AEROGELS HANDBOOK ADVANCES IN SOL GEL DERIVED MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES

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Aerogels Handbook

Author : Michel Andre Aegerter
ISBN : 1441975896
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31.91 MB
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Aerogels are the lightest solids known. Up to 1000 times lighter than glass and with a density as low as only four times that of air, they show very high thermal, electrical and acoustic insulation values and hold many entries in Guinness World Records. Originally based on silica, R&D efforts have extended this class of materials to non-silicate inorganic oxides, natural and synthetic organic polymers, carbon, metal and ceramic materials, etc. Composite systems involving polymer-crosslinked aerogels and interpenetrating hybrid networks have been developed and exhibit remarkable mechanical strength and flexibility. Even more exotic aerogels based on clays, chalcogenides, phosphides, quantum dots, and biopolymers such as chitosan are opening new applications for the construction, transportation, energy, defense and healthcare industries. Applications in electronics, chemistry, mechanics, engineering, energy production and storage, sensors, medicine, nanotechnology, military and aerospace, oil and gas recovery, thermal insulation and household uses are being developed with an estimated annual market growth rate of around 70% until 2015. The Aerogels Handbook summarizes state-of-the-art developments and processing of inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels, including the most important methods of synthesis, characterization as well as their typical applications and their possible market impact. Readers will find an exhaustive overview of all aerogel materials known today, their fabrication, upscaling aspects, physical and chemical properties, and most recent advances towards applications and commercial products, some of which are commercially available today. Key Features: •Edited and written by recognized worldwide leaders in the field •Appeals to a broad audience of materials scientists, chemists, and engineers in academic research and industrial R&D •Covers inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels •Describes military, aerospace, building industry, household, environmental, energy, and biomedical applications among others
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Sol Gel Handbook

Author : David Levy
ISBN : 9783527670840
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71.74 MB
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This comprehensive three-volume handbook brings together a review of the current state together with the latest developments in sol-gel technology to put forward new ideas. The first volume, dedicated to synthesis and shaping, gives an in-depth overview of the wet-chemical processes that constitute the core of the sol-gel method and presents the various pathways for the successful synthesis of inorganic and hybrid organic-inorganic materials, bio- and bio-inspired materials, powders, particles and fibers as well as sol-gel derived thin films, coatings and surfaces. The second volume deals with the mechanical, optical, electrical and magnetic properties of sol-gel derived materials and the methods for their characterization such as diffraction methods and nuclear magnetic resonance, infrared and Raman spectroscopies. The third volume concentrates on the various applications in the fields of membrane science, catalysis, energy research, biomaterials science, biomedicine, photonics and electronics.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Sol Gel Materials For Energy Environment And Electronic Applications

Author : Suresh C. Pillai
ISBN : 9783319501444
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78.16 MB
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This volume provides expert coverage of the state-of-the-art in sol-gel materials for functional applications in energy, environment and electronics. The use of sol-gel technology has become a hotbed for cutting edge developments in many fields due to the accessibility of advanced materials through low energy processes. The book offers a broad view of this growing research area from basic science through high-level applications with the potential for commercialization and industrial use. Taking an integrated approach, expert chapters present a wide range of topics, from photocatalysts, solar cells and optics, to thin films and materials for energy storage and conversion, demonstrating the combined use of chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering in the search for solutions to some of the most challenging problems of our time.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Aerogels Handbook

Author : Michel Andre Aegerter
ISBN : 1441975896
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50.82 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 546
Read : 410

Aerogels are the lightest solids known. Up to 1000 times lighter than glass and with a density as low as only four times that of air, they show very high thermal, electrical and acoustic insulation values and hold many entries in Guinness World Records. Originally based on silica, R&D efforts have extended this class of materials to non-silicate inorganic oxides, natural and synthetic organic polymers, carbon, metal and ceramic materials, etc. Composite systems involving polymer-crosslinked aerogels and interpenetrating hybrid networks have been developed and exhibit remarkable mechanical strength and flexibility. Even more exotic aerogels based on clays, chalcogenides, phosphides, quantum dots, and biopolymers such as chitosan are opening new applications for the construction, transportation, energy, defense and healthcare industries. Applications in electronics, chemistry, mechanics, engineering, energy production and storage, sensors, medicine, nanotechnology, military and aerospace, oil and gas recovery, thermal insulation and household uses are being developed with an estimated annual market growth rate of around 70% until 2015. The Aerogels Handbook summarizes state-of-the-art developments and processing of inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels, including the most important methods of synthesis, characterization as well as their typical applications and their possible market impact. Readers will find an exhaustive overview of all aerogel materials known today, their fabrication, upscaling aspects, physical and chemical properties, and most recent advances towards applications and commercial products, some of which are commercially available today. Key Features: •Edited and written by recognized worldwide leaders in the field •Appeals to a broad audience of materials scientists, chemists, and engineers in academic research and industrial R&D •Covers inorganic, organic, and composite aerogels •Describes military, aerospace, building industry, household, environmental, energy, and biomedical applications among others
Category: Technology & Engineering

An Introduction To Bioceramics

Author : Larry L Hench
ISBN : 9781908977175
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32.57 MB
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This is the second edition of the classic book An Introduction to Bioceramics which provides a comprehensive overview of all types of ceramic and glass materials that are used in medicine and dentistry. The enormous growth of the field of bioceramics is due to the recognition by the medical and dental community of the importance of bioactive materials to stimulate repair and regeneration of tissues. This edition includes 21 new chapters that document the science and especially the clinical applications of the new generation of bioceramics in the field of tissue regeneration and repair. Important socioeconomic factors influencing the economics and availability of new medical treatments are covered with updates on regulatory procedures for new biomaterials, methods for technology transfer and ethical issues. The book contains 42 chapters that offer the only comprehensive treatment of the science, technology and clinical applications of all types of bioceramic materials used in medicine and dentistry. Each chapter is written by leaders in their specialized fields and is a thorough review of the subject matter, unlike many conference proceedings. All chapters have been edited to reflect the same writing style, making the book an easy read. The completeness of treatment of all types of bioceramics and their clinical applications makes the book unique in the field and invaluable to all readers.
Category: Medical

