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Archaeology In America An Encyclopedia 4 Volumes

Author : Linda S. Cordell
ISBN : 9780313021893
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70.91 MB
Format : PDF
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The greatness of America is right under our feet. The American past—the people, battles, industry and homes—can be found not only in libraries and museums, but also in hundreds of archaeological sites that scientists investigate with great care. These sites are not in distant lands, accessible only by research scientists, but nearby—almost every locale possesses a parcel of land worthy of archaeological exploration. Archaeology in America is the first resource that provides students, researchers, and anyone interested in their local history with a survey of the most important archaeological discoveries in North America. Leading scholars, most with an intimate knowledge of the area, have written in-depth essays on over 300 of the most important archaeological sites that explain the importance of the site, the history of the people who left the artifacts, and the nature of the ongoing research. Archaeology in America divides it coverage into 8 regions: the Arctic and Subarctic, the Great Basin and Plateau, the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains, the Midwest, the Northeast, the Southeast, the Southwest, and the West Coast. Each entry provides readers with an accessible overview of the archaeological site as well as books and articles for further research.
Category: Social Science

North American Projectile Points

Author : Wm Jack Hranicky RPA
ISBN : 1456750003
Genre : Reference
File Size : 53.73 MB
Format : PDF
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This book provides a single-source for projectile points in the literature of American archeology. Its purpose is to provide a quick lookup for point types; the user then utilizes the basic references that are provided for more research information, point comparisons, data, distributions, etc.
Category: Reference

The Archaeology Of New York State

Author : William A. Ritchie
ISBN : 9780307820495
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73.7 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
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The most complete account of ancient man in the New York area ever published in one volume, this book traces a rich, 8000-year story of human prehistory. Beginning with the first known inhabitants, Paleo-Indian hunters who lived approximately 7000 B.C., the author gives a detailed chronological account of the complex of cultural units that have existed in the area, culminating in the Iroquois tribes encountered by the European colonists at the dawn of the seventeenth century. All of the major archaeological sites in the region are described in detail and representative artifacts from all the major cultural units are illustrated in over 100 plates and drawings. The entire account is informed by the most recently obtained radio-carbon dates. In addition to giving much new, previously unpublished information, the author has synthesized all earlier published material and from this he has drawn as many inferences as the material affords regarding the nature of these early inhabitants, where they came from, and how they lived. Each cultural unit is systematically described: its discovery and naming; its ecological and chronological setting; the physical characteristics of the related people; economy; housing and settlement pattern; dress and ornament; technology; transportation; trade relationships; warfare; esthetic and recreational activities; social and political organization; mortuary customs; and religio-magical and ceremonial customs.
Category: Social Science

Northeast Anthropology

Author :
ISBN : NWU:35556039062252
Genre : Anthropology
File Size : 32.9 MB
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Category: Anthropology

Structure And Regional Diversity Of The Meadowood Interaction Sphere

Author : Karine Taché
ISBN : UOM:39076002967532
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69.67 MB
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This monograph offers the first major synthesis of the Meadowood phenomenon, one of the earliest and largest interaction spheres in northeastern North America. Stretching over 1.5 million sq km, this social network is recognized by common burial practices and the widespread distribution of carefully thinned bifaces, finely crafted polished objects, native copper and marine shell items, probably together with hides, furs, and crude pottery (likely full of specialty foods such as fatty meats and fish oils). The richly documented analyses contained in this monograph take the staid archaeological reports of previous years, and, together with unpublished data and reanalysis of curated material, breathe social and political life into the remains of this Early Woodland phenomenon (3000¿2400 BP).The main objectives of this study are to identify the factors involved in the emergence of the Meadowood Interaction Sphere, define its structure, and understand the social dynamics behind its maintenance and transformation. Building upon the assumption that fundamentally different motivations for participating in a large-scale network of interactions resulted in distinct archaeological signatures, explicit material correlates are proposed to assess the relative importance of ritual, economic, and sociopolitical factors in the development of the Meadowood phenomenon. The vast array of data presented in this work, including a detailed patterning of sites and trade goods across the Northeast, suggests that this social network was organized primary by and for high-ranking individuals rather than exclusively for cult purposes or to adapt to subsistence vicissitudes. Trade fairs are proposed as a mechanism for better understanding hunter-fisher-gatherers exchange behavior in Early Woodland times. Such episodic ritual or trade gatherings, predicated on abundant production of fish and other resources, would have facilitated the movement of prestige items in the context of increasing social complexity. Trade fairs were also places for burial of high-ranking individuals, funerary feasts, and a range of activities reinforcing intergroup integration. In sum, this research highlights the important relationship, under certain ecological conditions, between the creation of interaction spheres, the development of prestige technologies, and the emergence of socioeconomic inequalities.
Category: Social Science

The Bulletin

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89119432086
Genre : Indians of North America
File Size : 26.42 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Category: Indians of North America