Archaeology In America An Encyclopedia 4 Volumes

Author : Linda S. Cordell
ISBN : 9780313021893
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 72.77 MB
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The greatness of America is right under our feet. The American past—the people, battles, industry and homes—can be found not only in libraries and museums, but also in hundreds of archaeological sites that scientists investigate with great care. These sites are not in distant lands, accessible only by research scientists, but nearby—almost every locale possesses a parcel of land worthy of archaeological exploration. Archaeology in America is the first resource that provides students, researchers, and anyone interested in their local history with a survey of the most important archaeological discoveries in North America. Leading scholars, most with an intimate knowledge of the area, have written in-depth essays on over 300 of the most important archaeological sites that explain the importance of the site, the history of the people who left the artifacts, and the nature of the ongoing research. Archaeology in America divides it coverage into 8 regions: the Arctic and Subarctic, the Great Basin and Plateau, the Great Plains and Rocky Mountains, the Midwest, the Northeast, the Southeast, the Southwest, and the West Coast. Each entry provides readers with an accessible overview of the archaeological site as well as books and articles for further research.
Category: Social Science

North American Projectile Points

Author : Wm Jack Hranicky
ISBN : 9781496910660
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71.55 MB
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Jack Hranicky is a retired U.S. Government contractor, but he has been involved with archaeology as a full-time passion for over 40 years. His main interest is the Paleo-Indian period; however, he has worked in all facets of American archaeology. He has published over 250 papers and over 35 books in archaeology with his most recent being a two-volume, 800-page, 10,000-artifact book on the material culture of Virginia. In Virginia, he is considered an expert on prehistoric stone tools and rockart. The prehistoric Spout Run Observatory site was investigated by him which dated 10,470 YBP. He has served as president of the Archeological Society of Virginia (ASV) and Eastern States Archeological Federation (ESAF), and been past chairman of the Alexandria Archaeology Commission in Virginia. He is a charter member of the Registry of Professional Archaeologists (RPA). And, since he joined the Archeological Society of Virginia (ASV) in 1966, he is its senior member. And finally, his major publication is Bipoints Before Clovis.
Category: Social Science

Diversity And Complexity In Prehistoric Maritime Societies

Author : Bruce J. Bourque
ISBN : 9780585275741
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48.33 MB
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New England archaeology has not always been everyone's cup of tea; only late in the Golden of nineteenth-century archaeology, as archaeology's focus turned westward, did a few pioneers look northward as well, causing a brief flurry of investigation and excavation. Between 1892 and 1894, Charles C. Willoughby did some exemplary excavations at three small burial sites in Bucksport, Orland, and Ellsworth, Maine, and made some models of that activity for exhibition at the Chicago World's Fair. These activities were encouraged by E Putnam, director of the Harvard Peabody Museum and head of anthropology at the "Columbian" Exposition. Even earlier, another director of the Peabody, Jeffries Wyman, spawned some real interest in the shellheaps of the Maine coast, but that did not last very long. Twentieth-century New England archaeology, specifically in Maine, was--for its first fifty years--rather low key too, with short-lived but important activity by Arlo and Oric (a Bates Harvard student) prior to World War Later, I. another Massachusetts institution, the Peabody Foundation at Andover, took some minor but responsible steps toward further understanding of the area's prehistoric past.
Category: Social Science

A Journey Into Mohawk And Oneida Country 1634 1635

Author : Charles T. Gehring
ISBN : 9780815652151
Genre : Dutch
File Size : 46.53 MB
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This revised edition includes a new preface, the original Dutch transcription and updated endnotes and bibliography
Category: Dutch

Northeast Anthropology

Author :
ISBN : NWU:35556039062252
Genre : Anthropology
File Size : 80.56 MB
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Category: Anthropology

Structure And Regional Diversity Of The Meadowood Interaction Sphere

Author : Karine Taché
ISBN : UOM:39076002967532
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40.38 MB
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This monograph offers the first major synthesis of the Meadowood phenomenon, one of the earliest and largest interaction spheres in northeastern North America. Stretching over 1.5 million sq km, this social network is recognized by common burial practices and the widespread distribution of carefully thinned bifaces, finely crafted polished objects, native copper and marine shell items, probably together with hides, furs, and crude pottery (likely full of specialty foods such as fatty meats and fish oils). The richly documented analyses contained in this monograph take the staid archaeological reports of previous years, and, together with unpublished data and reanalysis of curated material, breathe social and political life into the remains of this Early Woodland phenomenon (3000¿2400 BP).The main objectives of this study are to identify the factors involved in the emergence of the Meadowood Interaction Sphere, define its structure, and understand the social dynamics behind its maintenance and transformation. Building upon the assumption that fundamentally different motivations for participating in a large-scale network of interactions resulted in distinct archaeological signatures, explicit material correlates are proposed to assess the relative importance of ritual, economic, and sociopolitical factors in the development of the Meadowood phenomenon. The vast array of data presented in this work, including a detailed patterning of sites and trade goods across the Northeast, suggests that this social network was organized primary by and for high-ranking individuals rather than exclusively for cult purposes or to adapt to subsistence vicissitudes. Trade fairs are proposed as a mechanism for better understanding hunter-fisher-gatherers exchange behavior in Early Woodland times. Such episodic ritual or trade gatherings, predicated on abundant production of fish and other resources, would have facilitated the movement of prestige items in the context of increasing social complexity. Trade fairs were also places for burial of high-ranking individuals, funerary feasts, and a range of activities reinforcing intergroup integration. In sum, this research highlights the important relationship, under certain ecological conditions, between the creation of interaction spheres, the development of prestige technologies, and the emergence of socioeconomic inequalities.
Category: Social Science

The Bulletin

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89119432086
Genre : Indians of North America
File Size : 86.43 MB
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Category: Indians of North America