AMERICAN PROMETHEUS THE TRIUMPH AND TRAGEDY OF J ROBERT OPPENHEIMER

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American Prometheus

Author : Kai Bird
ISBN : 9780307424730
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 43.76 MB
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J. Robert Oppenheimer is one of the iconic figures of the twentieth century, a brilliant physicist who led the effort to build the atomic bomb for his country in a time of war, and who later found himself confronting the moral consequences of scientific progress. In this magisterial, acclaimed biography twenty-five years in the making, Kai Bird and Martin Sherwin capture Oppenheimer’s life and times, from his early career to his central role in the Cold War. This is biography and history at its finest, riveting and deeply informative. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

The Hope And Vision Of J Robert Oppenheimer

Author : Day Michael A
ISBN : 9789814656764
Genre : Science
File Size : 49.57 MB
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Incorporating elements from history, science, philosophy and international relations theory, this book takes a fresh look at the life and thought of Robert Oppenheimer.The author argues that not only are Oppenheimer's ideas important, engaging and relevant, but also more coherent than generally assumed. He makes a convincing case that Oppenheimer has much to say about 21st century issues, and his voice should be brought back into the public forum.The book recovers and reconstructs what Oppenheimer said and wrote during the 1940s, 50s and 60s (i.e., his hope and vision) with the goal of identifying what might be of general philosophical interest today. It considers not only Oppenheimer's thought, but also his life using philosophical ideas developed by contemporary philosophers.In addition, to deepen and broaden the discussion and demonstrate the relevance of Oppenheimer's vision for the present, the author analyzes his views using contemporary international relations theory with a special emphasis on nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament. This examination reveals ways in which Oppenheimer's reasoning was prescient of current work being carried out to control, and possibly move beyond, the nuclear revolution.
Category: Science

The Meanings Of J Robert Oppenheimer

Author : Lindsey Michael Banco
ISBN : 9781609384203
Genre : History
File Size : 60.95 MB
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He called the first atomic bomb “technically sweet,” yet as he watched its brilliant light explode over the New Mexico desert in 1945 in advance of the black horrors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, he also thought of the line from the Hindu epic The Bhagavad Gita: “I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.” Physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, the scientific director of the Manhattan Project, the single most recognizable face of the atomic bomb, and a man whose name has become almost synonymous with Cold War American nuclear science, was and still is a conflicted, controversial figure who has come to represent an equally ambivalent technology. The Meanings of J. Robert Oppenheimer examines how he has been represented over the past seven decades in biographies, histories, fiction, comics, photographs, film, television, documentaries, theater, and museums. Lindsey Michael Banco gathers an unprecedented group of cultural texts and seeks to understand the multiple meanings Oppenheimer has held in American popular culture since 1945. He traces the ways these representations of Oppenheimer have influenced public understanding of the atomic bomb, technology, physics, the figure of the scientist, the role of science in war, and even what it means to pursue knowledge of the world around us. Questioning and unpacking both how and why Oppenheimer is depicted as he is across time and genre, this book is broad in scope, profound in detail, and offers unique insights into the rise of nuclear culture and how we think about the relationship between history, imagination, science, and nuclear weapons today.
Category: History

Oppenheimer And The Manhattan Project

Author : Cynthia C Kelly
ISBN : 9789814338158
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.14 MB
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2004 marked the centennial of the birth of J Robert Oppenheimer, and brought historians and scholars, former students, nuclear physicists, and politicians together to celebrate this event. Oppenheimer's life and work became central to 20th century history as he spearheaded the development of the atomic bomb that ended World War II. This book provides a spectrum of interpretations of Oppenheimer's life and scientific achievements. It approaches the extraordinary scientist and teacher from many perspectives, chronicling the years from his boyhood through his role as director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory and afterwards. The book also discusses Oppenheimer's connection to New Mexico, which hosted two of the Manhattan Project's most crucial sites, and addresses his lasting impact on contemporary science, international politics, and the postwar age. Contents:Introduction:Defying the Odds (C C Kelly)Introducing Oppenheimer:Oppenheimer Reconsidered (J Bingaman)Robert Oppenheimer: King of the Hill (R Rhodes)A Novel Idea of Oppenheimer (J Kanon)Life at Los Alamos:Preservation on the Pajarito Plateau (S Ashman)J Robert Oppenheimer and the State of New Mexico: A Reciprocal Relationship (F Szasz)Robert Oppenheimer: A Window on His Life at Los Alamos (K Bird & M Sherwin)Oppenheimer's Place in History:Standing on the Shoulders of Giants (E Beckner)The Cautionary Tale of Robert Oppenheimer (G Herken)The Early Years of Robert Oppenheimer (J Hunner)General Groves' Indispensable Scientist (R S Norris)Personal Reflections on Oppenheimer:Oppenheimer as a Teacher of Physics and PhD Advisor (E Gerjuoy)Remembering Opje: Teacher, Scientist and Friend (D Pines)J Robert Oppenheimer: Consummate Physicist (M M Shapiro)A Few Words from an Oppenheimer (A R Oppenheimer) Readership: Historians, scientists, general readers of contemporary history. Keywords:Oppenheimer, J Robert;Manhattan Project;Los Alamos;New Mexico;Groves, General Leslie R;World War II;Atomic Bomb;Nuclear Physics;Manhattan Engineering District;History of Science and TechnologyKey Features:Articles by notable experts in their fields, including Senator Jeff Bingaman, Pulitzer Prize winner Richard Rhodes (The Making of the Atomic Bomb), Robert S Norris (Racing for the Bomb), Gregg Herken (Brotherhood of the Bomb), Joseph Kanon (Los Alamos), Everet Beckner, and many othersNever-before-published personal perspectives and recollections of Robert Oppenheimer from his students and friends
Category: Science

