ALTERNATIVES TO IMPRISONMENT IN ENGLAND AND WALES GERMANY AND TURKEY A COMPARATIVE STUDY

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Alternatives To Imprisonment In England And Wales Germany And Turkey

Author : Öznur Sevdiren
ISBN : 3642173519
Genre : Law
File Size : 84.35 MB
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The book focuses on one of the most problematic areas of Turkish penal justice: the overreliance on custodial measures and a corresponding growth in the prison population, and compares Turkey with two major European countries in this respect: England and Wales and Germany. The underlying question throughout the study is the extent to which prison alternatives can be seen as genuine alternatives to immediate custodial sentences.
Category: Law

Historical Dictionary Of American Criminal Justice

Author : Matthew J. Sheridan
ISBN : 9781538111413
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38.12 MB
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There has never been a more important time for those involved in criminal justice policy, operations and civil service to know their history. The Historical Dictionary of American Criminal Justice provides a comprehensive overview of the development of criminal justice in the United States. Criminal justice is a multidisciplinary endeavor, emerging across time and place through the fields of philosophy, law, biology, anthropology, and sociology. Developments occur quickly and regularly, the meanings of which are deeply embedded, not only in an historical context, but in complicated social, economic, and political circumstances as well. The field is particularly vulnerable to the exploitations of power being as closely aligned with the forces of social control as it is. The Historical Dictionary of American Criminal Justice contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 1,200 cross-referenced entries on the most relevant concepts, cases, people, and terms. This book is an excellent resource for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about American criminal justice.
Category: Political Science

Understanding Crime And Social Policy

Author : Emma Wincup
ISBN : 9781847424990
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 33.29 MB
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This title encourages readers to reflect upon the close connections, and sometimes tensions between crime reduction and social policy agendas.
Category: Political Science

Money And The Governance Of Punishment

Author : Patricia Faraldo Cabana
ISBN : 9781134872572
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.44 MB
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Money is the most frequently means used in the legal system to punish and regulate. Monetary penalties outnumber all other sanctions delivered by criminal justice in many jurisdictions, imprisonment included. More people pay fines than go to prison and in some jurisdictions many of those in prison are there because of failure to pay their fines. Therefore, it is surprising how little has been written in the Anglophone academic world about the nature of money sanctions and their specific characteristics as legal sanctions. In many ways, legal innovations related to money sanctions have been poorly understood. This book argues that they are a direct consequence of the changing meaning of money. Considering the ‘meaninglessness’ of modern money, the book aims to examine the history of changing conceptions in how fines have been conceived and used. Using a set of interpretative techniques sensitive to how money and freedom are perceived, the genealogy of the penal fine is presented as a story of constant reformulation in response to shifting political pressures and changes in intellectual developments that influenced ideological commitments of legislators and practitioners. This book is multi-disciplinary and will appeal to those engaged with criminology, sociology and philosophy of punishment, socio-legal studies, and criminal law.
Category: Social Science

Cutting Crime

Author : Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Justice Committee
ISBN : 0215543114
Genre : Criminal justice, Administration of
File Size : 68.52 MB
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Incorporating HC 425-i-x, session 2007-08 and HC 54-i-iii, session 2008-09. For Vol. 1, see (ISBN 9780215543080)
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of

Unmasking The Crimes Of The Powerful

Author : Steve Tombs
ISBN : 0820456918
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49.79 MB
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Contents: Frank Pearce: Holy Wars and Spiritual Revitalization - Steve Tombs/Dave Whyte: Scrutinizing the Powerful: Crime, Contemporary Political Economy, and Critical Social Research - Laureen Snider: Researching Corporate Crime - Geoffrey Tweedale: Researching Corporate Crime: A Business Historian's Perspective - Roy Coleman: CCTV Surveillance, Power, and Social Order: The State of Contemporary Social Control - Gary Fooks: In the Valley of the Blind the One-Eyed Man Is King: Corporate Crime and the Myopia of Financial Regulation - Eileen Berrington/Ann Jemphrey/Phil Scraton: Silencing the View from Below: The Institutional Regulation of Critical Research - Colm Power: &la" Telling It Like It Is? Power, Prejudice, Politics, and People in the Qualitative Process - Penny Green: Researching the Turkish State - Anne Alvesalo/Erja Virta: Researching Regulators and the Paradoxes of Access - Paddy Hillyard: Imaginative Crimes or Crimes of the Imagination: Researching the Secret State - Anette Ballinger: Researching and Redefining State Crime: Feminism and the Capital Punishment of Women - Joe Sim: Whose Side Are We Not On? Researching Medical Power in Prisons - Steve Tombs/Dave Whyte: Unmasking the Crimes of the Powerful: Establishing Some Rules of Engagement.
Category: Social Science

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 76.34 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Category: History

Socioabs

Author : Leo P. Chall
ISBN : UOM:39015078349035
Genre : Sociology
File Size : 68.41 MB
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Category: Sociology

Overcrowded Times

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105062246819
Genre : Prisons
File Size : 57.18 MB
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Category: Prisons

The New Jim Crow

Author : Michelle Alexander
ISBN : 9783956141591
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 65.69 MB
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Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
Category: Political Science