AN INTRODUCTION TO METRIC SPACES AND FIXED POINT THEORY

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Author : Mohamed A. Khamsi
ISBN : 9781118031322
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 76.56 MB
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Presents up-to-date Banach space results. * Features an extensive bibliography for outside reading. * Provides detailed exercises that elucidate more introductory material.

Author : Qamrul Hasan Ansari
ISBN : 1842656554
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.58 MB
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METRIC SPACES is intended for undergraduate students offering a course of metric spaces and post graduate students offering a course of nonlinear analysis or fixed point theory. The first six chapters cover basic concepts of metric spaces, separable spaces, compact spaces, connected spaces and continuity of functions defined on a metric space. Chapter seven is devoted to the metric fixed point theory. Banach contraction theorem and several of its generalizations along with their applications and Caristi's fixed point theorem are also given in this chapter. The introductory set-valued analysis with special emphysis on continuity and fixed point theory of set-valued maps is given in chapter eight. One of the most useful and important results from nonlinear analysis is Ekeland's variational principle. This principle along with several of its equivalent forms, Takahashi's minimization theorem, introduction of theory of equilibrium problems and the equilibrium version of Ekeland's variational principle and several of its equivalent forms are presented in the last chapter. This book will also be useful for researchers working in nonlinear analysis, optimization and theory of equilibrium problems.

The purpose of this contributed volume is to provide a primary resource for anyone interested in fixed point theory with a metric flavor. The book presents information for those wishing to find results that might apply to their own work and for those wishing to obtain a deeper understanding of the theory. The book should be of interest to a wide range of researchers in mathematical analysis as well as to those whose primary interest is the study of fixed point theory and the underlying spaces. The level of exposition is directed to a wide audience, including students and established researchers. Key topics covered include Banach contraction theorem, hyperconvex metric spaces, modular function spaces, fixed point theory in ordered sets, topological fixed point theory for set-valued maps, coincidence theorems, Lefschetz and Nielsen theories, systems of nonlinear inequalities, iterative methods for fixed point problems, and the Ekeland’s variational principle.

Author : Ravi P. Agarwal
ISBN : 9783319240824
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 20.38 MB
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Written by a team of leading experts in the field, this volume presents a self-contained account of the theory, techniques and results in metric type spaces (in particular in G-metric spaces); that is, the text approaches this important area of fixed point analysis beginning from the basic ideas of metric space topology. The text is structured so that it leads the reader from preliminaries and historical notes on metric spaces (in particular G-metric spaces) and on mappings, to Banach type contraction theorems in metric type spaces, fixed point theory in partially ordered G-metric spaces, fixed point theory for expansive mappings in metric type spaces, generalizations, present results and techniques in a very general abstract setting and framework. Fixed point theory is one of the major research areas in nonlinear analysis. This is partly due to the fact that in many real world problems fixed point theory is the basic mathematical tool used to establish the existence of solutions to problems which arise naturally in applications. As a result, fixed point theory is an important area of study in pure and applied mathematics and it is a flourishing area of research.

This volume presents a broad introduction to the topological fixed point theory of multivalued (set-valued) mappings, treating both classical concepts as well as modern techniques. A variety of up-to-date results is described within a unified framework. Topics covered include the basic theory of set-valued mappings with both convex and nonconvex values, approximation and homological methods in the fixed point theory together with a thorough discussion of various index theories for mappings with a topologically complex structure of values, applications to many fields of mathematics, mathematical economics and related subjects, and the fixed point approach to the theory of ordinary differential inclusions. The work emphasises the topological aspect of the theory, and gives special attention to the Lefschetz and Nielsen fixed point theory for acyclic valued mappings with diverse compactness assumptions via graph approximation and the homological approach. Audience: This work will be of interest to researchers and graduate students working in the area of fixed point theory, topology, nonlinear functional analysis, differential inclusions, and applications such as game theory and mathematical economics.

Fixed Point Theory and Graph Theory provides an intersection between the theories of fixed point theorems that give the conditions under which maps (single or multivalued) have solutions and graph theory which uses mathematical structures to illustrate the relationship between ordered pairs of objects in terms of their vertices and directed edges. This edited reference work is perhaps the first to provide a link between the two theories, describing not only their foundational aspects, but also the most recent advances and the fascinating intersection of the domains. The authors provide solution methods for fixed points in different settings, with two chapters devoted to the solutions method for critically important non-linear problems in engineering, namely, variational inequalities, fixed point, split feasibility, and hierarchical variational inequality problems. The last two chapters are devoted to integrating fixed point theory in spaces with the graph and the use of retractions in the fixed point theory for ordered sets. Introduces both metric fixed point and graph theory in terms of their disparate foundations and common application environments Provides a unique integration of otherwise disparate domains that aids both students seeking to understand either area and researchers interested in establishing an integrated research approach Emphasizes solution methods for fixed points in non-linear problems such as variational inequalities, split feasibility, and hierarchical variational inequality problems that is particularly appropriate for engineering and core science applications

Author : Kazimierz Goebel
ISBN : 0521382890
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 68.64 MB
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Metric Fixed Point Theory has proved a flourishing area of research for many mathematicians. This book aims to offer the mathematical community an accessible, self-contained account which can be used as an introduction to the subject and its development. It will be understandable to a wide audience, including non-specialists, and provide a source of examples, references and new approaches for those currently working in the subject.

The purpose of this book is to give a comprehensive introduction to the study of non-linear operator theory in probabilistic metric spaces. This book is introduced as a survey of the latest and new results on the following topics: Basic theory of probabilistic metric spaces; Fixed point theorems for single-valued and multi-valued mappings in probabilistic metric spaces; Ekeland's variational principle and Caristi's fixed point theorem in probabilistic metric spaces; Coincidence point theorems, minimisation and fixed degree theorems in probabilistic metric spaces; Probabilistic contractors, accretive mappings and topological degree in probabilistic normed spaces; Nonlinear semigroups and differential equations in probabilistic metric spaces; KKM theorems, minimax theorems and variational inequalities.

Author : J. L. Berggren
ISBN : 354076688X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 35.2 MB
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Die Mathematik im mittelalterlichen Islam hatte großen Einfluss auf die allgemeine Entwicklung des Faches. Der Autor beschreibt diese Periode der Geschichte der Mathematik und bezieht sich dabei auf die arabischsprachigen Quellen. Zu den behandelten Themen gehören Dezimalrechnen, Geometrie, ebene und sphärische Trigonometrie, Algebra sowie die Approximation von Wurzeln von Gleichungen. Das Buch wendet sich an Mathematikhistoriker und -studenten, aber auch an alle Interessierten mit Mathematikkenntnissen der weiterführenden Schule.