Introduction To Sol Gel Processing

Author : Alain C. Pierre
ISBN : 0792381211
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 27.97 MB
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TO SOL-GEL PROCESSING by Alain c. Pierre Universite Claude-Bemard-Lyon 1 ~. SPRINGER SCIENCE+BUSINESS MEDIA, LLC " ISBN 978-0-7923-8121-1 ISBN 978-1-4615-5659-6 (eBook) DOl 10. 1007/978-1-4615-5659-6 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data A C. I. P. Catalogue record for this book is available from the Library of Congress. Copyright© 1998 by Springer Science+Business Media New York Originally published by Kluwer Academic Publishers in 1998 Softcover reprint of the hardcover 1st edition 1998 Second Printing 2002. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical, photo copying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher, Springer Science+ Business Media, LLC Printed on acid-free paper. This printing is a digital duplication of the original edition. To Marie-Claude David and Valerie Kaolinite gel network. From K. Ma and A. Pierre - Unpublished photograph. TABLE OF CONTENT PREFACE ix 1 . GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1 l. l - Short history 1 1. 2 - Sols, gels and gelation 2 1. 3 - Outline of sol-gel processing 4 1. 4 - Recent developments 6 1. 5 - Advantages and limitations of sol-gel processing 6 1. 6 - Organization of the book 8 1. 7 - References 8 2 ·THE CHEMISTRY OF PRECURSORS SOLUTIONS 11 2. 1 - Introduction 11 2. 2 - Solvents 12 2. 3 - Basis of precursors transformations in solution 17 2. 4 - Metal salts solutions 24 2.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Sol Gel Materials For Energy Environment And Electronic Applications

Author : Suresh C. Pillai
ISBN : 9783319501444
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86.89 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 495
Read : 787

This volume provides expert coverage of the state-of-the-art in sol-gel materials for functional applications in energy, environment and electronics. The use of sol-gel technology has become a hotbed for cutting edge developments in many fields due to the accessibility of advanced materials through low energy processes. The book offers a broad view of this growing research area from basic science through high-level applications with the potential for commercialization and industrial use. Taking an integrated approach, expert chapters present a wide range of topics, from photocatalysts, solar cells and optics, to thin films and materials for energy storage and conversion, demonstrating the combined use of chemistry, physics, materials science and engineering in the search for solutions to some of the most challenging problems of our time.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Porous Lightweight Composites Reinforced With Fibrous Structures

Author : Yiqi Yang
ISBN : 9783662538043
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51.2 MB
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This book will be a one-stop-shop for readers seeking information on lightweight composites made from multiple materials via diverse processing technologies. The lightweight composites are featured for their potential to be basic construction units in a variety of areas, especially automotive, civil engineering, aerospace engineering, etc. Emphasis will be on how fibers or fibrous structures reinforce the composites. The subject of the book is to provide a comprehensive understanding on the raw materials, processing technologies, performance properties, and end uses of lightweight composites.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Material Engineering And Mechanical Engineering

Author : Huiyu Zhou
ISBN : 9789814759694
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 67.38 MB
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The aim of proceeding of International Conference on Material Engineering and Mechanical Engineering [MEME2015] is to provide a platform for researchers, engineers, and academicians, as well as industrial professionals, to present their research results and applications developed for Material Engineering and Mechanical Engineering. It provides an opportunities for the delegates to exchange new ideas and application experiences, to enhance business or research relations and to find global partners for future collaboration. The object is to strengthen national academic exchanges and cooperation in the field, promote the rapid development of machinery, materials science and engineering application, effectively improve China's machinery, materials science and engineering applications in the field of academic status and international influence. Contents:Mechanics:Basic Mechanics and Research MethodsThermodynamicsDynamics and VibrationBiomechanicsVarious MechanicsMaterial Science and Material Processing Technology:CompositeNano MaterialsSteelCeramicsPolymer Readership: Graduate students and researchers in the field of mechanics engineering and materials engineering.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Waterproof And Water Repellent Textiles And Clothing

Author : John T Williams
ISBN : 9780081011348
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30.63 MB
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Waterproof and Water Repellent Textiles and Clothing provides systematic coverage of the key types of finishes and high performance materials, from conventional wax and silicone, through controversial, but widely used fluoropolymers and advanced techniques, such as atmospheric plasma deposition and sol-gel technology. The book is an essential resource for all those engaged in garment development, production and finishing, and for academics engaged in research into apparel technology and textile science. Rapid innovation in this field is driving new performance demands in many areas, including the sporting and military sectors. However, another innovation driver is the regulatory framework in the USA, Europe and globally, addressing both health concerns (e.g. with PFOS / PFOA) and environmental impacts (e.g. C8 fluorocarbon finishes). Both of these aspects are fully covered, along with the replacement materials / technologies currently available and under development. In addition, oleophobic and multifunctional coatings are discussed, as are aspects of performance, testing and applications in sportswear, protective clothing, and footwear. Introduces innovative materials and technologies, exploring their current and potential use across different sectors Provides expert guidance on the health and environmental aspects of key waterproof materials and coatings and their associated regulations Demystifies testing processes and design principles
Category: Technology & Engineering