The Tigris And Euphrates Rivers

Author : Earle Rice
ISBN : 9781612283715
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 88.16 MB
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There are few rivers in the world which can boast a history as long and as colorful as the Tigris and Eurphrates. Known in ancient times as Mesopotamia, the region between the two rivers and surrounding them is called the “Cradle of Civilization.” Sumer, the world’s first major civilization, originated and grew up on the banks of the two rivers because of the fertile soil the rivers helped to produce. Several other important civilizations, such as Babylonia and Assyria, followed Sumer in succeeding centuries. Many of the world’s most important inventions, such as writing, originated here. But all is not well with the rivers today. Several countries compete for the previous, life–giving water of the Tigris and Euphrates. Climate change threatens to reduce the amount of this water.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Revisiting Velikovsky

Author : J. Eric Aitchison
ISBN : 9781925515947
Genre : History
File Size : 48.55 MB
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Eric Aitchison’s long and in-depth study is basically his way to reconcile the conventional model of ancient history with the 'Ages in Chaos' series of Velikovsky. He has been extremely thorough in his research and came to the conclusion that although Velikovsky used Biblical dates as anchors for his broad-brush realignments and alter egos, a closer analysis of the Biblical parallels was possible and so much so that even the limmu list supported Assyrian King List could be adjusted and re-evaluated in the context of a revision of chronology – such as the actual date for the fall of Samaria. In fact, this e-book makes a number of arguments that strongly refute some of Velikovsky’s most famous synchronisms – in fact, quite a lot of them. I can’t at the moment think of any other revisionist that has taken on and demolished so many of Velikovsky’s arguments – and yet at the same time he remains positively on board the Velikovsky experience. He ends up with a system that is in so many ways pro-Velikovsky and yet at the same time is quite unlike all the major players in revisions of ancient history post-Velikovsky. The Glasgow chronologists dismissed the second and third volumes of 'Ages in Chaos' en bloc. Somewhat later, first James and then Rohl (and cohorts), went on to abandon the first volume of 'Ages in Chaos' – the book that set it all in motion. Another group of revisionists moved in the opposite direction shifting not just dynasties but whole blocks of history forward in time, en-masse. Eric Aitchison, on the other hand, with input from A Montgomery, B Curnock, J Crowe, L Mitcham, J Lascelles and latterly D K Mills has actually remained extraordinarily faithful to the core of 'Ages in Chaos' and they have all of them treated Velikovsky’s research with the utmost respect and admiration. In order to bring ancient history, as it was perceived by Velikovsky, in tandem with well-known Biblical synchronisms, Eric Aitchison has compared events from the 16th to the 10th centuries BC with what seem to be a remarkable set of parallels between the 10th and 4th centuries BC. I can understand why he chose to look at ancient history in that way and why he decided to telescope the two periods. He was of course strongly influenced by the radical ideas of Velikovsky, which provided the momentum and the manner to bring the Bible’s history excitingly alive. Of course, a modern conventional historian would not have dreamed of adopting such a radical approach, but this book is not addressed as much to them as it is to other revisionists, and in that sense, he is a beacon to be explored as it is full of well-reasoned and objective argumentation. Let’s face facts, they might disclaim the fact, but even conventional chronology is based on a series of what is regarded as rock solid Biblical synchronisms. Without the Bible as backup chronology would be shaky no matter how much they plead to the contrary. Eric Aitchison evaluates each of those Biblical interconnections in a clinical and open-minded fashion that I found quite refreshing and I take my hat off to him as the whole exercise comes across as fair-minded and straight speaking. A real Oz attribute. Not only that he is not at all of the opinion he has cracked it and everyone else is wrong – he is not unduly insistent in what he says as he is always prepared to abandon a sometimes cherished point that he has discovered in his deliberations. That is the mark of a true investigator of facts, as each point is examined on its own merits. Indeed, in writing this tome he has been prepared to make adjustments when others such as Mills, Montgomery, Curnock and Crowe had cast some shred of doubt or questioned a particular source that he might have used, or an interpretation of a text. This is not a revision cast in stone to stand or fall as it is presented at this point in time. It is a revision to be explored by other minds and tweaked with and twiddled as must – a most useful construct. — Don Mil
Category: History

