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Agendas Alternatives And Public Policies

Author : John W. Kingdon
ISBN : 020500086X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 29.89 MB
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"Includes a new epilogue: Health care reform in the Clinton and Obama Administrations"--P. [1] of cover.
Category: Political Science

Agendas Alternatives And Public Policies Update Edition With An Epilogue On Health Care Pearson New International Edition

Author : John W. Kingdon
ISBN : 9781292053875
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36.93 MB
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Kingdon’s landmark work on agenda setting and policy formation is drawn from interview conducted with people in and around the U.S. federal government, and from case studies, government documents, party platforms, press coverage, and public opinion surveys. While other works examine how policy issues are decided, Kingdon’s book was the first to consider how issues got to be issues. This enduring work attempts to answer the questions: How do subjects come to officials’ attention? How are the alternatives from which they choose generated? How is the governmental agenda set? Why does an idea’s time come when it does? Longman is proud to announce that Agendas, Alternatives, and Public Policies has been reissued in this Longman Classics edition, featuring a new epilogue: Health Care Reform from Clinton to Obama. Comparing the Clinton administration in 1993 with the Obama administration in 2009 and 2010, Kingdon analyses how agenda setting, actors, and alternatives affect public policy.
Category: Political Science

Public Policy Making

Author : Larry N. Gerston
ISBN : 9780765627438
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 33.5 MB
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This brief text identifies the issues, resources, actors, and institutions involved in public policy making and traces the dynamics of the policymaking process, including the triggering of issue awareness, the emergence of an issue on the public agenda, the formation of a policy commitment, and the implementation process that translates policy into practice. Throughout the text, which has been revised and updated, Gerston brings his analysis to life with abundant examples from the most recent and emblematic cases of public policy making. At the same time, with well-chosen references, he places policy analysis in the context of political science and deftly orients readers to the classics of public policy studies. Each chapter ends with discussion questions and suggestions for further reading.
Category: Business & Economics

The Path Of American Public Policy

Author : Anne Marie Cammisa
ISBN : 9780739186602
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 54.24 MB
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Among all the worlds’ democracies, the American system of government is perhaps the most self-conscious about preventing majority tyranny. The American constitutional system is predicated on an inherent ideational and institutional tension dating back to the foundation of the nation in the eighteenth century, which constrains innovative policy development. Namely, the framers designed a system that simultaneously seeks to protect the rights of the minority out of power and provide for majority rule. These opposing goals are based on the idea that limiting governmental power will guarantee individual liberty. The Path of American Public Policy: Comparative Perspectives asks how this foundational tension might limit the range of options available to American policy makers. What does the resistance to change in Washington teach us about the American system of checks and balances? Why is it so difficult (though not impossible) to make sweeping policy changes in the United States? How could things be different? What would be the implications for policy formation if the United States adopted a British-style parliamentary system? To examine these questions, this book gives an example of when comprehensive change failed (the 1994 Contract with America) and when it succeeded (the 2010 Affordable Care Act). A comparison of the two cases sheds light on how and why Obama’s health care was shepherded to law under Nancy Pelosi, while Newt Gingrich was less successful with the Contract with America. The contrast between the two cases highlights the balance between majority rule and minority rights, and how the foundational tension constrains public-policy formation. While 2010 illustrates an exception to the rule about comprehensive policy change in the United States, the 1994 is an apt example of how our system of checks and balances usually works to stymie expansive, far-reaching legislative initiatives.
Category: Political Science

The Logic Of Congressional Action

Author : R. Douglas Arnold
ISBN : 0300056591
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43.48 MB
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Congress regularly enacts laws that benefit particular groups or localities while imposing costs on everyone else. Sometimes, however, Congress breaks free of such parochial concerns and enacts bills that serve the general public, not just special interest groups. In this book, the author offers a theory that explains not only why special interest frequently triumph but also why the general public sometimes wins. By showing how legislative leaders build coalitions for both types of programs, he illuminates recent legislative decisions in such areas as economic, tax, and energy policy.
Category: Political Science

