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African Pottery Roulettes Past And Present

Author : Anne Haour
ISBN : 9781842178751
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 26.67 MB
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African Pottery Roulettes Past and Present considers ethnographic, museological and archaeological approaches to pottery-decorating tools called roulettes, that is to say, short lengths of fibre or wood that are rolled over the surface of a vessel for decoration. This book sets out, for the first time, a solid typology for the classification of African pottery decorated with such tools, and forges a consensus on common methodology and standards. It gives an overview of history of research into roulette decoration in Africa and elsewhere Jomon Japan, Neolithic Europe, Siberia, and New York among others; outlines the contemporary distribution of roulette usage in sub-Saharan African today, a 'success story' from Senegal to Tanzania; and proposes methodologies for the identification of selected roulette decoration types in the archaeological record. By achieving standardisation in pottery analysis, this book will help researchers make meaningful comparisons between different sites of West Africa, and thus guide further research on the West African past. As roulette decoration has been such a global phenomenon in the past, the book will also be of interest to all researchers with an interest in ceramics from different parts of the world.
Category: Social Science

The Oxford Handbook Of African Archaeology

Author : Peter Mitchell
ISBN : 9780191626159
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76.42 MB
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Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.
Category: Social Science

Journal Of African Archaeology

Author : P. Breunig
ISBN : 3937248269
Genre : History
File Size : 31.30 MB
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Contents include: Editorial; Foraging, Food Production and Laminar Components in the Northern Cape, South Africa, and Beyond; he Iron Age Ceramics from the Tong Hills, Northern Ghana. Sequence and Comparative Perspective; Early Iron Age Burials from Equatorial Guinea: The Sites of Corisco Island; A Glass Bead Sequence for Southern Africa from the 8th to the 16th Century AD; A Middle Stone Age Assemblage with Discoid Lithic Technology from Etemba 14, Erongo Mountains, Northern Namibia; Review of A. Campbell, L. Robbins & M. Taylor (eds.). Tsodilo Hills: Copper Bracelet of the Kalahari; Review of M. Bollig & O. Bubenzer (eds.). African Landscapes: Interdisciplinary Approaches; Review of K. Randsborg & I. Merkyte. Benin Archaeology: The Ancient Kingdoms; Review of A. Haour, K. Manning, N. Arazi, O. Gosselain, N.S. Gueye, D. Keita, A. Livingstone Smith, K. MacDonald, A. Mayor, S. McIntosh & R. Vernet (eds.). African Pottery Roulettes, Past and Present: Techniques, Identification and Distribution; Review of A. Haour & B. Rossi. Being and Becoming Hausa: Interdisciplinary Perspectives; Review of M. Dominguez-Rodrigo, L. Alcala & L. Luque (eds.). Peninj: A Research Project on Human Origins (1995-2005); Review of H.J. Drewal & E. Schildkrout. Dynasty and Divinity: Ife Art in Ancient Nigeria; Review of C. Saidi. Women's Authority and Society in East-Central Africa
Category: History

The Origins And Spread Of Domestic Plants In Southwest Asia And Europe

Author : Sue Colledge
ISBN : 9781315417592
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 32.15 MB
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In this major new volume, leading scholars demonstrate the importance of archaeobotanical evidence in the understanding of the spread of agriculture in southwest Asia and Europe. Whereas previous overviews have focused either on Europe or on southwest Asia, this volume considers the transition from a pan-regional perspective, thus making a significant contribution to our understanding of the processes and dynamics in the transition to food production on both continents. It will be relevant to students, researchers, practitioners and instructors in archaeology, archaeobotany, agrobotany, agricultural history, anthropology, area studies, economic history and cultural development.
Category: Social Science

A Universal Theory Of Pottery Production

Author : Richard A. Krause
ISBN : 9780817318987
Genre : History
File Size : 63.99 MB
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"Irving Rouse is considered the father of Caribbean archaeology and one of the most important archaeological theorists in the world. His analytical and classification practices have been adopted by archaeologists working in Europe, Africa, North America, South America, and the Caribbean. In 1939, Rouse introduced a distinction between artifact attributes and modes. Attributes are any observation the archaeologist wishes to make about artifact properties. Modes are any standard, custom, or belief to which the artisan conformed during the production or use of artifacts. According to Rouse, all modes are attributes but not all attributes are modes. Modes are properly patterned attributes. Many archaeologists do not understand the implications of this crucial distinction, which is carefully and fully explicated in this book. Then the explication is used to create a general theory of ceramic production that, when applied to a sample, produces an ethnographic account of its production. When used to supplement traditional systems of artifact classification it will add both substance and meaning. When applied to an appropriate range of ceramic samples it will generate a world-embracing ceramic ethnography. As an example of how the Rouse-based approach should be applied and in an attempt to detail the transition Rouse posited from the Saladoid to Ostinoid Ceramic Series, Krause uses a ceramic sample from the Paso del Indio site in Puerto Rico"--Provided by publisher.
Category: History

