A GEOLOGY OF MEDIA ELECTRONIC MEDIATIONS

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Molekulares Rot

Author : McKenzie Wark
ISBN : 9783957574411
Genre : History
File Size : 57.52 MB
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»Vielleicht brauchen wir eine neue kritische Theorie. Oder eine neu-alte, denn wie sich herausstellt, gab es bereits einmal eine kraftvolle und originelle Denkströmung, die in einem früheren, gescheiterten Versuch, die Vorgeschichte – die Zeit vor dem Anthropozän – zu beenden, beinahe ausgelöscht worden wäre.« Im Rückgriff auf die Ideengeschichte des 20. Jahrhunderts, insbesondere auf Alexander Bogdanov und Andrej Platonow, versucht McKenzie Wark in diesem radikalen Großessay die Grundlegung einer Theorie für das Anthropozän. Er fordert dabei einen alternativen – und keinen spekulativen – Realismus. Einen Realismus, der für plurale, sich mit anderen Geschichten befassende Narrative offen ist. Im Schatten der Kohlenstoffbefreiungsfront ruft er dazu auf, eine neue Poetik und Technik zur Wissensorganisation zu erschaffen, und wagt es, die Misere unserer Zeit neu zu denken.
Category: History

A Geology Of Media

Author : Jussi Parikka
ISBN : 9781452944579
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49.60 MB
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Media history is millions, even billions, of years old. That is the premise of this pioneering and provocative book, which argues that to adequately understand contemporary media culture we must set out from material realities that precede media themselves—Earth’s history, geological formations, minerals, and energy. And to do so, writes Jussi Parikka, is to confront the profound environmental and social implications of this ubiquitous, but hardly ephemeral, realm of modern-day life. Exploring the resource depletion and material resourcing required for us to use our devices to live networked lives, Parikka grounds his analysis in Siegfried Zielinski’s widely discussed notion of deep time—but takes it back millennia. Not only are rare earth minerals and many other materials needed to make our digital media machines work, he observes, but used and obsolete media technologies return to the earth as residue of digital culture, contributing to growing layers of toxic waste for future archaeologists to ponder. He shows that these materials must be considered alongside the often dangerous and exploitative labor processes that refine them into the devices underlying our seemingly virtual or immaterial practices. A Geology of Media demonstrates that the environment does not just surround our media cultural world—it runs through it, enables it, and hosts it in an era of unprecedented climate change. While looking backward to Earth’s distant past, it also looks forward to a more expansive media theory—and, implicitly, media activism—to come.
Category: Social Science

Guerrilla Networks

Author : Michael Goddard
ISBN : 9789048527533
Genre : Art
File Size : 60.18 MB
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The radical youth movements of the 1960s and '70s gave rise to both militant political groups ranging from urban guerrilla groups to autonomist counterculture, as well as radical media, including radio, music, film, video, and television. This book is concerned with both of those tendencies considered as bifurcations of radical media ecologies in the 1970s. While some of the forms of media creativity and invention mapped here, such as militant film and video, pirate radio and guerrilla television, fit within conventional definitions of media, others, such as urban guerrilla groups and autonomous movements, do not. Nevertheless what was at stake in all these ventures was the use of available means of expression in order to produce transformative effects, and they were all in different ways responding to ideas and practices of guerrilla struggle and specifically of guerrilla media. This book examines these radical media ecologies as guerrilla networks, emphasising the proximity and inseparability of radical media and political practices.
Category: Art

Gaming The Stage

Author : Gina Bloom
ISBN : 9780472053810
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 60.87 MB
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Rich connections between gaming and theater stretch back to the 16th and 17th centuries, when England's first commercial theaters appeared right next door to gaming houses and blood-sport arenas. In the first book-length exploration of gaming in the early modern period, Gina Bloom shows that theaters succeeded in London's new entertainment marketplace largely because watching a play and playing a game were similar experiences. Audiences did not just see a play; they were encouraged to play the play, and knowledge of gaming helped them become better theatergoers. Examining dramas written for these theaters alongside evidence of analog games popular then and today, Bloom argues for games as theatrical media and theater as an interactive gaming technology. Gaming the Stage also introduces a new archive for game studies: scenes of onstage gaming, which appear at climactic moments in dramatic literature. Bloom reveals plays to be systems of information for theater spectators: games of withholding, divulging, speculating, and wagering on knowledge. Her book breaks new ground through examinations of plays such as The Tempest, Arden of Faversham, A Woman Killed with Kindness, and A Game at Chess; the histories of familiar games such as cards, backgammon, and chess; less familiar ones, like Game of the Goose; and even a mixed-reality theater videogame.
Category: Literary Criticism

Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 60.9 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Category: History

Optische Medien

Author : Friedrich A. Kittler
ISBN : IND:30000087764092
Genre : Mass media
File Size : 32.73 MB
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Category: Mass media

The Perversity Of Things

Author : Hugo Gernsback
ISBN : 9781452953144
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 79.4 MB
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In 1905, a young Jewish immigrant from Luxembourg founded an electrical supply shop in New York. This inventor, writer, and publisher Hugo Gernsback would later become famous for launching the first science fiction magazine, Amazing Stories, in 1926. But while science fiction’s annual Hugo Awards were named in his honor, there has been surprisingly little understanding of how the genre began among a community of tinkerers all drawn to Gernsback’s vision of comprehending the future of media through making. In The Perversity of Things, Grant Wythoff makes available texts by Hugo Gernsback that were foundational both for science fiction and the emergence of media studies. Wythoff argues that Gernsback developed a means of describing and assessing the cultural impact of emerging media long before media studies became an academic discipline. From editorials and blueprints to media histories, critical essays, and short fiction, Wythoff has collected a wide range of Gernsback’s writings that have been out of print since their magazine debut in the early 1900s. These articles cover such topics as television; the regulation of wireless/radio; war and technology; speculative futures; media-archaeological curiosities like the dynamophone and hypnobioscope; and more. All together, this collection shows how Gernsback’s publications evolved from an electrical parts catalog to a full-fledged literary genre. The Perversity of Things aims to reverse the widespread misunderstanding of Gernsback within the history of science fiction criticism. Through painstaking research and extensive annotations and commentary, Wythoff reintroduces us to Gernsback and the origins of science fiction.
Category: Literary Criticism

Summa Technologiae

Author : Stanislaw Lem
ISBN : 9783518743386
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 89.26 MB
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»Summa technologiae« faßt die zur Zeit greifbaren Ergebnisse der futurologischen Wissenschaft zusammen und entwickelt neue, bei uns bis dahin noch nicht bekannte Konzeptionen. Das Buch handelt von einigen möglichen „Zukünften“ der menschlichen Zivilisation. Die Futurologie ist keine Wissenschaft, sondern Schlachtfeld widerstreitender Interessen. Wenn künftige Entwicklungen eng mit künftigen wissenschaftlichen Entdeckungen zusammenhängen, kommt ihre Prognose der Antizipation dieser Entdeckungen gleich. Das ist logisch unmöglich. Wir können allein die Invarianten unserer Welt aufdecken und mit ihnen die Grenze abstecken, die das Mögliche (Erlaubte) vom Unmöglichen (Verbotenen) trennt. Was können wir aus der Welt machen, was ist möglich? Fast alles – nur das nicht: daß sich die Menschen in einigen zigtausend Jahren überlegen könnten: »Genug – so wie es jetzt ist, soll es von nun an immer bleiben. Verändern wir nichts, erfinden und entdecken wir nichts, weil es besser, als es jetzt ist, nicht sein kann, und wenn doch, dann wollen wir es nicht.«
Category: Fiction

On The Existence Of Digital Objects

Author : Yuk Hui
ISBN : 9781452949925
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.63 MB
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Digital objects, in their simplest form, are data. They are also a new kind of industrial object that pervades every aspect of our life today—as online videos, images, text files, e-mails, blog posts, Facebook events.Yet, despite their ubiquity, the nature of digital objects remains unclear. On the Existence of Digital Objects conducts a philosophical examination of digital objects and their organizing schema by creating a dialogue between Martin Heidegger and Gilbert Simondon, which Yuk Hui contextualizes within the history of computing. How can digital objects be understood according to individualization and individuation? Hui pursues this question through the history of ontology and the study of markup languages and Web ontologies; he investigates the existential structure of digital objects within their systems and milieux. With this relational approach toward digital objects and technical systems, the book addresses alienation, described by Simondon as the consequence of mistakenly viewing technics in opposition to culture. Interdisciplinary in philosophical and technical insights, with close readings of Husserl, Heidegger, and Simondon as well as the history of computing and the Web, Hui’s work develops an original, productive way of thinking about the data and metadata that increasingly define our world.
Category: Social Science