ARCHAEOASTRONOMY AND THE MAYA

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Archaeoastronomy And The Maya

Author : Gerardo Aldana y V.
ISBN : 9781782976431
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68.59 MB
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Archaeoastronomy and the Maya illustrates archaeoastronomical approaches to ancient Mayan cultural production. The book is contextualized through a history of archaeoastronomical investigations into Mayan sites, originating in the 19th century discovery of astronomical tables within hieroglyphic books. Early 20th century archaeological excavations revealed inscriptions carved into stone that also preserved astronomical records, along with architecture that was built to reflect astronomical orientations. These materials provided the basis of a growing professionalized archaeoastronomy, blossoming in the 1970s and expanding into recent years. The chapters here exemplify the advances made in the field during the early 21st century as well as the on-going diversity of approaches, presenting new perspectives and discoveries in ancient Mayan astronomy that result from recent studies of architectural alignments, codices, epigraphy, iconography, ethnography, and calendrics. More than just investigations of esoteric ancient sciences, studies of ancient Mayan astronomy have profoundly aided our understanding of Mayan worldviews. Concepts of time and space, meanings encoded in religious art, intentions underlying architectural alignments, and even methods of political legitimization are all illuminated through the study of Mayan astronomy.
Category: Social Science

Encyclopedia Of Time

Author : Samuel L. Macey
ISBN : 9781136508905
Genre : Reference
File Size : 41.45 MB
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First published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Reference

Mysteries And Discoveries Of Archaeoastronomy

Author : Giulio Magli
ISBN : 9780387765662
Genre : Science
File Size : 47.14 MB
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The book is divided into two parts. In the first, the reader is taken on an ideal ‘world tour’ of many wonderful and enigmatic places in almost every continent, in search of traces of astronomical knowledge and lore of the sky. In the second part, Giulio Magli uses the elements presented in the tour to show that the fundamental idea which led to the construction of the astronomically-related giant monuments was the foundation of power, a foundation which was exploited by ‘replicating’ the sky. A possible interpretive model then emerges that is founded on the relationship the ancients had with “nature”, in the sense of everything that surrounded them, the cosmos. The numerous monumental astronomically aligned structures of the past then become interpretable as acts of will, expressions of power on the part of those who held it; the will to replicate the heavenly plane here on earth and to build sacred landscapes. Finally, having formulated his hypothesis, Professor Magli returns to visit one specific place in detail, searching for proof. This in-depth examination studies the most compelling, the most intensively studied, the most famous and, until recently, the most misunderstood sacred landscape on the planet - Giza, in Egypt. The archaeoastronomical analysis of the orientation of the Giza pyramids leads to the hypothesis that the pyramids of Cheops and Chephren belong to the same construction project.
Category: Science

Archaeoastronomy In The New World

Author : Anthony F. Aveni
ISBN : 9780521247313
Genre : Science
File Size : 69.48 MB
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This volume summarises the proceedings of a conference which took place at the University of Oxford in September 1981.
Category: Science

The Sky In Mayan Literature

Author : Anthony F. Aveni
ISBN : 0195068440
Genre : Astronomie - Histoire - Amérique centrale
File Size : 82.79 MB
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This unique collection of essays investigates both ancient and modern Mayan texts and describes concepts of timekeeping and their role in Mayan culture. Including contributions from anthropologists, a mathematician, an art historian, and a linguist, the interdisciplinary approach in this innovative book offers a synthesis of past and present-day dialogue between people and the world of nature around, and especially above them. The celestial sphere is the place where ancient Mayan rulers derived their source of power and yet, it is the very same realm to which the modern peasant still prays for rain. Current research brought together in this volume attempts to portray skywatching and celestial worship as one aspect of Mayan cultural behavior that possessed an evolutionary history. It depicts the ever-changing function of the sky as revealed in the sacred books of the Classic period, intended for priestly eyes only, through to the documents, written in the foreign tongue of a conquering oppressor, that tell of a transformed world view in which time's calendar was nevertheless still celebrated.
Category: Astronomie - Histoire - Amérique centrale

Archaeoastronomy

Author :
ISBN : UCSC:32106014377193
Genre : Astronomy, Prehistoric
File Size : 80.41 MB
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Category: Astronomy, Prehistoric

Archaeoastronomy

Author : Giulio Magli
ISBN : 9783319228822
Genre : Science
File Size : 38.16 MB
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This book provides the first complete, easy to read, up-to-date account of the fascinating discipline of archaeoastronomy, in which the relationship between ancient constructions and the sky is studied in order to gain a better understanding of the ideas of the architects of the past and of their religious and symbolic worlds. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which explores the past relations between astronomy and people, power, the afterworld, architecture, and landscape. The fundamentals of archaeoastronomy are then addressed in detail, with coverage of the celestial coordinates; the apparent motion of the Sun, Moon, stars, and planets; observation of celestial bodies at the horizon; the use of astronomical software in archaeoastronomy; and current methods for making and analyzing measurements. The final section reviews what archaeoastronomy can now tell us about the nature and purpose of such sites and structures as Stonehenge, the Pyramids of Giza, Chichen Itza, the Campus Martius, and the Valley of the Temples of Agrigento. In addition, a set of exercises is provided that can be performed using non-commercial free software, e.g., Google Earth or Stellarium, and will equip readers to conduct their own research. Readers will find the book an ideal introduction to what has become a wide-ranging multidisciplinary science.
Category: Science

Maya City Planning And The Calendar Transactions American Philosophical Society Vol 76 Part 7

Author : A. Aveni
ISBN : 1422374513
Genre :
File Size : 74.81 MB
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Why do people orient buildings the way they do? That the depiction of the cardinal directions of space had something to do with events taking place in the sky is suggested by cosmological diagrams derived from the civilizations of ancient Mexico. Contents: The Orientation Problem & Categories of Explan.; The Orientation of Ceremonial Architecture in Ancient Mesoamerica; Alignment of Maya Sites; Puuc Building Alignments; Discussion of Individual Site Plans: Uxmal, Sayil, Kabah, Labna & Outliers, Oxkintok & Outliers, Chacmultun, Kiuic, & Xcalumkin, Xculoc, & the Puuc Sites in Campeche; The Question of Site Chronology; Calendrical Implications of Astronomical Orientation Hypotheses; & The Orientation Calendar in a Cultural Context. Tables. Illus.
Category:

Early Astronomy

Author : Hugh Thurston
ISBN : 0387948228
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.54 MB
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Many civilizations produced astronomical texts, and many cultures that left no written records, left monuments ranging from rock paintings to Stonehenge, that show a clear interest in astronomy. This text is the history of such cultures along with the disc
Category: Science