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Applied Zooarchaeology

Author : Steve Wolverton
ISBN : 0989824969
Genre : Animal remains (Archaeology)
File Size : 64.51 MB
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During the last two decades, zooarchaeologists have increasingly focused aspects of their work on conservation biology. Zooarchaeological data represent an empirical record of past human-animal interactions, which provides conservation with a deep temporal perspective. There are many challenges that face the archaeologist as conservation biologist, however, that have little to do with deep time, faunal remains, and zooarchaeological method and theory. In this book we use a series of case studies with which each of the authors has relevant personal experience to explore the types of interdisciplinary challenges that zooarchaeologists face when crossing into the world of environmental management and animal conservation. Never has there been a greater need for multi-vocal perspectives in conservation biology. This book shows zooarchaeologists how to use zooarchaeological perspectives to help meet those needs, while crossing traditional academic disciplinary boundaries.
Category: Animal remains (Archaeology)

Conservation Biology And Applied Zooarchaeology

Author : Steve Wolverton
ISBN : 9780816599295
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60.85 MB
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Until now, the research of applied zooarchaeologists has not had a significant impact on the work of conservation scientists. This book is designed to show how zooarchaeology can productively inform conservation science. Conservation Biology and Applied Zooarchaeology offers a set of case studies that use animal remains from archaeological and paleontological sites to provide information that has direct implications for wildlife management and conservation biology. It introduces conservation biologists to zooarchaeology, a sub-field of archaeology and ethnobiology, and provides a brief historical account of the development of applied zooarchaeology. The case studies, which utilize palaeozoological data, cover a variety of animals and environments, including the marine ecology of shellfish and fish, potential restoration sites for Sandhill Cranes, freshwater mussel biogeography and stream ecology, conservation of terrestrial mammals such as American black bears, and even a consideration of the validity of the Pleistocene “rewilding” movement. The volume closes with an important new essay on the history, value, and application of applied zooarchaeology by R. Lee Lyman, which updates his classic 1996 paper that encouraged zooarchaeologists to apply their findings to present-day environmental challenges. Each case study provides detailed analysis using the approaches of zooarchaeology and concludes with precise implications for conservation biology. Essays also address issues of political and social ecology, which have frequently been missing from the discussions of conservation scientists. As the editors note, all conservation actions occur in economic, social, and political contexts. Until now, however, the management implications of zooarchaeological research have rarely been spelled out so clearly.
Category: Social Science

Case Studies In Environmental Archaeology

Author : Elizabeth Reitz
ISBN : 9780387713021
Genre : History
File Size : 74.16 MB
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This book highlights studies addressing significant anthropological issues in the Americas from the perspective of environmental archaeology. The book uses case studies to resolve questions related to human behavior in the past rather than to demonstrate the application of methods. Each chapter is an original or revised work by an internationally-recognized scientist. This second edition is based on the 1996 book of the same title. The editors have invited back a number of contributors from the first edition to revise and update their chapter. New studies are included in order to cover recent developments in the field or additional pertinent topics.
Category: History

Social Zooarchaeology

Author : Nerissa Russell
ISBN : 9781139504348
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49.73 MB
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This is the first book to provide a systematic overview of social zooarchaeology, which takes a holistic view of human-animal relations in the past. Until recently, archaeological analysis of faunal evidence has primarily focused on the role of animals in the human diet and subsistence economy. This book, however, argues that animals have always played many more roles in human societies: as wealth, companions, spirit helpers, sacrificial victims, totems, centerpieces of feasts, objects of taboos, and more. These social factors are as significant as taphonomic processes in shaping animal bone assemblages. Nerissa Russell uses evidence derived from not only zooarchaeology, but also ethnography, history and classical studies, to suggest the range of human-animal relationships and to examine their importance in human society. Through exploring the significance of animals to ancient humans, this book provides a richer picture of past societies.
Category: Social Science

Integrating Zooarchaeology And Paleoethnobotany

Author : Amber VanDerwarker
ISBN : 1441909354
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40.92 MB
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In recent years, scholars have emphasized the need for more holistic subsistence analyses, and collaborative publications towards this endeavor have become more numerous in the literature. However, there are relatively few attempts to qualitatively integrate zooarchaeological (animal) and paleoethnobotanical (plant) data, and even fewer attempts to quantitatively integrate these two types of subsistence evidence. Given the vastly different methods used in recovering and quantifying these data, not to mention their different preservational histories, it is no wonder that so few have undertaken this problem. Integrating Zooarchaeology and Paleoethnobotany takes the lead in tackling this important issue by addressing the methodological limitations of data integration, proposing new methods and innovative ways of using established methods, and highlighting case studies that successfully employ these methods to shed new light on ancient foodways. The volume challenges the perception that plant and animal foodways are distinct and contends that the separation of the analysis of archaeological plant and animal remains sets up a false dichotomy between these portions of the diet. In advocating qualitative and quantitative data integration, the volume establishes a clear set of methods for (1) determining the suitability of data integration in any particular case, and (2) carrying out an integrated qualitative or quantitative approach.
Category: Social Science

