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Absorbent Polymer Technology

Author : L. Brannon-Peppas
ISBN : 9780444597298
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 25.49 MB
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In recent years, there has been a veritable explosion of research and development in consumer-oriented fields that utilize polymeric materials which absorb large amounts of water. These fields encompass the preparation, characterization and commercialization of separation systems, pharmaceutical and personal care products such as infant diapers, feminine products, incontinence products and many other related areas. The polymeric materials utilized in these applications are known as absorbent or superabsorbent materials because of their ability to swell rapidly and to retain large volumes of water, urine and other biological fluids. The aim of this book is to introduce the fundamentals of polymer structure and swelling as related to polymers used for these superabsorbent materials. In the field of absorbence, particular attention is given to crosslinked structures which swell to more than fifty times their initial weight in water or electrolytic solutions. The book also provides descriptions of novel applications of superabsorbent materials as well as a detailed analysis of water transport in crosslinked polymers. Absorbent Polymer Technology should be of interest to chemists, polymer scientists, chemical engineers, and industrial scientists working with swellable polymeric systems in personal care, pharmaceutical, agricultural waste treatment and separation industries.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Superabsorbent Polymers

Author : Fredric L. Buchholz
ISBN : UOM:39015026912405
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40.34 MB
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Discusses the fundamental aspects of structure-property relationships in superabsorbent polymers, including network modeling and compressibility of ionic gels. Describes methods of preparation and specification of superabsorbents. Presents novel methods of preparation resulting in absorbent polymers with advanced properties. Examines emerging applications of superabsorbent polymers in the construction, agriculture, food, leisure, and communications industries.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Polymer Solutions

Author : H. Fujita
ISBN : 9780444596635
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.36 MB
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Remarkable progress has been made in the last two decades in the study of concentrated polymer solutions leading to many new concepts, theories, and techniques in the field of polymer science. Any description of the theory of polymer solutions is now insufficient unless both concentrated and dilute solutions are given equal attention. This book reviews recent developments in the study of dilute and concentrated polymer solutions, emphasizing mainly the typical equilibrium and steady-state dynamic properties of linear homopolymers. The author strives to clarify the gap which still remains open between current theories and well-documented experimental results, thereby stimulating further efforts toward a more accurate understanding of polymer solutions. The book contains a collection of typical experimental data and their comparison with current theories, molecular or phenomenological, a summary of recent advances in the physics of concentrated polymer solutions and melts, and an elementary account of the renormalization group theory as applied to dilute solutions. Polymer Solutions should prove invaluable as a reference work for graduate students and specialists in this field.
Category: Science

Modern Superabsorbent Polymer Technology

Author : Fredric L. Buchholz
ISBN : UOM:39015040557954
Genre : Science
File Size : 85.35 MB
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A thorough, up-to-date examination of the science and practical application of superabsorbent polymers. Modern Superabsorbent Polymer Technology takes a comprehensive look at the structure, properties, and uses of superabsorbent polymers. Prepared by editors with over 20 years of experience in the field, it offers a unified approach to polymer science technologies and examines the key interrelationships between structure, properties, behavior, and applications. This book draws on the best and most relevant scientific papers from academia and industry, as well as numerous patents and patent applications. The result is a compact, centralized source of information on superabsorbent polymers that no polymer or chemical engineer will want to be without. Discusses synthetic chemistry and the effects of synthesis on the structure of superabsorbent polymers * Describes and compares industrial practices of the major manufacturers of superabsorbent polymers * Features analytical methods for evaluation of the properties and behavior of superabsorbent polymers * Explores structural and property relationships of crosslinked super-absorbent polymers * Surveys new superabsorbent polymer forms and types-including fibers, foams, and biodegradable superabsorbents * Covers current and emerging applications in personal care products, horticulture, construction, and other areas.
Category: Science

Concise Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia

Author : Joseph C. Salamone
ISBN : 084932226X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72.76 MB
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Concise Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia culls the most used, widely applicable articles from the Polymeric Materials Encyclopedia - more than 1,100 - and presents them to you in a condensed, well-ordered format. Featuring contributions from more than 1,800 scientists from all over the world, the book discusses a vast array of subjects related to the: synthesis, properties, and applications of polymeric materials development of modern catalysts in preparing new or modified polymers modification of existing polymers by chemical and physical processes biologically oriented polymers This comprehensive, easy-to-use resource on modern polymeric materials serves as an invaluable addition to reference collections in the polymer field.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biodegradable Plastics And Polymers

Author : Y. Doi
ISBN : 9781483290409
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78.43 MB
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In the past 25 years, plastic products have gained universal use not only in food, clothing and shelter, but also in the transportation, construction, medical and leisure industries. Whereas previously synthetic plastics were developed as durable substitute products, increasing concern for the global environment and solid waste management has resulted in an urgent demand for biodegradable plastics. The main topics of the Third International Scientific Workshop were as follows: 1. Biodegradation of polymers and plastics 2. Environmental degradation of plastics 3. Synthesis and properties of new biodegradable plastic materials 4. Biodegradation and morphologies of polymer blends 5. Development of biodegradation test methods 6. Governmental policy, regulation and standards.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Control Methods In Polymer Processing

Author : L. Halász
ISBN : 9780444596949
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54.79 MB
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This book discusses the process theories and automation levels of the most important polymer processes which are necessary to achieve product quality and process economy. The book describes mixing, calendering, screw plastications, sheet and tube extrusion, film blowing, blow moulding and injection moulding. The control methods employed for each of these individual processes are presented in detail. The book is designed to provide information on static and dynamic processes and viable control systems.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Application Of Super Absorbent Polymers Sap In Concrete Construction

Author : Viktor Mechtcherine
ISBN : 9789400727335
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65.85 MB
Format : PDF
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This is the state-of-the-art report prepared by the RILEM TC “Application of Super Absorbent Polymers (SAP) in concrete construction”. It gives a comprehensive overview of the properties of SAP, specific water absorption and desorption behaviour of SAP in fresh and hardening concrete, effects of the SAP addition on rheological properties of fresh concrete, changes of cement paste microstructure and mechanical properties of concrete. Furthermore, the key advantages of using SAP are described in detail: the ability of this material to act as an internal curing agent to mitigate autogenous shrinkage of high-performance concrete, the possibility to use SAP as an alternative to air-entrainment agents in order to increase the frost resistance of concrete, and finally, the benefit of steering the rheology of fresh cement-based materials. The final chapter describes the first existing and numerous prospective applications for this new concrete additive.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Latex 2006

Author :
ISBN : 1859575501
Genre : Latex
File Size : 44.48 MB
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This fourth international conference on latex brought together manufacturers, technologists and researchers with a common interest in latex applications and technology.
Category: Latex

Polymer Yearbook

Author : Richard A. Pethrick
ISBN : 9057021692
Genre : Science
File Size : 33.50 MB
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This volume contains reviews on state-of-the-art Japanese research presented in the annual Spring and Autumn meetings of the Japanese Polymer Science Society. The aim of this section is to make information on the progress of Japanese Polymer Science, and on topics of current interest to polymer scientists in Japan, more easily available worldwide.
Category: Science