Nursing Policy Research

Author : Dr. Geri L. Dickson, PhD, RN
ISBN : 0826133347
Genre : Medical
File Size : 22.31 MB
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"[O]ffers excellent examples of nurses in action - effectively marrying research evidence and theories of policy influence to achieve policy change. . . .Only when we get the right policy research messages to the right policy makers will there be a real research-policy connection. Hats off to Nursing Policy Research authors, contributors and publisher (Springer Publishing Company) for helping move us forward." --Judith A. Oulton Oulton, Oulton & Associates Specialist in nursing and health policy and development Nurse leaders, researchers, and evaluators face a vital problem in the profession: how to successfully translate evidence-based research into health policy. In this book, seasoned researchers share their knowledge, skills, and expertise on the most important aspects of the research enterprise and its connection to policy implementation. Readers will learn how to: Identify the relevant health care issues that policy makers are concerned with Collect and manage data that will influence policy discussion Translate statistical significance into policy at the institutional, state, and federal levels Secure appropriate funding for research on issues in nursing education, the workforce crisis, and more Determine how Congressional processes affect federal funding and budgeting Dickson and Flynn provide the necessary tools to turn evidence-based research into health policy. With these tools, researchers will not only improve their capacity to influence policy decisions, but will take part in the advancement of the profession at large.
Category: Medical

Methods For Policy Research

Author : Ann Majchrzak
ISBN : 9781483315935
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 46.74 MB
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Methods for Policy Research, Second Edition, by Ann Majchrzak and M. Lynne Markus, is a book about responsible and evidence-based policy decision making written for those interested in improving the decisions that affect people’s lives. It describes how to define policy research questions so that evidence can be applied to policy decisions, how to find and synthesize existing evidence, how to generate new evidence if needed, how to make acceptable recommendations that can solve policy problems without negative side effects, and how to describe evidence and policy recommendations in a manner that changes minds. The suggestions made throughout the book are based on the fundamental belief that evidence-based decision making is superior to decisions based purely on opinion, intuition, and emotion.
Category: Social Science

The Decline Of The Death Penalty And The Discovery Of Innocence

Author : Frank R. Baumgartner
ISBN : 9781139469203
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 84.50 MB
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Since 1996, death sentences in America have declined by more than 60 percent, reversing a generation-long trend toward greater acceptance of capital punishment. In theory, most Americans continue to support the death penalty. But it is no longer seen as a theoretical matter. Prosecutors, judges, and juries across the country have moved in large numbers to give much greater credence to the possibility of mistakes - mistakes that in this arena are potentially fatal. The discovery of innocence, documented in this book through painstaking analyses of media coverage and with newly developed methods, has led to historic shifts in public opinion and to a sharp decline in use of the death penalty by juries across the country. A social cascade, starting with legal clinics and innocence projects, has snowballed into a national phenomenon that may spell the end of the death penalty in America.
Category: Political Science

Public Administration In Perspective

Author : David John Farmer
ISBN : 9780765628633
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 89.76 MB
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There are many ways of looking at public administration thinking and practice. Throughout its history, the PA discipline has used a number of different perspectives, and both mainstream and alternative lenses have produced valuable insights and prescriptions. At the same time, any one way of looking at public administration can be misleading. A solitary lens can miss critical aspects and can reveal only part of the picture. Looking at public administration through a variety of perspectives, taken together and synthesized, deepens our understanding of the discipline. A substantial variety of lenses, analyzed together, can give new life to public administration theory and practice. That is the unique contribution of Public Administration in Perspective: Theory and Practice Through Multiple Lenses. Part I of the book exmines PA thinking and practice from a variety of lenses and offers a comprehensive guide to students on the major approaches to theory and practice in the discipline. Each chapter in Part I describes the key features of the selected perspective---history, content, and proponents---and discusses the strengths and weaknesses related to PA theory and practice. Part II synthesizes the various perspectives, with specific implications for PA management and practice. Part III concludes with a complete overview, identifying ways in which the readers can think much more creatively and productively about PA, putting the multiple perspectives themselves into perspective.
Category: Political Science

The Affordable Care Act Examining The Facts

Author : Purva H. Rawal
ISBN : 9781440834431
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 69.92 MB
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This is the first reference book to provide a detailed assessment of the Affordable Care Act, explaining the realities and myths surrounding one of the most divisive political struggles in recent U.S. history. • Uses nonpartisan sources of information that include studies and reports to assess the claims, beliefs, and assumptions about Obamacare • Draws from credible research sources—such as the Center for Disease Control and the Government Accounting Office—to question or uphold beliefs • Provides an evidence-based examination of dozens of the most prominent claims about the Affordable Care Act
Category: Health & Fitness