AN ARCHAEOLOGY OF THE COSMOS RETHINKING AGENCY AND RELIGION IN ANCIENT AMERICA

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An Archaeology Of The Cosmos

Author : Timothy R. Pauketat
ISBN : 9780415521284
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 67.50 MB
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An Archaeology of the Cosmos seeks answers to two fundamental questions of humanity and human history. The first question concerns that which some use as a defining element of humanity: religious beliefs. Why do so many people believe in supreme beings and holy spirits? The second question concerns changes in those beliefs. What causes beliefs to change? Using archaeological evidence gathered from ancient America, especially case material from the Great Plains and the pre-Columbian American Indian city of Cahokia, Timothy Pauketat explores the logical consequences of these two fundamental questions. Religious beliefs are not more resilient than other aspects of culture and society, and people are not the only causes of historical change. An Archaeology of the Cosmos examines the intimate association of agency and religion by studying how relationships between people, places, and things were bundled together and positioned in ways that constituted the fields of human experience. This rethinking theories of agency and religion provides readers with challenging and thought provoking conclusions that will lead them to reassess the way they approach the past.
Category: Social Science

Religion And Politics In The Ancient Americas

Author : Sarah B. Barber
ISBN : 9781317440826
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 32.46 MB
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This exciting collection explores the interplay of religion and politics in the precolumbian Americas. Each thought-provoking contribution positions religion as a primary factor influencing political innovations in this period, reinterpreting major changes through an examination of how religion both facilitated and constrained transformations in political organization and status relations. Offering unparalleled geographic and temporal coverage of this subject, Religion and Politics in the Ancient Americas spans the entire precolumbian period, from Preceramic Peru to the Contact period in eastern North America, with case studies from North, Middle, and South America. Religion and Politics in the Ancient Americas considers the ways in which religion itself generated political innovation and thus enabled political centralization to occur. It moves beyond a "Great Tradition" focus on elite religion to understand how local political authority was negotiated, contested, bolstered, and undermined within diverse constituencies, demonstrating how religion has transformed non-Western societies. As well as offering readers fresh perspectives on specific archaeological cases, this book breaks new ground in the archaeological examination of religion and society.
Category: Social Science

Archaeology And Ancient Religion In The American Midcontinent

Author : Brad H. Koldehoff
ISBN : 9780817319960
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 32.72 MB
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Analyses of big datasets signal important directions for the archaeology of religion in the Archaic to Mississippian Native North America Across North America, huge data accumulations derived from decades of cultural resource management studies, combined with old museum collections, provide archaeologists with unparalleled opportunities to explore new questions about the lives of ancient native peoples. For many years the topics of technology, economy, and political organization have received the most research attention, while ritual, religion, and symbolic expression have largely been ignored. This was often the case because researchers considered such topics beyond reach of their methods and data. In Archaeology and Ancient Religion in the American Midcontinent, editors Brad H. Koldehoff and Timothy R. Pauketat and their contributors demonstrate that this notion is outdated through their analyses of a series of large datasets from the midcontinent, ranging from tiny charred seeds to the cosmic alignments of mounds, they consider new questions about the religious practices and lives of native peoples. At the core of this volume are case studies that explore religious practices from the Cahokia area and surrounding Illinois uplands. Additional chapters explore these topics using data collected from sites and landscapes scattered along the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys. This innovative work facilitates a greater appreciation for, and understanding of, ancient native religious practices, especially their seamless connections to everyday life and livelihood. The contributors do not advocate for a reduced emphasis on technology, economy, and political organization; rather, they recommend expanding the scope of such studies to include considerations of how religious practices shaped the locations of sites, the character of artifacts, and the content and arrangement of sites and features. They also highlight analytical approaches that are applicable to archaeological datasets from across the Americas and beyond.
Category: Social Science

Religion And Innovation

Author : Donald A. Yerxa
ISBN : 9781472591005
Genre : Religion
File Size : 55.5 MB
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It is often assumed that religion is the backward-looking servant of tradition and the status quo, utterly opposed to the new. This refrain in so much of recent polemical writing has permeated the public mind and can even be found in academic publications. But recent scholarship increasingly shows that this view is a gross simplification - that, in fact, religious beliefs and practices have contributed to significant changes in human affairs: political and legal, social and artistic, scientific and commercial. This is certainly not to say that religion is always innovative. But the relationship between religion and innovation is much more complex and instructive than is generally assumed. Religion and Innovation includes contributions from leading historians, archaeologists, and social scientists, who offer findings about the relationship between religion and innovation. The essays collected in this volume range from discussions of the transformative power of religion in early societies; to re-examinations of our notions of naturalism, secularization, and progress; to explorations of cutting-edge contemporary issues. Combining scholarly rigor with clear, accessible writing, Religion and Innovation: Antagonists or Partners? is essential reading for anyone interested in the history of religion and the ongoing debates about its role in the modern world and into the future.
Category: Religion

Rethinking Materiality

Author : Chris Gosden
ISBN : 1902937309
Genre : Material culture
File Size : 56.85 MB
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What is the relationship between mind and ideas on the one hand, and the material things of the world on the other? In recent years, researchers have rejected the old debate about the primacy of the mind or material, and have sought to establish more nuanced understandings of the ways humans interact with their material worlds. In this volume contributors debate the significance of key thresholds in the human past, including sedentism, domestication, and the emergence of social inequality and their impact on changing patterns of human cognition, symbolic expression, and technological innovation.
Category: Material culture

Author : حمودي، عبد الله
ISBN : 185516552X
Genre : Muslim pilgrims and pilgrimages
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Category: Muslim pilgrims and pilgrimages

Author :
ISBN : 9953825610
Genre : Arab Spring, 2010-
File Size : 85.18 MB
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Category: Arab Spring, 2010-

Author : شيريل بينارد
ISBN : 9789775015082
Genre :
File Size : 48.60 MB
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تُعتبر مؤسسة راند أهم مراكز الدراسات الاستراتيجيّة الأميريكيّة على الإطلاق، ويعدُّها البعض "العقل الاستراتيجي الأميريكي"، وهي الذراع البحثي شبه الرسمي للإدارة الأميريكيّة والبنتاغون بوجه خاص. وفي إطار الجهود الاميريكيّة لإعادة رسم الخريطة السياسيّة والاقتصاديّة للعالم الإسلامي بعد 11 سبتمبر 2001؛ صدر هذا التقرير/الكتاب. والدراسة تحاول تحديد ملامح الاستراتيجية التي يتعين على الإدارة الأميريكيّة تبنّيها من أجل "إعادة بناء الدين الإسلامي"؛ وذلك لدمجه في المنظومة الديمقراطيّة الغربيّة. وهي استراتيجيّة تُبنى أساسًا على قطع موارد الأصوليين، ودعم وتمويل الحداثيين والعلمانيين. وهذه الدراسة موجّهة باﻷصل لصانع القرار الأميريكي؛ لاستكمال البُعد المعرفي في السياسات الأميريكية في مواجهة "التطرف الإسلامي"، فيجب قراءتها في هذا السياق. والانتباه إلى أن المصطلح المستخدم ليس مُطلقًا، بل هو يُعبّر عن رؤية متحيّزة بطبيعتها لإمبرياليّة معرفيّة؛ تسعى لتشكيل "اﻵخر" المسلم طبقًا لتصوّراتها الخاصة، والتي تُسبغ عليها مطلقيّة معرفيّة وإنسانيّة.
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