Ancient Iraq

Author : Georges Roux
ISBN : 9780141938257
Genre : History
File Size : 51.41 MB
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Book provides an introduction to the history of ancient Mesopotamia and its civilizations, incorporating archaeological and historical finds up to 1992
Category: History

Babylon

Author : Paul Kriwaczek
ISBN : 9781782395676
Genre : History
File Size : 68.94 MB
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In Babylon, Paul Kriwaczek tells the story of ancient Mesopotamia from the earliest settlements around 5400 BC, to the eclipse of Babylon by the Persians in the sixth century BC. He chronicles the rise and fall of dynastic power during this period; he examines its numerous material, social and cultural innovations and inventions: The wheel, civil, engineering, building bricks, the centralized state, the division of labour, organised religion, sculpture, education, mathematics, law and monumental building. At the heart of Kriwaczek's magisterial account, though, is the glory of Babylon - 'gateway to the gods' - which rose to glorious prominence under the Amorite king Hammurabi, who unified Babylonia between 1800 and 1750 BC. While Babylonian power would rise and fall over the ensuing centuries, it retained its importance as a cultural, religious and political centre until its fall to Cyrus the Great of Persia in 539 BC.
Category: History

When We Ruled

Author : Robin Walker
ISBN : IND:30000116730585
Genre : Africa
File Size : 28.84 MB
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Category: Africa

Who Were The Babylonians

Author : Bill T. Arnold
ISBN : 9781589831063
Genre : History
File Size : 78.47 MB
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Who was Hammurapi, and what role did his famous "law code" serve in ancient Babylonian society? Who was the mysterious Merodach-baladan, and why did the appearance of his emissaries in Jerusalem so upset Isaiah? Who was Nebuchadnezzar II, and why did he tear down the Solomonic temple and drag the people of God into exile? In short, who were the Babylonians? This engaging and informative introduction to the best of current scholarship on the Babylonians and their role in biblical history answers these and other significant questions. The Babylonians were important not only because of their many historical contacts with ancient Israel but because they and their predecessors, the Sumerians, established the philosophical and social infrastructure for most of Western Asia for nearly two millennia. Beginning and advanced students as well as biblical scholars and interested nonspecialists will read this introduction to the history and culture of the Babylonians with interest and profit. - Publisher.
Category: History

The Age Of Agade

Author : Benjamin R. Foster
ISBN : 9781317415527
Genre : History
File Size : 43.29 MB
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The Age of Agade is the first book-length study of the Akkadian period of Mesopotamian history, which saw the rise and fall of the world's first empire during more than a century of extraordinary political, social, and cultural innovation. It draws together more than 40 years of research by one of the world's leading experts in Assyriology to offer an exhaustive survey of the Akkadian empire. Addressing all aspects of the empire, including its statecraft and military, territory and cities, arts, religion, economy, and production, The Age of Agadeconsiders what can be said of Akkadian political and social history, material culture, and daily life. A final chapter also explores how the empire has been presented in modern historiography, from the decipherment of cuneiform to the present, including the extensive research of Soviet historians, summarized here in English for the first time. Drawing on contemporaneous written and artifactual sources, as well as relevant materials from succeeding generations, Foster introduces the reader to the wealth of evidence available. Accessibly written by a specialist in the field, this book is an engaging examination of a critical era in the history of early Mesopotamia.
Category: History

Middle East And Africa

Author : Trudy Ring
ISBN : 9781134259861
Genre : Reference
File Size : 69.56 MB
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First Published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Reference

Ur

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105015771525
Genre : Arab countries
File Size : 70.13 MB
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Category: Arab countries