Theory Of Financial Risk And Derivative Pricing

Author : Jean-Philippe Bouchaud
ISBN : 0521819164
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 34.83 MB
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Risk control and derivative pricing have become of major concern to financial institutions, and there is a real need for adequate statistical tools to measure and anticipate the amplitude of the potential moves of the financial markets. Summarising theoretical developments in the field, this 2003 second edition has been substantially expanded. Additional chapters now cover stochastic processes, Monte-Carlo methods, Black-Scholes theory, the theory of the yield curve, and Minority Game. There are discussions on aspects of data analysis, financial products, non-linear correlations, and herding, feedback and agent based models. This book has become a classic reference for graduate students and researchers working in econophysics and mathematical finance, and for quantitative analysts working on risk management, derivative pricing and quantitative trading strategies.
Category: Business & Economics

Viruses Plagues And History

Author : Michael B. A. Oldstone M.D.
ISBN : 9780199754847
Genre : History
File Size : 55.78 MB
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The story of viruses and humanity is a story of fear and ignorance, of grief and heartbreak, and of great bravery and sacrifice. Michael Oldstone tells all these stories as he illuminates the history of the devastating diseases that have tormented humanity, focusing mostly on the most famous viruses. Oldstone begins with smallpox, polio, and measles. Nearly 300 million people were killed by smallpox in this century alone and the author presents a vivid account of the long campaign to eradicate this lethal killer. Oldstone then describes the fascinating viruses that have captured headlines in more recent years: Ebola, Hantavirus, mad cow disease (a frightening illness made worse by government mishandling and secrecy), and, of course, AIDS. And he tells us of the many scientists watching and waiting even now for the next great plague, monitoring influenza strains to see whether the deadly variant from 1918--a viral strain that killed over 20 million people in 1918-1919--will make a comeback. For this revised edition, Oldstone includes discussions of new viruses like SARS, bird flu, virally caused cancers, chronic wasting disease, and West Nile, and fully updates the original text with new findings on particular viruses. Viruses, Plagues, and History paints a sweeping portrait of humanity's long-standing conflict with our unseen viral enemies. Oldstone's book is a vivid history of a fascinating field, and a highly reliable dispatch from an eminent researcher on the front line of this ongoing campaign.
Category: History

Hunter Gatherer Childhoods

Author : Barry S. Hewlett
ISBN : 0202366669
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 32.73 MB
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In the vast anthropological literature devoted to hunter-gatherer societies, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the place of hunter-gatherer children. Children often represent 40 percent of hunter-gatherer populations, thus nearly half the population is omitted from most hunter-gatherer ethnographies and research. This volume is designed to bridge the gap in our understanding of the daily lives, knowledge, and development of hunter-gatherer children. The twenty-six contributors to Hunter-Gatherer Childhoods use three general but complementary theoretical approaches--evolutionary, developmental, cultural--in their presentations of new and insightful ethnographic data. For instance, the authors employ these theoretical orientations to provide the first systematic studies of hunter-gatherer children's hunting, play, infant care by children, weaning and expressions of grief. The chapters focus on understanding the daily life experiences of children, and their views and feelings about their lives and cultural change. Chapters address some of the following questions: why does childhood exist, who cares for hunter-gatherer children, what are the characteristic features of hunter-gatherer children's development and what are the impacts of culture change on hunter-gatherer child care? The book is divided into five parts. The first section provides historical, theoretical and conceptual framework for the volume; the second section examines data to test competing hypotheses regarding why childhood is particularly long in humans; the third section expands on the second section by looking at who cares for hunter-gatherer children; the fourth section explores several developmental issues such as weaning, play and loss of loved ones; and, the final section examines the impact of sedentism and schools on hunter-gatherer children. This pioneering volume will help to stimulate further research and scholarship on hunter-gatherer childhoods, thereby advancing our understanding of the way of life that characterized most of human history and of the processes that may have shaped both human development and human evolution. Barry S. Hewlett is professor of anthropology at Washington State University, Vancouver. Michael E. Lamb is professor of psychology in the social sciences, Cambridge University.
Category: Psychology

Approaches To Archaeological Ceramics

Author : Carla M. Sinopoli
ISBN : 0306435756
Genre : History
File Size : 31.88 MB
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In this engrossing volume, Carla M. Sinopoli provides an overview of the scope and potential of ceramic analysis in archaeology and presents a broad range of theoretical and methodological approaches utilized in such study. Commencing with a description of ceramic production in a contemporary village in southern Indiana, Sinopoli proceeds to address the issues of classification, analysis, and interpretation of ancient ceramics, using case studies drawn from all over the world.
Category: History