ALTERNATIVES TO IMPRISONMENT IN ENGLAND AND WALES GERMANY AND TURKEY A COMPARATIVE STUDY

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Alternatives To Imprisonment In England And Wales Germany And Turkey

Author : Öznur Sevdiren
ISBN : 3642173519
Genre : Law
File Size : 79.61 MB
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The book focuses on one of the most problematic areas of Turkish penal justice: the overreliance on custodial measures and a corresponding growth in the prison population, and compares Turkey with two major European countries in this respect: England and Wales and Germany. The underlying question throughout the study is the extent to which prison alternatives can be seen as genuine alternatives to immediate custodial sentences.
Category: Law

Understanding Crime And Social Policy

Author : Emma Wincup
ISBN : 9781847424990
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58.47 MB
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This title encourages readers to reflect upon the close connections, and sometimes tensions between crime reduction and social policy agendas.
Category: Political Science

Money And The Governance Of Punishment

Author : Patricia Faraldo Cabana
ISBN : 9781134872572
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41.3 MB
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Money is the most frequently means used in the legal system to punish and regulate. Monetary penalties outnumber all other sanctions delivered by criminal justice in many jurisdictions, imprisonment included. More people pay fines than go to prison and in some jurisdictions many of those in prison are there because of failure to pay their fines. Therefore, it is surprising how little has been written in the Anglophone academic world about the nature of money sanctions and their specific characteristics as legal sanctions. In many ways, legal innovations related to money sanctions have been poorly understood. This book argues that they are a direct consequence of the changing meaning of money. Considering the ‘meaninglessness’ of modern money, the book aims to examine the history of changing conceptions in how fines have been conceived and used. Using a set of interpretative techniques sensitive to how money and freedom are perceived, the genealogy of the penal fine is presented as a story of constant reformulation in response to shifting political pressures and changes in intellectual developments that influenced ideological commitments of legislators and practitioners. This book is multi-disciplinary and will appeal to those engaged with criminology, sociology and philosophy of punishment, socio-legal studies, and criminal law.
Category: Social Science

Cutting Crime

Author : Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Justice Committee
ISBN : 0215543114
Genre : Criminal justice, Administration of
File Size : 54.88 MB
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Incorporating HC 425-i-x, session 2007-08 and HC 54-i-iii, session 2008-09. For Vol. 1, see (ISBN 9780215543080)
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of

Coping With Overloaded Criminal Justice Systems

Author : Jörg-Martin Jehle
ISBN : 9783540339632
Genre : Law
File Size : 81.57 MB
Format : PDF
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This book describes the results of a six-nation study of how criminal justice agencies in England and Wales, France, Germany, Netherlands, Poland, and Sweden have reacted to high crime rates and punitiveness. The book details how various solutions have been adopted, involving diversion of cases from courts, increases in financial penalties imposed by police or prosecutors without full court hearings and the introduction in some countries of "administrative offences".
Category: Law

Effective Criminal Defence In Europe

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105134521504
Genre : Law
File Size : 52.27 MB
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Based on a three year research study, the book explores and compares access to effective defence in criminal proceedings across nine European jurisdictions that constitute examples of the three major legal traditions in Europe, inquisitiorial, adversarial and post-state socialist: Belgium, England & Wales, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland and Turkey. --
Category: Law

Comparative Criminal Justice Systems

Author : Erika Fairchild
ISBN : 053412996X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.29 MB
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Avtorica z zgodovinskega in političnega vidika, upoštevaje tudi gospodarske in družbene dejavnike, primerja sisteme kazenskega sodstva šestih držav: Anglije, Francije, Nemčije, bivše Sovjetske zveze, Japonske in Saudske Arabije. Opisuje razne stopnje kazenskega procesa v teh državah in obravnava nekatera posebej pereča vprašanja kazenskega sodstva: splav, terorizem, organiziran kriminal in ilegalno trgovino z drogami.
Category: Social Science

Forging A Socio Legal Approach To Environmental Harms

Author : Tiffany Bergin
ISBN : 9781317385998
Genre : Law
File Size : 33.27 MB
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Environmental harms exert a significant toll and pose substantial economic costs on societies around the world. Although such harms have been studied from both legal and social science perspectives, these disciplinary-specific approaches are not, on their own, fully able to address the complexity of these environmental challenges. Many legal approaches, for example, are limited by their inattention to the motivations behind environmental offences, whereas many social science approaches are hindered by an insufficient grounding in current legislative frameworks. This edited collection constitutes a pioneering attempt to overcome these limitations by uniting legal and social science perspectives. Together, the book’s contributors forge an innovative socio-legal approach to more effectively respond to, and to prevent, environmental harms around the world. Integrating theoretical and empirical work, the book presents carefully selected illustrations of how legal and social science scholarship can be brought together to improve policies. The various chapters examine how a socio-legal approach can ultimately lead to a more comprehensive understanding of environmental harms, as well as to innovative and effective responses to such environmental offences.
Category: Law

The Western Codification Of Criminal Law

Author : Aniceto Masferrer
ISBN : 9783319719122
Genre : Law
File Size : 78.66 MB
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This volume addresses an important historiographical gap by assessing the respective contributions of tradition and foreign influences to the 19th century codification of criminal law. More specifically, it focuses on the extent of French influence – among others – in European and American civil law jurisdictions. In this regard, the book seeks to dispel a number of myths concerning the French model’s actual influence on European and Latin American criminal codes. The impact of the Napoleonic criminal code on other jurisdictions was real, but the scope and extent of its influence were significantly less than has sometimes been claimed. The overemphasis on French influence on other civil law jurisdictions is partly due to a fundamental assumption that modern criminal codes constituted a break with the past. The question as to whether they truly broke with the past or were merely a degree of reform touches on a difficult issue, namely, the dichotomy between tradition and foreign influences in the codification of criminal law. Scholarship has unfairly ignored this important subject, an oversight that this book remedies.
Category: Law

Contrasts In Punishment

Author : John Pratt
ISBN : 9781136217005
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 56.95 MB
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Why do some modern societies punish their offenders differently to others? Why are some more punitive and others more tolerant in their approach to offending and how can these differences be explained? Based on extensive historical analysis and fieldwork in the penal systems of England, Australia and New Zealand on the one hand and Finland, Norway and Sweden on the other, this book seeks to answer these questions. The book argues that the penal differences that currently exist between these two clusters of societies emanate from their early nineteenth-century social arrangements, when the Anglophone societies were dominated by exclusionary value systems that contrasted with the more inclusionary values of the Nordic countries. The development of their penal programmes over this two hundred year period, including the much earlier demise of the death penalty in the Nordic countries and significant differences between the respective prison rates and prison conditions of the two clusters, reflects the continuing influence of these values. Indeed, in the early 21st century these differences have become even more pronounced. John Pratt and Anna Eriksson offer a unique contribution to this topic of growing importance: comparative research in the history and sociology of punishment. This book will be of interest to those studying criminology, sociology, punishment, prison and penal policy, as well as professionals working in prisons or in the area of penal policy across the six societies that feature in the book.
Category: Social Science