
Category: Antiques & Collectibles