Download An Urban Geography Of The Roman World 100 Bc To Ad 300 Archaeopress Roman Archaeology ebook PDF or Read Online books in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format. Click Download or Read Online button to AN URBAN GEOGRAPHY OF THE ROMAN WORLD 100 BC TO AD 300 ARCHAEOPRESS ROMAN ARCHAEOLOGY book pdf for free now.

An Urban Geography Of The Roman World 100 Bc To Ad 300

Author : J. W. Hanson
ISBN : 178491472X
Genre :
File Size : 24.16 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 607
Read : 152

Although there have been numerous studies of individual cities or groups of cities, there has never been a study of the urbanism of the Roman world as a whole, meaning that we have been poorly informed not only about the number of cities and how they were distributed and changed over time, but also about their sizes and populations, monumentality, and civic status. This book provides a new account of the urbanism of the Roman world between 100 BC and AD 300. To do so, it draws on a combination of textual sources and archaeological material to provide a new catalogue of cities, calculates new estimates of their areas and uses a range of population densities to estimate their populations, and brings together available information about their monumentality and civic status for the first time. This evidence demonstrates that, although there were relatively few cities, many had considerable sizes and populations, substantial amounts of monumentality, and held various kinds of civic status. This indicates that there was significant economic growth in this period, including both extensive and intensive economic growth, which resulted from an influx of wealth through conquest and the intrinsic changes that came with Roman rule (including the expansion of urbanism). This evidence also suggests that there was a system that was characterized by areas of intense urban demand, which was met through an efficient system for the extraction of necessity and luxury goods from immediate hinterlands and an effective system for bringing these items from further afield. The disruption of these links seems to have put this system under considerable strain towards the end of this period and may have been sufficient to cause its ultimate collapse. This appears to have been in marked contrast to the medieval and early modern periods, when urbanism was more able to respond to changes in supply and demand.

Trade Commerce And The State In The Roman World

Author : Alan Bowman
ISBN : 9780198790662
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 90.54 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 906
Read : 708

This volume presents eighteen papers by leading Roman historians and archaeologists discussing trade in the Roman Empire during the period c.100 BC to AD 350. It focuses especially on the role of the Roman state in shaping the institutional framework for trade within and outside the empire, in taxing that trade, and in intervening in the markets to ensure the supply of particular commodities, especially for the city of Rome and for the army. As part of a novel interdisciplinary approach to the subject, the chapters address its myriad facets on the basis of broadly different sources of evidence: historical, papyrological, and archaeological. They are grouped into three sections, covering institutional factors (taxation, legal structures, market regulation, financial institutions); evidence for long-distance trade within the empire in wood, stone, glass, and pottery; and trade beyond the frontiers, with the east (as far as China), India, Arabia, the Red Sea, and the Sahara. Rome's external trade with realms to the east emerges as being of particular significance, but it is in the eastern part of the empire itself where the state appears to have adapted the mechanisms of taxation in collaboration with the elite holders of wealth to support its need for revenue. On the other hand, the price of that collaboration, which was in effect a fiscal partnership, ultimately led in the longer term in slightly different forms in the east and the west to a fundamental change in the political character of the empire.
Category: Architecture

Sicily And The Sea

Author : Paulien Retl
ISBN : 9462581150
Genre : Art
File Size : 37.80 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 359
Read : 611

Sicily and the Sea highlights the culture of the island through the ages The Allard Pierson Museum will be hosting an exhibition entitled Sicily and the Sea: A Dive into the Past, from October 9, 2015 - April 17, 2016Due to its strategic location and natural resources Sicily has always been a coveted island. Phoenicians and Greeks were the first to settle and their colonies made a lasting contribution to the cultural history of Europe. In the following centuries a sequence of rulers invaded Sicily, from Romans and Byzantines, Moors and various European royal houses up to the invasion of the allies in 1943. All those cultures living together - sometimes in peace, sometimes conflicting - effected each other and left their traces, on the island and in the sea. Sicily and the Sea highlights the culture of the island through the ages. Thanks to modern techniques, more and more archeological treasures are found. Lovers of underwater archeology, ports, temples, sea battles and shipwrecks are generously served. But Sicily and the Sea is about much more: about Homeric monsters, folklore, modern politics, and the many writers and film directors who were inspired by this island itself."
Category: Art