Zooarchaeology Of South America

Author : Guillermo L. Mengoni Goñalons
ISBN : UOM:39015061855840
Genre : History
File Size : 26.87 MB
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Among other important considerations, South America offers scientists an outstanding biodiversity, an excellent preservation in some particular areas and taphonomic challenges in others, a relatively long temporal depth, and a great variety of bio-cultural themes to investigate. This volume presents 12 contributions that takes the reader on a journey through a vast continent; a journey that starts at the Equator and reaches its southern tip. One in which, over great periods of time, humans and other animals have participated together in a variety of processes and particular histories. Contents: 1. Introduction: An overview of South American zooarchaeology (Guillermo L. Mengoni Gonalons); 2. Guanaco and huemul in Patagonian hunter-gatherers diet (Mariana E. De Nigris); 3. Late Holocene hunter-gatherers from the Pampean Wetlands, Argentina (Daniel M. Loponte and Alejandro A. Acosta); 4. Arqueofaunas en sociedades complejas: la ganaderia prehispanica de camelidos en los Andes (Noroeste Argentino)( Celina M. Madero); 5. Tendencias en la explotacion humana de la fauna durante el Pleistoceno final y Holoceno en la Region Pampeana (Argentina)(Gustavo Martinez and Maria A. Gutierrez); 6. Aproximaciones zooarqueologicas al pasado de Aisen continental (Patagonia Central Chilena)( Francisco Mena, Hector Velasquez, Valentina Trejo and Juan C. Torres-Mura); 7. Mammal exploitation in the insular environments of southern South America (A. Sebastian Munoz); 8. Los camelidos en el antiguo Peru, un balance desde la arqueozoologia (Denise Pozzi-Escot); 9. Etude des vertebres du site archeologique Rs-Tq-58, Montenegro, RS, Bresil: aspects archeozoologiques et taphonomiques (Alberico Nogueira de Queiroz); 10. Vertebrate fauna from El Azucar 30, Ecuador (Elizabeth J. Reitz and Maria Masucci); 11. El desarrollo de la zooarqueologia en Ecuador: situacion actual y perspectivas (Amelia M. Sanchez Mosquera); 12. Neotropical zooarchaeology in Ecuador (Peter W. Stahl).
Category: History

Principles Of Archaeological Stratigraphy

Author : Edward C. Harris
ISBN : 9781483295855
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 60.57 MB
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This book is the only text devoted entirely to archaeological stratigraphy, a subject of fundamental importance to most studies in archaeology. The first edition appeared in 1979 as a result of the invention, by the author, of the Harris Matrix--a method for analyzing and presenting the stratigraphic sequences of archaeological sites. The method is now widely used in archaeology all over the world. The opening chapters of this edition discuss the historical development of the ideas of archaeological stratigraphy. The central chapters examine the laws and basic concepts of the subject, and the last few chapters look at methods of recording stratification, constructing stratigraphic sequences, and the analysis of stratification and artifacts. The final chapter, which is followed by a glossary of stratigraphic terms, gives an outline of a modern system for recording stratification on archaeological sites. This book is written in a simple style suitable for the student or amateur. The radical ideas set out should also give the professional archaeologist food for thought. Key Features * Covers a basic principle of all archaeological excavations * Provides a data description and analysis tool for all such digs, which is now widely accepted and used. * Gives extra information
Category: Social Science

The Archaeology Of Animal Bones

Author : Terence Patrick O'Connor
ISBN : 1603440844
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39.74 MB
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Animal ecologists can observe the present and reconstruct the last one or two centuries from historical sources, but the study of animal bones adds valuable insight into the peoples and landscapes of the past while telling much about the evolution of human-animal relationships. In this standard work, now available in paperback, O’Connor offers a detailed overview of the study of animal bones. He analyzes bone composition and structure and the archaeological evidence left by the processes of life, death, and decomposition. He goes on to look at how bone is excavated, examined, described, identified, measured, and reassembled into skeletons. The bulk of the book is devoted to the interpretation of bone fragments, which tell much about the animals themselves—their health, growth, diet, injuries, and age at death.
Category: Social Science

The University Of Virginia Record

Author : University of Virginia
ISBN : UVA:X030050619
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 42.72 MB
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Category: Biography & Autobiography