Toxic Mix

Author : Herbert N. Foerstel
ISBN : 9780313362347
Genre : History
File Size : 38.14 MB
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This book presents a comprehensive analysis of the contentious relationship between the White House and the scientific community from the FDR administration to the Obama administration. * Includes interviews with scientists and science experts * Presents photographs of scientists, politicians, and scientific accomplishments * Provides a bibliography of print and online resources for further reading * Outlines an annotated list of private organizations whose work relates to science and politics
Category: History

From Roosevelt To Truman

Author : Wilson D. Miscamble
ISBN : 9780521862448
Genre : History
File Size : 68.16 MB
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From Roosevelt to Truman initially investigates Truman's foreign policy background and then examines the legacy that FDR bequeathed to him.
Category: History

The First War Of Physics The Secret History Of The Atom Bomb 1939 1949

Author : Jim Baggott
ISBN : 9781605987699
Genre : History
File Size : 77.96 MB
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An epic story of science and technology at the very limits of human understanding: the monumental race to build the first atomic weapons. Rich in personality, action, confrontation, and deception, The First War of Physics is the first fully realized popular account of the race to build humankind's most destructive weapon. The book draws on declassified material, such as MI6's Farm Hall transcripts, coded soviet messages cracked by American cryptographers in the Venona project, and interpretations by Russian scholars of documents from the soviet archives. Jim Baggott weaves these threads into a dramatic narrative that spans ten historic years, from the discovery of nuclear fission in 1939 to the aftermath of 'Joe-1,’ August 1949's first Soviet atomic bomb test. Why did physicists persist in developing the atomic bomb, despite the devastation that it could bring? Why, despite having a clear head start, did Hitler's physicists fail? Could the soviets have developed the bomb without spies like Klaus Fuchs or Donald Maclean? Did the allies really plot to assassinate a key member of the German bomb program? Did the physicists knowingly inspire the arms race? The First War of Physics is a grand and frightening story of scientific ambition, intrigue, and genius: a tale barely believable as fiction, which just happens to be historical fact.
Category: History

Troubled Apologies Among Japan Korea And The United States

Author : Alexis Dudden
ISBN : 9780231512046
Genre : History
File Size : 47.55 MB
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Whether it's the Vatican addressing its role in the Second World War or the United States atoning for its treatment of native Hawai'ian islanders, apologizing for history has become a standard feature of the international political scene. As Alexis Dudden makes clear, interrogating this process is crucial to understanding the value of the political apology to the state. When governments apologize for past crimes, they take away the substance of apology that victims originally wanted for themselves. They rob victims of the dignity they seek while affording the state a new means with which to legitimize itself. Examining the interplay between political apology and apologetic history, Dudden focuses on the problematic relationship binding Japanese imperialism, South Korean state building, and American power in Asia. She examines this history through diplomatic, cultural, and social considerations in the postwar era and argues that the process of apology has created a knot from which none of these countries can escape without undoing decades of mythmaking.
Category: History

The Long War

Author : Andrew J. Bacevich
ISBN : 9780231505864
Genre : History
File Size : 87.83 MB
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Essays by a diverse and distinguished group of historians, political scientists, and sociologists examine the alarms, emergencies, controversies, and confusions that have characterized America's Cold War, the post-Cold War interval of the 1990s, and today's "Global War on Terror." This "Long War" has left its imprint on virtually every aspect of American life; by considering it as a whole, The Long War is the first volume to take a truly comprehensive look at America's response to the national-security crisis touched off by the events of World War II. Contributors consider topics ranging from grand strategy and strategic bombing to ideology and economics and assess the changing American way of war and Hollywood's surprisingly consistent depiction of Americans at war. They evaluate the evolution of the national-security apparatus and the role of dissenters who viewed the myriad activities of that apparatus with dismay. They take a fresh look at the Long War's civic implications and its impact on civil-military relations. More than a military history, The Long War examines the ideas, policies, and institutions that have developed since the United States claimed the role of global superpower. This protracted crisis has become a seemingly permanent, if not defining aspect of contemporary American life. In breaking down the old and artificial boundaries that have traditionally divided the postwar period into neat historical units, this volume provides a better understanding of the evolution of the United States and U.S. policy since World War II and offers a fresh perspective on our current national security predicament.
Category: History

A History Of The World

Author : Andrew Marr
ISBN : 9780230767539
Genre : History
File Size : 27.29 MB
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Our understanding of world history is changing, as new discoveries are made on all the continents and old prejudices are being challenged. In this truly global journey Andrew Marr revisits some of the traditional epic stories, from classical Greece and Rome to the rise of Napoleon, but surrounds them with less familiar material, from Peru to the Ukraine, China to the Caribbean. He looks at cultures that have failed and vanished, as well as the origins of today’s superpowers, and finds surprising echoes and parallels across vast distances and epochs. A History of the World is a book about the great change-makers of history and their times, people such as Cleopatra, Genghis Khan, Galileo and Mao, but it is also a book about us. For ‘the better we understand how rulers lose touch with reality, or why revolutions produce dictators more often than they produce happiness, or why some parts of the world are richer than others, the easier it is to understand our own times.’ Fresh, exciting and vividly readable, this is popular history at its very best.
Category: History