The Economy Of Pompeii

Author : Miko Flohr
ISBN : 9780191090165
Genre : History
File Size : 24.85 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 457
Read : 373

This volume presents fourteen papers by Roman archaeologists and historians discussing approaches to the economic history of Pompeii, and the role of the Pompeian evidence in debates about the Roman economy. Four themes are discussed. The first of these is the position of Pompeii and its agricultural environment, discussing the productivity and specialization of agriculture in the Vesuvian region, and the degree to which we can explain Pompeii's size and wealth on the basis of the city's economic hinterland. A second issue discussed is what Pompeians got out of their economy: how well-off were people in Pompeii? This involves discussing the consumption of everyday consumer goods, analyzing archaeobotanical remains to highlight the quality of Pompeian diets, and discussing what bone remains reveal about the health of the inhabitants of Pompeii. A third theme is economic life in the city: how are we to understand the evidence for crafts and manufacturing? How are we to assess Pompeii's commercial topography? Who were the people who actually invested in constructing shops and workshops? In which economic contexts were Pompeian paintings produced? Finally, the volume discusses money and business: how integrated was Pompeii into the wider world of commerce and exchange, and what can the many coins found at Pompeii tell us about this? What do the wax tablets found near Pompeii tell us about trade in the Bay of Naples in the first century AD? Together, the chapters of this volume highlight how Pompeii became a very rich community, and how it profited from its position in the centre of the Roman world.
Category: History

Globalisation And The Roman World

Author : Martin Pitts
ISBN : 9781316061398
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 24.30 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 501
Read : 986

This book explores a new perspective for understanding the Roman world, using connectivity as a major point of departure. Globalisation is apparent in increased flows of objects, people and ideas and in the creation of translocal consciousness in everyday life. Based on these criteria, there is a case for globalisation in the ancient Roman world. Essential for anyone interested in Romanisation, this volume provides the first sustained critical exploration of globalisation theories in Roman archaeology and history. It is written by an international group of scholars who address a broad range of subjects, including Roman imperialism, economics, consumption, urbanism, migration, visual culture and heritage. The contributors explore the implications of understanding material culture in an interconnected Roman world, highlighting several novel directions for future research.
Category: Social Science

Urban Craftsmen And Traders In The Roman World

Author : Andrew Wilson
ISBN : 0191811106
Genre : Artisans
File Size : 46.68 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 709
Read : 1072

This edited collection, featuring 16 contributions from leading Roman historians and archaeologists, sheds new light on approaches to the economic history of urban craftsmen and traders in the Roman world.
Category: Artisans

The Oxford Handbook Of Material Culture Studies

Author : Dan Hicks
ISBN : 9780199218714
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21.53 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 463
Read : 853

Written by an international team of experts, the Handbook makes accessible a full range of theoretical and applied approaches to the study of material culture, and the place of materiality in social theory, presenting current thinking about material culture from the fields of archaeology, anthropology, geography, and science and technology studies.
Category: Social Science

Machu Picchu

Author : Richard L. Burger
ISBN : 9780300097634
Genre : History
File Size : 85.79 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 989
Read : 506

Details the status of contemporary research on Incan civilization, and addresses mysteries of the founding and abandonment of Machu Picchu, charting its archaeological history from 1911 to the present.
Category: History

How Chiefs Come To Power

Author : Timothy K. Earle
ISBN : 0804728569
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 51.74 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 649
Read : 224

This book is basically about power-how people came to acquire it and the implications that contrasting paths to power had for the development of societies. Earle argues that chiefdoms, being a regional polity with governance over a population of a few thousand to tens of thousands of people, and with some social stratification, possessed the same fundamental dynamics as those of states, and that the origin of states is to be understood in the emergence and development of chiefdoms. His arguments are developed by three case studies-Denmark during the Neolithic and early Bronze Age (2300-1300) BC, the high Andes of Peru from the early chiefdoms through the Inka conquest (AD 500-1534), and Hawai'i from early settlement to its incorporation in the world economy (AD 800-1824). After summarizing the cultural history of the three societies over a thousand years, he considers the sources of chiefly power-the economy, military power and ideology-and how these sources were linked together.
Category: Social Science