A FAIR DAYS WAGE FOR A FAIR DAYS WORK SWEATED LABOUR AND THE ORIGINS OF MINIMUM WAGE LEGISLATION IN BRITAIN STUDIES IN LABOUR HISTORY

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A Fair Day S Wage For A Fair Day S Work

Author : Sheila Blackburn
ISBN : 9781317188285
Genre : History
File Size : 88.1 MB
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The nature of sweating and the origins of low pay legislation are of fundamental social, economic and moral importance. Although difficult to define, sweating, according to a select committee established to investigate the issue, was characterised by long hours, poor working conditions and above all by low pay. By the beginning of the twentieth century the government estimated that up to a third of the British workforce could be classed as sweated labour, and for the first time in a century began to think about introducing legislation to address the problem. Whilst historians have written much on unemployment, poverty relief and other such related social and industrial issues, relatively little work has been done on the causes, extent and character of sweated labour. That work which has been done has tended to focus on the tailoring trades in London and Leeds, and fails to give a broad overview of the phenomenon and how it developed and changed over time. In contrast, this volume adopts a broad national and long-run approach, providing a more holistic understanding of the subject. Rejecting the argument that sweating was merely a London or gender related problem, it paints a picture of a widespread and constantly shifting pattern of sweated labour across the country, that was to eventually persuade the government to introduce legislation in the form of the 1909 Trades Board Act. It was this act, intended to combat sweated labour, which was to form the cornerstone of low pay legislation, and the barrier to the introduction of a minimum wage, for the next 90 years.
Category: History

Social Security And Wage Poverty

Author : Chris Grover
ISBN : 9781137293978
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88.16 MB
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This is the first book to examine debates about, and the practice of, state supplementing of wages. It charts the historical development of such policies from prohibition in the 1830s and how opposition to it was overcome in the 1970s, thereby allowing the increasing supplementation of the wages of poorly paid working people.
Category: Social Science

Research In Economic History

Author : Christopher Hanes
ISBN : 9781784417819
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 62.93 MB
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The latest volume in the series Research of Economic History contains articles on the economic history of Europe and the U.S.
Category: Business & Economics

Caught In The Machinery

Author : Jamie L. Bronstein
ISBN : 0804700087
Genre : History
File Size : 76.16 MB
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Caught In the Machinery examines the social, legal, cultural and political history of workplace accidents and injured workers in 19th-century Britain and in the broader Anglo-American context.
Category: History

Bound By Our Constitution

Author : Vivien Hart
ISBN : 1400821568
Genre : Law
File Size : 60.69 MB
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What difference does a written constitution make to public policy? How have women workers fared in a nation bound by constitutional principles, compared with those not covered by formal, written guarantees of fair procedure or equitable outcome? To investigate these questions, Vivien Hart traces the evolution of minimum wage policies in the United States and Britain from their common origins in women's politics around 1900 to their divergent outcomes in our day. She argues, contrary to common wisdom, that the advantage has been with the American constitutional system rather than the British. Basing her analysis on primary research, Hart reconstructs legal strategies and policy decisions that revolved around the recognition of women as workers and the public definition of gender roles. Contrasting seismic shifts and expansion in American minimum wage policy with indifference and eventual abolition in Britain, she challenges preconceptions about the constraints of American constitutionalism versus British flexibility. Though constitutional requirements did block and frustrate women's attempts to gain fair wages, they also, as Hart demonstrates, created a terrain in the United States for principled debate about women, work, and the state--and a momentum for public policy--unparalleled in Britain. Hart's book should be of interest to policy, labor, women's, and legal historians, to political scientists, and to students of gender issues, law, and social policy.
Category: Law

Minimum Wages And Social Policy

Author : Wendy V. Cunningham
ISBN : 9780821370124
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53.73 MB
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Offering evidence from both detailed individual country studies and homogenized statistics across the Latin American and Caribbean region, this book examines the impact of the minimum wage on wages, employment, poverty, income distribution and government budgets in the context of a large informal sector and predominantly unskilled workforces.
Category: Political Science